31 results for Simmons, D. G., Book

  • Evolving role of local government in promoting sustainable tourism development on the West Coast

    Cameron, A. M.; Memon, A.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The objective of this study is to examine the perspectives West Coast tourism stakeholders hold about the local government's emerging roles and responsibilities for tourism planning in the region. Local government authorities examined include the Buller, Grey and Westland District Councils, the West Coast Regional Council and Tourism West Coast, (the Regional Tourism Organisation, which forms the promotional 'arm' of the three District Councils). 'Tourism stakeholders' includes tourism-related businesses and NGOs as well as local government staff.

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  • Tourism in Westland : challenges for planning and recommendations for management

    Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides a synthesis of nine separate reports on key aspects of tourism in Westland, and makes recommendations for the future management of the sector.

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  • Visitors’ and locals’ views of environmental management in Christchurch, New Zealand

    Fairweather, J. R.; Maslin, C.; Swaffield, S. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The objective of the research presented in this report was to develop an understanding of visitors' and locals' views of environmental management in Christchurch. A total of 63 people were selected in a diverse, non-random sample with roughly equal proportions of men and women, and including 21 overseas visitors, 33 domestic visitors and 22 local people. Each subject sorted a pre selected set of structured photographs into nine piles, ranging from those that represented good environmental management to those that represented poor environmental management, to create their own Q sort. All Q sorts were factor analysed to identify three factors or views on environmental management. Subjects' attitudes, beliefs and expectations in making their selections were recorded in interviews and provide an additional basis for interpreting the three different factors. The themes distinctive to the factors, and the themes that are common to the factors, are discussed to develop some theoretical implications. Finally, a number of implications for policy are considered, in particular the need to retain a breadth of approaches to environmental management.

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  • The values associated with Maori-centred tourism in Canterbury

    Zygadlo, F. K.; McIntosh, A. J.; Matunga, H. P.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The overall aim of this study was to analyse Maori tourism development in the Canterbury region according to values of Maori-centred tourism. The objectives to achieve this aim were to validate the relevance of the values of Maori-centred tourism to Maori tourism business practices in Canterbury and to identify the strategies for achieving Maori-centred tourism business ethics in Canterbury. A Kaupapa Maori research approach was used to achieve the objectives. This approach was seen appropriate given the need for a culturally relevant perspective. This included employing Maori values derived from a Maori epistemology as measures to analyse Maori tourism development.

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  • Enhancing financial and economic yield in tourism: public sector: local government and regional yield report

    Butcher, G.; Lennox, J.; Becken, S.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The programme “Enhancing Financial and Economic Yield in Tourism” has included a range of investigations into various dimensions of private sector yield of tourism businesses, as well as public sector yield of tourism at local and national levels. In this report the focus is on yield from a regional perspective. Yield in this report is understood as net financial or economic benefit. For the private sector, the measure of yield used is Economic Value Added, while for local government the measure of yield is the difference between costs and revenue. Local government yield related to tourism can best be interpreted within the context of regional total value added from tourism. While local government may have a negative yield for its own tourism-related business, it judges this to be worthwhile from the community perspective because of the commercial benefits to the community as evidenced by total value added and employment In this report the focus is on regional yield in Christchurch City, and Rotorua District, from the perspective of both the private sector and local government. We show private sector yield as Economic Value Added (EVA), which is the relevant measure for private investors, as well as the more common national accounting measure of total value added and total employment. We have estimated the private sector commercial yield on the basis of surveys of visitor expenditure and analysis of private sector financial yield ratios by sector, and the net costs and benefits to the local government sector on the basis of an analysis of local government revenue and spending.

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  • Visitors to Rotorua : characteristics, activities and decision-making

    Moore, K.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report presents results from two surveys of visitors to Rotorua, New Zealand, which investigated visitors' general characteristics (e.g., age, gender, origin country, accommodation, group type and size, length of stay, etc.) and their decision-making processes (when decisions were made and itineraries planned, what influenced those decisions and purpose of travel).

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  • Tourism, water and waste in Westland : implications of increasing demand on infrastructure

    Cullen, R.; Dakers, A.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The growth of tourism, and its consequent benefits, are dependent on the maintenance, if not enhancement, of the West Coast's unique natural environment. Parts of this natural environment have been described as ecologically fragile. There are a range of tourist activities that consume water and produce solid waste and wastewater. An important issue is the tourists' additional demand for potable water and their production of additional wastewater. The major objectives of this research were to: develop models to estimate and project aggregated tourist water use and wastewater production at Hokitika, Harihari, Franz Josef, and Haast; and assess the adequacy and resourcing of the facilities to provide water, manage wastewater and solid wastes associated with tourism.

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  • Tourism, growth and infrastructure demands: data review and gap analysis

    Dakers, A.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

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  • Garden tourism and its potential organization in Canterbury

    Thomas, R. P.; Porteous, G.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This paper had its origin as a final year tourism research report at Lincoln University. In it we briefly review the concept of garden tourism which includes garden tours, garden festivals and special events, and the potential organization of this particular type of tourism in the Canterbury region. The origins of garden tourism in England and Germany are examined, followed by a review of models, objectives and management for organising garden festivals and special events. A description of a variety of New Zealand garden festivals follows. Results of a recent garden tourism survey are presented prior to a summary of the types of commercial garden tours offered in the Canterbury region. Recommendations and conclusions focus on the possible organisational structure of garden tourism in Canterbury, and on the goals, objectives and organisational development of garden tours and festivals in the region.

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  • Christchurch and Canterbury visitor profile

    Sleeman, R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The purpose of this report is to provide an up to date assessment of the visitor industry profile (international and domestic) for the Christchurch and Canterbury marketing region. The report specifically covers: visitor arrivals; accommodation statistics (guest nights); visitor spending; and regional comparisons of performance.

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  • Evolving community response to tourism and change in Rotorua

    Horn, C.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The aim of this report is to outline how the Rotorua community experiences tourism and tourism development and how they have adapted to it. The objectives are to: give an historical account of the history of the development of tourism in Rotorua; give an account of broader community issues which influence the community's attitudes to tourism development in their town; record the perceptions that residents have of tourism and show how these have changed over time; describe how the host community copes with the type of tourism development that exists in the area; and suggest what factors might be important in influencing residents' perceptions of tourism and their adaptation to it. This report argues that the community in Rotorua is generally very accepting of tourism, and that tourism in the town is well managed due to the proactive role taken by the local Council in relation to tourism development and promotion. Local people see tourism as a source of stability at a time of great change. For local decision-makers, tourism is a means to address the problems of unemployment and poverty which appear to be increasing in the area.

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  • Climate change response: a report to establish the knowledge required for a TIANZ response and policy formulation with the Government post Kyoto Protocol ratification

    Turney, I.; Becken, S.; Butcher, G.; Patterson, M.; Hart, P.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The Tourism Industry Association of New Zealand commissioned this report ‘as a definitive reference point for the Tourism sector with regard to its greenhouse gas emissions (CO₂) and the potential impacts on the sector, in order to establish the underpinning knowledge required for a subsequent TIANZ response and policy formulation with the Government post the Kyoto Protocol ratification’. The value of the tourism sector, in terms of GDP and employment is self-evident but there is also growing awareness of the New Zealand environment by the international market which is critical to New Zealand’s future prosperity. Both the tourism sector and the Government recognise the importance of the ‘state of New Zealand’s environment’ and the need to genuinely sustain the image of ‘100% Pure New Zealand’, as it is implicitly linked to maintaining credibility and growth in a highly competitive market.

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  • Tourism in Christchurch and Akaroa : challenges for planning and recommendations for management

    Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.; Shone, M. C.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides a synthesis of eight separate reports (listed in Appendix 1) on key aspects of tourism in Christchurch and Akaroa, and makes recommendations for the future management of the sector. The overall goals of the research programme that encompasses these case studies are the improved management of tourism growth, and the development of better guidelines to ensure its sustainability. The studies focus primarily on the important private/public sector interface in tourism planning and development. They are not marketing studies per se (although significant data are produced to inform marketing decisions) but are focused on public sector responses, and community adaptations to tourism, with a long-term view toward sustainable tourism at the local and national level.

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  • West Coast visitor report

    Moran, D.; Sleeman, R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report provides assessment of the visitor profile for the Tourism West Coast region, and specifically covers: visitor arrivals; accommodation statistics; and visitor spending.

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  • Visitors to the West Coast : characteristics, attractions and decision-making

    Moore, K.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report presents results from a survey of visitors to the West Coast, New Zealand, which investigated visitors' general characteristics (e.g., age, gender, origin country, transport type, group type, etc.), perceived attractions of the West Coast and their decision-making processes (purpose of visit, the timing of itinerary planning and destination decisions, perceived influences on those decisions).

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  • Visitors' and locals' experiences of Westland, New Zealand

    Fairweather, J. R.; Newton, B.; Swaffield, S. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The objective of this study was to develop an understanding of visitors' and locals' experiences of the Westland landscape and infrastructure. The interest in landscape experience reflects the central role that both passive and active involvement in landscape plays in the Westland tourism industry. The interest in infrastructure reflects the critical role that provision of basic services to support tourists, and the management of the tourists' impact on the environment, will have in the development of sustainable tourism.

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  • Tourism and Maori development in Westland

    Zygadlo, F. K.; Matunga, H. P.; Simmons, D. G.; Fairweather, J. R.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    The main aim of this report is to provide an understanding of Maori tourism in order to enhance the ability of both new and established Maori tourist operators, their organisations and the wider Maori community to develop Maori tourism in ways that sustain Maori culture in a manner acceptable to Maori. To achieve this aim, the report has the following objectives: to document accurately the current state of Maori involvement in the tourism industry; to describe and interpret the perceptions that Maori have of tourism and how these have changed over time; to identify the current use of Maori culture as attractions; to record Maori responses to the changes in the relationship between themselves and the natural environment; and to identify barriers to Maori tourism development.

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  • The economic impact of tourism on Westland District

    Butcher, G.; McDonald, G.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    In recent years tourism has been one of the fastest growing sectors of the New Zealand economy, and has become particularly important in some smaller communities. It has become particularly important in regions (such as Westland) which have suffered from a decline in long-established industries (timber in the case of Westland). What is uncertain is just how important the industry is, both in terms of its direct impacts and also its indirect impacts. The original principal objective of this study was to estimate the relationship between such direct and indirect effects by surveying a sample of tourism businesses to find out their expenditure patterns, to incorporate this information into a model of the regional economy and calculate tourism multipliers (the ratio of direct impacts to total impacts for various types of visitor expenditure), and to see if this ratio appears to be changing over time. During the research it became apparent that the existing estimates of direct visitor expenditure were unreliable (particularly estimates broken down by type of expenditure) and the measurement of the level of direct expenditure became a further objective of the research. Another objective of this study was to pilot an environmental accounting mechanism (if possible, based on input-output models) for tourism at the regional level.

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  • The economic impact of tourism on Rotorua

    Butcher, G.; Fairweather, J. R.; Simmons, D. G.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    In recent years tourism has been one of the fastest growing sectors of the New Zealand economy, and has become particularly important in some of the smaller communities. What is uncertain is just how important the industry is, both in terms of its direct impacts and also its indirect impacts. The objective of this study was to estimate the relationship between such direct and indirect effects by surveying a sample of tourism businesses to find out their expenditure patterns, to incorporate this information into a model of the regional economy and calculate tourism multipliers (the ratio of direct impacts to total impacts for various types of visitor expenditure), and to see if this ratio is changing over time. During the research it became necessary to calculate the direct visitor expenditure by a survey of visitors to Rotorua to establish relative rates of expenditure in different sectors, and to apply these ratios to existing data on output of the accommodation industry. An estimate of direct employment in the visitor attractions industry was made on the basis of this project's census of businesses involved in visitor activities and attractions. This was used with this project's estimates of employment : output ratios to also calculate output for the attractions industry.

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  • Enhancing financial and economic yield in tourism: public sector: central government benefits and costs of tourism

    Cullen, R.; Becken, S.; Butcher, G.; Lennox, J.; Simmons, D. G.; Taylor, N.

    Book
    Lincoln University

    This report describes the national public sector direct inputs, and outline society’s indirect inputs, into tourism production and consumption. The public sector and societal benefits that accrue from tourism will also be assessed. A subsequent report (Yield report 11) examines local government costs and benefits alongside the regional yield (value added) generated from tourism. This report is one of a series of reports within the government funded research programme “Enhancing the financial and economic yield for tourism”. The research follows two streams: an analysis of private sector investment and management and a parallel analysis of public sector benefit and costs arising from the operation of the tourism sector in New Zealand. It is towards this latter objective that the current report is directed. It aims to quantify the level of the public sector (local, regional, and national) direct inputs, and outline society’s direct and indirect inputs, into tourism production and consumption. The public sector and societal benefits that accrue from tourism are also assessed.

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