1,314 results for 1980

  • The individual child : study of the development of social services in education in relation to the first Labour government's educational policy

    Goodyear, Rosemary Katherine (1987)

    Undergraduate thesis
    University of Otago

    The subject of this study is the effect which the policy of the individual child, as expressed by the Labour Government in 1939, had on the development of social services in education. This development was examined chiefly from 1935-1948, but the requirements of the study meant that the inclusion of material from outside this time period was necessary. Social services have been interpreted to mean those services which developed to cater for the emotional and physical well being of a child. The emphasis of this study is on the services which developed in the context of the primary and secondary school systems : health services in schools, Vocational guidance and careers advisory service, the Visiting Teachers service, and lastly the Psychological service. Since the Child Welfare Division of the Department of Education comes outside this definition, it is not specifically included in this study. A variety of primary sources form the basis of this work. The Appendices to the Journal of the House of Representatives proved a valuable source, and gave the basic facts of the development of social services in education. The substance of my essay was largely derived from the Education and Health Department files at National Archives in Wellington. Examination of these files was time consuming due to the large volume of material which had to be sifted through. This effort was amply rewarded by the insights gained into the inner workings of the services, the problems, personalities, and developments. Letters from the public included in these files also gave an account of how the community viewed these changes. Some of the material in Chapter IV was based on an oral history exercise on the development of the Visiting Teachers Service in Otago, which I researched in 1986. I placed great importance on my interview with Dr C.E. Beeby, and on his article in the Listener because he was Director of Education at the time. His contribution to the development of social services in education was decisive. Allowance had to be made for a natural bias, but he gave an insight into the changes in education, and contributed a sense of the personalities of the time. Some secondary sources were very useful in checking information. Education Today and Tomorrow provided a clear statement of the Labour Government's policy on education. Ralph Winterbourn's Guidance Services in New Zealand Education was a good reference book, since he was another important personality in education during this period. The development of the policy of the 'individual child' was extremely important since it set the theoretical basis in education until the present day. In 1986 Dr C.E. Beeby wrote "For me, the most important discovery in education over this century has been the discovery by the school system of the individual child".

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  • Aerodynamics of two-dimensional sail wings

    Bundock, Michael Stephen (1980)

    Masters thesis
    University of Waikato

    The purpose of this work is to obtain the exact solution for the profile and characteristics of a two-dimensional sail, immersed in an inviscid incompressible fluid. An experimental investigation was also performed and results are compared with theoretical predictions. The sail was assumed to be an infinitely flexible, non-porous membrane of zero thickness, fixed at the leading and trailing edges, and stretched under a constant tension T in the sail surface. An aerofoil model was considered where the airflow remains smoothly attached over the entire profile. All known previous studies have also used the inviscid fluid approximation, but made the further assumptions of small angle of attack and negligible profile slopes. These assumptions enable the use of thin aerofoil theory predictions for pressure distribution and linearisation of the sail equation. In contrast this investigation obtains the exact solution. An iterative numerical method is devised whereby an initial estimate is made for the profile using thin aerofoil theory. The pressure distribution is then determined using Theodorsen's method and the profile recalculated using the full sail equation, so that tension and pressure forces are balanced. The cycle of redetermining the pressure distribution and profile is repeated until a convergent solution is obtained. Results are shown for the profile, lift coefficient and centre of pressure, for various angles of attack and states of tension. For sails with non-negligible camber, values of lift coefficient and centre of pressure are found to differ significantly from those predicted by the linear approximations. Previous researchers have established the existence of a critical tension state where the tension force is unable to contain the pressure forces acting on the sail, and predicted that the value of this state (KTc) was independent of angle of attack. However this study indicates that KTc increases with increasing angle of attack. Centre of pressure calculations, for various angles of attack and states of tension, indicate that two-dimensional sails may possess either static longitudinal stability or instability, depending on the tension state. Experimental results for the profile, KTc, lift coefficient and centre of pressure are compared with theory, and areas of agreement and disagreement discussed. Experimental values for the drag coefficient and the lift to drag ratio were obtained and are discussed in detail.

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  • Geology of the western Mamaku Plateau and variations in the Mamaku ignimbrite

    Fransen, Pieter J.B. (1982)

    Masters thesis
    University of Waikato

    Pleistocene ignimbrites in the western Mamaku Plateau east of Putaruru consist of the following successively younger formations: (?) Ongatiti Ignimbrite, Ahuroa Ignimbrite, Whakamaru Ignimbrite, Waihou Ignimbrite (new), Waimakariri Ignimbrite (new), Mamaku Ignimbrite. They can be distinguished on the basis of their compositional-, welding-, textural-, and field characteristics. The ignimbrites are separated by unconformities, and intercalated fluvial sedimentary deposits. The three most important units are the Whakamaru, Waimakariri and Mamaku Ignimbrites, which are well exposed and widespread. The Mamaku Ignimbrite covers a surface area of nearly 4300 km² on the Mamaku Plateau. Corresponding vertical changes in lithology, petrography and physical properties near the Rotorua Caldera define two flow members: a lower Sheet 1, and an upper Sheet 2, each of which is about 60 m thick. The ignimbrite constitutes a simple cooling unit which indicates that Sheet 2 was emplaced shortly after Sheet 1. Only one sheet (? Sheet 1) is evident in the western Mamaku Plateau. Welding zonation near-to-source is characterised by a gradual change from a basal glassy lenticulite zone to a nonwelded top. Smith's (1960b) zonal classification ranks the ignimbrite as being partially welded. This condition suggests that total thickness is not necessarily a major factor in the degree of welding of ignimbrites. The phenocryst assemblage of plagioclase, quartz, pyroxene, opaques, hornblende and biotite, is set in a devitrified fine ash matrix, which is an ubiquitous feature of the ignimbrite. Higher modal phenocryst content at the base of each sheet is attributed to compaction. Overall the phenocrysts are uniformly distributed and there is little vertical variation. Seven bulk chemical analyses reveal only minor vertical variations in composition. The near uniform chemical and mineralogical trends suggest nondifferentiation of the source magma. Texturally the Mamaku Ignimbrite is a poorly sorted lapilli ash. The grading of fragments like that shown in "the standard ignimbrite flow unit" is absent. However, the presence of a zone of aligned pumice fragments indicates that laminar flow operated during the later stages of deposition. Two major inferred faults in the western Mamaku Plateau define a western horst, a central graben, and an eastern horst. The eastern horst is postulated to be the southern extension of the axial median horst in the Hauraki Depression and of the Hauraki Rift. Repeated and extended intervals of erosion followed the emplacement of the ignimbrites. Detritus from the eroding sheets was removed by rivers flowing into the Hauraki Depression. Construction of the Mamaku Plateau has largely taken place since the eruption of the Whakamaru Ignimbrite, c.300,000 years ago, and terminated with the eruption of the Mamaku Ignimbrite, c.l40,000 years ago. Excavation of the long deep valleys in the plateau occurred mainly in the latter 42,000 years.

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  • Perception of fairness in performance appraisals : a two sample study

    Erceg, John Nikola (1989)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The purpose of this study was to determine what is perceived as fair in performance appraisals by two samples of workers; those in charge of personnel (superiors) and those without such responsibilities (subordinates). 87 Government Department employees from different departments responded to an open ended questionnaire in which they described the determinants of particularly fair or unfair performance appraisals. By Q - sort analysis, the responses were categorised into 15 distinct determinants of fairness in performance evaluations from which an importance weighting questionnaire was constructed. Another 280 subjects from government departments completed the questionnaire: 109 superiors and 171 subordinates. Ratings of the perceived importance of each determinant were factor analysed for the entire sample, yielding 5 factors: 'thoroughness of appraisal for each individual', 'contact with appraiser I appraiser feedback', 'consequences of appraisal due to input', 'qualification of assessor', and 'sources of bias'. One factor 'Contact with the appraiser I appraisal feedback' found a significant difference between the two samples. The other four factors were perceived and rated the same over both samples. Also the recognition of both procedural and distributive factors was achieved by both superiors and subordinates. Results are discussed in terms of theory on organisational justice and existing research.

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  • Marine benthos of caves, archways, and vertical reef walls of the Poor Knights Islands : A Poor Knights Islands Marine Reserve study

    Battershill, C.N. (1986)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

    A detailed survey of vertical reef walls around the Poor Knights Islands was carried out. In particular, the unusual habitats of caves and archways were investigated. The survey assessed the resource of benthic encrusting communities and associated fish and mobile invertebrate life. These habitats are popular diving locations and many of the inhabitant species are rare or sensitive to disturbance.

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  • Geology, mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of the volcanic island of 'Ata, Tonga.

    Johnstone, Roy David (1980)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    Digital copy stored under Section 55 of the NZ Copyright Act.

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  • Glacigenic systems in the Upper Clutha valley in Central Otago, New Zealand

    Brooks, Peter Kenneth (1986)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    Digital copy stored under Section 55 of the NZ Copyright Act.

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  • Effect of liquid depth on circulation in bubble columns: a visual study

    Chen, John; Jamialahmadi, M; Li, SM (1989-03)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    A literature review on bubble column circulation is presented. Experimental results for two 2-D bubble columns of different aspect ratios are presented confirming that at low liquid depths the 'Gulf-stream' or 'cooling-tower' pattern is observed. When the liquid depth exceeds the column width, while 'the multiple circulation cell' model was not realised, two staggered rows of vortices which resemble the Karman vortex street was observed. The present work is a visual study of the circulation pattern in comparison with the generally accepted flow patterns.

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  • Geology of the Dusky Sound area, Fiordland, with emphasis on the structural-metamorphic development of some porphyroblastic staurolite pelites.

    Ward, Christopher Mark (1984)

    Post-doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    Digital copy stored under Section 55 of the NZ Copyright Act.

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  • Teacher aides in special education

    Clegg, Jacky (1987)

    Reports
    University of Canterbury Library

    The role of teacher aides, in particular, and ancillary staff, in general, is emerging as a topic of considerable debate in our changing education system. It is not surprising, perhaps, that so much controversy and misunderstanding surrounds their deployment. This paper will attempt to clarify some of the central issues regarding teacher aides in Special Education.

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  • 'Ageism' in personnel selection.

    Sewell, Christine A. (1988)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The present research involved two independent studies. The first study looked at "ageism" or age discrimination in selection interviews. The effects of applicant age, information exposure and job status were examined in the interview. The specific research question addressed was whether exposure to information about successful older workers would reduce discrimination against older employees in interview settings. This study was carried out with a sample of 61 managers. Prior to !Ylaking selection decisions about a young applicant (25 years old) or an older applicant (48 years old), subjects read an article which contained either age-related information or neutral information. The age-related information was designed to mitigate against age bias. Videotaped job interviews were then viewed by the subjects who were required to make job performance evaluations and hire decisions about the applicant. Evidence of ageism against the old applicant was found. However as predicted, managers exposed to the age-related information gave significantly more favourable evaluations to the old applicant and were more willing to hire him than the young applicant. The second study addressed a very current research concern - the generalisability of findings in selection research using student samples to managerial samples. The same methodology was repeated with a sample of 119 undergraduate students. The results showed significant differences in students' selection decisions. The students exposed to age-related information gave more favourable ratings to the young applicant, and were not willing to hire the old applicant. The implications of these results are discussed.

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  • The Taxation of Compensation Payments for Personal Injury – Are the Complexities All Getting a Bit Much?

    Cassidy, Julie (1988)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Understanding the Dose-Effect Relationship. Clinical-Application of Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Models

    Holford, Nicholas; Sheiner, LB (1981-12)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Kinetics of Pharmacologic Response

    Holford, Nicholas; SHEINER, LB (1982)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Alienation of the Right to Rental Income: Booth v FCT

    Cassidy, Julie (1987)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Antigone and Orestes in the works of Athol Fugard

    Mackay, Elizabeth (1989-10)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The Significance of the Classification of a Colonial Acquisition: The Conquered/Settled Distinction

    Cassidy, Julie (1988)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    In the last two years or so there has been a renewed interest in whether the Australian Continent should be characterized as having been conquered or settled and the significance of the distinction to the rights of the Aboriginal people. Many of the articles which have emerged simply repeat established principles of law and traditional arguments. Further, many fail to consider in any detail the relevance of the distinction or incorrectly describe its consequences. Even the advocates of the first characterization have been to some extent mistaken, believing the Crown prerogative to be limited in Colonies so acquired, when in fact the indigenous people could be in a worse position in conquered colonies. However, the distinction is nevertheless relevant and beneficial to the claims of the Aboriginal people. It is time that the myth of peaceful In the last two years or so there has been a renewed interest in whether the Australian Continent should be characterized as having been conquered or settled1 and the significance of the distinction to the rights of the Aboriginal people. Many of the articles which have emerged simply repeat established principles of law and traditional arguments. Further, many fail to consider in any detail the relevance of the distinction or incorrectly describe its consequences. Even the advocates of the first characterization have been to some extent mistaken, believing the Crown prerogative to be limited in Colonies so acquired, when in fact the indigenous people could be in a worse position in conquered colonies. However, the distinction is nevertheless relevant and beneficial to the claims of the Aboriginal people. It is time that the myth of peaceful settlement was recognised and to acknowledge as a matter of historical fact that Australia was conquered. settlement was recognised and to acknowledge as a matter of historical fact that Australia was conquered.

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  • A reappraisal of aboriginal policy in colonial Australia: Imperial and colonial instruments and legislation recognising the special rights and status of the Australian aboriginals

    Cassidy, Julie (1989)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Pt IIIA: The Embodiment of Confusion

    Cassidy, Julie (1987-12)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • A Note on Feagin on Interpreting Art Intentionalistically

    Davies, Stephen (1987)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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