91,047 results

  • “Should I stay or should I go?” : first semester students’ experiences in a tertiary institution in New Zealand

    Malcolm, Janet (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    “Should I stay or should I go”, a song by The Clash (1982) sums up the dilemma some students face when they begin their journey in tertiary study. This research explores the experiences of a group of students from one cohort in their first semester of a Bachelor Degree programme for early childhood education. In particular it examines what enabled the students to be successful, what barriers they faced and what motivated them to keep going. This qualitative single case study utilised a range of data collecting tools. The methods used were a questionnaire for students; a student focus group and an academic staff focus group. Each data method was analysed, coded thematically and reported separately before being discussed in themes. The findings of this research reveal that the participants experienced some challenges that were predominately external to the institution. What kept them in the programme was the significant level of support received from their Academic Advisor; the academic staff, their peers, the cohort system and their families. The students’ motivation to stay was primarily intrinsic in nature. Their positive attitude towards their studies and pride in their progress enabled them to keep going. The main barriers identified by the students were related to personal circumstances and were often a combination of factors rather than one single factor. However, there were also a number of institutional barriers identified. These were the perceived differences between the satellite campus and the main campus regarding the levels of support; joining an existing cohort of students; and the differences between the student’s cultural capital and the cultural capital the institution trades in. Amongst the implications for this research is that support is critical to retention and success. Therefore it is recommended that this institute conducts a feasibility study to investigate the cost of providing this level of support against the cost of attrition and a centralised support system. Pastoral care plays an important role in retention and success. An indication from this research is that first year students need lecturers who are pastorally minded and are culturally responsive to their needs. Another recommendation is that professional development be provided for staff regarding supporting students with serious personal issues. This research has also shown that there is a need to address the issues students face when they cross-credit into the programme from another institution, specifically in relation to the induction process.

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  • Today’s absence tomorrow’s presence

    Daniel, Sullivan (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Light has fascinated mankind throughout history, and is the single component that makes all things visible, without it, visual perception is mute. Light is more than that, it also provides warmth, separates day from night, work from rest, sowing and reaping, life and death; it is no wonder then, that light is an integral part of culture and society. Light plays a key role in the visual perception of architectural space, defining size, giving shape, providing colour and highlighting material texture, contributing to the emotional feeling and physical awareness of the space - the atmosphere. However, in contemporary times, there seems to be a growing misconception in society that the perception of light is purely a functional requirement that has little concern with the atmosphere it produces, unless the function is to actually enhance the atmosphere, such as in an art gallery. The project seeks to determine how the qualities of light – its luminance, contrast, colour, direction and distribution affect the visual perception of space. Further to this understanding, the development of the project is to pursue and explore different innovative techniques to manipulate precessional light, the visual awareness of the trajectory of sunlight as it moves across the sky, which results in altering light compositions and effects in order to modify the visual perception of space. And whether the constantly changing nature of precessional light allows a constantly changing perception of space. PROJECT SITE: Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) fight club situated on Captain Cook's Wharf, in the Auckland CBD. The design of the architectural proposition, specifically takes five sequential spaces that are key in leading spectators on a journey through the building, and manipulating them to get the best shaped space to receive light. Each of the five spaces will use a different technique in manipulating light that not only best suits the function of the space, but demonstrates the variety of different ideas made from the discoveries of the previous chapters.

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  • Bio-inspired research centre

    Looker, Andrew (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    The building envelope is undergoing change. We still expect it to provide thermal, light and visual comfort for its occupants, but not at a huge energy and climate cost for the natural environment. Designers should look more towards nature for inspiration than towards industry when seeking solutions. The question for this project is: How can lessons from natural systems be utilized to create an architecture that includes and functions like living nature? Sustainable buildings save energy and generate energy, mostly by having or relying on a super efficient envelope. This project will focus on the design of a building skin and other bio-inspired strategies that are sustainable, energy efficient, aesthetically pleasing and incorporate elements of living nature. The brief chosen is to design an environmental and technologies research centre in a harbourside setting in Auckland using the bio-inspired formula of biophilia, biomimicry and bioclimatic principles. The imaginary client is a consortium of University of Auckland, AUT and UNITEC universities. The site is a vacant section near the Silo Park at the Wynyard Quarter (former Tank Farm) on the Auckland waterfront. The outcome of this design process is a 4 level building of approximately 10,000 sq metres, with an atrium and interior courtyard in the middle. The main feature of the building is a sophisticated façade system that envelopes the building entirely. This double skin facade employs biomimicry, biophilic, and bio-climatic principles in a manner that more than halves energy and water consumption compared to a conventional building of this size and purpose. It also achieves superior working conditions for its creative occupants, enhancing both their well-being and productivity.

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  • The relationship between the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and the ASEAN Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) with a focus on women

    Phanit, Soukphaphone (2012)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This study sought to explore the relationship between the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and the ASEAN Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) as well as investigate how women’s organisations in the Lao PDR can most benefit from the country’s membership of the ACWC and how the Lao PDR can most contribute to the development of the Commission.The field study was mostly conducted in the Lao PDR during the period of December 2011 to March 2012. The qualitative data was generated through conducting semi-structured interviews, participant observations and document analysis. The findings of this study showed that the relationship between the Lao PDR and the ACWC is not so strong:; two years after its establishment, the ACWC is not well known by the core organisations involved in the promotion and protection of the rights of women and children, including some Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and United Nations (UN) agencies. In addition, the level of knowledge held by experts in the field about the ACWC was varied - from indepth to shallow; some had only heard about it in passing. It was found that the main sources of information about the ACWC are firstly, the ASEAN Department and secondly, consultation workshops which were organised by the Lao Women’s Union (LWU) and certain CSOs, both of which were resourced by the ASEAN Department and ACWC’s representatives. The findings of this study also suggested that the majority of research participants believe that the ACWC will help to facilitate better access to financial support, technical assistance, experience obtained from study tours, and a strong network between the ASEAN member countries. While the potential contributions of the Lao PDR to the ACWC include information sharing, good practice in terms of the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrmination against Women (CEDAW), gender integration and mainstreaming, and implementation of specific laws related to the rights of women and children in the Lao PRD.Throughout the study, the researcher maintained both an “insider” and an “outsider” position, as well as a participant observation role.

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  • Reviving intramuros 'The city within the walls' (Manila, Philippines) : conservation and adaptive reuse of San Ignacio Church to Museo de Intramuros

    Del Monte, Maria Sheela (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Restoration of a historical building is always a great opportunity for people who are passionate about preserving heritage. This project is envisaged to convert San Ignacio Church into an ecclesiastical museum which will house over 2, 000 religious artifacts, with multi-purpose exhibition, auditorium and library. The main objective of this project is to produce a design proposal that involves adaptive reuse and conservation. It draws upon the use of historical data gathering, site survey, prototype models and design conceptualization using adaptive reuse as a conservation technique. The purpose of the project is to produce a design proposal that involves adaptive reuse and conservation of San Ignacio Church and converts it to Museo de Intramuros which will house religious artifacts. This will preserve the legacy of the dying Filipino Christian heritage and educate young generations in regards to the history of Filipino Christianity. The project’s objectives is to make the ruin useful, to enhance the quality of the site and protect it from the proliferation of squatters and warehouses. It also serves as an additional tourist attraction that can generate income and promote Filipino tradition.

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  • The efficacy of surface electromyographic biofeedback assisted stretching for the treatment of chronic low back pain : a case-series

    Moore, Aimee M. (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Chronic low back pain is a major problem to both the individual and society. The negative impact of Chronic Low back pain (LBP) includes its large direct and indirect treatment costs, and associated disability and suffering. Low back pain is discussed in the literature review, including information of the various models of diagnosis and classification. As it is well recognised that chronic pain is a multidimensional issue, models of mechanical, neurological and iopsychosocial influences are presented. Common motor control impairments are briefly explored. Flexion Relaxation (FR) is a commonly observed muscle pattern of lumbar paraspinal relaxation (electrical silence) near the end range of flexion. Flexion Relaxation is observable to some degree in most asymptomatic individuals. Impaired FR, displayed as continued muscle activation at maximal voluntary flexion (MVF), is commonly identified in those with chronic LBP. The study presented in section two of the thesis, investigated the effects of a surface electromyographic assisted stretching (SEMGAS) programme on impaired FR patterns in individuals with chronic LBP. Nine volunteers with chronic LBP that displayed impaired FR were recruited from the general public, and took part in a biofeedback SEMGAS intervention including an at-home stretching component over five weeks. Outcome measures included FR, Oswestry Disability Index, Numeric Pain Rating Scale and Sit and Reach, and were recorded pre and post-intervention as well as at a four to six-week follow-up. The aim was to investigate if improved FR is associated with improved range of motion, pain intensity and disability in individuals with chronic LBP. Of the nine participants included, three improved FR to statistically significant levels. All three also achieved a clinically important change in pain intensity scores. The results suggest SEMGAS may provide benefits to some individuals with chronic LBP and impaired FR, although larger scale investigation of SEMGAS as a unimodal therapy in a larger population is indicated.

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  • Adoration of the joint : investigation and translated application of jointing methods

    Richardson, Lyn (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This research project is an investigation into the aesthetics and craft of traditional timber jointing techniques. It is an endeavour to grasp the essence of the timber joint and the craft by which it is produced and to develop it architecturally in the form of a pavilion for the general public in a national park. Traditional timber jointing techniques were productions of culture ; wrote learned, copied, and gradually refined over time. They have been widely used both structurally and decoratively and predominantly carry a high sense of craftsmanship and romanticism. Due to the need for highly skilled craftsmen and a rather time consuming production method this process has become largely attenuated through time. Nowadays, buildings with finely detailed timber joints are very rare because of the high cost involved in terms of time and labour; there are much quicker production methods that are generally more favoured. This thesis will explore the joint and discuss the merits of the discourse with craft in the wider context and considers the relevance of this, not just as a way of tradition. This will be outworked through the synthesise of this methodology with a design for a timber pavilion that translates some of the concepts of jointing that Mies van der Rohe used in the Farnsworth House with steel. An investigation of different joints through physically crafting them is a fundamental aspect of this process. The performance of the outcome can be marked by a successful integration of craft into the architectural design, which conveys the attitude of thoughtful correspondence between craft and design. Moreover, it completes the narrative of architecture as an edificatory process. SITE: Torrent Bay, Abel Tasman National Park, South Island, New Zealand.

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  • en.er.gize : adaptive reuse of an existing building

    Edmonds, Matthew (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    The research project investigates the sustainable adaptive reuse strategies to re-energize existing buildings as an alternative to demolition and replacement. Giving existing buildings a new life helps keep a trace of our cultural heritage and history. The significance of this project lays in the future characteristic of the city. As our population further increases with land use intensifying, existing buildings play an essential role for society in conserving our historic resources. While existing buildings contribute to the character of our community and our own personal memories, they also contain large amounts of embodied energy. Buildings located in a popular development zone and have outlived a specific purpose are usually demolished. This action is brutal and wipes the site clean of any associated history. There lies an opportunity to explore solutions that can be more adaptable and sustainable for the future. The project explores how adaptive reuse and sustainability strategies can be applied to a unique Ahuriri site that was developed in the years following the Napier 1931 earthquake. The project not only explores the energising of the existing site, but how the surrounding areas connections can be improved in Ahuriri, making the site more valuable to the community. There needs to be a shift in our thinking of how we deal with existing buildings and sites in our architecture. How we can integrate this towards our approach of design and the potential this existing fabric we inherit holds for us as designers and fellow users of the world is vital. The challenge lies not only in how we adaptively reuse buildings, but how we re-energize them that is sustainable to meet modern day requirements. This research project aims to raise awareness and the potential of adaptive reuse as a more socially responsible alternative to demolition and replacement. This analysis will help demonstrate and develop a sustainable design solution that can assist the knowledge of others; to re-energize the potential existing buildings hold in our world. SITE: 72 West Quay, Ahuriri, Napier.

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  • 'Art improves the city' : an art centre project proposed in Chifeng, China

    Liu, Haidi (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Art has always been treated as nourishment for the mind and a spirtual tool that improves the quality of life. It arises out of the experience of life but is the distillations of life. It can provide aesthetic enjoyment, and it is also a powerful expression of ideas. This project aims to integrate artistic activity into the urban context of a moderately sized Chinese city where almost no such activity presently occurs. The encouragement of artistic expression thought to enhance the quality of the lives of the people and the architectural construction necessary to achieve this is likely to improve the city.When building an art centre in a city that is combining art and architecture, what kinds of energy will it bring to the city and to the urban life of people who live in it? To be more specific: In what way can art exist in an urban context? What strategies can be used to allow art to improve a city and its urban life? How can this be achieved through the architecture? The project intends to provide a new 'art life' for the people of Chifeng in two different but related ways : passively and actively. The art centre will have an active and a passive capacity. Passively it will offer more opportunity to appreciate art, and actively, it will encourage and support people in the urban context to make active artistic contributions to the city. Hopefully, the Art Centre, will bring life and energy to Chifeng by creating an interactive place which will inspire creativity and generate a more active artistic expression in the city.

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  • Suburban renovation : linear intensification of urban transport corridors, incorporating mixed-use typologies

    Lin, Chia-Chin (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    The focus of this research is the linear intensification of urban transport corridors, incorporating mixed use typologies. Suburbs in Auckland which fall on motorway, and railway routes suffer many adverse effects of rapid growth from the last decade: excessive traffic congestion ; dangerous environment for cyclists, pedestrians and children; deserted corners and dead ends beside motorways and railways potentially brew crime etc. Public bus network also becomes inefficient due to excessive vehicles on the road. In attempt to relieve some negative impacts of urban growth, the implemented strategy will be to intensify existing underused low density suburban and industrial areas along motorways and railways with mixed use communities, with objectives to improve multiple aspects of sustainability and quality of the built environments. The studied site is based in Mt. Roskill, Auckland City, an industrial/commercial zone surrounded by low-medium density suburban detached housing. Existing industrial warehouses backed onto the new State Highway 20 motorway, with future plans to run a new Rapid Transit rail route along it, opens up opportunities to formulate designs which can cater for new public space while it is desirable, at the same time, to retain building structure which are still functional, as demolition is regarded as wasteful in terms of materials and labour. The research explores future possibilities for intensified re-development of the site, and its implications of how it can improve the quality of residential and business activities on a wider urban scale. Compatibility of typologies is investigated, and the study aims to create architectural solutions for mixed use, high density development along urban transport corridors. The design project proposed, in this context, a medium rise mixed development that rationalizes vehicular access and parking, introduces a coherent linear arrangement of public space, re-introduces elements of natural landscape, and suggests that good quality environments are possible in a typical example of these suburban higher industrial neighbourhoods.

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  • The role of cultural values on the perception of advertising as offensive : a case study of Chinese tertiary students in Auckland

    Wang, Dapeng (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This case study examines the influence of culture values on the perception of offensive advertising among Chinese tertiary students in Auckland. Previous studies examining advertising that can potentially offend have primarily centred on four basic aspects – the products being advertised, the creative execution used, the medium within which an advertisement is displayed and the audiences that are least and most likely to be offended. However, limited research has been conducted to address the influence of cultural aspects on the perception of offensive advertising.The study uses a mixed research methodology by employing research methods from both the qualitative and quantitative paradigms. Survey questionnaire and focus group interviews were developed for this project. A survey was conducted initially among Chinese tertiary students at an Institute of Technology and a University in Auckland and some of these survey participants were invited to participate in a follow-up focus group interview after the questionnaire research was completed. The questionnaire survey enabled me, the researcher, to identify a possible trend about the phenomenon of perceived offence, and based on the survey findings, this phenomenon was further investigated by focus group interviews.The findings reveal that the cultural value of Confucianism can potentially impact the perception of offensive advertising among Chinese tertiary students in Auckland. The Confucianism characteristics of Virtue, Ritual, Harmony, Filial Piety and Learning all take a part as contributing factors in the perception of offensive advertising among the participants. However, findings of the focus groups indicate that the influence of these characteristics in the perception of advertising is not apparent when participants are presented with the actual New Zealand TV advertisements. In general, Chinese tertiary students appear to have a high degree of acceptance toward New Zealand advertisements, and are unlikely to be offended by the advertisements which are targeted to the general public in New Zealand.

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  • The impact of government regulation to the Chinese social networking systems (SNS) users in China

    Ai, Lijiao (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    The purpose of this research project is to gain a deeper understanding of the level of knowledge internet users have about the regulation of the Social Networking System (SNS) in China and identify how much and in what ways regulation affects the way SNS systems are used. This project is based on qualitative methods. Its findings may be utilised to give an indication of what internet users think about the regulated SNS in China. The research employs two data collection methods : focus groups and interviews. Focus groups enable the researcher to assess overall trends and identify other issues the researcher had not already considered. Interviews enable the searcher to conduct a more in-depth exploration of the research topic and allow participants who might feel uneasy in the focus group to express sensitive opinions. The thesis finds that perceptions of internet users surrounding internet regulation can be separated the two groups: some internet users oppose internet regulation on SNS, and some support internet regulation on SNS. In the first group, the internet users hoped the internet in China could be visited without any censorship. They were aware that the Chinese government wants to create the world’s largest intranet in order to control public information. Also, they complained that the standards of censorship in China were not clear. In addition, the participants admired the free internet in Western countries. However, some internet users were prepared to tolerate government regulations. These users were more likely to self-regulate online. These internet users felt they were helpless and had no choice except observing government regulations. In another group, the internet users supported the internet regulation in China. They could understand why the government had to control online speech, in order to avoid “terrorists” using the internet to incite people to rise up against the government. However, some users in this group complied with Chinese internet regulations in appearance but opposed them in their minds.

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  • What is a design language in the service of the experience of light? Exegesis.

    Key, Robert (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    The intent of this project is to explore the perception of light through a set of experiments, creating opportunities for narratives driven by light. These experiments define a process that becomes more and more reductive in order to get close to the light. This is not a manual on light, it is a record of a personal investigation into a language of light. In order to get closer to what a language is, the experiments have gone from the everyday world of light effects in context, to an intimate engagement with the qualities of light using minimal contextual interference. If we choose to observe it, there are resonant narratives in everyday visual experiences of light. What is a design language in the service of the experience of light? On the surface, this question points towards a technical lexicon of effects and phenomena to do with a designedly appropriation or manipulation of light. The focus here is not so much what a design language of light is composed of, it is more about what is a language of light, where can a design language begin to be formulated? This project explores experiential qualities of sunlight, the primary causal and capricious substance of our world. Beginning with light’s role in the perception of reflection, refraction and colour, then delving further into concepts of space (thresholds/depth) and time (motion/duration). While looking at the physical side of light perception in simple experiments, there is also exploration of psychological concepts, reflexivity (seeing our seeing) and embodiment (our body as the primary site of knowing). There is a contrast of context: the pared-back experimental arena of this masters project, in relation to a professional role as a set designer/art director producing television content. My professional work environment involves interaction with directors, producers, agencies, clients and crew. This environment is a multi-layered setting, managing: design, budget, crew and construction. In juxtaposition to this work environment is the Masters project, which opens up potential for a design-aptitude to use light as a building material in a more explorative, yet structured environment. Observing light’s narrative qualities is like contemplating the dynamics of an empty vessel, looking at the space between things, not focusing on just the objects themselves. This is a technique used in the work of Light and Space artists like James Turrell and Olafur Eliasson whose installations highlight the process of perception, light becomes the object to see and perception is the medium to see the light with. It is a challenge to achieve a separation between the process of seeing (instinctive) and seeing the process of that perception (apperception). Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s writes in Eye and Mind about reflexivity as being the paradox of human vision. The body that sees, and sees itself, leads to an ambiguity of vision. Connected to this is the idea of being-in-the-world; that representational minds and represented objects are not separate, vision and movement are united in a body that moves and sees as part of one complete process; embodiment. The way we experience light’s authorship with our eyes and minds in a reflexive and embodied way is an impelling subject. There is so much instinctual processing through the senses of the world around us. American architect and photographer Henry Plummer argues for deepening an appreciation of light through simple observations of light’s phenomena, “Discerning elusive and subtle aspects we often fail to consciously notice". This describes a conscious gaze, lingering on sunlight’s phenomena that is never static, observing subtle shifts in the complex interaction of light and other matter, including ourselves. Light is the ethereal fabric that holds everything together. It is the one seemingly constant phenomena that we experience – from the cosmic, to the everyday. This project is not about understanding what light ‘is’. The project is about ‘painting’ with light, exploring the perception of light, observing how its narratives can be manipulated in various settings, contributing towards a design language of light’s poetic vocabulary.

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  • The effects of osteopathic treatment on non-specific chronic neck pain and disability

    Gasson, Monique (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Background: Neck pain is common among the general population and can be disabling and costly. Aim: The aim of this quasi-randomised controlled trial was to investigate whether osteopathic treatment would reduce perceived disability and pain in people with chronic neck pain. Methods: Twenty-one participants (mean age 52.1 ± 10.8 years; 6 males, 15 females) with chronic, non-specific neck pain (median duration of symptoms of 313 weeks [range = 17-1565]) were recruited and enrolled in this study. Participants were randomised either to begin immediately or after 3 weeks, a 3-week course of osteopathic. Results: An ANOVA model revealed greater improvements after 3 weeks in Neck Disability Index (NDI) (P = 0.03) for the Immediate-Start group (from 23 ± 12 to 17 ± 11 points) compared to a negligible change for those who had a delayed start (25 ± 10 to 26 ± 10 points). Analysed as a single cohort, improvements over time were observed for all outcome measures (P values all < 0.05 level). A similar analysis for pain intensity (VAS) showed changes from pre-intervention 3.3 ± 2 cm to all follow-up treatment measurements, the final measurement at 6-weeks being 1.5 ± 1.5 cm. Conclusion: Self-reported pain and disability were reduced following a course of osteopathic treatment. This quasi-randomised controlled trial suggests that osteopathic treatment may be effective for the management of chronic neck pain.

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  • Financial decision making in four New Zealand secondary schools

    Watson, Neil (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This study investigates financial decision making in four mid to low decile Auckland secondary schools. Before the advent of education administration reforms in the late 1980’s state schools in New Zealand had little exposure to financial management practices. Currently there is little research examining financial decision making in the New Zealand secondary school setting. This study adopted a qualitative approach in the form of a study of the four schools. Participants were involved through semi-structured interviews of each of the principals and a questionnaire for the middle managers. Four research questions guided this study: What kind of financial decisions do educational leaders make in relation to resourcing teaching and learning? What strategies are used by educational leaders when making financial decisions? How are financial decisions evaluated by educational leaders? What are the issues and challenges facing educational leaders when making financial decisions? The findings revealed four key themes; firstly the devolvement of financial decision making to the principal and middle managers; secondly the impact of financial decision making on the role of the educational leader; thirdly the constraints around financial decision making and finally the limitations in the evaluation of financial decision making. The implication is that financial decision making is a significant and crucial aspect of the educational leader’s role. A further implication is the importance of establishing robust practises to evaluate financial decisions to ensure that resources allocated are benefiting student achievement. Recommendations that emerge from this study are based around increasing the amount of discretion available to better cater for diversity, in particular this needs to occur at the middle management level. The evaluation of financial decisions should be based on both the capacity of the school and also importantly the impact on student achievement. Financial decision making is an important aspect of the educational leaders’ role and thorough training is needed for both principals and middle managers.

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  • The nuances of human stories and the language of paint

    Stewart, Jean (2012)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    Embedded within both the process and the finished works is the notion of the everyday. These paintings are painted in the garage and constructed from things left over from everyday life or within reach of the subject matter, i.e. available to someone experiencing the early stages of motherhood. The effect is that the paintings begin to operate as an extension to daily life rather then being separate from it. To imply meaning within these basic assemblages is to apply meaning to daily life.

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  • Boundaries in architecture

    Chalmers, Joseph (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This research project sets out to establish interpretations of the architectural boundary and addresses a focal point of the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charlie. The architectural boundary is considered a term implying division, separation or limits to space, yet it is also used to imply notions of spatial perception. There is a debate in Berlin about the problem of commemorating the re-unification of Germany. To understand and to participate in this debate it was necessary to review what happened in Germany as World War II ended and through the years leading up to re-unification in 1989. Another part of the literature review associated with this project addressed memorials. A memorial serves as a focus for commemoration and acknowledgment, usually of an event or of a person who has died. Typical forms of memorials include days in the calendar, sculpture, architecture, and commemorative naming, however, it was a precondition that this dissertation project must result in a design for a piece of architecture. Some people have questioned the need for a reunification memorial and whether the idea of a memorial is more effective as a perpetual debating point. Speaking of the fascist era and its victims, James Young states:- “Though some, like the Greens, might see such absorption in the process of memorial building as an evasion of memory, it may also be true that the surest engagement with memory lies in its perpetual irresolution. In fact, the best German memorial… may not be a single memorial at all-but simply the never–to–be resolved debate over which kind of memory to preserve, how to do it, in whose name, and to what end.” Design concept stage one was an investigation of the boundary using massing models which explored ideas such as symbolism and boundary, unity, memory, shadow architecture and context. This, together with the investigation of memorials, facilitated a summary of final design criteria, Design concept stage two, based on the final design criteria addressed the form, spatial arrangements and column configurations of a proposed design. The final design emphasises the horizontal plane by elevating it as a symbolic form of the Berlin Wall and metaphorical architectural boundary. The proposed design is functioning architecture dedicated to commemorating the reunification of Germany, it is not a conventional memorial. It includes exhibition space and recreation space, is a public amenity for locals and a focal point for tourists wishing to visit the former site of Checkpoint Charlie and the Berlin Wall. The shadow architecture of the site, surrounding architectural boundary and the scars of history are emphasized and the Berlin city ground plan, directives and context have been challenged. An interim building design proposal is illustrated through program and structure diagrams, conceptual plans and perspectives.

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  • Designing community appropriation : how can a change in infrastructure on Dominion Road facilitate community appropriation?

    Hodgson, Ryan (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    In this project I will investigate how a change in infrastructure can facilitate community appropriation. The type of community appropriation I am referring to is when the landscape allows people to take ownership, perhaps only temporarily, of a space for which they feel they can accommodate. The best way to illustrate community appropriation is through current examples, such as the Dominion Road upgrade project. In the industry there can be a difficulty in facilitating this kind of appropriation, particularly when large-scale planning approaches are given priority. I will explore how the understanding of urban context on Dominion Road can aid design that produces spaces which will be appropriated by the community ... Design research case study: Dominion Rd The street can also be an example of a community appropriation assemblage. How does it fit into people’s lives? Is it easy to cross, therefore convenient, or is it difficult and inconvenient. I want to highlight the importance of how the road itself can be considered an important passage between sidewalks and businesses on each side and whether the street has the ability to contribute towards community appropriation or detract from it. This example will compare and contrast two areas on Dominion Road: Mt. Roskill and Eden Terrace, Auckland.

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  • Small town revelations : a dramatised, photographic retelling of regionalised histories, legends, myths and past characters within small town Aotearoa New Zealand

    Austin, David Fergus (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This Masters of Design by Project is a heuristic practice-based research undertaking that investigates perceptions of local identity and sense of place for residents of small town Aotearoa New Zealand. Through establishment of an interactive collaborative methodology this project seeks to derive potentially viable illustrative subject matter based upon folklore relevant to the local residents of small towns and remote communities. This exegesis documents an investigation that encompasses those within society who choose to attach themselves to distinctive places within the landscape and how they might identify themselves within it. Both this document and the project’s photographic works evidence a journey of discovery ; a journey that looked to uncover small town history, myth, and legend, the known and little known, the past and bygone, the people, lifestyles and place. These are places where the residents feel very much of, in contrast to being merely from. Appropriately then it was the residents of small towns who became storytellers, revealing folklore that informed the narratives underpinning each of the works which are intended to portray a sequence of events that reflects a local story. Significant challenges lay in reinterpreting verbally recollected stories into something visually tangible and engaging. As artistically motivated reinterpretations of folklore the works expose an inherent acuity for stereotype, sentimentalism and nostalgia. However, instead of detracting or distracting from the storyline these cognitive characteristics potentially become contributory facets that add new layers to the narrative. Along this journey I became many things more than simply an empathetic photographer. My function progressively developed from that of outside observer to include the roles of listener, facilitator, negotiator, translator, activist, director, digital technician and, ultimately, that of a visual story re-teller.

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  • An investigation of interiority : beyond the boundaries of subject and into the practIce of painting

    Roberts, Kirsten (2013)

    Thesis
    Unitec

    This document charts a painter’s intention to evolve ambiguous and geographically indeterminate spaces that are potentially neither inside nor outside, public or private that are constructed from two dimensional images, in an unremitting state of realisation, keeping our view in constant motion. Postmodern discourses relating to interiority and discussed in architecture and interior design were used as a lens to extend and challenge the context and content of this figurative painting practice. Architectural theorist Beatriz Colomina’s critique of Peter and Alison Smithson’s House of the Future (1956), laid the groundwork for the theoretical position of this project, by focusing upon how domestic conditions are dichotomous. Anthony Vidler’s writing on Architecture Cornered: Notes on the Anxiety of Architecture and the theories of Jeanette Budgett on the curtain designs of Petra Blaisse, appraise the domestic interior in new ways. they all draw attention to levels of discomfort in the representation of the domestic realm. To mine the notion of security versus disharmony in paintings of rooms, research began into potential and variable thresholds and boundaries of domestic spaces. 1960’s New Zealand modernist interiors, architecture and objects give regional resonance in the experimentation of subject matter. A critical shift from looking to an interior as subject, to a pivotal focus on the interiority of the practice resulted in a greater awareness of process in the construction of paintings. Clarification of key procedural approaches led to an apparent division of subject matter into the re-presentation of portraiture, and paintings of fabricated rooms. This strategy established a dialogue that sets up tensions between both subject and painting conventions in the manipulation of spatial ambiguity in the picture plane. Synthesis of theoretical and practical research culminates in populated painted aggregations of the domestic interior, paintings that make manifest a re-engineering of the familiar through technique, content, and context.

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