2,589 results for Unitec Research Bank

  • The corner : clients that inspire us

    Epston, David (2017-07-11T00:10:27Z)

    Journal article
    Unitec

    Following a comment of Peggy Sax that some clients “bring out the best in us,” I proposed in 2011 that, furthermore, some clients do more than that, they in fact inspire us. I am sure I am not the only one to think so and decided to write up with Sam, then aged 20, and his mother, Jess, from the letters that summarized our meetings and several other meetings to confirm and review the conclusions we all reached at that time. This follows “Unsuffering,” co- authored by Julie King and David Epston, which appeared in Vol. 30, no. 1, 2011, pp. 84–96. Surely I am not the only one who has had this experience. I would certainly welcome stories with or about those who have inspired you.

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  • Ethics and auditing: setting the bar too low

    Hooper, Keith; Wang, Jenny (2017-07-11T00:10:26Z)

    Journal article
    Unitec

    Purpose - from a philosophical and empirical perspective this paper seeks to show how the big audit firms have managed to set the bar low so that they offer only opinions on whether financial statements meet accounting standards. It is argued that while the concepts of virtue ethics have now largely disappeared, ethical legitimacy has moved beyond consequential ethics to a form of social Darwinism. It is a Social Darwinism that is legalistic and technical as evidenced by the audit firms’ widespread use of the Bannerman clause attached to their opinions. Design - to illustrate the shift of ethical positions, the paper is informed illustrations of a failure to discharge a duty of care to the public. Findings – the shift in underlying social values contributes to what the Economist Journal describes as a steady decline in professional ethics. This arguable conclusion is supported by various illustrations and cites the shift in combinations of cognitive, moral and pragmatic legitimacy as drivers employed by accounting firms. Research Limitations – the paper uses secondary and documentary data and is informed by conceptual analysis which necessarily in the realm of ethics may be contentious. Originality – the paper seeks to link the changing social values with changes in legitimisation and to show shifts in accounting practices like the recent practice of issuing disclaimers.

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  • Efeitos da expansão territorial do programa habitacional brasileiro Minha Casa, Minha Vida: o caso da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Brasil.

    Melchiors, L. C.; Wagner, Cesar (2017-07-11T00:10:10Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo discutir a produção do espaço urbano a partir dos projetos de moradia social desenvolvidos pelo Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida (PMCMV), tendo como objeto de estudo e análise a distribuição territorial desses empreendimentos junto a Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RMPA), Brasil. Lançado em 2009, e com significativo aporte de recursos públicos, o PMCMV é atualmente o principal instrumento da política habitacional federal voltado à provisão de moradias no país. Destina-se a reduzir o déficit habitacional a partir da produção de cerca de 3.000.000 de novas moradias em todo o país, atendendo à famílias com renda aproximada entre 0 e 10 salários mínimos. O Programa foi também uma das principais ações do governo frente à crise econômica internacional de 2008, tendo como objetivo o aumento de investimentos no setor da construção civil, através da criação de empregos e o direcionamento do setor imobiliário para o atendimento da demanda habitacional de baixa renda, fatia de mercado que o setor privado anteriormente não contemplava. Os dados apresentados foram coletados junto à Caixa Econômica Federal (principal órgão financiador do PMCMV) e se referem às unidades contratadas entre os anos 2009 - 2013 na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RMPA), distribuídas nas três faixas de renda atendidas pelo Programa. Os empreendimentos foram georeferenciados e analisados em relação a sua localização na mancha urbana da Região. Visto que se trata de um programa que delega ao setor privado o papel principal de produtor e promotor da moradia social, o PMCMV tende a se posicionar não como um elemento transformador da lógica tradicional de mercado, o que acredita-se ser o papel primordial de uma política habitacional deste porte, mas como mais um promotor da tendência de exclusão sócio espacial e da periferização da população menos favorecida. This paper aims to discuss the production of urban space as a result of the social housing schemes developed by the Brazilian State Programme Minha Casa, Minha Vida (PMCMV), having as the object of study and analysis the territorial distribution of these developments along the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre (RMPA), Brazil. Launched in 2009, with a significant contribution of public resources, the PMCMV is currently the main instrument of federal housing policy geared to the provision of housing nationwide. It aims to reduce the housing deficit with the production of about 3.000,000 new homes across the country, attending families with an approximately income between 0 and 10 minimum wages. The Programme was also one of the main responses from the government to the international economic crisis of 2008, aiming to increase investment in the construction sector, through the creation of jobs, and steering the Real Estate industry to meet the housing needs of low income sectors, a share of the market that the private sector previously did not contemplated. The data presented were collected from Caixa Economica Federal (main funding body of PMCMV) and refers to units contracted between the years 2009-2013 in the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre, distributed in the three income groups served by the program. The projects were geo referenced and analysed in relation to their specific location throughout the Region. Since this is a program that delegates to the private sector the primary role of producer and promoter of social housing, the PMCMV tends to position itself not as a transforming agency of the traditional market logic - which is believed to be one of the primary role of housing national policies of this size - but as another promoter of trends of socio-spatial exclusion and peripheralization of the underprivileged population.

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  • Reducing youth advantage through ‘Education for Enterprise’ : the case of Ngā Kākano School

    Mellalieu, Peter; Vause, A.; Coleman, E.; Kearns, Nick (2017-07-11T00:09:44Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    The case study details the journey of a high school that embarked on a path to engage all of its students in 'Education for Enterprise' (E4E) as a curriculum foundation to help its students achieve educational outcomes that better position them for modern citizenship and promising career pathways. The strategic change implemented by the school was informed by strategic audit and idealised design, but ultimately was pursued in an enterprising and opportunistic fashion. A instinctive teaching and learning environment is emerging combining indigenous (Māori), Western, and contemporary pedagogies: Te Kaupapa Ngā Kākano

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  • Bringing schools to life through a co-design learning approach with children.

    Wake, Sue (2017-07-11T00:09:55Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    This paper proposes that incorporating professional expertise (e.g. landscape architects and architects) in school ground greening projects, with a commitment towards engaging in a democratic participatory process with children (known as co-design), could lead to equitable and enriching outcomes for all stakeholders. These have been documented as: learning opportunities for participating children plus their greater ownership in the process and the result, fulfilment of environmental sustainability education and stewardship responsibilities within the community for landscape architects and architects, reciprocal benefits for these professionals through achieving better outcomes due to the creative input and knowledge of place that children bring to the process, and the establishment of community-integrated green spaces and wildlife corridors within the urban fabric. The paper draws on participatory learning theory, New Zealand case study projects and international literature sources to suggest a paradigm shift to architects and landscape architects towards engaging more with schools on school ground greening and building projects as a community service. This could see them contributing to creating pedagogically and ecologically richer school grounds that are creatively designed to encourage indoor-outdoor connections, sensibly planned for maintenance and sensitively planned to increase biodiversity and provide ecosystem services within communities.

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  • Considerações sobre a distribuição espacial e territorial do Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre.

    Melchiors, L. C.; Wagner, Cesar (2017-07-11T00:10:06Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo discutir a estruturação do espaço urbano a partir da moradia social produzida na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RMPA) através do Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida (PMCMV), tendo como objeto de estudo e análise a distribuição territorial desses empreendimentos. Os dados necessários a esta pesquisa foram coletados junto à Caixa Econômica Federal (CAIXA) e fazem referencia à s unidades contratadas na RMPA entre os anos de 2009 à 2013. Os empreendimentos foram georeferenciados e analisados em relação a sua localização na mancha urbana da RMPA. Verificou - se que os empreendimentos destinados à menor faixa de renda tendem a ser de grande porte e a estarem localizados, em sua grande maioria, nas áreas limítrofes da ocupação urbana. Observou - se ainda a atuação de poucas empresas controlando um maior volume de unidades contratadas e concentrando sua produção em alguns poucos município s em detrimento de outros. Concluise que a atual produção da habitação social, inserida em um contexto de fraca atuação do poder público, tem sido fortemente controlada pelo mercado imobiliário, resultando na manutenção de uma estrutura urbana segregada e dispersa. Pretende - se também, na entativa de contribuir para a reflexão teórico conceitual no que se refere ao desenvolvimento urbano sustentável, introduzir questões referentes ao impacto causado pelo PMCMV frente à continua dispersão e segregação territorial observadas nas cidades brasileiras. This paper aims to discuss the structure of urban space according to the social housing produced in the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre (RMPA) through the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program (PMCMV). The object of study and analysis is the map of the territorial distribution of these developments. The data required for this study was collected at the Caixa Econômica Federal (Federal Economic Bank) and refers to the contracts undertaken between the years of 2009 to 2013. These projects were georeferenced and analysed in relation to their location in the urban area of the RMPA. It was found that the developments intended for the lower income groups tend to be of a large scale and mostly located at the fringe of urban areas. We also observed the involvement of a few construction companies controlling a larger volume of contracted units and concentrating their production in a few towns over others. We conclude that the current production of social housing, set in a context of weak performance by the local government, has been strongly controlled by the real estate market, resulting in the maintenance of a segregated and dispersed urban structure. It is also intended, in an attempt to contribute to the theoretical and conceptual reflection regarding the sustainable urban development debate, to introduce issues related to the impact caused by the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program on the continues dispersion and spatial segregation observed in many Brazilian cities.

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  • "Design" and "Design" the verb, noun, prefix and suffix : architecture studio teaching as an epitome of design methodologies

    Pretty, Annabel; McPherson, Peter (2017-07-11T00:09:23Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    This paper critiques three case studies of architectural large pre-fabrication collaborative projects in Christchurch; Lux City 2012/Canterbury Tales 2013/City Up’s 2014, from students from Unitec Department of Architecture. These were the student responses to FESTA’s (Festival of Transitional Architecture) call for projects to reinvigorate the city centre after the earthquakes of 2010 and 2011, for a 24-hour period over Labour Weekend. The aim is to identify the use of design processes within the three case studies and with the aspiration to conclude that design processes are an integral part of an architect’s arsenal of skills; Architectural Education has embedded design methodologies (First Insight/Empathy, Preparation, Incubation, Illumination, Verification) within its core studio teaching, these case studies being directed and produced within BAS second year studio, and which characterize/personify these processes. The English language (Anglo-Saxon) does not delineate the difference between “Design” as a domain and design as a process or methodology. Are we then confusing architectural students when we talk of “the design” (i.e. the scheme or programme) or “design” (the process through which one creates an architectural proposition) and how can we resolve this? Or perhaps it is not necessary? I hope to illustrate that the design process is epitomised within architectural practice/education. According to Professor Sam Bucolo of Sydney’s University of Technology: “design should not be a noun but a verb, he says. ‘It’s a process and quite a rigorous process.’ So how do you think like a designer? “Design thinkers” start with empathy (…) ‘It’s a people-first approach.’ Design thinking is also integrative; designers try to draw as many threads together as possible” (…)2

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  • Iterating success : learning to change through understanding failure

    McPherson, Peter; Pretty, Annabel (2017-07-11T00:09:24Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    In 2012 a collection of architecture and design schools in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch came together under the umbrella of FESTA to realise a city of light within central Christchurch, devastated by the events of recent earthquakes. The aim of this project was to re-introduce life back to the city centre and provide the community of Christchurch a central city destination for one night. The large scale fabrication projects offered to students from 2012-2014, in collaboration with FESTA and other Architecture Schools, required students to realise built projects at a city scale. The learning that goes with taking a project from concept, scale model to mock-ups and full scale fabrication involves constant testing and re-testing of solutions, of failure and advancement. Large scale fabrication projects require students to work in a continually reflective way, responding to a number of variables, including very real ones of budget, site, client and technology. This paper reflects upon these live build projects and the requirement of students to continually explore design responses and develop their solutions through exploring an iterative design environment of prototypes, impressed upon them through the requirement to test and evaluate design proposals based upon real and theoretical design criteria. The most important quality in an architectural education would appear to be that of designing, given that this is the area the majority of time is spent. The importance placed on design would suggest that we believe that the act of designing can be taught, that when a student leaves his or her education they will be a better designer than when they entered1. The primary means for exploration of design in an architecture programme is the Design Studio. The traditional process for an architectural Design Studio is for a design brief, or project, to be set to students by the studio master to which students will present a series of responses for individualised critique and subsequent advancement. These proposals are normally (but not always) drawn from a limited study of precedents and adapted for the established conditions and will consist of drawings and physical and digital models. This will often be to establish some level of competency with regards a building typology or architectural idea, the back and forth occurring until such time as the learning objectives are met or, more often, as the project deadline materialises. Design process in this case will be disposed to focus on particular aspects deemed necessary for an architect to understand and forms an important part of one’s architectural education, exposing students to important characteristics of critical thinking, planning, composition, environmental considerations, technology, site, context and the like. Through this process a student becomes aware of things that they are required to understand as an architect but there is little opportunity for them to extend the exploration beyond the aims set out by the brief. Students are, as Donald Schön puts it, problem solving rather than problem setting and as such, have little opportunity to understand the process of designing.

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  • Le Corbusier's early urban studies as source of experiential architectural knowledge

    Schnoor, Christoph (2015-11)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    In the year between April 1910 and March 1911 Le Corbusier – then Charles-Edouard Jeanneret – composed maybe the most comprehensive piece of writing of his career: a manuscript entitled “La construction des villes” which took on to systematically investigate the architectural elements that the city is made from. Taking Camillo Sitte’s Der Städte-Bau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen of 1889 as his intellectual starting point, Jeanneret developed a complex and convincing thesis within several months, however never published it himself. One of the topics that appear throughout Jeanneret’s manuscript is the quality of space as enclosure. This paper takes this observation as a starting point to ask how the manuscript that was put aside after March 1911 (and only shortly picked up again by Jeanneret in 1915) may have influenced Le Corbusier’s architectural thinking. In order to achieve this, the chapter “The Illusion of the Plan” from Versune architecture is investigated as a link between La construction des villes and Le Corbusier’s houses. Finally, the Maison La Roche-Jeanneret and the Villa Savoye are read as buildings that very strongly incorporate aspects of thinking urban space in a way that way that closely relates to his studies back in 1910.

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  • Exploring alternative methodologies in innovative performance yacht design

    Shaw, Rob (2017-07-11T00:09:10Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    Increasingly the dominance of engineering process in yacht design development imposes limitations on the possibilities and scope for creative design. Designers are also limited to some extent by tradition — following what has gone before — as well as being hampered by class and rating rules. This paper explores an alternative methodological framework for yacht design that has innovation as its central concern. This method has been trialled and developed in the design of the Shaw sport boats and performance keel yachts. It gives due weight to the iterative process, utilising an action research model which affords access to the heuristics of iteration

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  • Applying a performance-focused race-yacht methodology to the design of a superyacht

    Shaw, Rob (2017-07-11T00:09:10Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    A background in designing and sailing custom high-performance race yachts unrestricted by rating rules and formulas has fostered a penchant to prioritise performance and enjoyment of sailing in each new design. This project explores the possibilities for performance, function and form achievable through refocusing the design drivers in the development of a superyacht, with a fresh emphasis on the design and engineering aspects of construction, hull form, sail plan and appendages. This design prioritises performance over the traditional aesthetics, features and accommodations often associated with superyachts, while maintaining superyacht stature and appeal. Drawing on knowledge gained from the development of smaller coastal and offshore performance race-yachts, this project explores how to capitalise on many of the technologies that have been refined in these smaller yachts. This refocus of concept has resulted in a departure from the traditional superyacht style, offering high performance coupled with unique and tasteful aesthetics, appealing to those seeking a more visceral sailing experience from a superyacht.

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  • A pattern recognition for group abnormal behaviors based on Markov Random Fields energy

    Li, Zuojin; Chen, Liukui; Ren, Zhiyong; Tirumala, Sreenivas Sremath (2017-07-11T00:08:46Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    Group abnormal behaviors often occur abruptly under video surveillance, thus bringing serious consequences. How to recognize these behaviors correctly has always been the difficulty in research on intelligence video surveillance. This paper is based on the basic theory of Markov Random Fields to extract the features of those in video images, so as to recognize the group abnormal behaviors under video surveillance. Experiments show that this method can well reflect the real situation at the spot.

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  • Personalized learning : promising future? [pre-print title] ; Personalized learning : current status and potential [published title]

    Nandigam, David; Tirumala, Sreenivas Sremath; Baghaei, Nilufar (2017-07-11T00:08:46Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    The term personalized learning has proliferated over recent years especially with the advancement of several educational technologies, conceptual frameworks and mobile and wireless internet technologies. This paper investigates to identify most acceptable personalised learning paradigm for educators. A detailed literature review on various aspects of personalized learning is also presented. Eleven participants with moderate to highly-experienced in teaching across eight countries took part for this study. The data is collected via LinkedIn collaborative participation eliminating the possibility of bias towards a particular outcome. This provides both theoretical and empirical aspects of the topic in question. Interview data was analyzed using content analysis techniques to group issues raised by the participants into emerging themes. This paper concludes with acknowledging the necessity of good combination of teaching and technology for a successful personalized learning paradigm.

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  • Study on water sustainability in Tahiti

    Terai, P.; De Costa, Gregory; Mahmood, Babar (2017-07-11T00:09:01Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    With an overall huge amount of water available in Tahiti, we might think that future generations have no reason to worry; however, this is not reflecting the real aspect of water availability in each district. By analysing the situation and the spatial distribution of the current water available, problematic areas have been identified. The methodology considers the major current characteristics, such as geographical variations for rainfall patterns and water distribution, but also demographic variations and distribution over the area. There are 3 types of situation identified: In Papenoo: where water is available in a really huge amount with about 200 millions of cubic meter discharged per year, which is way higher than water demand in that area In Afaahiti: where they are actually having sufficient water discharged by the AOMA’s river, but are likely to experience water shortage in the future, with a minimum storage required volume of 2,300,000 m3 by 2050 In Papara: where the most critical situation is found, especially during the dry seasons, with an actual water deficit requiring a minimum storage volume of 760,000 m3 .Also infiltration volume of about 730,000,000 cubic meters recharging the underground reservoirs per year is found for the whole island.

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  • A new biological visual cognitive behavioural modeling for video energy computing

    Li, Zuojin; Chen, Liukui; Ren, Zhiyong; Tirumala, Sreenivas Sremath (2017-07-11T00:08:46Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    As we all know, human vision is quite sensitive to abnormal behaviors, which is attributed to the discharging of the receptor cells in the brain visual cortex and the ensuing bioelectrical energy features. Inspired by this biological nature, this paper constructs a computing model to describe video dynamic energy, which can further improve the perception of machine vision to abnormal behaviors. Experiments show that this computing model can extract video energy features of abnormal behaviors under complex environment.

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  • Analysis and configuration of boundary difference calculations

    Dacey, Simon; Pang, Shaoning; Song, Lei; Zhu, Lei (2017-07-11T00:08:39Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    In the field of land management, stakeholders (people) everywhere have many disputes over the location of boundaries between private land and public land. We find that the stakeholders disagree with each other over boundaries. We propose an approach that helps people to come to an agreement on position of boundaries (including pixel-based approach, polygon-based approach and middle boundary approach). The experiments are carried out on data relating to public parks in Auckland, New Zealand. The results of the experiments highlight the differences between different stakeholder’s perceived boundaries.

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  • Implementation of evolutionary algorithms for deep architectures

    Tirumala, Sreenivas Sremath (2017-07-11T00:08:44Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    Deep learning is becoming an increasingly interesting and powerful machine learning method with successful applications in many domains, such as natural language processing, image recognition, and hand-written character recognition. Despite of its eminent success, limitations of traditional learning approach may still prevent deep learning from achieving a wide range of realistic learning tasks. Due to their flexibility and proven effectiveness, evolutionary learning techniques may therefore play a crucial role towards unleashing the full potential of deep learning in practice. Unfortunately, many researchers with a strong background on evolutionary computation are not fully aware of the state-ofthe-art research on deep learning. To meet this knowledge gap and to promote the research on evolutionary inspired deep learning techniques, this paper presents a comprehensive review of the latest deep architectures and surveys important evolutionary algorithms that can potentially be explored for training these deep architectures.

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  • Some key capabilities for strategic leaders in Lao commercial banking sector to maximise competitive advantage.

    Marriott, Jeff; Du Plessis, Andries; Manichith, P.; Sukumaran, Sukesh (2017-07-11T00:08:11Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    A commonly used approach in western countries, this paper considers the use of strategic leadership in Laos, in particular in the banking sector. The investigation looks at the understanding of banking leaders within Laos and finds many do not join the two terms of leadership and strategy together. The Laos bank leaders at senior level are aware that vision, core competencies and strategies are important to the development of their businesses in what is becoming a more competitive environment. Due to this more emphasis on developing vision and the people responsible must be implemented. Similarly leaders need to have both a short-term and long-term focus in their strategic leadership. The net result is that selection of the right person for the job is of vital importance

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  • Future housing energy efficiency associated with the Auckland Unitary Plan

    Su, Bin (2017-07-11T00:08:07Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    The draft Auckland Unitary Plan outlines the future land used for new housing and businesses with Auckland population growth over the next thirty years. According to Auckland Unitary Plan, over the next 30 years, the population of Auckland is projected to increase by one million, and up to 70% of total new dwellings occur within the existing urban area. Intensification will not only increase the number of median or higher density houses such as terrace house, apartment building, etc. within the existing urban area but also change mean housing design data that can impact building thermal performance under the local climate. Based on mean energy consumption and building design data, and their relationships of a number of Auckland sample houses, this study is to estimate the future mean housing energy consumption associated with the change of mean housing design data and evaluate housing energy efficiency with the Auckland Unitary Plan.

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  • Creating social change : the ultimate goal of education for sustainability

    Sharma, Rashika; Monteiro, Sylila (2017-07-11T00:08:04Z)

    Conference paper
    Unitec

    Education is the vital link that brings about social change and generates synergies to address the interconnectedness between sustainability, society and the environment. Education empowers society to assume responsibility for sustainable living. This implies that educational processes and systems can transform perspectives and behaviour patterns, which in turn inculcates sustainable practices in all aspects of human life. Education is a precursor of change therefore educators are responsible for transforming communities and initiating social change. Developing and encouraging an awareness of sustainability in local communities further establishes patterns globally in communities' worldwide. Consequently ‘glocal' synergies are created that ensure future graduates become citizens of the world with an ingrained consciousness of guardianship of the finite world. Contemporary education ought to embed core principles of sustainability which incorporates environmental, economic as well as social literacy into the curriculum. Through education, learners are creatively and critically stimulated into exploring the role of sustainable practice in all areas of human activity in society. This paper expounds the current sustainability strategy developed within a course at an institute of technology based in New Zealand. The course is designed to introduce the concepts and application of sustainability at entry level for a Bachelor's degree. In this paper an attempt is made to showcase the effectiveness of education in re-orienting student thinking to engage and instigate social change for our globalized world.

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