612 results for 1900, Scholarly text

  • The French Contribution to the Exploration of the Pacific in the Eighteenth Century

    Dunmore, John (1961)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    THIS THESIS is an attempt to examine and correlate the voyages of the French in the Pacific Ocean during the latter part of the eighteenth century. So far, no study of this kind has been attempted, most recent research work in France and Australia being directed towards problems of colonisation and administration. Existing modern works on eighteenth-century French voyages are very sparse, usually limited to broad accounts of individual voyages or to biographies, with little recourse to unpublished sources. Even studies of importance, such as the Swedish historian Dahlgren's work on trading voyages, remain little known: it is still customary, for instance, to refer to Bougainville as the first French captain to complete a circumnavigation, whereas in fact he was the eleventh.

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  • Bishop Hobhouse: the Nelson episcopate (1859-1865) of the Rt. Rev Edmund Hobhouse D.D., first bishop of Nelson, New Zealand

    Clarke, Timothy Peter (1977)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    In 1841 New Zealand became a diocese of the United Church of England and Ireland and the Rev. George Augustus Selwyn, a former student and tutor of Eton, was consecrated as its bishop. Throughout the colony's earliest years Selwyn laboured alone to create for it a comprehensive episcopal system of ecclesiastical organisation. In 1856 he was joined by an old friend, the Rev. Henry John Chitty Harper who accepted the new bishopric centred on J.R. Godley's Church of England settlement in Canterbury. Further division of Selwyn's over-large diocese in 1858 created new dioceses in what had been the New Zealand Company's settlements at Wellington and Nelson and the Ven. Charles Abraham and the Rev. Edmund Hobhouse were appointed as their bishops. At the same time the volcanic plateau and east coast of the North Island became the missionary diocese of Waiapu with the Ven. William Williams as its bishop.

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  • Reducing Parabolic Partial Differential Equations to Canonical Form

    Harper, J F (1994)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    A simple method of reducing a parabolic partial differential equation to canonical form if it has only one term involving second derivatives is the following: find the general solution of the first-order equation obtained by ignoring that term and then seek a solution of the original equation which is a function of one more independent variable. Special cases of the method have been given before, but are not well known. Applications occur in fluid mechanics and the theory of finance, where the Black-Scholes equation yields to the method, and where the variable corresponding to time appears to run backwards, but there is an information-theoretic reason why it should.

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  • Doing Dirty Work?: Sponsors of Community Service

    Pack, Margaret (1989)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    With the introduction of the Criminal Justice Act 1985 and its orientation toward the provision of community based sentencing options, there is a growing awareness of the importance of encouraging a wide range of sponsoring organizations and individuals to become involved in administering community based sentences. This paper presents the results of an exploratory research project carried out in 1986, which asked people sponsoring community service sentence what they liked about the sentence and how they thought it could be improved, drawing on their experiences as sponsors.

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  • Set in Perception

    Gribben, John Alasdair (1964)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    When a person is set, he is said to be prepared for narrowed range of possible events. Instead of being equally prepared for all possible contingencies, he expects only a few. The general notion has been variously expressed as selective attention, specific expectancies or hypotheses, relative sensitisation, abstraction, perceptual bias, and in many other ways. Set, as a result of such preparation, is said to lead to greater efficiency of perception, and to greater efficiency of any later behaviour dependent upon the perception.

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  • Spelling-Analysis and Ralph Crane: a Preparatory Study of His Life, Spelling, and Scribal Habits

    Howard-Hill, Trevor Howard (1960)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Ralph Crane first came to learned attention in recent years when Sir Walter Greg in 1925 suggested that the transcripts of Fletcher and Massinger's 'Sir John van Olden Barnavelt' and Middleton's 'The Witch' were the same handwriting. Shortly afterwards, Profession F. P. Wilson published an article showing that both these plays were the work of the scribe Ralph Crane, who professed to have had some employment with the King's Company, and who was also the scribe of Fletcher's 'Demetrius and Enanthe', the Lansdown and Malone MSS. of Middleton's 'A Game at Chesse', and several poetical manuscripts. Professor Wilson recounted the sketchy details of Crane's life and examined some featuers of his transcript dwelling, naturally enough, mainly on the features of the dramatic MSS. Much of his work need not be repeated here, especially that on the textual features of the dramatic MSS. and the discussion of the copy from which they might be derived. On certain general points there are necessary reservations to be made in the light of more recent scholarship; fuller discussion of several questionable conclusions will be made in the final chapter.

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  • Index to the New Zealand architect and Architecture New Zealand

    Bolland, Kathryn; Howarth, Julie (1991)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    A cumulative index from 1986 - 1990 inclusive, giving entries by architect, building type/subject, place, and author. Supplement to WP13 : BROOKES, Susan. Index to the Journal of the New Zealand Institute of Architects 1912 -1980, and WP23 : BOLLAND, Kathryn and BROOKES, Susan. Index to the New Zealand Architect 1981 - 1985.

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  • Adoption of digital technology in the New Zealand motion picture industry

    McInnes, Rachel Gwendoline (1997)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This research applies Frambach's integrated model of the adoption and diffusion of innovations to the adoption of digital technology in the New Zealand motion picture industry. Previous models concerning innovation adoption have typically focused on adopter side variables. The model employed here integrates supply-side variables with the adopter-side variables focused on in traditional research. This research extends Frambach's model to consider the time and extent of adoption. The model is tested through a mail-out survey. Tests of associations between dependent and independent variables are carried out through four measures of association in a bivariate fashion. The results show that supply-side and adopter-side variables are both important influencers of the extent of adoption of digital technology in the motion picture industry. However supply-side factors do not appear to be important determinants of the time of adoption of digital technology in this industry.

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  • Structural Studies of Some Sulphur Bonding Ligands

    Burns, Gary Robert (1966)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This thesis is a study of the structures and energetics of the metal complexes of dithizone, C6H5.N:N.C(S).NH.NH.C6H5, and thiocarbohydrazide, H2N.HN.C(S).NH.NH2. Dithizone was first prepared and studied by E. Fisher as part of his classic work on phenylhydrazine. It is a weak acid capable of forming intensely coloured metal complexes with at least twenty three elements and, since the work of Walter and H. Fischer, has been used extensively for trace metal analysis, particularly in solvent extraction procedures. The applications of dithizone in analytical chemistry have been covered in numerous review articles and have also been the subject of a book.

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  • The Coulomb Potential of a Line of Charges

    Harper, J F (1993)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Recently Lekner gave formulae for the total Coulomb force and potential on a charged particle due to a line of other charged particles, and showed how to use it for a regular array of charges in two or three dimensions. His method involves a series in terms of the Bessel function Ko which converges fast for points sufficiently far from the line. This paper gives an integral which can be evaluated faster for points close to the line.

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  • Frequency Dispersion of Impedance in a Molten Electrolyte

    Clarkson, Thomas Stephen (1972)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    It is an experimental fact that the impedance of an electrolyte as usually measured (by conductance bridge in a two electrode cell) is dependent on the frequency of the applied voltage. A quantity of fundamental physical significance in the elucidation of the structure of an electrolyte is the mobility of the conducting species. In order to know the mobilities of conducting species it is necessary to know the resistance of the particular electrolyte. However in order to establish the nature of the electrolyte i.e. its structure, resistance measurements are required which are precise and accurate and the variation of resistance (conductance) with temperature must be accurately know.

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  • An Exploratory Investigation into the Farm Credit Market in New Zealand

    Stanbridge, R J (1972)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    An increasing interest in the finance of farming in New Zealand has emerged in recent years. This is a result of three major developments: (i) the increasing reliance of the farm sector on external sources of finance. For instance, debt per farm has been increasing at an annual compound rate of 12% between 1963 and 1970; (ii) the effect of recent economic phenomena, such as falling product prices and a high rate of internal inflation, which have highlighted the question of a farm debt "burden"; (iii) the increasing sophistication of the New Zealand economy. This has offered the community alternative investment opportunities and has raised the question of availability of finance for farmers to sustain and increase their production.

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  • The Axisymmetric Prandtl-Batchelor Eddy Behind a Circular Disc in a Uniform Stream

    Harper, J F (1998)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Analytical support is given to Fornberg's numerical evidence that the steady axially symmetric flow of a uniform stream past a bluff body has a wake eddy which tends towards a large Hill's spherical vortex as the Reynolds number tends to infinity. The viscous boundary layer around the eddy resembles that around a liquid drop rising in a liquid, especially if the body is a circular disc, so that the boundary layer on it does not separate. This makes it possible to show that if the first-order perturbation of the eddy shape from a sphere is small then the eddy diameter is of order R1/5 times the disc diameter, where R is the Reynolds number based on the disc diameter. Previous authors had suggested R1/3 and ln R, but they appear to have made unjustified assumptions.

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  • On the Resolution of Compositional Datasets into Convex Combinations of Extreme Vectors

    Renner, Ross Martyn (1989)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Large compositional datasets of the kind assembled in the geosciences are often of remarkably low approximate rank. That is, within a tolerable error, data points representing the rows of such an array can approximately be located in a relatively small dimensional subspace of the row space. A physical mixing process which would account for this phenomenon implies that each observation vector of an array can be estimated by a convex combination of a small number of fixed source or 'endmember' vectors. In practice, neither the compositions of the endmembers nor the coefficients of the convex combinations are known. Traditional methods for attempting to estimate some or all of these quantities have included Q-mode 'factor' analysis and linear programming. In general, neither method is successful. Some of the more important mathematical properties of a convex representation of compositional data are examined in this thesis as well as the background to the development of algorithms for assessing the number of endmembers statistically, locating endmembers and partitioning geological samples into specified endmembers. Keywords and Phrases: Compositional data, convex sets, endmembers, partitioning by least squares, iteration, logratios.

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  • An Investigation of Some Reactions of N-Chlorocompounds

    Millar, Keith Raymond (1963)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    A vast volume of literature exists on this subject, the major portion being concerned with nucleophilic aliphatic substitution reactions covered by the general equation:- Y + Alk - X --> Alk - Y + X (SN) where the new bond is formed by co-ordination, and the old one broken by heterolysis, as indicated by the dotted line. There is necessarily and electron transfer from the substituting species Y to the centre of substitution in Alk, and from this centre to the expelled group X; hence Y becomes formally one electronic unit more positive and X one unit more negative.

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  • User education, bibliographic instruction or information literacy : semantic argument or philosophical debate

    Lester, Justine MacShane (1997)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Information literacy, bibliographic instruction or user education? These terms are widely used to describe the programmes designed to assist library clients in their use of library resources. There are as many variations in these programmes as there libraries. This study is designed to satisfy a professional curiosity regarding the appropriate uses of the above terms. Whilst the terms are often used interchangeably in the literature, their definitions suggest that this should not be occurring. Models of information seeking behaviours are compared with the definitions for user education, information literacy and bibliographic instruction. The matching of programme aims and objectives with the definitions of the three terms is an important aspect in the correct usage of the terms.

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  • Studies on Echinoderms of the Southern Pacific Ocean

    Pawson, David Leo (1963)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The collection comprises ten genera (of which one is new) and ten species. Neopsolidium n.g., type species Psolidium convergens (Herouard) has dorsal deposits in the form of small perforated plates up to 0.4 mm in diameter, and cups. The holothurian fauna of southern Chile is generalised, containing few restricted species, and sharing many elements with distant subantarctic islands and with Antaretics.

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  • Mental Disorder, Learning and Psychotherapy

    Adcock, Ngaire V (1964)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    In recent years there has been a renewed interest in the development of therapeutic concepts directly derived from learning theory. The aim of this thesis is to examine concepts of mental disorder and psychotherapy in relation to learning principles. This involves, after some preliminary definitions, a survey of theory and practice in regard to mental disorder and therapy from early times to the present day, in order to get some indication of the broad trends of development and some account of the major theories now competing for recognition. Some discussion of relevant learning theories and principles follows, but no attempt is made to give any comprehensive coverage of the entire field, which in itself, would be an ambitious task for a thesis.

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  • Studies in Middle and Late Tertiary Foraminifera From New Zealand

    Vella, Paul (1963)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Many Uvigerinidae are important zone fossils in deep-water massive sandstones and mudstones of upper Oligocene and Miocene age in Raukumara Peninsula. Twenty-nine species and six subspecies are described, of which nineteen species and three subspecies are new. Subspecific classification is revised, five new genera and four new subgenera being established, partly on morphology and partly on lineage sequences. Time ranges are given in terms of eleven local zones which are correlated approximately with New Zealand stages and with European stages.

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  • An Impedance Study of the Membrane Polarisation Effect in Simulated Rock Systems

    McKubre, Michael Charles Harold (1976)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Work is reported on the development of a high precision, low frequency impedance bridge, and the use of impedance measurement in characterising the induced polarisation effect of unmineralised material. Impedance spectra for a variety of laboratory model clay/rock/electrolyte systems are analysed in terms of an equivalent circuit. By measuring the dependence of the parameters of this circuit, on such variables as electrolyte type and concentration, temperature and pore geometry, an electrochemical model for membrane polarisation has been developed. Polarisation is considered to arise from diffusional limitation of cations at the membrane/electrolyte interface of clay aggregations in rock pores, and this is found to be amenable to a Warburg diffusional impedance analysis.

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