11 results for Conference poster, 2012

  • Estado nutricional de los indígenas Pataxó de 5 aldeas de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Castro, TG; Oliveira, SNLG; Mazzetti, CMS; Conde, WL; Leite, MS; Pimenta, AM (2012-11-13)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

    Introducción: En las últimas décadas los estudios brasileños sobre el estado nutricional no incluyeron la población indígena como un segmento de análisis, generando brechas de informaciones para el direccionamiento de políticas de alimentación y nutrición para el grupo. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado nutricional de los indígenas Pataxó de 5 aldeas de Minas Gerais. Metodología: Estudio transversal que evaluó 257 indígenas (87,4% del total) en 2011. El peso y la altura fueran evaluados conforme las orientaciones de la OMS. La circunferencia de la cintura (CC) fue tomada en el punto medio entre la cresta ilíaca y la última costilla. Las clasificaciones nutricionales fueron hechas a partir de los índices altura para edad (A/E), índice de masa corporal para edad (IMC/E), índice de masa corporal (IMC) y CC, utilizando las referencias de la OMS y de Lipschitz (para ancianos). Resultados: Fueron evaluados 70 niños (27,3%), 59 adolescentes (23,0%), 116 adultos (45,0%) y 12 ancianos (4,7 %). Ninguno de los niños presentó déficit para A/E, 1,4% presentaron bajo IMC/E y 2,9% peso elevado para IMC/E. Fue observado déficit de altura en 3,4% de los adolescentes y peso excesivo (IMC/E) en 8,5%. Altas prevalencias de sobrepeso/obesidad y valores elevados de CC fueron apuntados para adultos (56,0% y 56,8 %, respectivamente) y ancianos (25,0% y 75%, respectivamente). Conclusión: Se destacan el exceso de peso en la población de forma ascendente desde la niñez y la baja frecuencia de déficits nutricionales entre niños y adolescentes. Financiación: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais.

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  • Reducing the Risks of Long-Term Human Space Exploration by Simulating Missions in an Analog Environment on Mauna Loa

    Binsted, K; Hunter, JB; Caldwell, Bryan (2012-02)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Recent experiences in using TOUGH2 for geothermal modelling

    Clearwater, Emily; Yeh, Angus; O'Sullivan, John; Kaya, Eylem; Croucher, Adrian; Cui, T; OSullivan, Michael; Zarrouk, Sadiq; Austria, JJC; Ciriaco, Anthony; Archer, Rosalind; Dempsey, David (2012-04-17)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

    The geothermal modelling group in Engineering Science (University of Auckland) is involved with several geothermal R&D projects. On the development side we are running models of Ohaaki, Wairakei, Ngawha, Reporoa, Wayang Windu and Lihir. Our experiences in these projects have led on to several parallel research projects. Our model of Wairakei-Tauhara is so large that it also contains the Rotokawa system and the edge of the Ngatamriki system. Trying to understand the large-scale convection process at Wairakei-Tauhara has led on to studies of more generic convection studies and studies of larger areas of the TVZ. It has also led on to deeper models which require equations of state that can handle high pressures and temperatures. We have developed one for pure water but now wish to extend it to include CO2 and NaCl. With larger and larger models the computational demand increases quickly and we are now routinely using TOUGH_MP, the parallel version of TOUGH2. Also with large complex models dealing with input and output is a major task and we have developed a suite of PYTHON scripts (called pyTOUGH) for carrying out several model management tasks. One of the biggest challenges in geothermal modelling is model calibration and we have carried out studies using inverse modelling with iTOUGH and PEST and also Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods (MCMC). We are also carrying out miscellaneous studies of resewrvoir physics several of which involve fluid/rock interaction, for example the effects of cold water injection on permeability and subsidence in geothermal fields.

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  • Educating for disaster: Determining the core elements of a disaster curriculum for social work in New Zealand

    Adamson, Carole (2012)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

    In 2010 and 2011, Aotearoa New Zealand was hit by a number of major disasters involving loss of human life and severe disruption to social, ecological and economic wellbeing. The Pike River mine explosions were closely followed by a sequence of major earthquakes in Christchurch, seismic events that have permanently altered the lives of thousands of people in our third largest city, the closure of the central business district and the effective abandonment of whole residential areas. In early October 2011, the ship, Rena, grounded on a reef off the port of Tauranga and threatened a major oil spill throughout the Bay of Plenty, where local communities with spiritual and cultural connections to the land depend on sea food as well as thrive on tourism. The Council for Social Work Education Aotearoa New Zealand (CSWEANZ), representing all the Schools of Social Work in New Zealand, held a ‘Disaster Curriculum’ day in November 2011, at which social workers and Civil Defence leaders involved in the Christchurch earthquakes, the Rena Disaster, Fiji floods and the Boxing Day tsunami presented their narrative experience of disaster response and recovery. Workshops discussed and identified core elements that participants considered vital to a social work curriculum that would enable social work graduates in a range of community and cultural settings to respond in safe, creative and informed ways. We present our core ideas for a social work disaster curriculum and consider a wide range of educational content based on existing knowledge bases and new content within a disaster framework.

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  • Over-expression of Human Amylin Leads to Oligomerization and beta-cell Dysfunction Associated with Mitochondrial Uncoupling, Activation of c-Jun and Decrease Expression of JNK Interacting Protein-1

    Zhang, Shaoping; Liu, H; Chuang, CL; Li, XL; Au, M; Zhang, L; Cooper, GJS (2012-06-10)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

    Over-expression of human amylin (hA) in pancreatic β-cells has been shown to contribute to cytotoxic hA aggregation and islet amyloid formation that can lead to β-cell dysfunction in type-2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to investigate the functional and molecular changes associated with hA oligomer formation and their relation to β-cell dysfunction and diabetes development using transgenic mouse model that over-expresses hA in their islet β-cells.We showed that both homozygous and hemizygous hA transgenic mice developed spontaneous diabetes with different elevated levels of hA and with different time frame of disease onset and death. Homozygous mice displayed hyperinsulinemia and self-limiting insulin resistance during the pre-diabetic state, whereas by contrast, hemizygous mice had a longer prediabetic phase without insulin resistance. Intracellular and extracellular oligomers were clearly detectable before onset of diabetes with strong correlation with the time of β-cell apoptosis occurred in homozygous but not in hemizygous mice, indicating a difference in the extent of cytotoxic oligomerization between these animals. In addition, RT-qPCR analysis demonstrated progressive decrease in β-cell expression of functional and key regulatory molecules such as insulin, amylin, Pdx1, MafA, Glut2 and GCK. We also detected changes in expression of the mitochondrial membrane protein UCP-2 which contributes to decreased mitochondrial function. Further molecular analysis demonstrated activation of c-Jun/JNK and decrease expression of JNK-interacting protein 1, suggesting their role in mediating beta-cell death/apoptosis. Our studies should lead to a better understanding of the role and regulation of hA-evoked β-cell dysfunction and β-cell death in diabetes

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  • Metabolic Outcomes in children born to mothers with severe hyperemesis gravidarum

    Ayyavoo, A; Hofman, Paul; Derraik, J; Mathai, M; Stone, P; Bloomfield, F; Cutfield, C (2012-06-23)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Etiology of increasing incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in New Zealand from 1993 to 2010

    Albert, B; Jefferies, C; Webster, D; Cutfield, W; Gunn, A; Carll, J; Bendikson, K; Derraik, J; Hofman, Paul (2012-06-24)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Cortisol response to Synacthen stimulation is attenuated following abusive head trauma

    Heather, N; Derraik, J; Brennan, C; Hofman, Paul; Jefferies, C; Cutfield, W (2012-06-23)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • First born children have reduced insulin sensitivity, higher blood pressure and taller stature than later born children

    Savage, T; Ayyavoo, A; Mouat, F; Miles, H; Hofman, Paul; Cutfield, WS (2012-07-31)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Sequence Coverage Abnormalities and Sex-Specific Autosomal Regions in Cattle

    Lopdell, Thomas; Harland, C; Johnson, T; Keehan, M (2012-08-21)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Impact of grape harvesting on varietal thiols in Sauvignon blanc wines

    Allen, T; Herbst-Johnstone, Mandy; Girault, M; Butler, P; Logan, G; Jouanneau, S; Nicolau, L; Kilmartin, PA (2012-02-03)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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