6,164 results for Scholarly text

  • The Effect of Music Therapy on Self-Reported Affect in Hospitalised Paediatric Patients

    Armstrong, Ruth Elizabeth (2009)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The present research examines the effect of music therapy on the affect of hospitalised children. It took place on a paediatric ward of a New Zealand public hospital. This study aimed to investigate the role of music therapy in addressing patients' psychosocial needs. Literature on the impact of hospitalisation, and on the use of music therapy in hospitals and paediatrics was reviewed. The research involved an audit of the therapist's clinical notes from music therapy sessions over the course of seven months. The clinical notes included measurements of children's mood from the beginning and end of sessions, using McGrath's (1990) Affective Facial Scale. It was hypothesised that mood measures following music therapy would be higher than pre-music therapy scores. Statistical analysis of the facial scale data did not show a significant difference between 'before' and 'after' measures. These results were discussed with regard to a ceiling effect (this is, the measurements indicated patients were at the happy end of the scale before the music therapy session, so there was little room on the scale for mood to improve following music therapy). The measurement of emotion did not prove to be straightforward. The hospital environment may have influenced the patients' responses in a number of ways. These environmental influences are discussed with reference to examples from the clinical notes. The usefulness of facial scales in this context is discussed, as well as other limitations of the research. Suggestions for future research include the use of other mood measures, and the inclusion of measurements of parental mood and how this affects the child.

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  • Paradigms on Indigenous Language Revitalisation: the Case of Te Reo Maori in Aotearoa New Zealand and Mapudungun in Chile

    Gallegos, Carina (2007)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The existence of systems of indigenous knowledge depend greatly on the existence of indigenous languages. Processes of language revitalisation seek to uphold indigenous knowledge by restoring endangered indigenous languages. Historical processes of colonisation and globalisation in Chile and Aotearoa New Zealand have impacted and threatened each country's indigenous language. This dissertation describes language revitalisation processes of te reo Maori in Aotearoa New Zealand and Mapudungun in Chile in order to further understand the implications of language on effectively revitalising indigenous culture and knowledge. The research and analysis presented implements comparative methodology through the use of case studies, direct observations, primary and secondary data sources. In an effort to evaluate and compare outcomes of indigenous language revitalisation schemes of te reo Maori in Aotearoa New Zealand and Mapudungun in Chile, this thesis focuses on case studies in the context of how education programmes in each country approach indigenous language revitalisation.

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  • Home Detention (Draft Three)

    Cowley, Judith Irene (2015)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Original screenplay.

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  • User-Interface Metaphors in Theory and Practice

    Barr, Pippin (2003)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    User-interface metaphors are a widely used, but poorly understood, technique employed in almost all graphical user-interfaces. Although considerable research has gone into the applications of the technique, little work has been performed on the analysis of the concept itself. In this thesis, user-interface metaphor is defined and classified in considerable detail so as to make it more understandable to those who use it. The theoretical approach is supported by practical exploration of the concepts developed.

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  • Rapanui and Chile, a Debate on Self-Determination: A Notional and Legal Basis for the Political Decolonisation of Easter Island

    Gómez S., Rodrigo A. (2010)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This project is an ambitious attempt to review the tie between Chile and Rapanui according to law. According to Gonschor the people of Easter Island are entitled to obtain political decolonisation according to the United Nations' parameters and international treaties of which Chile is signatory. This means that the thesis supports the proposition that Easter Island is "the" Chilean colony in Oceania, a belief shared by an important, though so far unquantifiable number of the island's citizens who have internationally raised the question no fewer than three times, in the recent past...

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  • Robust Volatility Estimation and Analysis of the Leverage Effect

    Randal, John (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Using volatility estimation as the underlying commonality this thesis traverses the statistical problem of robust estimation of scale, through to the financial problem of valuing call options over stock. We use a large simulation study of robust scale estimators to benchmark a nonparametric volatility estimation procedure, which not only uses techniques which are particularly suited to observed financial returns, but also addresses the problem of bias in any robust volatility estimation procedure. Existing option pricing models are discussed with careful study of the assumed volatility and elasticity of volatility with respect to stock price relationships for each of these models. An option pricing formula is derived which extends existing methods, and provides a closed form solution which can be readily computed. Preliminary analysis of real price data suggests this model is able to explain observed leverage phenomena.

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  • Market Structure and Equilibrium in a Hydro Dominated Electricity Market

    Lu, Andrea (2010)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Hydro generation plays an important role in electricity generation, especially in countries like New Zealand where 60 to 65 percent of electricity is generated in the hydro sector. In contrast to other types of electricity generation, for example gas generation, hydro generation has two unique properties: uncertainty regarding future resource availability and the ability to store the nature resource. Although hydro resource is often considered to be ‘free’, the ability to store creates an endogenous hidden marginal cost of water: usage today entails the loss of the ability to be used in future periods. Therefore pricing in a hydro dominated electricity market should be different from the approaches applied in markets that consist of generation methods that use only non-storable resources. This paper introduces a tractable approach to model a hydro dominated electricity market that incorporates inter-temporal decision making. It enables us to compute the equilibrium outcomes and the endogenous hidden marginal cost of water under different market structures.

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  • Spelling-Analysis and Ralph Crane: a Preparatory Study of His Life, Spelling, and Scribal Habits

    Howard-Hill, Trevor Howard (1960)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Ralph Crane first came to learned attention in recent years when Sir Walter Greg in 1925 suggested that the transcripts of Fletcher and Massinger's 'Sir John van Olden Barnavelt' and Middleton's 'The Witch' were the same handwriting. Shortly afterwards, Profession F. P. Wilson published an article showing that both these plays were the work of the scribe Ralph Crane, who professed to have had some employment with the King's Company, and who was also the scribe of Fletcher's 'Demetrius and Enanthe', the Lansdown and Malone MSS. of Middleton's 'A Game at Chesse', and several poetical manuscripts. Professor Wilson recounted the sketchy details of Crane's life and examined some featuers of his transcript dwelling, naturally enough, mainly on the features of the dramatic MSS. Much of his work need not be repeated here, especially that on the textual features of the dramatic MSS. and the discussion of the copy from which they might be derived. On certain general points there are necessary reservations to be made in the light of more recent scholarship; fuller discussion of several questionable conclusions will be made in the final chapter.

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  • Professional Culture Compatibility and Performance in International Joint Ventures: A Chinese Experience

    Gan, Xiangfu (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This research was influenced by Sirmon & Lane's (2004) model of cultural differences and international alliance performance. Sirmon & Lane's model introduced the concept and importance of partners' professional culture compatibility in international alliances. However, to date, their model lacks empirical testing. This research therefore took the study further by empirically investigating the influence of professional culture compatibility between partners and international alliance performance by using a selected sample of Sino-Foreign joint ventures in China. The findings overall support Sirmon & Lane's (2004) model that (1) Partners from similar national cultures experience lesser differences in their professional cultures as opposed to partners from diverse cultures; and, (2) Professional culture differences between partners negatively influence the overall performance of international joint ventures. However, this research also argues that the relationships shown in Sirmon & Lane's (2004) model are not as straightforward as was previously proposed, and the findings suggest several additional factors that contribute to the relationship between partner professional culture compatibility and international alliance performance.

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  • One More Rainy Day

    Goulter, Tom (2008)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    FADE IN: LED-screen filtered stock footage: TIDAL WAVES decimate cities. MEDIEVAL WOODCUTS of the Deluge, Noah's boat on huge waves. INT. BOOKSHOP - DAY.The MONTAGE CONTINUES on a shiny LED SCREEN: LIGHTNING STORMS crackle above a RAGING VOLCANO. TRIBAL PAINTINGS of winged serpents sparking from flame. The screen sits at the centre of a TABLE FULL OF BOOKS. A SIGN beside the table: " MARTIN WEAREY - SIGNING INSTORE TODAY". A patient LINE of customers queue for the author. Onscreen, SNOWSTORMS obscure the FAINT SUN. CUSTOMERS glance occasionally at the onscreen display: NORSE ART depicts THE WORLD TREE withering in ice. At the queue's HEAD, a trestle-table at which sits MARTIN himself, beside a large DUSTJACKET PHOTO of same. He's a pudgy fellow in his LATE 60s, greying hair roughly combed. Martin SMILES as a fan presents him with a STACK OF BOOKS ...

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  • Index to the New Zealand architect and Architecture New Zealand

    Bolland, Kathryn; Howarth, Julie (1991)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    A cumulative index from 1986 - 1990 inclusive, giving entries by architect, building type/subject, place, and author. Supplement to WP13 : BROOKES, Susan. Index to the Journal of the New Zealand Institute of Architects 1912 -1980, and WP23 : BOLLAND, Kathryn and BROOKES, Susan. Index to the New Zealand Architect 1981 - 1985.

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  • Adoption of digital technology in the New Zealand motion picture industry

    McInnes, Rachel Gwendoline (1997)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This research applies Frambach's integrated model of the adoption and diffusion of innovations to the adoption of digital technology in the New Zealand motion picture industry. Previous models concerning innovation adoption have typically focused on adopter side variables. The model employed here integrates supply-side variables with the adopter-side variables focused on in traditional research. This research extends Frambach's model to consider the time and extent of adoption. The model is tested through a mail-out survey. Tests of associations between dependent and independent variables are carried out through four measures of association in a bivariate fashion. The results show that supply-side and adopter-side variables are both important influencers of the extent of adoption of digital technology in the motion picture industry. However supply-side factors do not appear to be important determinants of the time of adoption of digital technology in this industry.

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  • An Annotated Bibliography of Information Resources Chronicling The Jewish Experience In New Zealand: From 1828 to 2012

    Bailey, Carrie (2012)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This annotated bibliography is designed to provide brief analyses of a comprehensive selection of publications that exemplify the experience of Jewish lives in New Zealand from the earliest settlement records in 1828 to 2012. These resources have been complied from fictional and non-fictional sources; print, audio and visual media; and both Jewish and non-Jewish authors from inside and outside of New Zealand. They chronicle the events from the period before the first synagogues were built though the development of Jewish New Zealander‘s unusual relationship with the Maori to the influx of refugees from World War II and their eventual assimilation into the broader New Zealand culture.

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  • Children’s Memory for Mild Emotional Information: Positive and Negative Emotional Information and Associations with Temperament

    McIvor, Janelle L. (2010)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The 2 aims of the current study were to investigate 1) children’s memory for positive and negative emotional information and 2) the influence of temperament on the type of emotional information recalled. Seventy-five children aged 61-77 months participated in a staged event, “Visiting the Pretend Zoo”. Approximately 6-9 days later children participated in a memory interview. Parents/caregivers completed a temperament questionnaire. Children recalled more negative relative to positive emotional information. Children higher in Effortful Control (EC) recalled more negative emotional information relative to children lower in EC. This indicates that EC may play an important role in children’s memory. No other effects of temperament were identified. Limitations of the current study are discussed followed by directions for future study.

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  • Auto-Ethnography in a Kabyle Landscape

    Taieb, Si Belkacem (2012)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    In this auto-ethnography, as an indigenous man in a Kabyle landscape, I take into account the relational experience that involves the development of a Kabyle identity. The indigenous cultures in North of Africa all come from the same family called the Imazighen (free men). Kabyle live in the North East of Algeria but there are other Imazighen living in the diaspora all over North Africa, from Morocco to Egypt, like Touaregs or Mozabites. My inquiry narrates my personal experience as a Kabyle man born of Kabyle parents in France. In this auto-ethnography I return to my father’s village to understand and access my heritage. I hope that this narrative helps my readers to reflect on the effects of globalization on the transmission of indigenous cultures. I portray Algeria, a North African Muslim country in 2010. I draw on critical pedagogy, socio-constructivism and indigenous knowledge and experiences. Looking to Algeria with the perspective of an indigenous person, I explore the social organization in my village and the way values and relationship shape the traditional education of a Kabyle man. My experiences and research in my ancestral village show that the war Kabyle people have fought against France has not resulted in independence. Rather, in my case, decolonization made me twice stranger to myself as Kabyle in an Arabic dominated country but also as an immigrant in France, the old colonial country, and Canada. However, my spiritual and sacred heritage is still alive in me, shaped by both my own experiences and the teachings of other members of my culture, and I have expressed this heritage throughout this narrative.

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  • Psychometric Validation and Demographic Differences in Two Recently Developed Trait Mindfulness Measures

    Sturgess, Margaret A (2012)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Although in recent years an increasingly large body of mindfulness research has accrued, there continues to be a lack of information about how to measure trait mindfulness, as well as whether it varies across demographic variables such as age and gender. Four hundred and six participants from across New Zealand completed a battery of self-report measures in order to examine demographic differences in mindfulness, as well as to look at how mindfulness predicts outcome variables such as happiness and depression. Additionally, psychometric validation was undertaken on two new trait measures of mindfulness: the Toronto Mindfulness Scale, which did not demonstrate good psychometric validity, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, which did demonstrate good psychometric validity. This study found that females reported higher levels of mindfulness than males, though males demonstrated a stronger mediating relationship between mindfulness and happiness. In addition, higher levels of mindfulness were reported by older individuals; however, young adults manifested the strongest negative relationship between mindfulness and depression across the lifespan. These findings are then discussed in the context of clinical utility and future research.

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  • Learning Through Communities of Practice: a Strategic and Collaborative Approach

    Roberts, Sue; Clements, Charlotte (2008)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    As Wenger (2002, 2003) highlights, researchers and practitioners in many different contexts find communities of practice (CoP) a useful approach to knowing and learning. This showcase explores the development of such a CoP for Library staff involved in learning and teaching at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.

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  • SOCSol4L: an Improved MATLAB (R) Package For Approximating the Solution to a Continuous-Time Stochastic Optimal Control Problem

    Azzato, Jeffrey D; Krawczyk, Jacek B (2006)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Computing the solution to a stochastic optimal control problem is difficult. A method of approximating a solution to a given continuous-time stochastic optimal control problem using Markov chains was developed in [Kra01]. This paper describes a suite of MATLAB (R) routines implementing this method.

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  • Structural Studies of Some Sulphur Bonding Ligands

    Burns, Gary Robert (1966)

    Doctoral thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This thesis is a study of the structures and energetics of the metal complexes of dithizone, C6H5.N:N.C(S).NH.NH.C6H5, and thiocarbohydrazide, H2N.HN.C(S).NH.NH2. Dithizone was first prepared and studied by E. Fisher as part of his classic work on phenylhydrazine. It is a weak acid capable of forming intensely coloured metal complexes with at least twenty three elements and, since the work of Walter and H. Fischer, has been used extensively for trace metal analysis, particularly in solvent extraction procedures. The applications of dithizone in analytical chemistry have been covered in numerous review articles and have also been the subject of a book.

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  • The Coulomb Potential of a Line of Charges

    Harper, J F (1993)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Recently Lekner gave formulae for the total Coulomb force and potential on a charged particle due to a line of other charged particles, and showed how to use it for a regular array of charges in two or three dimensions. His method involves a series in terms of the Bessel function Ko which converges fast for points sufficiently far from the line. This paper gives an integral which can be evaluated faster for points close to the line.

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