3,967 results for 1990

  • Population and reproductive ecology of Turbo smaragdus in the Kaikoura region

    Robinson, Lee Joanne (1992)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Turbo smaragdus is a herbivorous gastropod of the intertidal and sub-littoral zones, which is distributed widely along the coastline of New Zealand. This study sought to investigate the population and reproductive ecology of Turbo on the Kaikoura Peninsula. This involved the determination of: spatial and temporal distribution patterns, associations with other herbivorous molluscs and algal species, recruitment of juveniles, morphometric relationships, population length-frequency structures, growth rates, spawning seasons, trends exhibited in a reproductive cycle, sex ratio, size at sexual maturation and fecundity. Turbo have a broad distribution that varies significantly both within and between sites. Transect surveys determined that Turbo have an aggregated distribution, and were present from the upper eulittoral into the sub-littoral to depths of 3m with largest numbers generally occurring in the mid-eulittoral. Juveniles (shell lengths ≤ 15mm) occurred widely on the vertical profiles of the shores sampled, but larger individuals were more common in the lower eulittoral. Sub-littoral populations were composed of larger individuals, with shell lengths ≥ 35mm. As Turbo grow, shell and operculum height, width and length increase linearly and shell, operculum, body tissue and gonad weight exponentially. Tag-recapture data indicate that growth rates decrease with increasing size of individuals. At the sites sampled, individuals can grow to a shell length of 40mm at which the von Bertalanffy growth curve predicts they will be approximately ten years of age. Growth rates of Turbo vary seasonally, with greatest rates occurring between November-March, and the slowest between August-November. Spatial variation was also shown to occur between two populations, with greater growth rates occurring in the area of slightly greater exposure to wave action. The absence of age classes in length-frequency histograms suggests that recruitment failure or high mortality rates may occur during some years. Sexual maturation of both male and female Turbo generally occurred between shell lengths of 20-25mm, although a few individuals were observed to mature at both smaller and larger sizes. Energetic investment in reproductive effort, which is indicated by increasing gonad size and fecundity, increases with increasing shell lengths. The populations sampled exhibited a 1:1 sex ratio. Turbo are broadcast spawners and have a distinct annual reproductive cycle. A major spawning event occurred on the Kaikoura Peninsula during February-March 1991 and a minor event in January 1992. Immediately succeeding the 1991 spawning period, the gonads of both sexes were reduced in volume and relatively depleted of mature gametes. Gametogenesis occurred within several months of spawning, with the immature gametes developing slowly throughout the winter and accelerating in growth in the spring to produce gonads that were densely packed with mature gametes several months prior to the January 1992 spawning event.

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  • Putting the real back into realistic job preview : an analysis of realistic job preview method and function.

    Atkinson, Caroline Leigh (1993)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Realistic Job Previews (RJP's) have developed out of a requirement for some form of voluntary turnover intervention. Most of the literature examines the processes which mediate RJP effectiveness but has recently begun to investigate the contents of RJP's and the methods of presenting them. As much of the research has been characterised by inconsistent results, this study hypothesises that a closer examination of the methods of presenting RJP's will assist in clarifying some of the unresolved issues. Intensional Simulation (Roleplay) method is proposed as a more suitable format for RJP presentation than either brochure or audio-visual RJP's. Sixty stage one psychology students were placed in one of three preview groups: brochure, video or roleplay. After the presentation of the preview, subjects were required to complete a small test and questionnaire, and to participate in a short interview. The roleplay method was found to be more realistic overall than the brochure format, contain a greater amount of information and be more personally relevant to the subjects. There was no support for the hypotheses suggesting that, compared to other methods, roleplay subjects would retain more information from the preview, make fewer job acceptance decisions and be more likely to change any decision to accept a job offer. These results are examined in light of previous RJP research and discussed in relation to the current employment climate in New Zealand. The limitations of this research are noted, along with a discussion of its practical implications.

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  • Maximum local scour depth at bridge piers and abutments

    Kandasamy, JK; Melville, Bruce (1998)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Results of recent laboratory investigations of local scour at bridge piers and abutments are presented. Similarities between the principal vortex occurring in local scour holes at abutments and the horseshoe vortex and downflow at piers are highlighted. Pier and abutment laboratory data, collected near the threshold conditions for sediment movement, display similar trends in the variation of scour depth with length and flow depth. This variation is best described in a three dimensional plot. A simple equation, that can be used to predict the maximum local scour depth at either piers or abutments aligned perpendicular to the flow, is presented and compared with field data.

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  • Stratigraphy and chronology of the Stent tephra, a c. 4000 year old distal silicic tephra from Taupo Volcanic Centre, New Zealand

    Alloway, Brent; Lowe, DJ; Chan, Robert; Eden, D; Froggatt, P (1994-03)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Tephrostratigraphic and chronologic studies in two areas of the North Island have identified a previously unrecorded, thin, distal silicic tephra derived from the Taupo Volcanic Centre. In Taranaki, three radiocarbon ages of the uncorrelated tephra are consistent with the independent radiocarbon chronology obtained from enveloping Egmont???sourced tephras. In western Bay of Plenty, where the uncorrelated tephra is also directly dated, it is overlain by Whakaipo Tephra (c. 2.7 ka) and underlain by Hinemaiaia Tephra (c. 4.5 ka). From these sites in Taranaki and western Bay of Plenty, seven radiocarbon dates obtained on the uncorrelated silicic tephra yield an error???weighted mean age of 3970 ??31 conventional radiocarbon years B.P. The ages on the uncorrelated tephra (informally referred to as Stent tephra) from both areas are statistically identical but significantly different from those on both Waimihia and Hinemaiaia Tephras. The occurrence of Stent tephra in Taranaki, c. 160 km upwind from the postulated source area, and in western Bay of Plenty, suggests that it represents the product of a moderately large plinian eruption. Until recently, its validity as a discrete eruptive event had been problematical, because a near???source equivalent deposit between Waimihia and Hinemaiaia Tephras was not recognised in the Taupo area. However, a revised stratigraphy proposed by C. J. N. Wilson in 1993 for eastern sectors of the Taupo area shows that multiple tephra layers were erupted from Taupo volcano between c. 3.9 and 5.2 ka. Of these newly recognised layers, unit???g???the product of a moderately large eruption (???0.15 km3) at c. 4.0 ka???is tentatively correlated with Stent tephra. Other eruptive units recognised by Wilson are either too old or too small in volume to be considered as likely correlatives.

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  • Sediment control at water intakes

    Wang, YL; Odgaard, AJ; Melville, Bruce; Jain, SC (1996)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Submerged vanes are shown to be effective in preventing bed load transport from entering water intakes. By generating a secondary circulation in the flow, the vanes change the magnitude and direction of the bed-shear stresses and cause a redistribution of the flow and sediment transport in the area affected by the vanes. As a result, the riverbed aggrades in one portion of the channel and degrades in another. The performance of two vane installations, designed according to guidelines developed earlier, are evaluated by comparing the bed topography before and after vanes were installed. The design guidelines, which utilize a numerical model developed earlier, are shown to be appropriate. The guidelines apply only when the intake flow is small enough that the withdrawal causes little change in the river flow velocity in front of the intake.

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  • Socio-musical mobility among South-Asian clarinet players

    Booth, Gregory (1997)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • The applicability of verbal processing strategies to recall of familiar songs

    Booth, Gregory; Cutietta, RA (1991)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    One hundred thirty-five undergraduate nonmusic majors participated in a free-recall task in which they were asked to remember the titles of 12 songs that they heard in different sequences. The investigators were seeking evidence that cognitive categorization of the titles was based on the musical element of style. The purpose was to compare the subjects development of any apparent categorization of the musical stimuli with categorization strategies that research suggests apply to verbal information. Results indicate that many subjects seemed to categorize the musical stimuli by applying verbal stylistic labels. Furthermore, the subjects' subsequent strategies for manipulating verbal labels show many similarities to, and some differences from, how subjects would be expected to process purely verbal information. Educational implications and ideas for future research are suggested.

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  • Chaos of Delight III for womens voices [To Karen Grylls]

    de Castro-Robinson, Eve (1998)

    Creative work
    The University of Auckland Library

    Recorded NZ Choral Music CD SLD 108 Kiwi-Pacific Auckland University Singers conducted by Karen Grylls

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  • Changing food habits of New Zealanders of European descent 1870-1970 : an anthropological examination of the mechanisms of cultural change

    Mitchell, Janet (1995)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    Between 1870 and 1970 both the culture and food habits of New Zealand European society underwent change. In the past food habits have been examined using either an historical approach or consumption and nutritional data. These approaches however have not explained how change has occurred. Anthropologists working in other countries have approached this problem in several different ways. A structural approach to meals and the meal system gives answers to why food habits are slow to change. But this approach does not address change. A sociological approach which takes account of changes in the society explains how the interplay of societal factors can cause change but it does not account for the stability of food habits over long periods. This study combines these approaches to give an answer to the phenomenon of stability and change which characterised European New Zealanders' food habits from 1870-1970. Evidence of change in food habits and in the culture was linked to changing social conditions, ideas about food and changes in technology. Material on the topic was collected from written sources - in particular recipe books were found to be a valuable tool. In this study the evidence established that while all of the factors mentioned above played a role in the transformation of food habits in European New Zealand society, substantive change at any one time was linked to the social conditions that influenced women's role in the household

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  • Emerging Fisheries – Threat or Opportunity?

    Gibson, Mark; McKay, David; Nicholls, Jill; Paton, Mark (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Between the months of January and March, 1999, the Canterbury Univesity's inaugral course for the Certificate in Continuing Educatron, Antarctic Studies, engaged a research syndicate to investigate and report upon threats and opportunities related to emerging fisheries in the Southern Ocean. This report is the product of that study, and has been prepared in support of an oral presentation Of the syndicate's findings, at Canterbury university, on Friday 19 February, 1999. The purpose Of this report is to encourage discussion and evaluation of dominant perspectives which determine current fisheries management, towards a significant shift in understanding, values and human interactions with marine ecosy<ems.

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  • Human Artefacts in Antarctica – Treasure to be Conserved or Junk to be Removed?

    Cadenhead, Natalie; Johnston, Lindsay; Kestle, Linda; Webb, Keryn (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The question generating this report was perceived by the syndicate to be a limited question as it is couched in very black and white terms with no middle ground indicated. There was considerable debate concerning the definitions and assumptions and the emotive tone Of the question. Due to the possibility of the wide scope Of the question, the bulk Of the artefacts discussed will be those of the Ross Sea Region with reference to Other Antarctic where appropriate. Several definitions concerns were raised from research into the question. The following definitions will provide clarity. Artefacts are movable historic items Of all descriptions that are directly associated with an Antarctic expedition, and which were taken to Antarctica for consumption or use there, or were created by members of an expedition while in the Antarctic. 1 Conservation refers to the professional preservation techniques involved in maintaining an artefacts structural and contextual integrity. Conservation is about doing reversible 'repairs' to an Object and does not include restoration where new permanent materials may be adhered to the artefact, Conservation aims to minimize avoidable loss or decay Of an area, site, or associated artefact. Rubbish 2 refers to an item which . Is in such poor condition that it is not reasonably possible to conserve it 2. Has a limited life if left untreated Does not contribute in any significant way to Our understanding Of the human history of Antarctica 3. Does not contribute to the visual qualities Of the site or building of which it is a part 4. 5 Is not a unique or relatively rare item Junk refers to any item that is regarded as Of little value. Rubbish is junk. 3 Treasure refers to items that are valued for their uniqueness, rarity, associations, and emotional attachment, Relic refers to a part or a fragment of an object left after the rest has decayed. Any Object valued as a being a memorial or souvenir of the past, including corpses. The question generating this report was perceived by the syndicate to be a limited question as it is couched in very black and white terms with no middle ground indicated. There was considerable debate concerning the definitions and assumptions and the emotive tone Of the question. Due to the possibility of the wide scope Of the question, the bulk Of the artefacts discussed will be those of the Ross Sea Region with reference to Other Antarctic where appropriate. Several definitions concerns were raised from research into the question. The following definitions will provide clarity. Artefacts are movable historic items Of all descriptions that are directly associated with an Antarctic expedition, and which were taken to Antarctica for consumption or use there, or were created by members of an expedition while in the Antarctic. 1 Conservation refers to the professional preservation techniques involved in maintaining an artefacts structural and contextual integrity. Conservation is about doing reversible 'repairs' to an Object and does not include restoration where new permanent materials may be adhered to the artefact, Conservation aims to minimize avoidable loss or decay Of an area, site, or associated artefact. Rubbish 2 refers to an item which . Is in such poor condition that it is not reasonably possible to conserve it 2. Has a limited life if left untreated Does not contribute in any significant way to Our understanding Of the human history of Antarctica 3. Does not contribute to the visual qualities Of the site or building of which it is a part 4. 5 Is not a unique or relatively rare item Junk refers to any item that is regarded as Of little value. Rubbish is junk. 3 Treasure refers to items that are valued for their uniqueness, rarity, associations, and emotional attachment, Relic refers to a part or a fragment of an object left after the rest has decayed. Any Object valued as a being a memorial or souvenir of the past, including corpses.

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  • Antarctica – A Strategic Asset?

    Weinstein, Phil; Boniface, Nick; Bishop, Joanne; Noble, Nicola; Bichard, Valerie (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    It's 1999 and as we rapidly head towuds the new millennium the management of global issues require the pro-active participation of all members of the intemational community. Growing strains on the quality of water, soil and air, loss of biodiversity, depletion of fish stocks, current patterns of production consumption and global climate change, all raise questions about the continued capacity of the Earth's natural resource base to feed and sustain a growing and increasingly urbanised population. It's now clear also clear that not only environmental, but also social, cultural and political sustainability of development efforts are essential for security and well-being of people functioning in this complex, interdependent global system now emerging. Globalisation is marked clearly by the integration of trade; finance and information that is creating a single global market and culture. The rapid advancements in science and technology has also contributed enormously to the realisation of the global village. This process of globalisation is currently challenging the Antarctic Treaty System. With this, many questions are being raised as to whether the ATS is capable of weathering these changes to emerge as a significant contributor to a unified global identity. The vision for the future is a sustainable earth. The race is against time and Antarctica holds the key for the doorway into the next millennium. In this presentation you have an opportunity to reflect on the complex perception of value as we explore four assets that may contribute to the strategic value of Antarctica in the 21" century and beyond. These assets include: It's 1999 and as we rapidly head towuds the new millennium the management of global issues require the pro-active participation of all members of the intemational community. Growing strains on the quality of water, soil and air, loss of biodiversity, depletion of fish stocks, current patterns of production consumption and global climate change, all raise questions about the continued capacity of the Earth's natural resource base to feed and sustain a growing and increasingly urbanised population. It's now clear also clear that not only environmental, but also social, cultural and political sustainability of development efforts are essential for security and well-being of people functioning in this complex, interdependent global system now emerging. Globalisation is marked clearly by the integration of trade; finance and information that is creating a single global market and culture. The rapid advancements in science and technology has also contributed enormously to the realisation of the global village. This process of globalisation is currently challenging the Antarctic Treaty System. With this, many questions are being raised as to whether the ATS is capable of weathering these changes to emerge as a significant contributor to a unified global identity. The vision for the future is a sustainable earth. The race is against time and Antarctica holds the key for the doorway into the next millennium. In this presentation you have an opportunity to reflect on the complex perception of value as we explore four assets that may contribute to the strategic value of Antarctica in the 21" century and beyond. These assets include:

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  • Antarctic Tourism – Where to Now?

    Downer, Kate; Reaney, Richard; Watson, Nigel; Wouters, Mariska (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This paper examines the fixture of tourism in the Antarctic. It raises some fundamental policy issues and aims to challenge some preconceptions of tourism' s role and impact on the continent. The test it puts to governments is to 'lay their cards On the table' - to articulate clearly their policies on the future direction of Antarctic tourism. Parties to the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) and the governments Of the gateway states will continue in the foreseeable Short to medium tenn future to dictate the form and pace of Antarctic tourism. With this comes an obligation to fulfil their self appointed environmental stewardship role and not pursue tourist opportunities simply as a back door approach to strengthening their sovereignty claims, pursuing economic benefits or political agendas. This paper examines the fixture of tourism in the Antarctic. It raises some fundamental policy issues and aims to challenge some preconceptions of tourism' s role and impact on the continent. The test it puts to governments is to 'lay their cards On the table' - to articulate clearly their policies on the future direction of Antarctic tourism. Parties to the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) and the governments Of the gateway states will continue in the foreseeable Short to medium tenn future to dictate the form and pace of Antarctic tourism. With this comes an obligation to fulfil their self appointed environmental stewardship role and not pursue tourist opportunities simply as a back door approach to strengthening their sovereignty claims, pursuing economic benefits or political agendas.

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  • Reverse Zoonoses: An Assessment of the Risk to Weddell Seals at Scott Base from Clyptosporidium in Human Sewage Effluent

    Weinstein, Phil (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Cryptosporidiosis is a disease generally considered in the context of humans being exposed to animal faeces, but the converse route Of infection is also theoretically possible. In summer at Scott Base (Antarctica), about 8,000 litres of effluent per 24 hours is discharged untreated into the ocean. Levels of viable Cryptosporidium oocysts in the resultant effluent plume could reach about one oocyst per litre. A 200-300kg Weddell seal is unlikely to Ingest more than about 500ml of sea water per day, and is therefore can not receive an infective dose of Cryptosporidium (about 10 oocysts). Because the combination of this pathogen and host constitute a worst case scenario for mammals exposed to human effluent from Scott Base, it is unlikely that base effluent poses a microbiological risk to any Organisms in the area. However, there are many other examples of situations in which 'reverse zoonoses' might pose a threat to fauna in sensitive environments, and both scientific research and 'ecotourism' should be managed with this in mind. Cryptosporidiosis is a disease generally considered in the context of humans being exposed to animal faeces, but the converse route Of infection is also theoretically possible. In summer at Scott Base (Antarctica), about 8,000 litres of effluent per 24 hours is discharged untreated into the ocean. Levels of viable Cryptosporidium oocysts in the resultant effluent plume could reach about one oocyst per litre. A 200-300kg Weddell seal is unlikely to Ingest more than about 500ml of sea water per day, and is therefore can not receive an infective dose of Cryptosporidium (about 10 oocysts). Because the combination of this pathogen and host constitute a worst case scenario for mammals exposed to human effluent from Scott Base, it is unlikely that base effluent poses a microbiological risk to any Organisms in the area. However, there are many other examples of situations in which 'reverse zoonoses' might pose a threat to fauna in sensitive environments, and both scientific research and 'ecotourism' should be managed with this in mind.

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  • An Analysis of Trace Lead, Cadmium and Zinc Levels in Antarctic Soils

    Powell, H.K; Paton, Mark (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The Analysis of Trace Lead, Cadmium, and Zinc Levels in Antarctic Soils The Analysis of Trace Lead, Cadmium, and Zinc Levels in Antarctic Soils

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  • International Project Management, with Particular Reference to Antarctica and the Cape Roberts Project

    Noble, Nicola (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Various economic, social and political considerations have led to an increasing number of international projects being implemented. These projects can provide valuable opportunities to all the participants including an increased resource pool, greater depth of knowledge in all areas and top quality state-of-the-art technology. This report examines the use of project management techniques and how they Can be applied to international scale If scientific research is to grow in the future as it has done in the past, many advances and an increased awareness in project management and international relations is essential. Antaraica, an ideal laboratory, provides the perfect place for nations to participate in interdisciplinazy studies and research. With increased global co-operation and collaboration, the research carried out will continue to be refreshing and new, while providing the increased resources and technologr required in today's society, and in the future. Various economic, social and political considerations have led to an increasing number of international projects being implemented. These projects can provide valuable opportunities to all the participants including an increased resource pool, greater depth of knowledge in all areas and top quality state-of-the-art technology. This report examines the use of project management techniques and how they Can be applied to international scale If scientific research is to grow in the future as it has done in the past, many advances and an increased awareness in project management and international relations is essential. Antaraica, an ideal laboratory, provides the perfect place for nations to participate in interdisciplinazy studies and research. With increased global co-operation and collaboration, the research carried out will continue to be refreshing and new, while providing the increased resources and technologr required in today's society, and in the future.

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  • A Review of the Diving Adaptations of Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes Weddellii)

    Webb, Keryn (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This report contains a compilation and review of adaptations of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) for diving. Discussed are anatomical adaptations including its teeth and eye structure, and ability to collapse its lung; behavioural adaptations including diving within its anaerobic dive limit; and physiological adaptations including having high haemoglobin and myoglobin, and ability to control heart rate and consequent blood circulation. Their unique adaptations, as well as those they share with phocids and pinnipeds in general, are addressed, including comparisons where appropriate. This report contains a compilation and review of adaptations of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) for diving. Discussed are anatomical adaptations including its teeth and eye structure, and ability to collapse its lung; behavioural adaptations including diving within its anaerobic dive limit; and physiological adaptations including having high haemoglobin and myoglobin, and ability to control heart rate and consequent blood circulation. Their unique adaptations, as well as those they share with phocids and pinnipeds in general, are addressed, including comparisons where appropriate.

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  • Marine Protected Areas for Antarctica

    Gibson, Mark (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The marine environment accounts for 71% of the earth's surface (Nybakken, 1997). As water is a three dimensional medium, this makes the entire volume Where organisms can live equate to 1370 x 106 km3, Which makes it the single largest habitat stanghQlQ on the planet. The marine environment is in need Of protection. Protection is urgent to conserve marine heritage and life support systems of the globe (Kelleher & Kenchington, 1992). The oceans regulate climate, dissolve harmful gases, provide food and habitats to sustain life on planet earth. The natural state of the marine ecosystems needs preservation. Oceans of the world have not been respected by humans in the past. Humans have seen them as an inexhaustible source Of food, as having an infinite capacity to absorb and purify our wastes, and as a source of all the raw materials to sustain an industrial society (Nybakken, 1997). This has gone on for too long. Humans are adversely effecting the marine environment all the time. Constant destruction Of our terrestrial habitat directly effects the marine environment in many ways. For example, domestic sewage entering aquatic systems inevitably ends up in the oceans, Consideration Of our impacts needs to take form. The marine environment accounts for 71% of the earth's surface (Nybakken, 1997). As water is a three dimensional medium, this makes the entire volume Where organisms can live equate to 1370 x 106 km3, Which makes it the single largest habitat stanghQlQ on the planet. The marine environment is in need Of protection. Protection is urgent to conserve marine heritage and life support systems of the globe (Kelleher & Kenchington, 1992). The oceans regulate climate, dissolve harmful gases, provide food and habitats to sustain life on planet earth. The natural state of the marine ecosystems needs preservation. Oceans of the world have not been respected by humans in the past. Humans have seen them as an inexhaustible source Of food, as having an infinite capacity to absorb and purify our wastes, and as a source of all the raw materials to sustain an industrial society (Nybakken, 1997). This has gone on for too long. Humans are adversely effecting the marine environment all the time. Constant destruction Of our terrestrial habitat directly effects the marine environment in many ways. For example, domestic sewage entering aquatic systems inevitably ends up in the oceans, Consideration Of our impacts needs to take form.

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  • Antarctica New Zealand and Environmental Education

    McKay, David (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This study investigates Antarctica New Zealand's (ANZ) current recognition, understandings and use of environmental education as a management tool to optimise the achievement of o*ctives Of its and plans. It is written in the hope that, through this study Of its literature. Antarctica New Zealand may identify Strengths and weaknesses in its current use Of education, information and training, become aware of alternative approaches, and ensure optimal use and outcomes Of educational opportunties for and wth Antaraica and the Southern Ocean (M.f.E., to We for Otr Envi•onment.• A National Strategy for Environmental Education, 1998). This study investigates Antarctica New Zealand's (ANZ) current recognition, understandings and use of environmental education as a management tool to optimise the achievement of o*ctives Of its and plans. It is written in the hope that, through this study Of its literature. Antarctica New Zealand may identify Strengths and weaknesses in its current use Of education, information and training, become aware of alternative approaches, and ensure optimal use and outcomes Of educational opportunties for and wth Antaraica and the Southern Ocean (M.f.E., to We for Otr Envi•onment.• A National Strategy for Environmental Education, 1998).

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  • What is Antarctica? A Teaching Resource in Experiential Education

    Downer, Kate (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    • What is Antarctica A close look at the Antarctic region Students- create a physical and biological Antarctic region Possible scenarios to the fate of the Antarctic region The Place of Science Students solve world problems by discovering scientific information Within the Antarctic region Positive and negative impacts are •dentified We Need Each Other a) Inspection of the connecti ie Within an ecosystem Interdependence of s b) Pyramid of Life Structure of a food chain c) Keeping it in Balance Balance Of an ecosystem • Why is the Antarctic Ecosystem so Fragile? a) Breeding Maturity c Susceptibility of sp cient9 impacts due to the long length of time it takes Antarctic specie to reabh breeding maturity b) A Mixed up Bunch - Susceptibility of spe impacts due to juvenile and adult sp •el ving in the same area • Resource Management Natural and unnatural resource management strategies within the Antarctic region • What is Antarctica A close look at the Antarctic region Students- create a physical and biological Antarctic region Possible scenarios to the fate of the Antarctic region The Place of Science Students solve world problems by discovering scientific information Within the Antarctic region Positive and negative impacts are •dentified We Need Each Other a) Inspection of the connecti ie Within an ecosystem Interdependence of s b) Pyramid of Life Structure of a food chain c) Keeping it in Balance Balance Of an ecosystem • Why is the Antarctic Ecosystem so Fragile? a) Breeding Maturity c Susceptibility of sp cient9 impacts due to the long length of time it takes Antarctic specie to reabh breeding maturity b) A Mixed up Bunch - Susceptibility of spe impacts due to juvenile and adult sp •el ving in the same area • Resource Management Natural and unnatural resource management strategies within the Antarctic region

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