56 results for Cunningham, Sally Jo, Conference item

  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information need, the type of music information requested, the intended use for the information, and additional social and contextual elements present in the postings. The results of this analysis suggest that similar studies of 'native' music information requests can be used to inform the design of effective, usable music information retrieval interfaces.

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  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (1999)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket analysis tool to the task of detecting subject classification categories that co-occur in transaction records of book borrowed form a university library. This information can be useful in directing users to additional portions of the collection that may contain documents relevant to their information need, and in determining a library’s physical layout. These results can also provide insight into the degree of “scatter” that the classification scheme induces in a particular collection of documents.

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  • Online legacy preservation for humanities researchers

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    As researchers retire or pass away, the online record of their work and their research careers begins to fragment and fade away. We begin with case studies of four New Zealand Humanities researchers, nearing or at the ends of their active careers. What materials currently exist that they believe are essential to detail the results of their research, and that convey the ‘story’ of their work?

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  • An analysis of cooking queries: Implications for supporting leisure cooking

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online reference system. The results suggest directions to take in developing an effective organization and improved functionality for a cooking-focused digital library.

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  • Digital library access for illiterate users

    Deo, Shaleen; Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H.; Trujillo, Maria F. (2004)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The problems that illiteracy poses in accessing information are gaining attention from the research community. Issues currently being explored include developing an understanding of the barriers to information acquisition experienced by different groups of illiterate information seekers; creating technology, such as software interfaces, that support illiterate users effectively; and tailoring content to increase its accessibility. We have taken a formative evaluation approach to developing and evaluating a digital library interface for illiterate users. We discuss modifications to the Greenstone platform, describe user studies and outline resulting design implications.

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  • Towards the design of a kid’s music organizer

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hutter, Manuela (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we investigate how young children aged 2 to 5 interact with music and their family's music collections. By going into their homes, interviewing them and their parents and observing the children performing a range of music-related tasks, we explore the way that pre-school children select, interact with, and organize music. Additionally, drawing tasks were included in the visits to engage the children and allow them to demonstrate their thoughts in a concrete manner. Insights into the children's' music behaviours suggest design features for a music organizer / player for very young children.

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  • Analyzing users’ behaviour to identify their privacy concerns

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2010)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The majority of studies examining privacy concerns of Internet users are based on surveys. Many problems have, however, been identified with using surveys to measure people’s privacy concerns. Based on our experience from our previous studies, in this paper we discuss how ethnographic interviews and observation techniques could be used to analyze users’ behaviour in terms of how they share personal information and multimedia content with others, and utilize this to identify issues related to their privacy concerns more comprehensively than it is otherwise possible with conventional surveys.

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  • A scientometric analysis of 15 years of CHINZ conferences

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2015)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    CHINZ is the annual conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the Special Interest Group for Computer-Human Interaction (SIGCHI) of the ACM. In this paper we analyse the history of CHINZ through citations, authorship and online presence. CHINZ appears to compare well with the larger APCHI conference on citation-based measures. 42% of CHINZ papers were found as open access versions on the web.

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  • Social music in cars

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Ali, Hasan (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper builds an understanding of how music is currently experienced by a social group travelling together in a car - how songs are chosen for playing, how music both reflects and influences the group’s mood and social interaction, who supplies the music, the hardware/software that supports song selection and presentation. This fine-grained context emerges from a qualitative analysis of a rich set of ethnographic data (participant observations and interviews) focusing primarily on the experience of in-car music on moderate length and long trips. We suggest features and functionality for music software to enhance the social experience when travelling in cars, and prototype and test a user interface based on design suggestions drawn from the data.

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  • Ten years of MIREX: reflections, challenges and opportunities

    Downie, J. Stephen; Hu, Xiao; Lee, Jin Ha; Choi, Kahyun; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hao, Yun (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX) has been run annually since 2005, with the October 2014 plenary marking its tenth iteration. By 2013, MIREX has evaluated approximately 2000 individual music information retrieval (MIR) algorithms for a wide range of tasks over 37 different test collections. MIREX has involved researchers from over 29 different contrives with a median of 109 individual participants per year. This pater summarizes the history of MIREX form its earliest planning meeting in 2001 to the present. It reflects upon the administrative, financial, and technological challenges MIREX has faced and describes how those challenges have been surmounted. We propose new funding models, a distributed evaluation framework, and more holistic user experience evaluation tasks-some evolutionary, some revolutionary-for the continued success of MIREX. We hope that this paper will inspire MIR community members to contribute their ideas so MIREX can have many more successful years to come.

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  • Greenstone as a music digital library toolkit

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used as a framework for research in other fields such has human computer interaction, text-mining, and ethnography. This article provides a summary of Greenstone's uses to date with music documents. First we discuss incorporating musical formats into the Greenstone system; then we describe provision for searching and browsing in a music collection.

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  • Visual collaging of music in a digital library

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article explores the role visual browsing can play within a digital music library. The context to the work is provided through a review of related techniques drawn from the fields of digital libraries and human computer interaction. Implemented within the open source digital library toolkit Greenstone, a prototype system is described that combines images located through textual metadata with a visualisation technique known as collaging to provide a leisurely, undirected interaction with a music collection. Emphasis in the article is given to the augmentations of the basic technique to work in the musical domain.

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  • Organizing digital music for use: an examination of personal music collections

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Jones, Matt; Jones, Steve (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Current research on music information retrieval and music digital libraries focuses on providing access to huge, public music collections. In this paper we consider a different, but related, problem: supporting an individual in maintaining and using a personal music collection. We analyze organization and access techniques used to manage personal music collections (primarily CDs and MP3 files), and from these behaviors, to suggest user behaviors that should be supported in a personal music digital library (that is, a digital library of an individual's personal music collection).

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  • A log analysis study of 10 years of ebook consumption in academic library collections

    Littlewood, Haley; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Even though libraries have been offering eBooks for more than a decade, very little is known about eBook access and consumption in academic library collections. This paper addresses this gap with a log analysis study of eBook access at the library of the University of Waikato. This in-depth analysis covers a period spanning 10 years of eBook use at this university. We draw conclusions about the use of eBooks at this institution and compare the results with other published studies of eBook usage at tertiary institutes.

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  • Family visits to libraries and bookshops: observations and implications for digital libraries

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Timpany, Claire; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper explores how families select books for leisure reading. We recruited 17 families (adults and children) for this study, and spent time with each in both bookshops and public libraries. Our research aims to add to understanding of how families interact with books and bookshelves in these places, and how digital libraries might best support the shared needs of these inter-generational users. Much of our understanding of how an eBook should look and feel comes from generalizations about books and assumptions about the needs of those individuals who read them. We explore how children and adults search and browse for books together, with specific focus on the type of information seeking tasks that families undertake and on the families’ shared search and browsing strategies. We further explore the implications of this study for the development of digital libraries for children and families.

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  • Shared reading of children's interactive picture books

    Timpany, Claire; Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Wright, Kristy (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We report on a study of children and parents shared reading of interactive printed books. We investigated the differences between books with interactive features and books with expressive typography in order to evaluate which features within a book encouraged interaction between the reading participants and the book. 11 parent and child groups took part in the study that involved three observed reading sessions. From our observations we offer suggestions for the development of books and eBooks to encourage shared reading practices.

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  • Personal digital libraries: Keeping track of academic reading material

    Al-Anazi, Mohammed; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper discusses optionsfor tracking academic reading material and introduces a personal digital library solution. We combined and extended the open source projects Zotero and Greenstone such that material can be easily downloaded and ingested into the combined system. Our prototype system has been explored in a small user study.

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  • How to take a book off the shelf: Learning about ebooks from using a physical library

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Timpany, Claire; McKay, Dana (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Little is known about how people select ebooks or books. This paper reports initial results of a study in which we observe patrons of two libraries when selecting books. From the results of the study we aim to gain insights into book selection strategies, which may be used to support ebook selection and purchasing.

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  • Sometimes the Internet reads the question wrong: children’s search strategies & difficulties

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    When children search for information on a given topic, how do they go about searching for and retrieving information? What can their information seeking strategies tell us about the development of search interfaces for children's digital libraries, search engines and information repositories? We interviewed New Zealand (NZ) school children to seek insights into how they are conducting information searches during their education.

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  • How children find books for leisure reading: implications for the digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ineffective) that children employ in bookstores and libraries.

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