23,580 results for ResearchSpace@Auckland

  • Evaluation of utilisation of the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Programme in Central province, Kenya

    Ngugi, Catherine Njeri (2013)

    Masters thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

    Background: The PMTCT HIV programme has been one of the most successful HIV preventive interventions towards HIV-free future generations. However, even though the programme is virtually effective in developed countries, many developing countries are reporting child HIV infections due to the MTCT. The programme has existed in Kenya for more than a decade, yet in 2011, 12,894children were HIV infected due to MTCT Objective: To evaluate the PMTCT programme, especially the HIV testing from the antenatal period to the postnatal period among expectant parents attending Nyeri Provincial General Hospital in Central Province, Kenya. Design: Retrospective analysis of the hospital registers. Methods: Three hospital registers were analysed for the period from July 2009 to September 2012. The registers were for antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care respectively. Each register documented the utilisation of PMTCT services by the expectant parents. Descriptive and inferential statistics were produced to analyse data from the registers. Results: The PMTCT services utilisation was sub-optimal. Of the 504 expectant mothers who attended the antenatal clinic, 59.9% came once, 80.4% had their first visit in the third trimester (between weeks 28 and 40) and only 6.9% were accompanied by their partners. All the women were HIV tested in their first visit but only 12.1% were rescreened after three months, and only 3.8% had been tested prior to the current pregnancy (p=0.000). No expectant mother was tested for HIV intrapartum or postpartum. The children of the 504 mothers who were HIV tested were those whose parent/s were known to be HIV positive or who had presented to a child welfare clinic with recurring symptoms suggestive of a failing immune system. Conclusion: Public health programs need to strengthen the PMTCT and HIV prevention programmes to ensure that HIV testing preconception and in pregnancy is fully implemented and strengthened, alongside continued education of the public through community programmes and the media. To avert further horizontal and vertical transmission of HIV, there is a need to address urgently the identified missed opportunities in the PMTCT program. These programmatic challenges require health system redesign and strengthening, resource allocation, addressing research gaps and reassessing the current PMTCT policies.

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  • Suicide Pavilions

    Esling, S; Chon, C (2013-12-05)

    Creative work
    The University of Auckland Library

    Artworks ‘Suicide Pavilions’ is a collaborative exhibition of new work between Auckland-based artists Simon Esling and Clara Chon comprising works on paper, a photograph, printed suicide notes and objects. The suicide pavilions themselves are delicate watercolour, ink, and pencil works on paper depicting contemplative spaces for those who harbour the thought of suicide. Central to these pieces is the idea spoken by the protagonist, Harry, in Herman Hesse’s 'Steppenwolf', ‘that to call suicides only those who actually destroy themselves is false’. Instead, it is the tension within the deliberation of suicide - the avoidance of suicide while holding the thought of it - that Esling and Chon have chosen to explore. The architectural atmosphere of Esling’s imagined illustrations plays on the contrasting aspects of the interior and exterior, and their accompanying structural connotations: lightness, darkness - the flow from one place to another (from one state of mind to the next), as well as their ability to elicit a general ambience or mood. In the drawings and suicide notes (which are both real and imagined) Esling captures those fleeting moments of relief, and inevitably, of falling shadow. The selected sculptural objects suggest something more visceral - they become the tangible points for the physical expression of the psychological friction of the suicide. With its requisite holes and straps, Chon’s crafted leather harness speaks to both the freedom and restraint inherent in the mind of the suicide, where a simultaneous desire exists to be freed from one world, yet remain in it. - Jamie Hanton, Director

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  • GPE Analogues and Peptidomimetics

    Abood, NA; Brimble, MA (2003)

    Patent
    The University of Auckland Library

    This invention relates to analogs and peptidomimetics of glycyl-L-prolyl-L-glutamic acid (GPE). In particular, this invention relates to GPE analogs and peptidomimetics that are anti-apoptotic and anti-necrotic, to methods of making them, to pharmaceutical compositions containing them, and to their use.

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  • Neuroprotective Bicyclic Compounds and Methods for their Use

    Brimble, MA; Sieg, F; Guan, J (2007)

    Patent
    The University of Auckland Library

    Embodiments of this invention provide novel cyclic compounds structurally related to diketopiperazines and methods for their therapeutic use. Such compounds are neuroprotective and have utility as therapeutic agents for treatment of diseases, injuries and other conditions characterised by neuronal degeneration and/or death. Compounds are also useful for manufacture of medicaments useful for treatment of such conditions.

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  • Cyclic Plasticity of Steel under Seismic Load Conditions

    Seal, Christopher (2009-12)

    Doctoral thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Novel red fluorescent proteins of the sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor for in situ imaging of bacteria

    Dalton, James (2006)

    Masters thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Nietzsche

    Wicks, Robert (2010)

    Book
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Analysis and Modelling of Probes in Waveguides and Mobile Radio Propagation and Systems Engineering

    Williamson, Allan (2008)

    Doctoral thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Mountains of Wonder: The Rockies

    Kowalski, KM; Hoskin, Paul (2009-05-13)

    Unclassified
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The Special Court for Sierra Leone: Justice for whom?

    Mahony, Christopher (2007)

    Masters thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

    The thesis examined the divergence of conceptions of justice between civil society actors in Sierra Leone and personnel working at the Special Court for Sierra Leone.

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  • Māori Experiences of Delivering the Incredible Years Parenting Programme.

    Cargo, Tania (2008)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Physiological effects of periconceptional undernutrition

    Jaquiery, Anne (2006)

    Doctoral thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Applying randomness to computability

    Nies, Andre (2009)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Consistency in the application of a reflective tool designed to facilitate scholarly review and development of curricula

    Scutter, S; Wood, D; Sim, JH (2010)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

    This paper addresses the need for an objective and accessible system that assists academics in the quality review of their teaching and curricula. This is achieved via the Quality Review Instrument (QRI), which was trialled in a postgraduate research proposal course. The QRI provides a scaffold that can guide academics in the development and redevelopment of their courses, and facilitates reflection in and on the teaching process by teacher, peers and learners. At the same time, the QRI provides a robust and objective approach to evaluation of teaching for quality assurance. The comprehensive approach to review of teaching described in this paper facilitates a process that leads to the reshaping of academic and institutional practice in ways that can support and enhance the quality of teaching, learning and the student experience. The review template was constructed by the instructor and reviews of the course were completed by the instructor and two independent reviewers. Students completed the Student Evaluation of Teaching instrument (SET) and the Course Evaluation Instrument (CEI). Responses from the SET and the CEI were compared with the results of the QRI. The results demonstrated that the QRI has a high degree of reliability, even when used by reviewers with different backgrounds and different levels of experience. The instructor also rated the course in a very similar way to the two independent reviewers. The strong relationship between the student responses and the reviewers lends validity to the QRI.

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  • A different kind of family: Retrospective accounts of growing up at Centrepoint and implications for adulthood

    Gibson, Kerry; Morgan, M; Woolley, C; Powis, T (2010)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Hatshepsut: Four Investigations

    Shackell-Smith, Aaron (2012)

    Doctoral thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Bridging the Impact gap: Systems to Serendipity

    Thompson, Natalie (2013)

    Conference item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Cell proliferative and radioprotective properties of bioactive Salvia sclareoides extracts

    Ruivo, D; Oliveira, Maria; Rauter, AP; Justino, J; Goulart, M (2008-11)

    Conference poster
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Tax Competition: harmful to whom?

    Littlewood, M (2010-07)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Stories of Success: Mental health service users’ experiences of social inclusion in Aotearoa New Zealand: Na pukorero rangatira: Na tangata waiora i whaiora i enei tuahuatana.

    Hamer, Helen; Clarke, Shona; Butler, R; Lampshire, D; Kidd, Jacqueline (2014)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

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