143 results for Unclassified, 2000

  • 1917: 90 years On - Masterpiece to Massacre: the New Zealand Division and three battles

    Harper, Glyn (2009-10-11T22:27:03Z)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

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  • The roof maintenance problem — a fuzzy expert system

    Moyle, Sam A; Watts, Mike (2001)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    Roof maintenance is an issue that has ongoing ramifications for property owners, all over the world. Determining accurately what maintenance should be taken is difficult, with often-conflicting evidence further complicating the task. A system has been developed for use by Roof Maintenance Experts. The expert can input information about the condition of the roof then a Fuzzy Neural Network makes an assessment, returning probable roof maintenance options. This is a non-trivial problem from the realworld domain. Often, many combinations of possible maintenance can occur and, as individual parameters change, so does the prime (or most important) option. A fuzzy neural network system was developed for assessment, running on a handheld device that could be taken into the field by a roof maintenance expert.

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  • Samoa technical report - Review of volcanic hazard maps for Savai'i and Upolu

    Cronin, Shane J.; Bonte-Grapentin, Michael; Nemeth, Karoly (2006-07)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Both main islands of Samoa, Savai'i and Upolu need to be considered as potentially volcanically active. The most recent eruptions in historic times happened on Savai'i in 1905-1911, 1902 and 1760 (estimated). Though detailed volcanic studies and dating of volcanic events are very limited there is evidence for repeated volcanic activity on both islands since the time of human occupation of the islands marked by prominent and fresh appearance of tuff cones as Tafua (= fire mountain) Savai'i, the island of Apolima, Tafua Upolu and offshore Cape Tapaga. This report examines the volcanic risks for both islands and defines for disaster management considerations potential eruption scenarios based on eyewitness accounts of previous eruptions, geological field evidence, remote sensing information and experiences from similar volcanoes. A detailed timeline of events, potential impacts and required emergency response activities are listed for the five potential eruption types (1) long-term lava field (2) short-term spatter-cone (3) explosive phreatomagmatic (4) explosive scoria-cone and (5) submarine flank collapse. Given the nature of volcanism in Samoa with hundreds of individual "one-off" volcanoes scattered along zones of structural weakness within the Savai'i - Upolu Platform - predicting the exact location of future eruption centres is impossible. At the current stage of knowledge a presentation of a volcanic hazard map is inadequate and would require additional baseline studies to statistically define recurrence intervals and areas of higher volcanic activity. Taking these limitations into account, maps showing the relative potential for new eruption vents on Upolu and Savai'i are derived from geomorphologic features. To improve our understanding and management of the volcanic risks of Samoa, suggestions for achievable future work are listed and prioritised. These recommendations include geological/volcanological baseline studies (e.g. dating/detailed analyses of past events, rock chemistry, volcano structure); installation of early warning and monitoring network (e.g. permanent GPS, seismometers); and disaster preparedness and volcanic crisis response planning.

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  • Minding our ps and qs: Issues of property, provenance, quantity and quality in institutional repositories

    White, Bruce (2008)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    The development of institutional repositories has opened the path to the mass availability of peer-reviewed scholarly information and the extension of information democracy to the academic domain. A secondary space of free-to-all documents has begun to parallel the hitherto-closed world of journal publishing and many publishers have consented to the inclusion of copyrighted documents in digital repositories, although frequently specifying that a version other than the formally-published one be used. This paper will conceptually examine the complex interplay of rights, permissions and versions between publishers and repositories, focussing on the New Zealand situation and the challenges faced by university repositories in recruiting high-quality peer-reviewed documents for the open access domain. A brief statistical snapshot of the appearance of material from significant publishers in repositories will be used to gauge the progress that has been made towards broadening information availability. The paper will also look at the importance of harvesting and dissemination, in particular the role of Google Scholar in bringing research information within reach of ordinary internet users. The importance of accuracy, authority, provenance and transparency in the presentation of research-based information and the important role that librarians can and should play in optimising the open research discovery experience will be emphasised.

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  • Closing the gaps: Maori and information literacy

    Lilley, Spencer C (2008-01-30T03:09:42Z)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Paper presented at User Education for User Empowerment: Commonwealth Library Association Conference 19 – 20 October 2000 Christchurch, New Zealand.

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  • Indigenous intellectual and cultural property rights

    Lilley, Spencer C (2008-01-30T22:17:12Z)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Paper presented at the 8th Asia-Pacific Specials, Health and Law Librarians Conference 22-26 August 1999 Hobart, Tasmania

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  • The (un)happiness of knowledge and the knowledge of (un)happiness: Happiness research and policies for knowledge-based economies

    Engelbrecht, Hans-Juergen (2008-02-03T20:17:36Z)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Paper presented to the International Conference Policies for Happiness, June 14-17, 2007, Certosa di Pontignano, University of Siena, Italy.

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  • A longitudinal study of mastitis on an experimental farm with two herds, one managed organically, the other conventionally.

    Petrovski, Kiro (2008)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Mastitis in two herds managed as a comparison between organic and conventional dairy farming systems was monitored for 4 years utilising regular bacterial culture of milk samples, individual and bulk somatic cell counts and observation by farm staff. The objective was to develop strategies for the control of mastitis in organic cows without the use of antibiotics. The herds showed differences in clinical mastitis incidence, subclinical mastitis prevalence and bulk milk somatic cell count. Despite these differences, the level of mastitis in the organic herd remained manageable.

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  • Integrating content-based language learning and intercultural learning online: An international eGrops collaboration

    Walker, Ute Gerda; vom Brocke, Christina (2009)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Learning language through content in the tertiary context presents a challenge in that language teachers, particularly in EAP/ESP contexts, are not necessarily experts in their students’ speciality subject areas, while subject experts might lack language teaching methodology. Furthermore, intercultural awareness, a key qualification in today’s global work environment, tends to take a back seat in a content-based approach. This paper reports on a didactic concept which integrates subject-based language learning with intercultural experience through online collaboration in an international eGroups set-up. The creation of a collaborative learning space aimed to bring together learners from different cultural contexts (New Zealand and Germany) and with different target languages (German and English) towards shared learning outcomes. Data from student interactions will help illustrate to what extent the eGroups model promoted interactive, communicative and intercultural competence through content-related bilingual collaboration.

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  • Takemusu Aiki: Insights into Optimizing Ideational Flow

    Bradford, Mark (2008-07-21)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    The Fourth Art of Management and Organization Conference, Banff, Canada, 9-12 August 2008

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  • Issues in equivalence: Information literacy and the distance student

    Lamond, Heather; White, Bruce (2008)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Information Literacy is a recognised lifelong learning skill, and an expected graduate attribute. With the growth in distance provision of tertiary education it is important to acknowledge the barriers faced by distance students and the difficulties libraries face in delivering equivalent learning opportunities to students who are physically isolated from their institution. This paper outlines the importance of information literacy, the major barriers faced by distance students and makes suggestions as to how institutions and their libraries can better meet their learning needs.

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  • Aurora Leadership Institutes: Assisting future leaders to maximise their leadership skills and potential

    Lilley, Spencer C (2008-01-30T02:45:37Z)

    Unclassified
    Massey University

    Paper presented at Oceans of Opportunities: Library and Information Association of New Zealand Aotearoa 2003 Conference, 7 – 10 October 2003 Napier, New Zealand

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  • Does negative advertising work?

    Kolovos, Ioannis; Harris, Phil (2005-11)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    In an overview of the use of negative advertising through the years, Kaid (1999) notes a real increase in the number of negative advertisements used in presidential campaigns. From 1952 to 1996, such ads made up about 38% of the whole campaign, but during the 1992 and 1996 campaigns, they made up more than half of the total advertising content. Moreover, Kaid (1999) notes that Bill Clinton’s campaigns in 1992 and 1996 reached all time highs in the use of negative ads with 69% and 68% respectively. But does negative advertising work?

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  • Voter apathy in British elections: causes and remedies

    Kolovos, Ioannis; Harris, Phil (2005-11)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    The turnout for the 2001 General election in Britain was the lowest ever after full adult suffrage. This essay presents the theoretical explanations of voter apathy and then reviews the literature on the causes behind the increasing voter abstention in General elections in Britain. Finally, the measures which have been proposed in order to increase voter participation are presented and critically assessed.

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  • A comparison of software effort prediction models using small datasets

    van Koten, Chikako (2007-05)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. If published, this version will be replaced by the final version.

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  • The Marketing course at Otago 1966-1990: A case study in curriculum technology, University fashions and politics

    Mueller-Heumann, Guenther (2007)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    This paper is a case study of the development of the Marketing Management course at the University of Otago over 25 years. Key development phases and turning points in the history of the curriculum are presented and discussed. In 1966 the first Marketing Management paper at the University of Otago was taught by the then Professor of Accounting. In 1990, the Department of Marketing offered a programme which took up half of the course work for the B.Com. in Marketing Management. It had a very large number of undergraduate and postgraduate students and its staffing establishment included two chairs and more than 35 staff, some of them part-time. In such an enormous operation, academic leadership and staffing problems arise which are quite different from those of most of the small Marketing groups and departments typical for Australasian tertiary institutions.

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  • Marketing the mayor: political marketing and the Livingstone4London mayoral election campaign

    Harris, Phil; Ward, Matthew (2000)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    Political marketing is commonly regarded as synonymous with the use of persuasive techniques in campaigns to promote both politicians and their policies. The borrowing of professional communication tools, such as advertising and public relations is believed to epitomise the concept of political marketing, as underlined by Kavanagh (1994:8) in his observation, `…parties are like businesses seeking to promote their products: one seeks votes, the other sales`. However, Maarek (1992) suggests that political marketing is a broader concept. Maarek (1992:28) emphasises that political marketing includes evaluation and re-design of policy and electoral strategy in the light of studies of the electorate’s concerns, underlined in his assertion; Political communication no longer means merely designing and printing a message on posters without consideration of whom they are addressed to. It encompasses the entire marketing process, from preliminary market study to testing and targeting. Concentrating on the Livingstone4London mayoral election campaign, this essay will apply the political marketing and public relations literature to features of the campaign. The three sections of the essay will follow the evolutionary models of political marketing outlined by Wring (1996) and other commentators. The first section of the essay will discuss the propaganda model of political communications, applying the concept to the most overt tools used by the Livingstone4London campaign. The second section of the essay will investigate behind the overt marketing tools of the campaign logo in purple colours and matching purple double-decker campaign bus to discuss the features of the campaign relevant to the `…”sales-led”…` model. The third section will analyse the political marketing concept, investigating the changes in policy and electoral strategy of the campaign. The essay will conclude that the Livingstone4London campaign’s wider appreciation of the political marketing concept contributed to its success.

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  • MatLab/database connectivity

    Moyle, Sam A (2003-03)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    This experiment was run following a visit to the University of Queensland, where a simulation engine has been created using MatLab SimuLink. This simulator is developed for use as the underlying engine in future User Interface (UI) experiments. The simulator engine currently gets/puts information via a DDL link to an MS Excel spreadsheet. While this is suitable for initial testing, when UI experiments are run the data transfer method will need to be faster. There is a need for more data to be collected in order to accurately assess system state at any time during the experiment. There are two methods currently proposed to achieve this latter goal. One is to send a record to the database when the state of some component changes. The other is to capture the entire system state at pre-determined times then save the entire system state. The former method is expected to have less impact on resources, but prevents making temporal comparisons (unless you wish to replay the entire experiment). If possible, the latter method is preferred. It was recognised that some bottlenecks exist under the current system design. Notably, the simulation engine requires significant processor power to run effectively and that the resources required by MS Excel slow processes. The experiment has the following goals: Is a single, large, transaction more efficient than multiple smaller transactions? Does machine speed/specifications have an effect on how the experiment runs? Does the ODBC processing overhead have an adverse impact on data transfer speed? Does network connectivity speed have an impact on data transfer speed? Does the number of fields being transferred have an impact on data transfer speed? By identifying what combination is most effective we can then determine an optimal hardware setting for future UI experiments. This experiment is comparative in nature. It is not fully robust due to limitations in tool availability. However, the comparisons made may be useful in eliminating some of the possibilities and guiding further experiments. Three hardware setups were used. Two computers are similar in specification, but with different network connection speeds. The third was a much lower specified, but served to provide a comparative role – how much difference does improved machine specification make?

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  • Fuzzy neural networks (FuNN) in the Palm environment

    Moyle, Sam A; Watts, Mike (2002-08)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    This document is prepared with two purposes in mind. The first is to introduce the roof maintenance problem and the proposed solutions. The second is to describe its implementation for the Palm platform. The first section comprises a fairly comprehensive description of the roof maintenance problem and expected outcomes, as described by a roof maintenance expert. The purpose is not to train any individual to be come a roof maintenance expert, rather to demonstrate that the decision made by such an expert can be broken down into realistic components and subsequently acted upon. Because they can be broken down, it is possible to replicate and create an expert system able to make decision (at least in part) based on the values immediately available. The second section concentrates on actual implementation. Firstly a prototype using desktop resources is described, then the re-development for Palm devices. Within this section, the decision process and steps taken are described – which will hopefully prevent others making some of the errors made in getting this far. Section 3 describes the outcomes and directions that may be taken in the future. There are many things that can be done to improve interface design and make things easier for the end user– the roof maintenance expert.

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  • Political marketing and political communication: the relationship revisited

    Kolovos, Ioannis; Harris, Phil (2005-11)

    Unclassified
    University of Otago

    Harrop (1990) perceives political marketing as being not just about political advertising, party political broadcasts and electoral speeches but covering the whole area of party positioning in the electoral market. Kavanagh (1995, 1996) sees political marketing as electioneering, i.e. as a set of strategies and tools to trace and study public opinion before and during an election campaign, to develop campaign communications and to assess their impact. A similar view is expressed by Scammell (1995).

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