104 results for Report, 2006

• ### Excavations at the Oashore Whaling Station: (M37/162) Banks Peninsula January–February 2004

#### Smith, Ian; Prickett, Nigel (2006)

Report
University of Otago

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• ### Understanding Approaches to Sheep/Beef Production in New Zealand: Report on First Qualitative Interviews of ARGOS Sheep/Beef Participants

#### Hunt, Lesley; Rosin, Chris; Read, Marion; Fairweather, John; Campbell, Hugh (2006)

Report
University of Otago

Sheep/beef farmers comprise a diverse group of individuals with a variety of perspectives on and approaches to sustainable production. This diversity is the product of a broad range of social, cultural, economic, and ecological influences and experiences. It is also possible, however, for commonalities to emerge among the farmers based on their (possibly) shared experiences with similar social and environmental contexts in New Zealand's pastoral agriculture industry. One of the goals of the ARGOS programme is to determine if the adoption of a particular management system (in this case the different panels – Organic, Integrated or Conventional) is influenced to any degree by the social characteristics of farmers. Towards this end, a suite of social methods or approaches (including semistructured interviews, quantitative surveys, participant observation, and interactive activities) have been proposed as means to study the social lives of participants and to draw out any relations between these and management practices – especially those that impact on sustainability. This report documents the first in a series of qualitative interviews with participants in the sheep/beef sector of the ARGOS programme.

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• ### New Zealand in the 21st century: A consumer lifestyles study

#### Evans, Sian; Lawson, Rob; Todd, Sarah (2006)

Report
University of Otago

The 2005/6 consumer lifestyles segmentation study is the fifth major survey of this type carried out by the Consumer Research Group at the University of Otago since 1979. As with previous iterations, the 2005/6 study of New Zealand consumers is intended to provide marketers and advertisers, as well as other interested observers of New Zealand society, with an insight into the psychographic patterns and behavioural trends of consumers. The survey has now established itself as one of the major studies that offers insights into New Zealand society and the changes that are taking place within the context of political and technological forces that are altering the shape of life across the globe. The Consumer Research Group is based within the University of Otago’s Department of Marketing, and this iteration of the study was jointly sponsored and funded by Loyalty NZ and NZ Post, together with funding from the University of Otago Research Grants Committee. Questionnaires comprising more than 500 individual questions were sent out to 10,000 New Zealanders in November 2005, with an effective response rate of 36% obtained. The design of the project is grounded in that of previous studies. The first of these was carried out in 1979 jointly with Heylen Research. After a period of ten years it was repeated in 1989 and, since 1995, it has been conducted at regular five yearly intervals. Throughout this time the survey has been updated to take account of new trends that have emerged in society, especially those based on technological innovations which affect our domestic, social and working lives. Innovations in this phase also include new measures designed to assess satisfaction with quality of life in New Zealand, as well as social desirability, (a personality trait that can affect responses), pet ownership and questions on commuting to work.

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• ### New Zealand Farmers and Wetlands

#### Campbell, Hugh; Rosin, Chris; Fairweather, John; McLeod, Carmen; Cook, Andrew (2006)

Report
University of Otago

This research focuses on how New Zealand farmers approach the management of wetlands and waterways on their farms, and was funded by a Fish & Game New Zealand Research Scholarship, in association with the Agriculture Research Group On Sustainability (ARGOS). The goal of the research was to explore farmers' perceptions of wetlands and waterways on their land and to discover what barriers may impact upon their strategies to protect or develop these areas. As little social research is available in this area, this study sought to gather enough data to provide an overview of farming management practices with regard to wetlands and waterways, and to establish some useful parameters for future research in this area. The research in this report incorporates the results from a section of questions about wetlands and waterways sent out to random samples of farmers in all main sectors of primary production as part of a larger quantitative survey looking at sustainability on farms. This report also includes results from qualitative research based on tape-recorded interviews with 36 sheep/beef farmers and 19 dairy farmers.

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• ### Understanding kiwifruit management using causal mapping

#### Fairweather, John; Hunt, Lesley; Rosin, Chris; Campbell, Hugh; Benge, Jayson; Watts, Michael (2006)

Report
University of Otago

Causal mapping was used to document how the 36 participating kiwifruit orchardists described and explained the management of their orchards. This approach asks the participants to identify the factors which are important to the management and performance of their orchards and to link these on a map. An aggregated or group map was produced from each of the individual orchardist maps. Data from the group map were used to characterise the overall orchard system as well as each of the three management systems being studied. A predominant finding is the degree of similarity in the maps of growers from across all three panels. Despite these overall findings, there were still differences operating between the three panels of growers. The overall group map reflects a production orientation and that the kiwifruit system is perceived as more of a management system rather than an environmental one. Organic orchardists produced a group map having the most distinctive qualities but they also shared a small number of distinctive characteristics with Gold orchardists. Both used more connections and more double arrows compared to Green. We conclude that the evidence supports the claim that at the aggregate level of the 36 kiwifruit orchardists the orchard system is not overly complex but at the level of each individual orchardist it is complex. Further, orchardists do not show a high level of holistic thinking about their orchard.

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• ### Second annual New Zealand computer crime and security survey

#### Quinn, K J Spike (2006)

Report
University of Otago

The New Zealand Computer Crime and Security Survey is conducted by the Security Research Group (SRG) of the University of Otago, in partnership with the Government Communications Security Bureau, Centre for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CCIP), New Zealand Police and the Computer Security Institute (CSI). This 2006 survey is the second annual survey. It is based on the US CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the longest running continuous survey in the information security field and commonly known as a leading source of statistics related to computer crime and security. The 2006 survey results are based on the responses of 113 computer security practitioners in New Zealand (NZ) manufacturing, governmental, financial and medical organisations, and tertiary education providers regarding the 2005 calendar year. All monetary figures are in NZ$, roughly equivalent to US$0.7 at time of publication. It is probable that the lowered response rate to the 2006 survey was due to conducting it in parallel with the 2007 survey in one twelve-month period. This was necessary to bring publication dates in line with the US (CSI/FBI) and Australian Computer Crime and Security surveys with work on the 2007 survey report already underway. Issues considered this survey are: - Types and prevalence of security technologies in use - Types, cost of, and response to security incidents - Budgeting issues: percentage of IT budget spent on security, outsourcing of security function, incident insurance, security investment per employee, cost-benefit metrics in security planning - Popularity of common workstation operating systems (OS) - Security audits and security awareness training - Information security training, qualifications and certification - IT standards, policies and procedures.

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• ### Eastern Taranaki Basin field guide.

#### Kamp, Peter J.J.; Vonk, Adam J. (2006)

Report
University of Waikato

Linking the onshore and offshore parts of Eastern Taranaki Basin: Insights to stratigraphic architecture, sedimentary facies, sequence stratigraphy, paleogeography and hydrocarbon exploration from the on land record.

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• ### A sensitive genetic-based detection capability for Didymosphenia geminata

#### Cary, S. Craig; Hicks, Brendan J.; Crawford, Naomi; Coyne, Kathryn J. (2006-12)

Report
University of Waikato

It is now well recognized that the increase in global transportation over the last two decades has brought with it an increased potential for the introduction of unwanted microorganisms (aquatic or terrestrial) that may have drastic effects on human and ecosystem health and agriculture. We have developed and validated a unique genetic fingerprinting tool for D. geminata. In concert, we developed field collection and preservation techniques specific for D. geminata along with genetic-based procedures that can now reliably detect D. geminate from a complex environmental community with a high degree of sensitivity. Recent work (Phase 2) has shown that the described methods will provide detection levels from <1 – 10,000 cells ml-1. We contend that the genetic based detection approaches used in this study offer great promise to meet the increasing demands to monitor the global threat from invasive micro-organisms.

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• ### Maori & Psychology Research Unit annual report 2006

#### Rua, Mohi; Nikora, Linda Waimarie (2006)

Report
University of Waikato

Annual report of the Maori and Psychology Research Unit (MPRU) 2006. The unit was established in August of 1997. The unit is designed to provide a catalyst and support network for enhancing research concerning the psychological needs, aspirations, and priorities of Maori people. The MPRU is well situated to draw together skilled and experienced interdisciplinary research groups by networking and establishing working relationships with staff and students within the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, the University, and the wider community.

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• ### An evaluation of the Raukawa Health Services Kaumatua Mirimiri Programme

#### Gregg, Lisa; Rawiri, Casey; Robertson, Neville (2006-03)

Report
University of Waikato

The Kaumatua Mirimiri Programme was funded as a Service to Improve Access project under a contract which ran from 1st September 2004 to 30th June 2005. Its aim was to provide a “culturally based treatment and recovery programme to restore the health and independence” of people aged 40 years and over (Pinnacle Group Ltd, 2004a, p.1). However, as the service specification in the contract made clear, the programme was not designed be exclusive: it has attracted younger as well as older people, non-Māori as well as Māori, and people seeking help for a wide range of ailments and pain.

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• ### Physical environment, nutrient budget, and ecology of Lake Moana-nui, Tokoroa

#### Miller, Dean C.; Hicks, Brendan J. (2006-02)

Report
University of Waikato

This report is based on fortnightly monitoring data collected over a 14 month period from November 2000 to January 2002 and a survey of the lake bathymetry and vegetation distribution. The project also included a detailed investigation into the associations between macroinvertebrates and the native and exotic plants in the lake, and experiments evaluating the effects of the large populations of the water flea Simocephalus vetulus that the lake maintains on algal concentrations and therefore water clarity. The aim of this report is to present and discuss the results of the monitoring, surveys, and experiments in order to make recommendations for the future management and health of Lake Moana-nui.

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• ### The ABCs of ATVs: Factors implicated in child deaths and injuries involving all terrain vehicles on New Zealand farms

#### Basham, Michelle; Nicholls, Mark; Campbell, Maxine M. (2006)

Report
University of Waikato

The agricultural sector features prominently in the rates of ATV injuries and fatalities amongst children in New Zealand. This research project assesses the nature and scope of ATV accidents to children on New Zealand farms and provides recommendations that attempt to meet the needs of all relevant stakeholders. In particular, we believe that the most effective means of reducing the rates of ATV injuries and fatalities amongst children involves a strategy which recognises the unique circumstances which give rise to practical impediments to safer farm workplace practices. We identified three distinct groups of children in the literature, each facing a different major risk category. Very young children were most at risk as passengers. As age increased the highest risks applied to bystanders, while older children and teenagers were more likely to be injured as drivers. The high risks to younger children as passengers and bystanders were indicative of underlying problems associated with childcare options – or, more particularly, the lack of childcare options. Accidents involving older children were associated more closely with practices around child supervision and involved aspects of farming culture, rather than practical barriers to safer practices.

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• ### Recent studies of sediment capping and flocculation for nutrient stabilisation

#### Özkundakci, Deniz; Hamilton, David P. (2006)

Report
University of Waikato

Water quality in the Rotorua Lakes has declined in the past 30 to 40 years due to increasing nutrient loads, specifically nitrogen and phosphorus. In situ restoration techniques, including sediment capping and flocculation, have been developed to attempt to reduce internal nutrient loads, which can be comparable in magnitude to external loads in eutrophic lakes. The aim of this report is to summarise the current state of knowledge, and to documents some recent studies of sediment capping and flocculation techniques designed to remove nutrients from the water column by retaining them permanently within the bottom sediments. Experimental set-ups for testing the efficacy of different materials range from conventional batch adsorption studies to sediment reactor experiments. Natural ecosystems have also been simulated with mesocosms in Lake Okaro. A full scale application of aluminium sulphate (alum) in Lake Okar. A full scale application of aluminium sulphate (alum) in Lake Okaro has also been intensively monitored. The different studies have provided information on the restoration potential of some sediment capping agents and flocculants, but many questions still remain. Given the current state of knowledge it is not possible to confirm a priori the circumstances under which a whole lake trial would be successful. Future research should be carried out on the follow foci: • Establishment of chronic or acute toxic effects of the adsorbent materials. • Effect of treatment applications on benthic biota, particularly capping materials that may alter physical characteristics of the sediments. • Application of computer models for the purpose of both hindcasting and better understanding effects of application of an adsorbent to a lake, and for the purpose of predicting the changes in trophic status. • Application techniques and costs, particularly in view of potential for quite radical changes in source of adsorbent materials, grain sizes and methods of application for a single adsorbent.

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• ### Corporate Sustainability Reporting in New Zealand

#### Griffiths, Kerry; Lindesay, J (2006-10-03)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

In 2002 the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment (PCE) signaled in his "Creating Our Future" report, the emergence of "Triple Bottom Line" (environmental, social and economic) reporting in New Zealand: "Other options include the business sector adopting models such as Triple Bottom Line (TBL) reporting and the Natural Step that raise awareness about sustainable ways of doing business." (p17) Since that time TBL reporting has continued to develop in New Zealand in both the public and private sector albeit in a variety of forms and under a variety of names - including Sustainable Development Reporting, Corporate Responsibility Reporting, Sustainability Reporting. This paper provides an update on TBL Reporting in New Zealand since 2002 and covers: - the international context - the state of reporting in New Zealand - the value of reporting - concluding comments While the paper provides a brief commentary on TBL reporting by public sector agencies, the focus of the paper is on reporting by the business sector (including CRIs and state owned enterprises). This paper does not attempt to provide a critical and thorough analysis on the extent to which corporate sustainability reporting contributes to sustainable development per se, although some comment is made on that subject.

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• ### Gender Advisory Support for Grass-roots Health Projects in Papua New Guinea

#### Underhill-Sem, Yvonne; Peutalo, B (2006-04-26)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

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• ### Psychosocial Needs Assessment of Communities Affected by the Conflicts in the Districts of Pidie, Biereuen, and Aceh Utara

#### Good, BJ; Good, M-JD; Grayman, Jesse Hession; Lakoma, M (2006)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

Between December 2005 and February 2006, a team of researchers from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Department of Social Medicine from Harvard Medical School, carried out a Psychosocial Needs Assessment (PNA) in three high conflict districts on the northeast coast of the province of Aceh (N.A.D.), with financial support from the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and an IOM contract with Harvard Medical School. The basic goal of the assessment was to evaluate the psychosocial and mental health needs in communities which have been deeply affected by the years of conflict between armed forces of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement(G.A.M.),given the cessation of violence following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding of August 15, 2005. This report focuses on current psychosocial and mental health needs in high conflict areas of Pidie, Bireuen, and Aceh Utara and deliberately refrains from identifying groups or individuals instrumental in the violence visited upon these communities.

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• ### Discrete Volume Polyhedrization is Strongly NP-Hard

#### Brimkov, Valentin (2006)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

You are granted permission for the non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display, and performance of this technical report in any format, BUT this permission is only for a period of 45 (forty-five) days from the most recent time that you verified that this technical report is still available from the original CITR web site; http://citr.auckland.ac.nz/techreports/ under terms that include this permission. All other rights are reserved by the author(s). Given a set M subset Z3, an enclosing polyhedron for M is any polyhedron P such that the set of integer points contained in P is precisely M . Representing a discrete volume by enclosing polyhedron is a fundamental problem in visualization. In this paper we propose the first proof of the long-standing conjecture that the problem of finding an enclosing polyhedron with a minimal number of 2-facets is strongly NP-hard and provide a lower bound for that number.

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• ### Branch Voxels and Junctions in 3D Skeletons

#### Klette, Gisela (2006)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

You are granted permission for the non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display, and performance of this technical report in any format, BUT this permission is only for a period of 45 (forty-five) days from the most recent time that you verified that this technical report is still available from the original CITR web site; http://citr.auckland.ac.nz/techreports/ under terms that include this permission. All other rights are reserved by the author(s). Branch indices of points on curves (introduced by Urysohn and Menger) are of basic importance in the mathematical theory of curves, defined in Euclidean space. This paper applies the concept of branch points in the 3D orthogonal grid, motivated by the need to analyze curve-like structures in digital images. These curve-like structures have been derived as 3D skeletons (by means of thinning). This paper discusses approaches of defining branch indices for voxels on 3D skeletons, where the notion of a junction will play a crucial role. We illustrate the potentials of using junctions in 3D image analysis based on a recent project of analyzing the distribution of astrocytes in human brain tissue.

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• ### Surface Registration Markers from Range Scan Data

#### Rugis, John; Klette, Reinhard (2006)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

You are granted permission for the non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display, and performance of this technical report in any format, BUT this permission is only for a period of 45 (forty-five) days from the most recent time that you verified that this technical report is still available from the original CITR web site; http://citr.auckland.ac.nz/techreports/ under terms that include this permission. All other rights are reserved by the author(s). We introduce a data processing pipeline designed to generate registration markers from range scan data. This approach uses curvature maps and template histograms to identify local surface features. The noise associated with real-world scans is addressed using a (common) Gauss filter and expansion segmentation. Experimental results are presented for data from The Digital Michelangelo Project.

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• ### Analysis of the Rubberband Algorithm

#### Li, Fajie; Klette, Reinhard (2006)

Report
The University of Auckland Library

You are granted permission for the non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display, and performance of this technical report in any format, BUT this permission is only for a period of 45 (forty-five) days from the most recent time that you verified that this technical report is still available from the original CITR web site; http://citr.auckland.ac.nz/techreports/ under terms that include this permission. All other rights are reserved by the author(s). We consider simple cube-curves in the orthogonal 3D grid of cells. The union of all cells contained in such a curve (also called the tube of this curve) is a polyhedrally bounded set. The curve's length is defined to be that of the minimum-length polygonal curve (MLP) contained and complete in the tube of the curve. Only one general algorithm, called rubberband algorithm, was known for the approximative calculation of such an MLP so far. An open problem in KLE_ROS_2004 is related to the design of algorithms for the calculation of the MLP of a simple cube-curve: Is there a simple cube-curve such that none of the nodes of its MLP is a grid vertex? This paper constructs an example of such a simple cube-curve, and we also characterize the class of all of such cube-curves. This study leads to a correction in Option 3 of the rubberband algorithm (by adding one missing test). We also prove that the rubber-band algorithm has linear time complexity ${\cal O}(m)$ where $m$ is the number of critical edges of a given simple cube curve, which solves another open problem in the context of this algorithm.

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