56 results for Cunningham, Sally Jo, Conference item

  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information need, the type of music information requested, the intended use for the information, and additional social and contextual elements present in the postings. The results of this analysis suggest that similar studies of 'native' music information requests can be used to inform the design of effective, usable music information retrieval interfaces.

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  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (1999)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket analysis tool to the task of detecting subject classification categories that co-occur in transaction records of book borrowed form a university library. This information can be useful in directing users to additional portions of the collection that may contain documents relevant to their information need, and in determining a library’s physical layout. These results can also provide insight into the degree of “scatter” that the classification scheme induces in a particular collection of documents.

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  • Online legacy preservation for humanities researchers

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    As researchers retire or pass away, the online record of their work and their research careers begins to fragment and fade away. We begin with case studies of four New Zealand Humanities researchers, nearing or at the ends of their active careers. What materials currently exist that they believe are essential to detail the results of their research, and that convey the ‘story’ of their work?

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  • An analysis of cooking queries: Implications for supporting leisure cooking

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online reference system. The results suggest directions to take in developing an effective organization and improved functionality for a cooking-focused digital library.

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  • Towards the design of a kid’s music organizer

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hutter, Manuela (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we investigate how young children aged 2 to 5 interact with music and their family's music collections. By going into their homes, interviewing them and their parents and observing the children performing a range of music-related tasks, we explore the way that pre-school children select, interact with, and organize music. Additionally, drawing tasks were included in the visits to engage the children and allow them to demonstrate their thoughts in a concrete manner. Insights into the children's' music behaviours suggest design features for a music organizer / player for very young children.

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  • Analyzing users’ behaviour to identify their privacy concerns

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2010)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The majority of studies examining privacy concerns of Internet users are based on surveys. Many problems have, however, been identified with using surveys to measure people’s privacy concerns. Based on our experience from our previous studies, in this paper we discuss how ethnographic interviews and observation techniques could be used to analyze users’ behaviour in terms of how they share personal information and multimedia content with others, and utilize this to identify issues related to their privacy concerns more comprehensively than it is otherwise possible with conventional surveys.

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  • A scientometric analysis of 15 years of CHINZ conferences

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2015)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    CHINZ is the annual conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the Special Interest Group for Computer-Human Interaction (SIGCHI) of the ACM. In this paper we analyse the history of CHINZ through citations, authorship and online presence. CHINZ appears to compare well with the larger APCHI conference on citation-based measures. 42% of CHINZ papers were found as open access versions on the web.

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  • Social music in cars

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Ali, Hasan (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper builds an understanding of how music is currently experienced by a social group travelling together in a car - how songs are chosen for playing, how music both reflects and influences the group’s mood and social interaction, who supplies the music, the hardware/software that supports song selection and presentation. This fine-grained context emerges from a qualitative analysis of a rich set of ethnographic data (participant observations and interviews) focusing primarily on the experience of in-car music on moderate length and long trips. We suggest features and functionality for music software to enhance the social experience when travelling in cars, and prototype and test a user interface based on design suggestions drawn from the data.

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  • Ten years of MIREX: reflections, challenges and opportunities

    Downie, J. Stephen; Hu, Xiao; Lee, Jin Ha; Choi, Kahyun; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hao, Yun (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX) has been run annually since 2005, with the October 2014 plenary marking its tenth iteration. By 2013, MIREX has evaluated approximately 2000 individual music information retrieval (MIR) algorithms for a wide range of tasks over 37 different test collections. MIREX has involved researchers from over 29 different contrives with a median of 109 individual participants per year. This pater summarizes the history of MIREX form its earliest planning meeting in 2001 to the present. It reflects upon the administrative, financial, and technological challenges MIREX has faced and describes how those challenges have been surmounted. We propose new funding models, a distributed evaluation framework, and more holistic user experience evaluation tasks-some evolutionary, some revolutionary-for the continued success of MIREX. We hope that this paper will inspire MIR community members to contribute their ideas so MIREX can have many more successful years to come.

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  • Greenstone as a music digital library toolkit

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used as a framework for research in other fields such has human computer interaction, text-mining, and ethnography. This article provides a summary of Greenstone's uses to date with music documents. First we discuss incorporating musical formats into the Greenstone system; then we describe provision for searching and browsing in a music collection.

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  • Visual collaging of music in a digital library

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article explores the role visual browsing can play within a digital music library. The context to the work is provided through a review of related techniques drawn from the fields of digital libraries and human computer interaction. Implemented within the open source digital library toolkit Greenstone, a prototype system is described that combines images located through textual metadata with a visualisation technique known as collaging to provide a leisurely, undirected interaction with a music collection. Emphasis in the article is given to the augmentations of the basic technique to work in the musical domain.

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  • Organizing digital music for use: an examination of personal music collections

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Jones, Matt; Jones, Steve (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Current research on music information retrieval and music digital libraries focuses on providing access to huge, public music collections. In this paper we consider a different, but related, problem: supporting an individual in maintaining and using a personal music collection. We analyze organization and access techniques used to manage personal music collections (primarily CDs and MP3 files), and from these behaviors, to suggest user behaviors that should be supported in a personal music digital library (that is, a digital library of an individual's personal music collection).

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  • Exploring the user experience through collage

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Thomson, Kirsten (2006-07-06)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We explore the use of collage in requirements elicitation, as a tool to support potential end-users in expressing their impressions, understanding, and emotions regarding a system.

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  • Encouraging better hand drying hygiene

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Will, Andrew (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Electric hand driers have the potential to improve sanitation when using public toilets; if used properly, electric driers can dry hands more thoroughly than towels, and users do not come into physical contact with potentially contaminated objects. But electric driers are frequently used for just a few seconds--and so the potential advantage is lost. This paper describes the prototyping and evaluation of a system intended to encourage longer hand drying times in public toilets. The challenges are: to develop hygienic interfaces for use in toilet areas; to design simple to use software that is engaging enough to be used several times a day; and to conduct usability and system acceptance tests in an environment in which users are highly sensitive about privacy issues.

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  • A workflow for document level interoperability

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article describes a software environment called the Exchange Center that helps digital librarians manage the workflow of sourcing documents and metadata from various repositories. The software is built on Greenstone but does not require its use as the final digital library server. After describing the software architecture we provide two scenarios of its use: a private library of recipes, which ultimately involves collaboration with other cooks; and a digital library that aggregates the collections of various host institutions that use different repository software.

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  • Semantic Bookworm: mining literary resources revisited

    Hinze, Annika; Coleman, Michael; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we describe Semantic Bookworm-a tool that supports scholarly text analysis. In contrast to the text-based Bookworm tool, the Semantic Bookworm identifies semantic concepts.

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  • Low-cost semantic enhancement to digital library metadata and indexing: simple yet effective strategies

    Hinze, Annika; Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Most existing digital libraries use traditional lexically-based retrieval techniques. For established systems, completely replacing, or even making significant changes to the document retrieval mechanism (document analysis, indexing strategy, query processing and query interface) would require major technological effort, and would most likely be disruptive. In this paper, we describe ways to use the results of semantic analysis and disambiguation, while retaining an existing keyword-based search and lexicographic index. We engineer this so the output of semantic analysis (performed off-line) is suitable for import directly into existing digital library metadata and index structures, and thus incorporated without the need for architecture modifications.

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  • The use of paper in everyday student life

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The information we encounter in modern life, in developed countries, is a hybrid of the physical and the digital. Personal archiving tools allow users to capture and retrieve aspects of their everyday lives in digital form. In this paper we use a diary study of students’ interactions with paper-based information to inform the design of such archiving tools.

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  • The impact of MIREX on scholarly research (2005-2010)

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Downie, J. Stephen (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper explores the impact of the MIREX (Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange) evaluation initiative on scholarly research. Impact is assessed through a bibliometric evaluation of both the MIREX extended abstracts and the papers citing the MIREX results, the trial framework and methodology, or MIREX datasets. Impact is examined through number of publications and citation analysis. We further explore the primary publication venues for MIREX results, the geographic distribution of both MIREX contributors and researchers citing MIREX results, and the spread of MIREX-based research beyond the MIREX contributor teams. This analysis indicates that research in this area is highly collaborative, has achieved an international dissemination, and has grown to have a significant profile in the research literature.

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  • Understanding collection understanding with collage

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    A streaming collage visualization of images extracted from the collection’s documents has been proposed as an effective tool for gaining a comprehensive overview of a digital library collection (“collection understanding”). A qualitative study provides insight into what users actually understand about a collection from viewing such a streaming collage.

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