5,765 results for 2010

  • After the Party: The Hollowing of the Antarctic Treaty System and the Governance of Antarctica

    Hemmings, A.D. (2010)

    Conference Contributions - Other
    University of Canterbury Library

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  • The Importance of Public Space for Sustainable Urban Rehabilitation

    Dionisio, M.R. (2010)

    Conference Contributions - Other
    University of Canterbury Library

    This study aims to reinforce the linkages between researches on urban planning and disaster risk management, through the clarification of the importance of public spaces for the improvement of disaster prevention planning. Contemporary urban environments are presently facing preponderant challenges related to urbanization trends, which often result in urban vulnerability, with particular concerning expression in developing countries. Thus, there is a need to integrate resilience in the resolution of urban challenges faced in architecture and urban planning. In addition, there is an increasing need for research on and building projects promoting resilience of urban spaces through vulnerability reduction and reinforcement of resilience capabilities in urban environments. Japanese urban history is marked with the occurrence of numerous natural disasters, and presents a “mature” experience in disaster risk management process, with remarkable lessons for sustainable development towards urban resilience. However, in Japan, the importance of public space towards the construction of resilient city remains unrevealed. Despite the latest trend of diversification of public spaces typologies in this country, their link with resilience literature has not been revealed. This paper attempts to elucidate the extent to which the preponderance of small and medium public spaces in dense, urban areas lead to urban resilience, focusing Kobe and Tokyo cities as study cases. It will also provide new, improved factors for decision-making processes and to urban design codes in Japan, as in another countries. The main goal of this research is to establish a new bridge between research on public spaces and resilience, towards its future incorporation as a complex requirement of urban environments.

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  • Agents of retention and achievement of Māori girls at secondary school : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Māori Studies at Massey University

    McLaren, Robyn Anne (2010)

    Masters thesis
    Massey University

    This research investigates positive agents of retention and achievement for Māori girls in mainstream secondary schooling. The study focussed specifically on pupils engaged in post-compulsory education at a selected state secondary school in Te Waipounamu. The impact historically of schooling on Māori girls was reviewed as were changes and developments in educational policy in New Zealand. Methodologies such as critical theory, Kaupapa Māori research, and indigenous research methods/tools informed the research. In order to investigate and empower Māori girls and the community of the school involved, qualitative methods of study, document analysis, and semistructured interviews were used. Māori concepts of manaakitanga, mana, whanaungatanga and tino rangatiratanga were integral to the study. By focussing on those things which provided positive impetus for the girls to remain at school and to achieve success, it became more possible to avoid any emphasis on pathological explanations for alleged lack of retention and achievement by Māori girls in New Zealand mainstream state secondary schools.

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  • Anti-consumption and Consumer Resistance: Concepts, concerns, conflicts, and convergence - ICAR/ NACRE 2010 Proceedings

    Lee, Michael; Roux, D; Cherrier, H; Cova, B (2010)

    Book
    The University of Auckland Library

    Consumer resistance and anti-consumption are without doubt topics of growing interest not only in consumer behaviour studies but also in the fields of sociology and cultural studies. Marseilles and the whole Mediterranean Basin appears to be a relevant place to discuss these topics. Indeed, as Thierry Fabre a major thinker from Marseilles coined, “the American way of life, which defines a consumption standard that exists at a global scale, is not our destiny. Markets and exchanges may have always been at the heart of Mediterranean societies, but money has never been our main value. Trading things involves first and foremost trading with other people, and we feel that the economic domain continues to be subordinated to the human one”. The Mediterranean way of life has not surrendered to this new world order. In the wake of the late Michel de Certeau, we can state that whereas certain pundits assert that an economic logic is the best way to organise life, assigning everyone and everything a place and a role, Mediterranean people react by silently extracting themselves from this conformist equation. They seek to invent their own daily lives through the way they do things, using subtle ruses and tactical resistance to divert products and codes for their own benefit, re-appropriating space and the utilisation thereof. The mission of Euromed Management takes into account of this Mediterranean way of thinking. Euromed Management not only has a vision of a business school, but it has indeed rather an understanding and interpretation of an economic reality. The Euro-Mediterranean history and tradition, that is one of multiple appearances and different truths, gives today a rich perspective to what is identified as the Euro-Mediterranean region. Marseilles and its region, crossroads of different worlds and a European capital city, has acquired a truly European sociology with a typical managerial and social thinking. The purpose of this first symposium hosted by Euromed Management is to provide a forum for international researchers sharing interest on Anti-consumption and Consumer Resistance, in order to identify redundancies and differences between these two topics. While they are still in the early stages of a growing interest, scarce research has examined their various conflicts and/or convergences in accounting for consumers’ ways of opposing, escaping or altering consumption. Concepts, frameworks, theories and fields settings that can advance their study and fresh examination of their tensions will be debated.

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  • Breathe

    de Castro-Robinson, Eve; Lodge, M; Williams, M (2010)

    Creative work
    The University of Auckland Library

    My electroacoustic work Breathe, commissioned by, and featuring William Dowdall on sliding headjoint-flute was recorded for this Atoll CD collection of new works by NZ and Irish composers

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  • Integrated solutions from a service-centered perspective: Applicability and limitations in the capital goods industry

    Windahl, Charlotta; Lakemond, N (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Although advanced services, or so called integrated solutions, have increasingly received attention in the literature, no coherent body of literature exists, and the relational dimensions and consequences of integrated solutions are not explored in detail. Based on the emerging literature, we develop a framework identifying four different categories of integrated solutions: rental, maintenance, operational and performance offerings. We also compare and contrast the service- and the goods-centered logics with the logic of integrated solutions, and thereby show how the reciprocal interdependencies increase between customers and suppliers. We explore these interdependencies further in three case studies of firms experimenting with integrated solutions, and identify dependencies related to process knowledge, process optimization, and process operations. The paper shows that rather than moving along a linear continuum from goods to services, firms developing integrated solutions need to balance elements of both goods- and service-logics, as well as manage the increased customer–supplier interdependencies that integrated solutions entail.

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  • Performance comparison of IPv4 and IPv6 in peer-peer and client server local area networks

    Kolahi, Samad; Soorty, Burjiz; Chand, Navneet; Qu, Zhang (2010-06-29)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    In this paper, the performance of IPv4 and IPv6 are compared for both Client-Server and Peer-Peer networks. For both networks, IPv4 produced higher bandwidth for TCP protocol. For UDP, IPv4 and IPv6 showed insignificant bandwidth differences except for packet size of 384 bytes where IPv4 had better performance in client-server environment.

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  • The regulation of credit rating agencies in New Zealand : from a public law perspective : a necessity to step in to regulate?

    Pietschmann, Thomas. (2010)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Clarifying the charitable status of amateur sport in the Charities Act 2005

    Florian, Christoph, 1983- (2010)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • The "three strikes law" in New Zealand

    Diefenbach, Nina. (2010)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Three strikes and preventive detention : do we really need them both?

    Georgiou, Robert. (2010)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Context identification of sentences in related work sections using a conditional random field: towards intelligent digital libraries

    Angrosh, M. A.; Cranefield, Stephen; Stanger, Nigel (2010)

    Conference item
    University of Otago

    Identification of contexts associated with sentences is becoming increasingly necessary for developing intelligent information retrieval systems. This article describes a supervised learning mechanism employing a conditional random field (CRF) for context identification and sentence classification. Specifically, we focus on sentences in related work sections in research articles. Based on a generic rhetorical pattern, a framework for modelling the sequential flow in these sections is proposed. Adopting a generalization strategy, each of these sentences is transformed into a set of features, which forms our dataset. We distinguish between two kinds of features for each of these sentences viz., citation features and sentence features. While an overall accuracy of 96.51% is achieved by using a combination of both citation and sentence features, the use of sentence features alone yields an accuracy of 93.22%. The results also show F-Scores ranging from 0.99 to 0.90 for various classes indicating the robustness of our application.

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  • Children in Care

    Atwool, Nicola (2010)

    Report
    University of Otago

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  • Parenting Adopted Children and Supporting Adoptive Parents: Messages from Research

    Gibbs, Anita (2010)

    Journal article
    University of Otago

    This article considers adoption from the perspective of parents, especially the strategies that they employ to enhance attachments and build positive parent-child relationships. The article draws particularly on recent New Zealand research regarding intercountry adoptive parenting, as well as overseas literature on good adoptive parenting practice generally in domestic and intercountry adoption. It also considers the research on methods of supporting parents who adopt and whether there are gaps in legislation, policy or practice in New Zealand that could be closed by borrowing from good examples in the literature, and, or current practice examples. The author is an adoptive parent of Russian-born children and is actively involved in adoptive parent support networks.

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  • Measuring business performance in shipping

    Panayides, P; Gong, Xihe; Lambertides, N (2010)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Strangling Their Creation: The Courts' Treatment of Fair Dealing in Copyright Law Since 1911

    Sims, Alexandra (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    This article examines the fair dealing exceptions in copyright law from 1911. There is a perception by many that in contrast to the generous treatment of copyright owners by the legislature and the courts, the fair dealing exceptions were and still are treated extremely narrowly. In this article I argue this perception of the narrowness of fair dealing is accurate. Moreover, despite fair dealing being created by the courts, the courts were instrumental in narrowing its scope.

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  • Deformation properties of sand with initial static shear in undrained cyclic torsional shear tests and their modeling

    Chiaro, G. (2010)

    Theses / Dissertations
    University of Canterbury Library

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  • Users' Navigation Pattern Discovery using Ant Based Clustering and LCS Classification

    Devipriyaa; Kalpana, B (2010-08)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Web Usage Mining (WUM) is the process of extracting knowledge from Web user’s access data by exploiting Data Mining techniques. It mines the secondary data (web logs) derived from the users' interaction with the web pages during certain period of Web sessions. In the present research work, a hybrid method is proposed, which uses the ant-based clustering and LCS classification methods to find and predict user’s navigation behaviour. The proposed system works in two phases, (i) the offline phase and (ii) the online phase. The offline phase takes care of preprocessing and clustering, while the classification and prediction is performed during the online phase. Ant-based clustering method used to discover or extract user’s navigational pattern from web log files. The LCS classification algorithm uses the knowledge from offline stage and predicts the users’ next request.

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  • Biogeochemical controls on microbial diversity in seafloor sulphidic sediments

    Müller, M; Handley, Kim; Lloyd, J; Pancost, RD; Mills, RA (2010-09)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    The ultimate fate of hydrothermal sulphides on the seafloor depends on the nature and rate of abiotic and microbially catalysed reactions where sulphide minerals are exposed to oxic seawater. This study combines organic and inorganic geochemical with microbiological measurements across a suboxic transition zone of highly altered sulphidic sediments from the Trans-Atlantic Geotransverse hydrothermal field to characterize the reaction products and microbial communities present. There is distinct biogeochemical zonation apparent within the sediment sequence from oxic surface layers through a suboxic transition zone into the sulphide material. The microbial communities in the sediment differ significantly between the biogeochemical horizons sampled, with the identified microbes inferred to be associated with Fe and S redox cycling. In particular, Marinobacter species, organisms associated with circumneutral Fe oxidation, are dominant in a sulphide lens present in the lower core. The dominance of Marinobacter-related sequences within the relict sulphide lens implies that these organisms play an important role in the alteration of sulphides at the seafloor once active venting has ceased.

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  • Functional diversity of bacteria in a ferruginous hydrothermal sediment

    Handley, Kim; Boothman, C; Mills, RA; Pancost, RD; Lloyd, JR (2010-09)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    A microbial community showing diverse respiratory processes was identified within an arsenic-rich, ferruginous shallow marine hydrothermal sediment (20-40 degrees C, pH 6.0-6.3) in Santorini, Greece. Analyses showed that ferric iron reduction with depth was broadly accompanied by manganese and arsenic reduction and FeS accumulation. Clone library analyses indicated the suboxic-anoxic transition zone sediment contained abundant Fe(III)- and sulfate-reducing Deltaproteobacteria, whereas the overlying surface sediment was dominated by clones related to the Fe(II)-oxidizing zetaproteobacterium, Mariprofundus ferroxydans. Cultures obtained from the transition zone were enriched in bacteria that reduced Fe(III), nitrate, sulfate and As(V) using acetate or lactate as electron donors. In the absence of added organic carbon, bacteria were enriched that oxidized Fe(II) anaerobically or microaerobically, sulfide microaerobically and aerobically and As(III) aerobically. According to 16S rRNA gene analyses, enriched bacteria represented a phylogenetically wide distribution. Most probable number counts indicated an abundance of nitrate-, As(V)- and Fe(III)((s,aq))-reducers, and dissolved sulfide-oxidizers over sulfate-reducers, and FeS-, As(III)- and nitrate-dependent Fe(II)-oxidisers in the transition zone. It is noteworthy that the combined community and geochemical data imply near-surface microbial iron and arsenic redox cycling were dominant biogeochemical processes.

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