2 results for Appeltans, W

  • Conservation of biodiversity through taxonomy, data publication, and collaborative infrastructures

    Costello, Mark; Vanhoorne, B; Appeltans, W (2015-08)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Taxonomy is the foundation of biodiversity science because it furthers discovery of new species. Globally, there have never been so many people involved in naming species new to science. The number of new marine species described per decade has never been greater. Nevertheless, it is estimated that tens of thousands of marine species, and hundreds of thousands of terrestrial species, are yet to be discovered; many of which may already be in specimen collections. However, naming species is only a first step in documenting knowledge about their biology, biogeography, and ecology. Considering the threats to biodiversity, new knowledge of existing species and discovery of undescribed species and their subsequent study are urgently required. To accelerate this research, we recommend, and cite examples of, more and better communication: use of collaborative online databases; easier access to knowledge and specimens; production of taxonomic revisions and species identification guides; engagement of nonspecialists; and international collaboration. "Data-sharing" should be abandoned in favor of mandated data publication by the conservation science community. Such a step requires support from peer reviewers, editors, journals, and conservation organizations. Online data publication infrastructures (e.g., Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Ocean Biogeographic Information System) illustrate gaps in biodiversity sampling and may provide common ground for long-term international collaboration between scientists and conservation organizations.

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  • MacroBen integrated database on benthic invertebrates of European continental shelves: a tool for large-scale analysis across Europe

    Vanden Berghe, E; Claus, S; Appeltans, W; Faulwetter, S; Arvanitidis, C; Somerfield, PJ; Aleffi, IF; Amouroux, JM; Anisimova, N; Bachelet, G; Cochrane, SJ; Costello, Mark; Craeymeersch, JA; Dahle, S; Degraer, S; Denisenko, S; Dounas, C; Duineveld, G; Emblow, CS; Escaravage, V; Fabri, M; Fleischer, D; Gremare, A; Herrmann, M; Hummel, H; Karakassis, I; Kedra, M; Kendall, MA; Kingston, P; Kotwicki, L; Labrune, C; Laudien, J; Nevrova, EL; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A (2009)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    We describe an integrated database on European macrobenthic fauna, developed within the framework of the European Network of Excellence MarBEF, and the data and data integration exercise that provided its content. A total of 44 datasets including 465 354 distribution records from soft-bottom macrobenthic species were uploaded into the relational MacroBen database, corresponding to 22 897 sampled stations from all European seas, and 7203 valid taxa. All taxonomic names were linked to the European Register of Marine Species, which was used as the taxonomic reference to standardise spelling and harmonise synonymy. An interface was created, allowing the user to explore, subselect, export and analyse the data by calculating different indices. Although the sampling techniques and intended use of the datasets varied tremendously, the integrated database proved to be robust, and an important tool for studying and understanding large-scale long-term distributions and abundances of marine benthic life. Crucial in the process was the willingness and the positive data-sharing attitude of the different data contributors. Development of a data policy that is highly aware of sensitivities and ownership issues of data providers was essential in the creation of this goodwill.

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