Exploratory factor analysis of the clinical learning environment, Supervision and Nurses Teacher Scale (CLES+T)

Author: Watson, P.B.; Seaton, P.; Sims, D.; Jamieson, I.; Mountier, J.; Whittle, R.; Saarikoski, M.

Date: 2014

Publisher: CPIT

Type: Journal article

Link to this item using this URL: http://equella.cpit.ac.nz/cpit/items/c173b0ee-691c-47cf-8e43-13a2a55568da/1/

Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology

Abstract

Background and Purpose: The Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES1T) scale measures student nurses’ perceptions of clinical learning environments. This study evaluates the construct validity and internal reliability of the CLES1T in hospital settings in New Zealand. Comparisons are made between New Zealand and Finnish data. Methods: The CLES1T scale was completed by 416 Bachelor of Nursing students following hospital clinical placements between October 2008 and December 2009. Construct validity and internal reliability were assessed using exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. Results: Exploratory factor analysis supports 4 factors. Cronbach’s alpha ranged from .82 to .93. All items except 1 loaded on the same factors found in unpublished Finnish data. The first factor combined 2 previous components from the published Finnish component analysis and was renamed: connecting with, and learning in, communities of clinical practice. The remaining 3 factors (Nurse teacher, Supervisory relationship, and Leadership style of the manager) corresponded to previous components and their conceptualizations. Conclusion: The CLES1T has good internal reliability and a consistent factor structure across samples. The consistency across international samples supports faculties and hospitals using the CLES1T to benchmark the quality of clinical learning environments provided to students.

Citation: ["Watson, P.B., Seaton, P., Sims, D., Jamieson, I., Mountier, J., Whittle, R. & Saarikoski, M. (2014). Exploratory factor analysis of the clinical learning environment, Supervision and Nurses Teacher Scale (CLES+T) . Journal of Nursing Measurement, 22(1), 164-180."]