72 results for Fairweather, J. R., Book

  • Evolving role of local government in promoting sustainable tourism development on the West Coast

    Cameron, A. M.; Memon, A.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The objective of this study is to examine the perspectives West Coast tourism stakeholders hold about the local government's emerging roles and responsibilities for tourism planning in the region. Local government authorities examined include the Buller, Grey and Westland District Councils, the West Coast Regional Council and Tourism West Coast, (the Regional Tourism Organisation, which forms the promotional 'arm' of the three District Councils). 'Tourism stakeholders' includes tourism-related businesses and NGOs as well as local government staff.

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  • Tourism in Westland : challenges for planning and recommendations for management

    Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides a synthesis of nine separate reports on key aspects of tourism in Westland, and makes recommendations for the future management of the sector.

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  • Investigating community : imperatives for but constraints against land use change in the Mackenzie / Waitaki Basin

    Morris, C.; Fairweather, J. R.; Swaffield, S. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report uses an ethnographic approach to provide a description and analysis of the social context of land use change in the Mackenzie/Waitaki Basin. In order to understand current land use dynamics it begins by reviewing the history of land use change, identifying land user groups, and describing the environmental and political factors that influence land use. The report then accounts for landholders' attitudes to farming and current trends in intensification and diversification, using first-hand quotations to illustrate points of view. The main findings are centred on land use dynamics, showing how these are based on specific landholder values and regional distinctions. Further, landholders perceive that they are in conflict with a number of groups but notably bureaucracy and government, and environmentalists. The use of the words 'community' and 'sustainability' among landholders in the Basin is examined. The report concludes by considering the policy implications of the findings, especially those policy issues that rest upon the questionable premise that there is, or can be, a consensus implied by the term 'community'.

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  • Smallholders in Canterbury : characteristics, motivations, land use and intentions to move

    Fairweather, J. R.; Robertson, N. J.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The AERU published its first report on smallholdings in Canterbury in 1993. The present report extends that research by using a random sample survey and thereby updates our understanding of this very important phenomenon. The report covers basic descriptive information, land use, general attitudes and motivation. It also compares lifestylers with farming-oriented smallholders. Results will be of interest to people involved directly in smallholding by showing them what people are doing on their land. The report will also be of interest to policy makers responding to the planning implications of the effects of the growing number of smallholdings.

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  • New Zealand agricultural policy reform and impacts on the farm sector : detailed historical analysis addressing the issue of the specificity of the farm sector

    Jean, N.; Fairweather, J. R.; Gouin, D. M.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This research analyses the effects on the farm sector of the reform of New Zealand agricultural policy undertaken in 1985. This analysis is placed within a discussion of the larger issue of the specificity of the farm sector and whether this specificity requires special support from the state in most of the developed countries. This study describes the crisis of the New Zealand economy at the beginning of the deregulation process and explains why the farm sector was at the centre of the reform. The removal of state support to agriculture and the transition measures set in place are documented. The research also analyses the effects of the reform on farms both at the structural level and in terms of farm incomes. The sheep and the dairy sectors are analysed in detail. The analysis concludes that the farm sector has maintained its level of economic activity despite important reductions in state support. Finally, this study discusses some lessons that can be obtained from the New Zealand experience, notably in relation with the specificity of the farm sector.

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  • Tourism in Rotorua : destination evolution and recommendations for management

    Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides a synthesis of seven separate reports into key aspects of tourism in Rotorua, and makes recommendations for the future management of the sector. The overall conclusion of this study is that tourism in Rotorua appears to be at an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable level at present. While future growth seems assured in the short-term there are a number of challenges in maintaining the long-term sustainability of the sector, and its role in regional social and economic development. The key areas of risk are those associated with the broader institutional, environmental and social elements of tourism management. The main thrust of the results from this research programme is that tourism planning needs to focus at a broad level. However, this report also has specific implications for the marketing of tourism some of which are noted here. Many of our recommendations therefore apply to those organisations with a broader societal and environmental mandate than tourism alone.

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  • Tourism, water and waste in Westland : implications of increasing demand on infrastructure

    Cullen, R.; Dakers, A.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The growth of tourism, and its consequent benefits, are dependent on the maintenance, if not enhancement, of the West Coast's unique natural environment. Parts of this natural environment have been described as ecologically fragile. There are a range of tourist activities that consume water and produce solid waste and wastewater. An important issue is the tourists' additional demand for potable water and their production of additional wastewater. The major objectives of this research were to: develop models to estimate and project aggregated tourist water use and wastewater production at Hokitika, Harihari, Franz Josef, and Haast; and assess the adequacy and resourcing of the facilities to provide water, manage wastewater and solid wastes associated with tourism.

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  • New Zealanders and biotechnology : attitudes, perceptions and affective reactions

    Cook, A. J.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    Public perceptions of biotechnology in contemporary society are important. The current research programme has allowed us to resurvey the public to assess current responses to biotechnology and to examine possible changes in public attitude over time. This report details what the public think about biotechnology. The research aims were to: investigate change over time in public acceptance of various examples of biotechnology; investigate attitudes towards biotechnology generally and specifically towards, the treatment of diabetes using cells from a pig, the GM potato and use of GM bacteria to ameliorate the detrimental effects of DDT; identify and determine the role and relative importance of affective responses or feelings towards biotechnology in attitudes towards biotechnology; and investigate the relationship between worldviews and attitudes towards biotechnology.

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  • Smallholding in the Selwyn District

    Cook, A. J.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    Although the economic benefits to the primary sector of biotechnology are recognised, they have not to date been measured. This report begins to fill this gap in our understanding by estimating the economic contribution of biotechnology to the primary sector in New Zealand. The research focused on commercialised applications of four biotechnologies across the whole primary sector. Data were collected through surveying key informants about the production impacts of the technology, the available alternatives to biotechnological innovations, and the rates at which innovations had been adopted by primary producers.

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  • Nanotechnology : ethical and social issues : results from New Zealand focus groups

    Cook, A. J.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

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  • Evolving community response to tourism and change in Rotorua

    Horn, C.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The aim of this report is to outline how the Rotorua community experiences tourism and tourism development and how they have adapted to it. The objectives are to: give an historical account of the history of the development of tourism in Rotorua; give an account of broader community issues which influence the community's attitudes to tourism development in their town; record the perceptions that residents have of tourism and show how these have changed over time; describe how the host community copes with the type of tourism development that exists in the area; and suggest what factors might be important in influencing residents' perceptions of tourism and their adaptation to it. This report argues that the community in Rotorua is generally very accepting of tourism, and that tourism in the town is well managed due to the proactive role taken by the local Council in relation to tourism development and promotion. Local people see tourism as a source of stability at a time of great change. For local decision-makers, tourism is a means to address the problems of unemployment and poverty which appear to be increasing in the area.

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  • Tourism in Christchurch and Akaroa : challenges for planning and recommendations for management

    Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.; Shone, M. C.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides a synthesis of eight separate reports (listed in Appendix 1) on key aspects of tourism in Christchurch and Akaroa, and makes recommendations for the future management of the sector. The overall goals of the research programme that encompasses these case studies are the improved management of tourism growth, and the development of better guidelines to ensure its sustainability. The studies focus primarily on the important private/public sector interface in tourism planning and development. They are not marketing studies per se (although significant data are produced to inform marketing decisions) but are focused on public sector responses, and community adaptations to tourism, with a long-term view toward sustainable tourism at the local and national level.

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  • South Island Maori perceptions of biotechnology

    Roberts, M.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    Biotechnology is the use of living organisms to make products and solve problems. In New Zealand, it has made national headlines through public controversies over genetically modified corn, cloned sheep and the transplantation of animal cells into human bodies. Whilst scientists and government bodies make decisions regarding the applicability and ethical standards of such research, the public are sometimes not given full attention in this decision making process. In a study of South Island Maori perceptions of biotechnology 22 interviews and/or focus groups were conducted around the South Island involving a total of 91 people. Participants were asked to discuss different biotechnologies and their applications. The report focuses on what the participants said about the different biotechnologies with a view to providing a record of these views. In addition, key themes were identified and collated.

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  • Public perceptions of outstanding natural landscapes in the Auckland region

    Fairweather, J. R.; Swaffield, S. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    There are many planning and policy decisions relating to land management that require some level of input from the public. One such area is public perception of the natural character of the landscape. This research reports on how members of the public and some key informants defined outstanding natural landscapes in the Auckland region. A total of 219 respondents completed 229 responses to photographs presented in sets of 30 for coastal, estuary and harbour, lowland, and hills landscapes, plus a combined set with examples from all four types of landscape.

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  • Community perception of forest sector development on the New Zealand East Coast : likely and acceptable employment activities, infrastructure and landscape change

    Swaffield, S. R.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    Opinion leaders in the Gisborne East Coast community have contrasting views on the likely character and benefits of employment, infrastructure and landscape change arising from forest sector development. The views expressed in the survey suggest that there is a need to address such issues as scale of land conversion, felling practices, and log transportation. There is a need for public education on the extent of downstream processing already being undertaken, and of the extent and benefits of indirect employment created by the sector.

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  • New Zealand public acceptance of biotechnology

    Cook, A. J.; Fairweather, J. R.; Satterfield, T.; Hunt, L. M.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The overall aim of the research reported here was to determine and understand public perceptions of biotechnology in New Zealand. The research involves determining and understanding both perceptions of biotechnology generally as well as the perceptions of a number of specific key biotechnology applications. A questionnaire was designed which included items from risk perception research and items developed from focus group research. This research report is one of several produced by AERU focusing on public perceptions of biotechnology.

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  • Success factors in new land-based industries

    Mayell, P. J.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    Part of the changing structure of New Zealand agriculture and horticulture includes a move from traditional land uses to new land uses. Not all new land uses, however, become established industries. The research objective of this study was to focus on a wide range of new land-based industries and address the question of why some new industries succeed and why others do not. The research also introduces a relatively new method, the Qualitative Comparative Analysis method, which identifies critical factors in industry success in a way that combines the richness of case studies with the rigour of comparative analysis. Results will be of interest to primary producers seeking to learn from recent experience of new industries, and to policy-makers interested in promoting new land-based industries.

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  • Values and management options for sustainable forest management in New Zealand

    Fairweather, J. R.; Blackburn, A.; Swaffield, S. R.; Hock, B.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    In many sectors of primary production there is growing interest, or concern with, certification. In recent years, forestry is one sector where significant progress has been made and at the present time there is much interest in sustainable forest management. Typically, this interest is pursued by researchers and stakeholders and the assumption sometimes made is that that ideal of sustainable forestry is relatively easily defined. In this report steps are taken to clarify the meanings of sustainable forest management as they are seen by those in the industry. The main objective of this research was to identify the types of positions on sustainable forest management held by a range of forestry stakeholders, and to explore possible reasons why these positions were held. Readers interested in sustainable forest management policy will find this report useful in extending the discussion of this important topic.

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  • New Zealand farmer and grower intentions to use genetic engineering technology and organic production methods

    Cook, A. J.; Fairweather, J. R.; Campbell, H. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This research investigated the decisions of farmers and growers in relation to the issue of the introduction of gene technology to agricultural production in New Zealand. The main research objective was to determine and understand the reasons for New Zealand farmer and grower intentions to (i) use gene technology (ii) purchase GM food and (iii) use organic methods.

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  • A comparison of the employment generated by forestry and agriculture in New Zealand

    Fairweather, J. R.; Mayell, P. J.; Swaffield, S. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The objective of the research reported here was to assess land use change in forestry and agriculture in both New Zealand as a whole and the main regions, with a focus on the relationship of land use to employment. This report presents these results and provides an understanding of the general patterns. It provides a context to the case study of the East Coast region which examines a broad range of socio-economic data associated with land use change.

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