5,864 results for 2013

  • Evaluation of utilisation of the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Programme in Central province, Kenya

    Ngugi, Catherine Njeri (2013)

    Masters thesis
    The University of Auckland Library

    Background: The PMTCT HIV programme has been one of the most successful HIV preventive interventions towards HIV-free future generations. However, even though the programme is virtually effective in developed countries, many developing countries are reporting child HIV infections due to the MTCT. The programme has existed in Kenya for more than a decade, yet in 2011, 12,894children were HIV infected due to MTCT Objective: To evaluate the PMTCT programme, especially the HIV testing from the antenatal period to the postnatal period among expectant parents attending Nyeri Provincial General Hospital in Central Province, Kenya. Design: Retrospective analysis of the hospital registers. Methods: Three hospital registers were analysed for the period from July 2009 to September 2012. The registers were for antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care respectively. Each register documented the utilisation of PMTCT services by the expectant parents. Descriptive and inferential statistics were produced to analyse data from the registers. Results: The PMTCT services utilisation was sub-optimal. Of the 504 expectant mothers who attended the antenatal clinic, 59.9% came once, 80.4% had their first visit in the third trimester (between weeks 28 and 40) and only 6.9% were accompanied by their partners. All the women were HIV tested in their first visit but only 12.1% were rescreened after three months, and only 3.8% had been tested prior to the current pregnancy (p=0.000). No expectant mother was tested for HIV intrapartum or postpartum. The children of the 504 mothers who were HIV tested were those whose parent/s were known to be HIV positive or who had presented to a child welfare clinic with recurring symptoms suggestive of a failing immune system. Conclusion: Public health programs need to strengthen the PMTCT and HIV prevention programmes to ensure that HIV testing preconception and in pregnancy is fully implemented and strengthened, alongside continued education of the public through community programmes and the media. To avert further horizontal and vertical transmission of HIV, there is a need to address urgently the identified missed opportunities in the PMTCT program. These programmatic challenges require health system redesign and strengthening, resource allocation, addressing research gaps and reassessing the current PMTCT policies.

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  • New Zealand makes controversial changes to the purpose of local government.

    Fisher, R. M. (2013)

    Journal article
    Open Polytechnic

    Since retaking power in 2008 after a decade of Labour-led government, the National Party has embarked on a series of local government regulatory reforms that seek simplification and cost savings. Recent amendments to the Local Government Act 2002 (NZ) have significantly changed the purpose of local government, by removing requirements to consider the social, economic, environmental and cultural wellbeings of communities. In addition, the role of local government is now restricted to “core services” and “quality infrastructure”. The amendments have attracted considerable negative commentary. Fears have been raised that the changes will complicate rather than simplify council roles, and reintroduce arguments of ultra vires that were extinguished by the general power of competence to make decisions permitted by the LGA. The amendments are discussed, as well as their most likely immediate impact upon practitioners.

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  • Bibliographic records in an online environment

    Cossham, A. F. (2013-08)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    This paper won the award for the best paper at conference.

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  • The Sovereign New Zealand Wellbeing Index.

    Jarden, A.; MacKay, L.; White, K.; Schofield, G.; Duncan, S.; Williden, M.; Hone, L.; McPhee, J. (2013)

    Journal article
    Open Polytechnic

    This article outlines the development, methodology, and some preliminary results of the Sovereign New Zealand Wellbeing Index (SNZWI) - a web-based observational longitudinal study of 10,000 adults aged 18 years and over selected randomly from throughtout New Zealand. The SNZWI is the first national representation of how New Zealanders are faring on a personal and social level. The survey provides a much needed look beyond the economic conditions of New Zealanders to how New Zealanders are coping within these economic conditions.

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  • Teaching beliefs and practice, institutional context, and the uptake of Web-based technology.

    Lawrence, B.; Lentle-Keenan, S. (2013)

    Journal article
    Open Polytechnic

    This research examines the relationship between teaching beliefs and practice, institutional constraints, and the uptake of Web-based technology for teaching in higher education. Semistructured interviews were conducted with six teachers at a New Zealand tertiary institution. Using inductive analysis and cultural historical activity theory, themes in technology use were identified, as well as areas of tension and conflict in the teaching system.

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  • The akademeia as paradigm for online community.

    Nichols, M. (2013)

    Journal article
    Open Polytechnic

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  • Sovereignty in Postcolonial Aotearoa New Zealand: ambiguities, paradoxes, and possibilities.

    Barrett, J.; Strongman, L. (2013)

    Journal article
    Open Polytechnic

    The Treaty of Waitangi, concluded between many Māori chiefs and the British Crown in 1840, is the foundational testament of Aotearoa New Zealand. Despite the constitutional character, its status, subject matter, and terms of the treaty are disputable. Legal positivists deny the validity of the treaty; the English text, but not the Māori version, supports cession of sovereignty despite the Māori probably not sharing the European conception of sovereignty. Such ambiguities and paradoxes obstruct categorical conclusions being drawn about sovereignty and the treaty. This article destabilizes and remystifies the positivist conception of Crown (state) sovereignty, rather than establishing illusory certainties about sovereignty in Aotearoa New Zealand. Stripped of its positivist certainties, sovereignty, on a day-to-day basis, may be seen to concern the ways self-determining peoples protect, preserve, and develop their cultures. Viewed in this light, sovereignty in Aotearoa New Zealand cannot plausibly be claimed by one particular culture; therefore, other solutions must be considered.

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  • Staples tax guide 2013.

    Veal, J.; Turner, T.; Macalister, C. (2013)

    Book
    Open Polytechnic

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  • Academic writing.

    Strongman, L. (2013)

    Book
    Open Polytechnic

    The purpose of the fourteen chapters of this monograph is to provide an introduction to the practice of academic writing with an emphasis on prose writing in particular, for both print-based and online media. Each of the fourteen chapters explores different aspects of academic writing from practical, professional and theoretical perspectives. The book is written for students, teachers and educators at tertiary organisations.

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  • Students leading learning in science and mathematics at home or school: New uses for multimeters.

    Fenton, M. (2013-10)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Conference presentation - not published.

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  • Engaging Students Using Chat Sessions

    Scholes, V. (2013-08-14)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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  • Putting support where the learners are: A multiple case study of embedded librarians within New Zealand online tertiary classrooms.

    Fields, A. J. (2013-08)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

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  • Hic sunt dracones: Advancing the sustainability and quality of social work field education in Aotearoa New Zealand.

    Hay, K.; Ballantyne, N.; Brown, K. (2013-11)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Unpublished conference paper.

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  • Student Engagement by Stealth: Embedding Information and Research Literacy

    Furness, J.; Pohatu-Anderson, Lania; Morum, Michelle; Brown, Karin (2013-08-14)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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  • Developing Interactive Digital Media: Lessons Learned

    Larsen, R.; Harris, K.; Tongue, S. (2013-08-15)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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  • Do you dance at work Mummy? An ethnographic exploration of the meanings young children place on work.

    McAlevey, F. (2013-11)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

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  • Co-course Leadership: An Approach to Improving Learner Engagement

    Bourke, J.; de Zoysa, R.; Kenah, A.; Nash, C.; Fenster, G.; Alexander, O. (2013-08-13)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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  • Pierre Bourdieu and his epistemology: informing management accounting research.

    Huang, G.; Baskerville, R.; Fowler, C. (2013-11)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

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  • What Does 'Student Engagement' Mean?

    Huang, Xin; Pont, Aaron (2013-08-15)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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  • Enhancing Student Engagement Through the Use of Authentic Materials

    Joshi, R. (2013-08-14)

    Conference item
    Open Polytechnic

    Presentation at Open Polytechnic 2013 Learning Conference : Engaging Learners.

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