49 results for Kelly, Piaras, Conference item

  • Why incongruous knee replacements do not fail early

    Kelly, Piaras; O'Connor, JJ

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The RTM-Light Manufacturing Process: Experimentation and Modelling

    MacLaren, O; Gan, Jia; Hickey, Christopher; Bickerton, Simon; Kelly, Piaras (2009)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    An initial study was carried out to investigate key aspects of the RTM-Light process, in particular the effect of mould flexibility on process times, cavity thickness and pressure distributions. Radial and peripheral injection experiments have been performed, utilising mould platens of varied flexural stiffness. A simulation of these RTM-Light experiments was developed using an iterative coupling procedure to solve the fluid-mould interaction problem. Initial comparisons of experimental and numerical results are presented.

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  • A 2.5D Model of the Resin Infusion Process, Experiments and Simulation

    Govignon, Quentin; Verleye, B; Bickerton, Simon; Kelly, Piaras (2010)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Design of brazed or diffusion bonded joints between ceramic components

    Kelly, Piaras; Hills, DA; Nowell, D (1991)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The Numerical Solution of Singular Integral Equations arising in certain Fracture Mechanics Problems

    Kelly, Piaras (2000)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Numerical Simulation of the RTM Light Manufacturing Process

    Timms, J; Bickerton, Simon; Kelly, Piaras (2011)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The Mechanics of Osteoarthritis: The Fracture Mechanisms of Rapidly Loaded Cartilage

    Kelly, Piaras; Oconnor, JJ (1996-01-01)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The analysis of surface-breaking interface cracks

    Kelly, Piaras; Hills, DA; Nowell, D (1992)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    This paper discusses the analysis of a crack along an interface between two dissimilar elastic quarter planes for cases where the crack breaks the free surface. A dislocation density method of analysis is employed and the appropriate dislocation solution and far-field stress expressions are highlighted. Models for crack tip behaviour are discussed and it is shown that a simplified quadrature can be used to extract the crack extension force. Sample results for an interface crack loaded by constant crack face pressure are given.

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  • The quasi-static approximation for cracked interfaces in layered systems

    Pecorari, C; Kelly, Piaras (1999)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    For the last two decades the quasi-static approximation (QSA) has been the most commonly used approach for describing the interaction of ultrasonic waves with imperfect interfaces. The QSA is a low-frequency approximation and it can be used when the thickness of the interface is much smaller than the wavelength of the waves used to inspect the interface. Its most complete formulation has been presented by Baik and Thompson [1], and models the real interfacial imperfections as continuous, uniform distributions of springs and masses along the interface plane (see Fig 1).

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  • Application of a Complete Tooling Force Analysis for Simulation of Liquid Composite Moulding Processes

    Bickerton, Simon; Kelly, Piaras (2006)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Nonconforming elements for liquid composite molding process simulations

    Kelly, Piaras; Jennings, S (2006)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) processes are now a prevalent group of manufacturing methods for advanced composite materials. They offer many advantages over more traditional manufacturing methods, such as the ability to deal with large and complex shapes. Numerical simulations can lead to better predictions of process parameters. The standard procedure for the simulation of these processes is to use a Control Volume (CV) method. One problem with the CV method is that resin mass is not conserved on an element level, and this has consequences for accuracy. An attractive alternative to the CV method is to use a single grid of non-conforming finite elements. Such non-conforming elements encompass essential mass conservation properties. In this study it is shown how the standard non-conforming triangular element can be adjusted to ensure mass conservation on the element level and to ensure continuity of the fluid flux across inter-element boundaries. Numerical experiments are carried out which show that single grids of such elements, and nonconforming quadrilateral elements, produce accurate results in the case of the Injection Compression Molding process.

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  • Modeling the viscoelastic behaviour of fibre reinforcing fabrics

    Kelly, Piaras; Umer, RA (2004)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The deformation of fibrous materials plays an important role in the Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) processes. These materials display markedly non-linear viscoelastic characteristics. A model of fibrous material deformation is developed, incorporating this non-linear viscoelastic response, with a view to being used in simulations of LCM processes. The model is one-dimensional and is appropriate for the simple fibre compaction deformation which occurs during LCM processes. A limited number of compaction experiments were carried out to determine the model parameters for a continuous filament mat. These included a rapid compaction (100mm/min), a number of slower compactions to the same final volume fraction, and then a number of tests at a constant compaction speed to different final volume fractions. The model gives reasonably good results over a range of compaction speeds and volume fractions.

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  • Stresses and cracks in a theoretical model of a metal-backed tibial knee replacement component

    Kelly, Piaras; O'Connor, JJ (1996)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • A Thermomechanical Constitutive Model for Fibrous Reinforcements

    Cheng, Jonathan; Kelly, Piaras; Bickerton, Simon (2009)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    In Liquid Composite Moulding processes, many important manufacturing parameters and final properties of the part are influenced by the constitutive behaviour of fibrous reinforcements. A thermomechanical model for the response of fibrous materials to compaction is presented. Rate-dependent and rate-independent features observed in experimental data are reproduced by the model.

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  • Stress distributions within rapidly loaded cartilage - possible contributions to arthrosis

    O'Connor, JJ; Kelly, Piaras (1994)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Challenges for Modelling Filling during Liquid Composite Moulding Processes

    Bickerton, Simon; Buntain, MJ; Kelly, Piaras (2003)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Modelling Forces Acting on Rigid, Non-planar Liquid Composite Moulding Tools

    Bickerton, Simon; Kelly, Piaras (2005)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The term Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) encompasses a growing list of composite manufacturing processes, including Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), Injection/Compression Molding (I/CM), and Vacuum Assisted RTM (VARTM). The RTM and I/CM processes utilise two-piece rigid moulds, which are subject to force components due to reinforcement compaction and internally generated resin pressure. The focus of this paper is prediction of tooling forces for RTM, which will allow efficient structural design of moulds, and selection of cost effective process parameters. Previous experimental work has demonstrated the influence of reinforcement compaction behaviour, which is strongly non-elastic. A viscoelastic compaction model has been developed which addresses both dry and wet response, and is implemented in RTM simulations of simple flat parts. Non-planar geometries introduce a tangential stress acting on mould surfaces, due to shear of the reinforcement. The tooling force analysis is extended to complex parts using an existing RTM filling simulation, LIMS, which has been developed at the University of Delaware.

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  • Compaction of Dry and Wet Fibrous Materials during Infusion Processes

    Kelly, Piaras; Umer, Rehan; Bickerton, Simon (2004)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The objective of this study was to investigate the response of fibrous materials to compaction, since this response can affect significantly a number of important parameters, e.g. required tooling forces and fill-times, for some resin infusion manufacturing processes. A series of compression tests were carried out on both dry and wet (resin-impregnated) samples, at a number of different compaction speeds and to various final volume fraction levels. The materials were seen to exhibit a significant viscoelastic (stress relaxation) response, which changed according to whether the fibers were dry or wet. A thermomechanical model of fibrous material deformation was developed, incorporating the observed non-linear viscoelastic response, and the wet-dry change in response. The model is appropriate for the simple fibre compaction deformation which occurs during many of the liquid composite molding (LCM) processes. The model gives reasonably good results over a range of fiber volume fractions and compression speeds.

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  • Numerical Simulation of Liquid Composite Molding Processes

    Kelly, Piaras; Bickerton, Simon (2005)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Liquid Composite Molding (LCM) includes a range of composite materials manufacturing processes, for example Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), Injection Compression Molding (I/CM) and flexile-bag processes such as Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (RTM). In these processes, resin is injected under pressure into a fully or partially-compacted fibrous preform before final cure. Mathematical models and numerical simulations of these manufacturing processes lead to better predictions of the filling times and preform final thicknesses, and of the optimal position of inlet gate location and inlet pressures. In this study, the governing equations of LCM are solved using a number of different variants of the Finite Element Method. In particular, a single fixed grid scheme which conserves fluid mass on the element level, and which ensures continuity of fluid flux across inter-element boundaries, is used and is shown to give accurate results.

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  • A Compaction Model for Liquid Composite Moulding Fibrous Materials

    Kelly, Piaras (2008)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Liquid Composite Moulding (LCM) processes are a family of advanced composite materials manufacturing processes, which includes the Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM), Injection/Compression Moulding (I/CM) and Vacuum Assisted Resin Infusion (VARI) processes. In an LCM process, many important manufacturing parameters depend on the stresses taken up by the fibrous material before, during and after the fluid-filling stage. For example, the tooling forces in an RTM process and the fill-time and part-thickness in a VARI process depend on this fibre stress. Fibrous materials respond to load in a complex manner, exhibiting viscoelastic effects and undergoing permanent deformation. A new framework for the mathematical modeling of these materials is proposed based on thermomechanical arguments. Physical phenomena of the microscale such as fibre bending, fibre-to-fibre friction and the concept of ???frozen energy??? are incorporated. The framework is demonstrated for the case of a fibrous material undergoing permanent deformations during a compaction/unloading cycle and the results are compared with experiment.

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