5,652 results for Conference item

  • Conservation of pre-European wet organic archaeological materials in Aotearoa New Zealand

    Johns, Dilys; Hodgins, G; Gilberg, M; Rageth, J; O'Connor, S (2010-02)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Five international scholars were invited to discuss scientific techniques used during art and textile investigations. Presentations highlight the advantages and limitations of scientific analysis when attempting to solve provenance, dating, authenticity and conservation questions. My presentation illustrated the above issues with Maori/New Zealand case studies, stressing the importance of context, traditional knowledge and archaeology when linking together science and culture.

    View record details
  • Pasifika Rising: a cultural strand in contemporary New Zealand art

    Mane-Wheoki, Jonathan (2006)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Collaborative painting machine

    Ingram, Simon (2016-10-10)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Collaborative teams : [The investigation of how collaborative processes and team dynamics impact on collaborative teaching in a New Zealand context]

    Baker, K.; Rowley, Rich; Madipour, Farhad (2017-05-10T05:34:46Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The focus of this research in progress is to explore teachers’ perceptions of the nature and impact of collaborative teaching by specifically addressing practice-based collaborative interactions. The main question that guides our research is: how do collaborative processes and team dynamics operate within collaborative teaching in a New Zealand context? Subquestions are; How do teachers define collaborative teaching in their own contexts? and, what are the key factors that prevent teachers from working collaboratively? Our methodology takes a mixed methods approach, combining both quantitative and qualitative data gathered from a web-based survey

    View record details
  • Enriching Māori entrepreneurship (Māuipreneurship) : Te Haerenga o Te Awa = The Journey of Te Awa

    Molyneux, Ngaire (2017-05-10T05:35:39Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The aim of this research is to map the journey and development of “Te Awa” an undergraduate entrepreneurship (pathway) programme at Unitec Institute of Technology. Some key objectives of Te Awa are to effectively recruit more Māori students into innovation and entrepreneurship courses, and to deliver these courses in a way that potential Māori entrepreneurs are more likely to enrol and respond positively to the content to become successful entrepreneurs. Thus providing a vehicle and unlocking the latent potential of the cultural competitive advantage for Aotearoa. Te Awa takes a pragmatic yet creative approach and is very applied and relevant to the needs of people operating in real enterprise based on Māori kaupapa (Te Ao Māori) with Mātauranga Māori embedded throughout the curriculum. The following questions will be addressed; how will tauira Māori respond to the pedagogy of Te Awa; how will tauira Māori respond to Te Awa in terms of recruitment and retention; will Te Awa achieve the vision set out “to nurture and support Māori “entrepreneurs” enabling them to be more innovative developing an enterprise doing what they are passionate about. The[se] have informed critical success factors for Māori entrepreneurs. There is a particular focus on the use of the Māuipreneurship framework Understanding Māori Entrepreneurship (Keelan and Woods 2006) and the Māuipreneur (Keelan 2009)

    View record details
  • Evidence of an Australasian divide : exploring little penguins using DNA barcodes

    Waugh, John (2017-05-10T05:35:32Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The use of DNA barcodes (haplotypic variation in a 648 bp segment of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene within the mitochondrial genome, starting from base 58 at the 5’ end of the gene) as part of a species description is an accepted part of modern taxonomy. The evidence COI provides is compelling since a sequence of DNA is biological data obtained from living material. Early in the use of COI, it became apparent that it might highlight potential cryptic species and inform the debate around their status. The little blue penguin (Eudyptula minor) has been the subject of such debate. DNA barcodes from 60 little blue penguins were assessed to determine the specific status of this species across its range. Analysis of these data indicates distinct Australian and New Zealand haplotypes that may be indicative of separation at the species level. The specific status for the two populations is also supported by behavioural evidence and geographic isolation.

    View record details
  • Documentary analysis hui: an innovative research method employed to bring documents to life through culturally responsive conversation

    Cardno, Carol; Anderson, N.; McDonald, M. (2017-05-10T05:35:31Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Kaupapa Māori research is collectivist – oriented towards benefitting all research participants and their agendas Self-determination is a key dimension – providing agentic positioning for research participants Māori language, culture, knowledge and values are accepted in their own right. ... In this case courage was needed to align research action with the principles of Kaupapa Māori research – namely agentic positioning, partnership, participation and respect for the knowledge of the participants.

    View record details
  • Residential household electrical appliance management using model predictive control of a grid connected photovoltaic-battery system

    Ahmad, Aziz; Anderson, T.; Swain, A.; Lie, T.; Currie, J.; Holmes, Wayne (2017-05-10T05:35:41Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) based power generation technology is being pushed to the forefront as a viable alternative source of renewable energy, particularly in small-scale domestic applications. Due to the variable nature of solar energy, PV usually works well with battery storage to provide continuous and stable energy. However, by incorporating storage with such systems there is a need to develop controllers that allow the owners to maximize the benefit of such systems and so require sophisticated control strategies. In this work a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) state space model of a PV array, load energy demand, battery bank and utility grid was used to develop a model predictive control setup for a grid connected photovoltaic-battery power generation system. Artificial neural network (ANN) based energy demand prediction was used as the output measured disturbance for the MPC. Switched constraints were used for the MIMO state space model to mimic the dynamic behavior of the storage system. Simulation results show that the proposed MPC would activate non-critical electrical appliances usage at periods when excess PV energy was available from the PV array. Further, it would also allocate energy to the battery storage when this was available, and, when load energy demand was more than the PV array produced would deactivate non-critical appliances (dish washer, washing machine and dryer) and use battery energy if necessary.

    View record details
  • Analysis of NTP DRDoS attacks’ performance effects and mitigation techniques

    Sarrafpour, Bahman; Abbaro, C.; Pitton, I.; Young, C.; Madipour, Farhad (2017-05-10T05:35:42Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Denial of Service (DoS) attacks are a type of interruption (malicious and/or unintended) that restrict or completely deny services meant for legitimate users. One of the most relevant DoS attacks is Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack which is a variant of DoS, but on a larger scale using previously compromised, malware infected computers known as “bots” or “zombies”. DDoS attack occurs by generating large amounts of traffic towards an intended victim. This paper focuses on analyzing a variant of DDoS attacks known as Network Time Protocol (NTP) Distributed Reflective Denial of Service (DRDoS) attack. The impact of the attack will be measured in the utilization of processor, memory, network and ping of most relevant devices. Further focus is on the host and network based layered “defense indepth” of NTP DRDoS attack mitigation techniques.

    View record details
  • 'Gimme Shelter': The 'othering' of refugees in forming identity in Australia and New Zealand

    Kolesova, Elena; Allen, M. (2017-05-10T05:35:30Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Questions to consider: How are refugees perceived in Australia and New Zealand (historically and currently)? How does ‘othering’ refugees influence how we contruct ideas of who ‘we’ are? How does Edward Said’s Orientalism speak to the notion of ‘othering’ in the current context?

    View record details
  • What can facial behaviour reveal about animal welfare?

    Descovich, Kris; Wathan, J.; Leach, M.; Buchanan-Smith, H.; Flecknell, P.; Farningham, D.; Vick, S. J. (2017-05-10T05:35:26Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    View record details
  • Facing the challenges in a changing tertiary environment : the voices of senior and middle leaders

    Howse, Jo (2017-05-10T05:35:25Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Increased excessive workload for middle leaders (new) Cascading academic responsibility from the senior leadership to middle leaders Inadequate preparation and training for the new middle leadership roles Lack of leadership development opportunities Lack of time for middle leaders to think and to plan strategically Increased and excessive workload Imbalance between work and personal life

    View record details
  • Te reo kiriti : when Euripides speaks Maori. Intercultural collaborative practice as instinctive teaching methodology

    Davies, John (2017-05-10T05:35:52Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    This paper takes the form of a report on an artistic project [a Māori Bacchae] and the task I have been given bring matauranga Maori into mainstream tertiary teaching of our department, of performing and screen arts at Unitec. The two are connected in that I wish, through the artistic project to learn more about, and find a way to expose our mainstream students to Maori knowledge and ways of learning. [...] My artistic question of our work is: Does the stylization and power of Maori performance and aesthetics release principles of Aristotle’s poetics and embedded dramatic themes from within Greek tragedy?

    View record details
  • Cervical screening for women with physical disabilities

    Hanlon, Erin (2017-05-10T05:35:21Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The National Cervical Screening Programme (NCSP) implemented NZ in 1990 Incidence of & deaths associated w cervical cancer has decreased ~ 40% and 60% The NCSP records results in their centralised database (register) ~ NCSP-R International evidence suggests: Women w disabilities (WWD) are < likely to have regular screening. WWD have lowest “compliance” rates Why is this?

    View record details
  • Environmental accounting disclosures of manufacturing and mining listed companies in Shandong Province, China

    Rainsbury, Liz; Hao, Gloria (2017-05-10T05:35:46Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The study examines factors that affect the environment accounting disclosure levels for a sample of manufacturing and mining listed company in the Shandong province China. The empirical results show that larger companies are more likely to disclose higher levels of environmental accounting disclosures. Companies operating in industries that produce heavy pollution are also more likely to disclose higher levels of environmental accounting information. Contrary to expectations companies that are more profitable are less likely to have higher disclosures levels. These results suggest that economic performance is of major importance compared to environmental matters.

    View record details
  • Exploring governance design options for new and emerging sports : the case of stand up paddling in New Zealand

    Meiklejohn, Trevor; Ferkins, Dr Lesley; O'Boyle, I. (2017-05-10T05:35:48Z)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    Sport governance “is the responsibility for the functioning and direction of the organisation and is a necessary and institutionalised component of all sports codes from club level to national bodies, government agencies, sport service organisations and professional teams around the world” (Ferkins & Shilbury, 2010, p. 235). In considering wider not for profit, commercial and public contexts, Rhodes (1996) and Rosenau (1995) take a broader view suggesting that governance is the process by which an organisation, network of organisations or a society steers itself, allocates resources and exercises control and co-ordination. Research and theoretical attention to this topic is still limited and has not yet moved to fully grasp the complexities of governance within the sport context (Hoye & Doherty, 2011, Shilbury, Ferkins & Smythe, 2013). Such complexities are due to the multi-layered federated network of not for profit clubs, regional sport organisations (RSOs), national sports organisations (NSOs) and international governing bodies (IGBs) that are common to most traditional sports (Ferkins & Shilbury, 2010; Hoye & Cuskelly, 2007; Dickson, Arnold & Chalip, 2005; Soares, Correia & Rosado, 2010; Taylor & O’Sullivan, 2009). As such, a majority of research has focussed on governance at an organisational level avoiding the wider governance system and the multifaceted governance structures that many organisations (and groups of organisations) have evolved toward (Hoye & Doherty, 2011; Cornforth, 2011). To further add to the recognised complexities inherent in sport governance, the sport landscape is undergoing substantial change. Government agencies for sport are cognisant of this with Sport New Zealand in its ‘Future of Sport in New Zealand’ document (2015) highlighting trends such as a growth in the offering of sport from both not for profit and for profit sectors, the individualisation of the sporting experience and a move away from traditional sporting communities offered by clubs. This suggests that despite the complicated federated systems of traditional sports, new and emerging sports with alternative structures, cultures and new entrants (participants and providers) may further complicate the sport governance landscape. Consistent with this, Kellet and Russell (2009) highlight the sport of skateboarding where entrepreneurs have taken advantage of an open system without the institutionalised boundaries present in traditional sports to gain easy entry for profit maximisation. They observed that this field is fragmented, lacking in formal structures and contains overlapping roles of suppliers, participants and program developers, quite different to traditional sporting structures. They contend there is a dearth of understanding as to how new and emerging sports are structured and governed, and that this lack of knowledge compared to mainstream sports (which is still limited) seems remiss given the growth of these sports. This proposed research is the next frontier of knowledge development in sport governance. Specifically, it aims to explore governance options for new and emerging sports. To do this, a systemic governance approach that encapsulates the mosaic of current and potential stakeholders will be employed (Kellet & Russell, 2009; Soares et al., 2010). This conceptual presentation will examine the need for such a study within sport governance and also pose a context where such a study could take place, that of stand up paddling, reported as the fastest growing water sport in the world. In doing so it intends to build on the limited body of knowledge in sport governance in general, systemic sport governance, and the governance of new and emerging sports.

    View record details
  • Bi-level document image compression using layout information

    Inglis, Stuart J.; Witten, Ian H. (1996)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Most bi-level images stored on computers today comprise scanned text, and are stored using generic bi-level image technology based either on classical run-length coding, such as the CCITT Group 4 method, or on modern schemes such as JBIG that predict pixels from their local image context. However, image compression methods that are tailored specifically for images known to contain printed text can provide noticeably superior performance because they effectively enlarge the context to the character level, at least for those predictions for which such a context is relevant. To deal effectively with general documents that contain text and pictures, it is necessary to detect layout and structural information from the image, and employ different compression techniques for different parts of the image. The authors extend previous work in document image compression in two ways. First, we include automatic discrimination between text and non-text zones in an image. Second, the system is tested on a large real-world image corpus.

    View record details
  • The NLANR NAI Network Analysis Infrastructure

    McGregor, Anthony James; Braun, Hans-Werner; Brown, Jeff (2000)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The National Laboratory for Applied Network Research is creating a network analysis infrastructure to support network research and engineering of high performance research networks. The NAI includes a passive monitoring project, an active monitoring project, and collection of network management and control data. Together these projects have deployed more than 120 monitors around the high-performance research networks in the United States. This article describes NAI and the projects using it. The article concludes with a discussion of the future plans for the infrastructure.

    View record details
  • Performance, Validation and Testing with the Network Simulation Cradle

    Jansen, Sam; McGregor, Anthony James (2006)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Much current simulation of TCP makes use of simplified models of TCP, which is a large and complex protocol with many variations possible between implementations. We use direct execution of real world network stacks in the network simulator ns-2 to compare TCP performance between implementations and reproduce existing work. A project called The Network Simulation Cradle provides the real world network stacks and we show how it can be used for performance evaluation and validation. There are large differences in performance between simplified TCP models and TCP implementations in some situations. Such differences are apparent in some reproduced research, with results using the Network Simulation Cradle very different from the results produced with the ns-2 TCP models. In other cases, using the real implementations gives very similar results, validating the original research.

    View record details
  • Connecting, synchronising, and dating with tephras: principles and applications of tephrochronology in Quaternary research

    Lowe, David J. (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Tephrochronology is a unique method for linking and dating geological, palaeoecological, palaeoclimatic, or archaeological sequences or events. The method relies firstly on stratigraphy and the law of superposition, which apply in any study that connects or correlates deposits from one place to another. Secondly, it relies on characterising and hence identifying or ‘fingerprinting’ tephra layers using either physical properties evident in the field or those obtained from laboratory analysis, including mineralogical examination by optical microscopy or geochemical analysis of glass shards or crystals (e.g., Fe-Ti oxides, ferromagnesian minerals) using the electron microprobe and other tools. Thirdly, the method is enhanced when a numerical age is obtained for a tephra layer by (1) radiometric methods such as radiocarbon, fission-track, U-series, (U-Th)/He, or Ar/Ar dating, (2) incremental dating methods including dendrochronology or varved sediments or layering in ice cores, or (3) age-equivalent methods such as palaeomagnetism or correlation with marine oxygen isotope stages or palynostratigraphy. Once known, that age can be transferred from one site to the next using stratigraphic methods and by matching compositional characteristics, i.e., comparing ‘fingerprints’ from each layer. Used this way, tephrochronology is an age-equivalent dating method.

    View record details