4,476 results for 2008

  • Tangata whaiora/consumers perspectives on current psychiatric classification systems

    Moeke-Maxwell, Tess; Wells, D; Mellsop, Graham (2008-06-12)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Background A number of studies have been undertaken with the aim of considering the utility of mental health classification systems from the perspective of a variety of stakeholders. There is a lack of research on how useful consumers/tangata whaiora think these are in assisting them in their recovery. Methods Seventy service users were involved in seven focus groups in order to consider this question. Results and discussion While for clinicians diagnosing someone might be a discrete event and easily forgotten as a moment in a busy schedule, most people in this study remembered the occasion and aftermath very clearly. The overall consensus was that whether being 'diagnosed' was helpful or not, in large part, depended on how the process happened and what resulted from being 'labeled' in the person's life. Conclusion Overall, people thought that in terms of their recovery, the classification systems were tools and their utility depended on how they were used. They suggested that whatever tool was used it needed to help them make sense of their distress and provide them with a variety of supports, not just medication, to assist them to live lives that were meaningful to them.

    View record details
  • Being comfortable : having and making a comfortable cognitive and environmental habitat : a grounded theory on the meaning of home : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University

    Aspinall, Charlotte Nicola (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Massey University

    Prior research on the meanings of home represents a rather fragmented set of studies. The present research utilises phenomenology and aims to create a grounded theory on the meanings of home which is explorative, participant-led and integrates the current state of home research. 15 participants singularly took part in semi-structured interviews, including myself as a participant-researcher. The interviews were audio taped but not transcribed. The interviews were then analysed qualitatively as per grounded theory methodology. Participant's interpretation of the word home was both construed as having a spatial definition, and varying along a continuum from home as a house to a more subjective definition of home. The core code that the data generated on the meanings of home was that home was primarily about being comfortable. The basic social process of making a comfortable habitat was the main axial code. While the idea of comfort held strong between participants there was much individuality as to what was comfortable and which particular strategies were employed to make home comfortable. The result was a grounded theory about person environment interactions in the field of home, a cognitive and a physical habitat. Implications of this theory are discussed in relation to current and future home research as well as suggestions for practical applications.

    View record details
  • Bullying in secondary schools : a discursive approach : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Psychology at Massey University

    Ryan, Anne Beryl (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Massey University

    This study attempts to transcend the narrow boundaries imposed on mainstream research into bullying by its adherence to a modernist discourse of individualism. The theoretical framework for this research argues that a modernist focus has both limited our understanding of the phenomenon and contributed to its continued occurrence. An approach that is underpinned by the ontological and epistemological assumptions of a social constructionist paradigm offers the potential for a broader and more encompassing analysis of this formidable social issue. Language is taken as a critical focus of attention because of its pervasiveness in social interaction. Discourse is understood as actively constructing the experience and meaning of bullying. Furthermore, a consideration of the power relationships embedded within discourse is an essential feature of this approach. The study involved interviewing 24 senior students from a small provincial New Zealand secondary school to discuss a range of issues surrounding bullying. These interviews were taped and transcribed and a discourse analysis was carried out to gain an understanding of how students talk constructed bullying. Discourses were identified that constructed bullying as disparity, as irrelevant, as a consequence of difference, as a form of discipline, and as inevitable. The construction of bullying as disparity was seen to struggle against the other prevailing educational discourses that together functioned to maintain the status quo of power relationships in the educational institution. It is suggested that the acceptance of such 'common sense' constructions of bullying are effectively sustaining the pervasiveness of bullying in schools today.

    View record details
  • Devil's in the Detail: Non-Commercial Business Losses

    Cassidy, Julie (2008)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Behind the economic figures : large-scale mining and rural poverty reduction in Zambia : the case of Kansanshi Copper Mine in Solwezi : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Development Studies at Massey University, Palmerston North

    Cheelo, Kingsley Haanyembe (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Massey University

    Mining is promoted as a lead-economic sector in most mineral-rich countries. Depending on the contemporary global development ideology, the place of mining within the development industry has always been justified. Under the poverty reduction agenda, which took the centre-stage in the late 1990s and early 2000s, it has been argued in theory that investments, especially in large-scale mining would lead to poverty reduction in mining communities through opening up economic opportunities in which they can participate; increase their capabilities to participate in the local economies; enhance their security by reducing their vulnerability and exposure to risks; and empowering them to participate in issues that affect their lives. Zambia as a mineral-rich country adapted the linkages between mining and poverty reduction and promoted the development of Kansanshi copper mine within the country's macroeconomic policy framework of achieving sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. Because of the positive response of the mining sector to huge investments, the domestic economy has been recording positive growth rates in excess of 5 percent since the beginning of the 2000s, with other economic indicators such as inflation, currency appreciation, and balance of payments recording positive trends. Applying the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF), this thesis explores the extent to which the development of Kansanshi copper mine in Solwezi has impacted on local people's livelihoods in the context of the four linkages between mining and poverty reduction promulgated in theory. It comes out clearly in the thesis that the development of the mine has opened up economic opportunities that are in areas that do not allow the full participation of local people; the development of local people's capabilities is either minimal or non-existent; mine development enhanced local people's vulnerability and exposure to risks through displacement and seizure of productive systems; and disempowered them through the way mining and land rights were obtained from the government. The thesis concludes on the note that since mining development cannot be stopped, there is need for governments to deliberately cater for local people who often struggle to fit within the transformed local economies through comprehensive implementation frameworks that promote interaction among parties involved and improved communication channels, skills training and provision of relevant resources such as agricultural inputs and microcredit facilities.

    View record details
  • Hikaru Yamashita, Humanitarian Space and International Politics: The Creation of Safe Areas (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2004)

    Moses, Jeremy (2008)

    Unclassified
    University of Canterbury Library

    Book review

    View record details
  • Exploring political blogs as a form of alternative media

    Kenix, L.J. (2008)

    Oral Presentations
    University of Canterbury Library

    View record details
  • Hollow Avowals of Human Rights Protection - Time for an Australian Federal Bill of Rights?

    Cassidy, Julie (2008)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Unlike the constitutions of many nations, such as the United States of America and the Republic of South Africa, the constitutions of the Australian States and Territories and the Commonwealth Constitution Act 1901 (UK) contain no bill of rights. Australia is the only western democracy without a federal bill of rights. The debate regarding the need for a bill of rights necessitates an understanding of what human rights the people of Australia already enjoy. If sufficient protection can be found in existing sources, does Australia really need a federal bill of rights? Opponents of a bill of rights state that we have sufficient protection from arbitrary government intervention in our personal affairs and thus a bill of rights is unnecessary. There are a number of potential sources of human rights in Australia that might provide the suggested existing protection, including the common law, specific domestic legislation, international law and constitutional law. Each of these sources of human rights has, however, important limitations. The focus of this article is on the inadequacy of the Australian constitutions as a source of purported protection. This in turn suggests that an alternative source of rights is needed - a federal bill of rights? In the course of this analysis the author makes suggestions for reform; specifically how a federal bill of rights may address the paucity of constitutional protection.

    View record details
  • Absorptive capacity and knowledge transfer : an exploratory model for university-led research institutes (RIs) and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) : a 152.800 thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Masters of Business Studies in Management at Massey University

    Paul, Smita (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Massey University

    'Absorptive capacity' is a construct used to define an organisation's ability to exploit knowledge that is available internally and externally. The construct is very popular within management research and has been used to describe the absorptive capacity of a range of strategic Multinational Corporation partners through to whole regions of countries. SMEs account for over 95% of businesses throughout the world. They provide innovation, productivity and economic growth, but because of their size and resources cannot afford to carry out costly Research and Development (R&D). They therefore need to be able to harness the intellectual property from universities through University-led Research institutes. This thesis uses the construct of absorptive capacity to propose a theoretical model to analyse the knowledge transfer from a University-led Research Institute (RI) to an SME, when the SME is commercialising a product or process the RI has developed. The application of absorptive capacity in this context would allow SME researchers and managers to develop understanding of how this knowledge transfer is affected by internal and external factors. The importance of continued government funding to ensure the collaboration between SMEs and RIs is highlighted. This research design is highly exploratory resulting in a range of future research suggestions for future hypothesis generation. Most important of these are suggestions for determining, defining and developing the organisational determinants of absorptive capacity. This will allow a prescriptive analysis of how knowledge transfer occurs between the SME and RI and how managers can foster organisational absorptive capacity for successful knowledge transfer. Additionally, the temporal aspect of the SME and RI relationship could be explored, such as the impact of the initial experience on the ease and length of future knowledge transfer relationships. Also, researchers could study the change in the SME's knowledge requirements from the RI as the SME's organisational structure grows.

    View record details
  • Publicising the lives of public people : nothing to hide, nothing to fear?

    Khodaverdi, Maryam, 1983- (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • The paradox of the child soldier

    Brown, Elizabeth Charlotte. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • Māori and the criminal justice system : finding effective solutions to Māori criminal offending

    Waetford, TāNe (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • Criminal responsibility and child soldiers : dealing with a duel identiy dilemma

    Chhiba, Neisha. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • The right to humanitarian intervention as a rule of customary international law

    Raap, BjöRn. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples : achieving international recognition of indigenous peoples' rights

    Waetford, TāNe. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • A proposed sex offender register for New Zealand : privacy and freedom of expression in perspective

    Simonsen, Amelia. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • Freedom of expression and good taste and decency in television : blurring the line between offence and harm

    Tat, Lisa. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • Deficiencies in the post PPSA preferential creditor regime

    Weidner, Silke. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • No means no - but when does yes mean yes? : the legal validity of a voluntarily intoxicated consent to sex

    Pirini, Mihiata. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details
  • The testament powers of an executor : should property rights be granted in regard to the testator's body for the purpose of burial?

    Strickett, Julia Jurisich. (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    View record details