31 results for Hinze, Annika, Working or discussion paper

  • Shared browsing and book selection in an academic library

    Timpany, Claire; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vanderschantz, Nicholas (2012)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    While there exist a small but growing body of naturalistic studies of collaborative searching and browsing in digital collections, the corresponding literature on behavior in the physical stacks is surprisingly sparse. Here, we add to this literature by conducting observations of the “retrieval journeys” of pairs of patrons in a university library. We specifically focus on interactions between patrons as they work together to browse and select books in physical collections, to further our understanding of collaborative information behaviour.

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  • History navigation in location-based mobile systems

    Müller, Knut; Hinze, Annika (2010-12-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The aim of this paper is to provide an overview and comparison of concepts that have been proposed to guide users through interaction histories (e.g. for web browsers). The goal is to gain insights into history design that may be used for designing an interaction history for the location-based Tourist Information Provider (TIP) system [8]. The TIP system consists of several services that interact on a mobile device.

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  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: implementation and evaluation

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This report covers the implementation of software that aims to identify document versions and se-mantically related documents. This is important due to the increasing amount of digital information. Key criteria were that the software was fast and required limited disk space. Previous research de-termined that the Simhash algorithm was the most appropriate for this application so this method was implemented. The structure of each component was well defined with the inputs and outputs constant and the result was a software system that can have interchangeable parts if required.

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  • Social interactions using an electronic rabbit

    Zaicu, Alexandru Calin; Hinze, Annika (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    In this project we use an electronic rabbit called Karotz, created by French company Violet. The rabbits have the ability to connect autonomously to a WI-FI network. IN this project we use Karotz to record an audio log that will contain sounds of the environment. We also programmed a way for the rabbit to send audio to its other Karotz friend. We explored if Karotz can be used to help people stay in contact with each other and to feel less homesick.

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  • Catching and displaying memory cues for a mobile augmented memory system

    Bellamy, Jake; Hinze, Annika (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This report goes over and details the progress of the 2013 COMP477 project “Augmenting Memory: The Digital Parrot on Mobile Devices” undertaken by Jake Bellamy and supervised by Annika Hinze at the University of Waikato. The report begins with an overview on the problem with remembering events in people’s lives and details the background information on the Digital Parrot system. It also describes the previous project that preceded this one, which began to conceptualize the Digital Parrot on mobile devices. It analyses problems with the current design of the system and addresses them. The report then goes on to conduct an in depth user study with the functioning version of the software. The user study finds design flaws and incorrect functionality in the application that would not have otherwise been apparent. Finally, the report concludes with a proposed user interface concept that addresses all of the issues found in the user study and describes how the system would work. It describes the initial implementation that has begun in building this system.

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  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: similarity measure, literature review

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Document classification and provenance has become an important area of computer science as the amount of digital information is growing significantly. Organisations are storing documents on computers rather than in paper form. Software is now required that will show the similarities between documents (i.e. document classification) and to point out duplicates and possibly the history of each document (i.e. provenance). Poor organisation is common and leads to situations like above. There exists a number of software solutions in this area designed to make document organisation as simple as possible. I'm doing my project with Pingar who are a company based in Auckland who aim to help organise the growing amount of unstructured digital data. This reports analyses the existing literature in this area with the aim to determine what already exists and how my project will be different from existing solutions.

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  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: similarity measure, architecture and design

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This research looks at the most appropriate similarity measure to use for a document classification problem. The goal is to find a method that is accurate in finding both semantically and version related documents. A necessary requirement is that the method is efficient in its speed and disk usage. Simhash is found to be the measure best suited to the application and it can be combined with other software to increase the accuracy. Pingar have provided an API that will extract the entities from a document and create a taxonomy displaying the relationships and this extra information can be used to accurately classify input documents. Two algorithms are designed incorporating the Pingar API and then finally an efficient comparison algorithm is introduced to cut down the comparisons required.

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  • Browsing and book selection in the physical library shelves

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas Roy; Timpany, Claire; Heese, Ralf (2013-02)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Library users should be conveniently interact with collections and be able to easily choose books of interest as they explore and browse a physical book collection. While there exists a growing body of naturalistic studies of browsing and book selection in digital collections, the corresponding literature on behaviour in the physical stacks is surprisingly sparse. We add to this literature in this paper, by conducting observations of patrons in a university library as they selected books from the shelves. Our aim is to further our understanding of patterns of behaviour in browsing and selection in physical collections.

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  • Trust-based recommendations for mobile tourists in TIP

    Quan, Qiu; Hinze, Annika (2008)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Recommender systems aim to suggest to users items they would like. However, concerns about the reliability of information from unknown recommenders influences user acceptance. In this paper, we analyse trust-based recommendations for the tourist information system TIP. We believe that the recommender strategy is closely related to the information domain applied. So, the delivered trust-based tourist recommendations have combined peers’ ratings on sights, trust computations and geographical constraints. We create two trust propagation models to spread trust in the TIP community. Three Trust based and location-aware filtering algorithms are implemented. According to research on feasibilities of trust in recommendation fields, three collaborative filtering algorithms in TIP are improved by introducing the trust concept.

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  • A review of user interface adaption in current semantic web browsers

    Turner, Emmanuel; Hinze, Annika; Jones, Steve (2011-02-08)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The semantic web is an example of an innumerable corpus because it contains innumerable subjects expressed using innumerable ontologies. This paper reviews current semantic web browsers to see if they can adaptively show meaningful data presentations to users. The paper also seeks to discover if current semantic web browsers provide a rich enough set of capabilities for future user interface work to be built upon.

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  • Contextual queries and situated information needs for mobile users

    Hinze, Annika; Chang, Carole; Nichols, David M. (2010-02-16)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The users of mobile devices increasingly use networked services to address their information needs. Questions asked by mobile users are strongly influenced by contextual factors such as location, conversation and activity. We report on a diary study performed to better understand mobile information needs. Participants’ diary entries are used as a basis for discussing the geographical and situational context in which mobile information behaviour occurs. The suitability of user queries to be answered by a portable knowledge collection and web search are also considered. We find that the type of questions recorded by participants varies across their locations, with differences between home, shopping and in-car contexts. These variations occur both in the query terms and in the form of desired answers. Both the location of queries and the participants’ activities affected participants’ questions. When information needs were affected by both location and activity, they tended to be strongly affected by both factors. The overall picture that emerges is one of multiple contextual influences interacting to shape mobile information needs. Mobile devices that attempt to adapt to users’ context will need to account for a rich variety of situational factors.

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  • Arbitrary boolean advertisements: the final step in supporting the boolean publish/subscribe model

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2006-06-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Publish/subscribe systems allow for an efficient filtering of incoming information. This filtering is based on the specifications of subscriber interests, which are registered with the system as subscriptions. Publishers conversely specify advertisements, describing the messages they will send later on. What is missing so far is the support of arbitrary Boolean advertisements in publish/subscribe systems. Introducing the opportunity to specify these richer Boolean advertisements increases the accuracy of publishers to state their future messages compared to currently supported conjunctive advertisements. Thus, the amount of subscriptions forwarded in the network is reduced. Additionally, the system can more time efficiently decide whether a subscription needs to be forwarded and more space efficiently store and index advertisements. In this paper, we introduce a publish/subscribe system that supports arbitrary Boolean advertisements and, symmetrically, arbitrary Boolean subscriptions. We show the advantages of supporting arbitrary Boolean advertisements and present an algorithm to calculate the practically required overlapping relationship among subscriptions and advertisements. Additionally, we develop the first optimization approach for arbitrary Boolean advertisements, advertisement pruning. Advertisement pruning is tailored to optimize advertisements, which is a strong contrast to current optimizations for conjunctive advertisements. These recent proposals mainly apply subscription-based optimization ideas, which is leading to the same disadvantages. In the second part of this paper, our evaluation of practical experiments, we analyze the efficiency properties of our approach to determine the overlapping relationship. We also compare conjunctive solutions for the overlapping problem to our calculation algorithm to show its benefits. Finally, we present a detailed evaluation of the optimization potential of advertisement pruning. This includes the analysis of the effects of additionally optimizing subscriptions on the advertisement pruning optimization.

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  • Proceedings of the second computing women congress: Student Papers

    Hinze, Annika; Jung, Doris; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2006-02-11)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The CWC 2006 Proceedings contains the following student papers: • Kathryn Hempstalk: Hiding Behind Corners: Using Edges in Images for Better Steganography • Supawan Prompramote, Kathy Blashki: Playing to Learn: Enhancing Educational Opportunities using Games Technology • Judy Bowen: Celebrity Death Match: Formal Methods vs. User-Centred Design • Liz Bryce: BECOMING INDIGENOUS: an impossible necessity • Tatiana King: Privacy Issues in Health Care and Security of Statistical Databases • Nilufar Baghaei: A Collaborative Constraint-based Intelligent System for Learning Object-Oriented Analysis and Design using UML • Sonja van Kerkhof: Alternatives to stereotypes: some thoughts on issues and an outline of one game

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  • Eliciting usage contexts of safety-critical medical devices

    Bowen, Judy; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika; Jung, Doris; Reeves, Steve (2014)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This position paper outlines our approach to improve the usage choice of suitable devices in different health care environments (contexts). Safety-critical medical devices are presumed to have undergone a thorough (user-centred) design process to optimize the device for the intended purpose, user group and environment. However, in real-life health care scenarios, actual usage may not reflect the original design parameters. We suggest the identification of further usage contexts for safety-critical medical devices through ethnographic and other studies, to assist better modelling of the challenges of different usage environments. In combination with system and interaction models, these context models can then be used for decision-support in choosing medical devices that are suitable for the intended environment.

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  • Towards a TIP 3.0 service-oriented architecture: Interaction design.

    Hinze, Annika; Malik, Petra; Malik, Robi (2005-01-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This paper describes our experience when applying formal methods in the design of the tourist information system TIP, which presents context-sensitive information to mobile users with small screen devices. The dynamics of this system are very complex and pose several challenges, firstly because of the sophisticated interaction of several applications on a small screen device and the user, and secondly because of the need for communication with highly asynchronous event-based information systems. UML sequence diagrams have been used to capture the requirements and possible interactions of the system. In a second step, a formal model has been created using discrete event systems, in order to thoroughly understand and analyse the dynamics of the system. By verifying general properties of the formal model, several conceptual difficulties have been revealed in very early stages of the design process, considerably speeding up the development. This work shows the limitations of typical methods for interaction design when applied to mobile systems using small screen devices and proposes an alternative approach using discrete event systems.

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  • Investigating the use of activity trackers to observe high-risk work environments

    Bowen, Judy; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Parker, Richard (2015)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The New Zealand forestry industry has the country's highest rate of workplace fatalities. The reasons are not well studied or understood and no large-scale systematic physical and physiological data has been recorded to investigate this. Current research focusses on developing mechanised solutions and changing worker behaviour. We believe the first step in identifying any successful solution is to develop a fine-grained understanding of the physical context of forestry work by performing large-scale data collection of the levels of physical activity the workers engage in as well as their sleep patterns over extended periods of time. Our goal is to use lightweight, wearable technology (so-called activity trackers) to collect this data. In order to do so we need a clear understanding of the capabilities and limitations of such devices, both in general and in the proposed use environment for forestry workers. In this paper we present the results of user studies and comparisons of six activity trackers and three mobile phone applications used to track activity and sleep. We also discuss our initial pilot study with forestry workers and discuss the problems encountered using the trackers in the environment.

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  • Design and formal model of an event-driven and service-oriented architecture for the Mobile Tourist Information System TIP

    Eschner, Lisa; Hinze, Annika (2008)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This thesis introduces a new collaboration framework for context-aware services in a mobile environment enabling services to co-operate with several anonymous co-operation partners. We extend the current TIP design and architecture so that new services may easily be added to and co-operate with existing ones. Obsolete services may be replaced by new ones providing the same functionality. Services are de-coupled. Service co-operation is completely changed. This means that services react to the events they receive, irrespective of the events publishers. We also show how service-oriented and event-driven architectures may be combined maintaining their respective advantages. We introduce features of serviceoriented architectures to services co-operating via an eventbased middleware. We describe the formal model of a new system for mobile tourist information and the newly introduced features of the collaboration framework. Those features fundamentally change the way services communicate and cooperate.

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  • Subscription tree pruning: A structure-independent routing optimization for general-purpose publish/subscribe systems.

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2006-01-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    A main challenge in distributed publish/subscribe systems is the efficient and scalable routing of incoming information (event messages). For largescale publish/subscribe services, subscription forwarding has been established as a prevalent routing scheme. It reduces the network traffic for event routing due to selectively forwarding event messages to relevant parts of the network only. To further improve event routing, publish/subscribe systems apply routing optimizations. So far, optimizations for general-purpose publish/subscribe systems are still missing. In this paper, we present the architecture, realization, and evaluation of our prototype of a large-scale publish/subscribe service applying a novel routing optimization, subscription tree pruning. We also show a comparison of five existing routing optimizations in respect to six important characteristic parameters affecting the suitability of these approaches in practice (including space usage, time efficiency (throughput), and network load). This comparative analysis clearly demonstrates the advantages of subscription pruning over other routing optimizations. In our practical experiments, we then investigate the behavior of our prototype regarding all quantitatively measurable parameters from our previously theoretically analyzed ones. Our evaluation of subscription pruning in this paper is more extensive than previous analyses of any routing optimizations for publish/ subscribe systems, which focus on selected parameters only.

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  • Implementing an event-driven service-oriented architecture in TIP

    Rinck, Michael; Hinze, Annika (2010-06-17)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Many mobile devices have a density of services, many of which are context or location-aware. To function, many of these services have to collaborate with other services, which may be located in many different places and networks. There is often more then on service suitable for the task at hand. To decide which service to use, quality of service measurements like the accuracy or reliability of a service need to be known. Users do not want third parties to have statistics on how and where they used services. Therefore the collaboration needs to be anonymous. This project implements a model of event-based context-aware service collaboration on a publish/subscribe basis. We compare different implementation designs, with focus on anonymity and quality of service of the services.

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  • Event distributions in online book auctions.

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2006-02-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Current quantitative evaluations in various research areas for publish/ subscribe systems use artificially created event messages to model the system workload. The assumptions made to create these workloads are rather strong and hardly ever described in detail. This does not allow for a repetition of experiments or comparative evaluations of different approaches by different researches. In this paper, we present an evaluation of the distributions of the values of attributes typically used in online auction scenarios. In particular, we focus on auctions of fiction books. We further show our approach of creating event messages by the help of the gained information. Publishing this information on how to create a typical workload for online auctions should allow for the repetition of experiments and the comparison of different evaluations.

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