88,788 results

  • A Comprehensive Study of the Status and Needs of National Productivity Organisations and the Asia Productivity Organisation

    Mann, RS

    Book
    Massey University

    This guidebook on Business Excellence Models and Awards for the Public Sector has been developed through workshops organized by the Asian Productivity Organization’s (APO) Centre for Excellence for business excellence. This guidebook aims to assist national productivity organizations (NPOs) that are: • Considering whether to introduce a business excellence model or award for the first time in the public sector • Seeking to enhance an established business excellence model and/or award for the public sector The guidebook begins with an exploration of the importance of business excellence awards and models through a series of questions and answers. This is followed by a summary of the views of NPOs on business excellence. Thereafter, information is presented on how to promote business excellence, assist organizations in using a business excellence approach, and recognize organizations through an awards process. The last section provides examples of how NPO member economies are implementing business excellence in the public sector.

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  • Kia Piki te Ora Suicide Prevention Programme Evaluation Final Report

    Andrews, CA; Manu, H

    Report
    Massey University

    Suicide and suicidal behaviour continue to be a major public health issue in New Zealand. Each year more than 500 New Zealanders take their lives and there are over 2500 admissions to hospital for intentional self-harm. The latest statistics in 2012 show that almost one in five completed suicides were Māori suicides and the Māori youth suicide rates were 2.8 times higher than non-Māori youth. Kia Piki te Ora Māori suicide prevention service (Kia Piki te Ora), operating in nine DHB regions is one element of the social sector’s work towards longer-term goals of reduced suicides, and harm associated with suicidal behaviour in Māori communities. This recent evaluation report shows that generally stakeholders felt that Kia Piki te Ora’s contribution to Māori suicide prevention worked well when providers engaged with the community. However, the widespread of activities undertaken by the nine providers meant that in some instances stakeholders were unclear on the core role and responsibilities of Kia Piki te Ora.

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  • Why place Māori children with Māori caregivers? : a dissertation presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Social Work (Applied) Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

    Montgomery, Mary Avril

    Thesis
    Massey University

    This qualitative study explores the concepts of customary care, recognising the Maori worldview and emphasising the value of placing Maori children with Maori caregivers. It examines the establislunent of the Matua Whangai Programme in the context of the social/political issues of the 1980-1990s and the impact of legislation and reports on the placement of Maori children outside of whanau. The participants in this study were three caregivers m the Matua Whangai Programme. They each had experience of customary care practice in their own whanau and who generalised this experience in the context of the Matua Whangai programme. In this community, the Matua Whangai programme ran from 1985 to 1991. The study shows that when the programme was disestablished, not only did Maori children lose access to whanau whangai (foster families), the community also lost tribal linkages, both locally and nationally, along with effective networks with other social and governmental agencies established by Matua Whangai within the Lower South Island

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  • Public Relations and Participatory Culture: Fandom, Social Media and Community Engagement. Routledge, 2016. Edited by Amber L. Hutchins and Natalie T. J. Tindall

    Swiatek, LM

    Journal article
    Massey University

    A book review for Public Relations and Participatory Culture: Fandom, Social Media and Community Engagement. Routledge, 2016. Edited by Amber L. Hutchins and Natalie T. J. Tindall

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  • Rubric supported journal writing in mathematics : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Educational Studies (Mathematics), at Massey University

    Hay, Hailey

    Thesis
    Massey University

    Using an Action Research model, this project followed the implementation of a journal writing programme in mathematics, in a grade three (year 4) class. The effect of journal writing, as a formative assessment tool upon a single teacher's approach to the teaching and assessment of mathematics in her textbook-based, whole class mathematics programme, is the focus of the study. The teacher who participated in this project looked towards the journal writing programme to assist her in making changes to her teaching and assessment practises in mathematics, in an effort to bring them in line with her performance based approach to other areas of the curriculum. Using Greenwood's (1993) criteria for mathematical thinking, rubrics were designed to make mathematical thinking a focus of her teaching and assessment in mathematics. Several changes in the teacher's approach to the teaching and assessment of mathematics were observed within the study period and continued sustained changes were realised in the longer term. In addition, aspects of her teaching and assessment practices that were not observed to change are discussed. The suggestion is made that the potential of journal writing to be used to extend and challenge the mathematical thinking of students may be partly dependent upon the depth and breadth of the mathematical knowledge of the teacher.

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  • Writing here

    Horrocks, IA; Lacey, C

    Book item
    Massey University

    false

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  • Energy-smart food for people and climate

    Sims, RE

    Report
    Massey University

    false

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  • The essential is in the incidental : a re-mediation of urban experience : an exegesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Fine Arts, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand

    Rose, Daniel

    Thesis
    Massey University

    I drink coffee, take photos, and I would like to be a florist.

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  • Developing Valid and Reliable Rubrics for Writing Assessment: Research and Practice

    Comer, KV

    Report
    Massey University

    false

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  • Ergonomization needs in general aviation

    Pérezgonzález, Jose D.

    Journal article
    Massey University

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  • Pliocene crater lake deposits and soft sediment deformation structures associated with a phreatomagmatic volcano, Pula maar, western Hungary.

    Nemeth, Karoly; Martin, Ulrike; Csillag, Gabor

    Journal article
    Massey University

    No abstract available

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  • Effects of encouragement and locus of control on WAIS IQ scores : a thesis ... [for] the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University

    Bennett, Warwick John

    Thesis
    Massey University

    Wechsler (1955, p.27) suggests that for some subjects it may be advisable to make encouraging remarks during testing on the WAIS. The present study investigated the effects of such encouragement upon WAIS IQs, taking into account a personality variable which has been shown to mediate the effects of reinforcement, Locus of Control. Forty-eight female introductory psychology students were selected from a class of 128 on the basis of their scores on Rotter's I-E Locus of Control Scale. They were pre-tested on the Naylor-Harwood Adult Intelligence Scale, and assigned to groups for testing on the WAIS. Subjects who were given encouragement (verbal reins forcement) during WAIS testing did significantly better than those who were not. The observed tendency for subjects external in Locus of Control to be more strongly affected by the encouragement than internals was not significant. In the light of the inevitable differences between examiners in their interpretations of Wechsler's recommendation, it is concluded that there may be reason to doubt the comparability of scores reported by different examiners. Further research is necessary, however, to determine whether this effect is mediated by Locus of Control.

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  • Reframing everydayness: a grounded theory study of women's perceptions of the contribution of cardiac rehabilitation to their recovery from a heart attack : a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Nursing at Massey University

    Day, Wendy K

    Thesis
    Massey University

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a serious health issue for women but, in the past, women have been under-represented in research related to this condition. Instead, research using male populations has been used as a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of CHD in women. This has resulted in men and women being treated the same despite the presence of physiological and social differences. To ensure future diagnosis and treatment is based on appropriate research related to women and CHD. Grounded theory was used to explore women's perceptions of the contribution of cardiac rehabilitation to their recovery from a heart attack. The constant comparative method of data analysis was used to develop categories from the data. Overall the experience of suffering a heart attack caused disruption to everyday life and functioning. This included interruption to activities and social roles and shock at having suffered a heart attack. Recovery was characterised by 'reframing' their lives based on the alterations caused by their heart attack experience. The women in this study attempted to return to their everyday roles and responsibilities through the basic social process of "regaining everydayness". Most women did not recognise that they had received phase one cardiac rehabilitation, and although phase two cardiac rehabilitation met some of the education needs of the women in this study, it did not provide the support that all participants required. For some participants social needs were met by attending cardiac rehabilitation sessions. Phase two cardiac rehabilitation attendance was affected by transport, time, family and social issues, such as work commitments. Although some aspects of cardiac rehabilitation were beneficial for most participants, it did not appear to aid recovery for all of them.

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  • Automatic alignment and comparison of petri dish images containing cell colonies : submitted to the Institute of Information & Mathematical sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Information Science in Software Engineering at Massey University

    Alqahtani, Safar A

    Thesis
    Massey University

    This work proposes a novel approach comprising of a chain of algorithms, for comparing, matching and aligning pairs of cell colony images taken at different stages on a Petri dish. The objective is to provide an assistive tool for microbiologists to quantify the loss or growth of cell colonies on two Petri dishes, by mapping cell colonies between a pair of images. This problem is highly non-trivial, as the shape, size and position of the corresponding colonies vary randomly. In addition, the cell colony images for comparison were taken at different times and from slightly different perspectives (i.e. effects of shearing); therefore, amplifying the complexity of the problem. Preliminary studies show that approaches purely based on SIFT or SURF, as well as algorithms used in astronomy, do not perform well on the problem domain. We therefore introduce a new approach to addressing these problems. A novel iterative technique that combines triangulation algorithms with the RANSAC alignment algorithm and AdaBoost classifer for alignment validation is proposed. Using 60 pairs of images of Petri dishes containing real biological cell colonies, we demonstrate the efficacy of the new algorithm in comparison to existing ones found in the literature. Empirical results show that the new proposed algorithm, we call K-NT for cell colonies matching, performed 4 times more accurate than other existing triangulation-based pattern matching algorithms. In the last stage of processing, we were able to generate an AdaBoost classifer with an accuracy of 98.5% that helps validate if an image was successfully aligned or not.

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  • Opening the black box : how strategy practitioners develop their practices : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

    McEwan, Roger John

    Thesis
    Massey University

    While strategic management has been the focus of much research since the 1960s, there have been comparatively few studies on strategy practitioners, the human actors responsible for the process. These actors are often reduced to a set of observable demographic variables such as education level, work tenure, or job description. Consequently there is limited knowledge regarding strategy practitioners and, in particular, little is known about how they develop their practices, the knowledge and skills they use when engaged in strategic management. To address this gap in knowledge, this study, conducted within the strategy-as-practice (SAP) perspective, interviewed strategy practitioners identified by their peers as effective strategy practitioners. The responsive interviewing technique employed opened the so called ‘black box’, the subjective views of individuals, and allowed participants to reflect and, importantly, provide their meaning of what significantly influenced their strategic management practice development. Eighteen interviews were conducted and the analysis of the rich, deep data collected allowed an understanding of practice development from a practitioner’s perspective to emerge. The study revealed that this group of strategy practitioners see strategic management in holistic terms with a focus on organisational outcomes and not in a traditional, normative view which privileges the creation of a strategy. This contribution was not, however, a primary research outcome but participants view of strategic management impacted significantly on how they view themselves as strategy practitioners, the purpose of strategic management and, vitally, the practices they believe are needed to be effective. Within this context, the study shows that participants develop their practices idiosyncratically and learning from practice, notable literature and being involved with a broad range of people, were valued significantly in their practice development. It was through this meaning that participants were able to relate important aspects of their own development. This study contributes an empirical study to the SAP perspective that goes well beyond simple demographics in understanding how strategy practitioners develop their practices. In regards to research, the selection of strategy practitioners without considering their historical development has been identified as an area that may be problematic, especially for studies seeking to understand how strategy is practised. Business school education was not identified as a direct, meaningful contributor to participants’ development. This observation raises the interesting, and unresolved, question of the actual relationship between business schools and practice. The participants’ idiosyncratic career paths contributes to the viewpoints of authors who question whether the strategic management field should, or could, attain the status of a profession such as law or medicine.

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  • Effect of modified atmosphere on storage life of purple passionfruit and red tamarillo : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Horticultural Science at Massey University

    Pongjaruvat, Wattana

    Thesis
    Massey University

    This study investigates methods to improve storage life of purple passionfruit (Passiflora edulis Sims) and tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendt). For passionfruit, the main problem for export and storage is shrivelling whereas for tamarillo the quality of the stem is a key factor in export standards. Eating quality of passionfruit was best described by the titratable acidity (TA) and the soluble solids content (SSC) with the optimal eating flavour found at an SSC/TA ratio between 10-11. Wax coating, ethylene scavenging, and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) were assessed as tools to improve storage life. MAP with varying oxygen transmission rates (OTR at 5°C; 854, 1437, 2347 and 3089 ml m-2 day-1) were compared to the standard packaging in a cardboard box during storage at the commercial temperature of 8°C. Fruit quality was measured after 20, 28, and 42 days of storage with and without seven days of shelf life at 20°C in the same packaging as during storage. Waxing did not improve the quality of the fruit. MAP prevented shrivelling but in the packaging with lower OTR (854 - 1437 ml m-2 day-1) unacceptable external defects developed. Fruit quality in the packaging with the higher OTR (2347 - 3089 ml m-2 day-1) was similar except for the development of off-flavours in the packaging with an OTR of 2347 ml m-2 day-1 during shelf life possibly due to the high ethylene accumulation since the addition of an ethylene scavenger in a second trial eliminated the off-flavour development. The highest OTR MAP is the best option for long term storage. The second highest OTR MAP could be used providing an ethylene scavenger is added. To extend the storage life of tamarillo, two MAP options (OTR at 5°C; 1437 and 3089 ml m-2 day-1) were compared to the standard packaging in a cardboard box with polyliner as well as the effect of adding clove oil releasing sachets. All fruit were stored at 4°C for 56 days and fruit and stem quality was measured fortnightly with and without three days of shelf life at 20°C. MAP delayed the development of stem yellowing, which was related to chlorophyll degradation, but did not improve fruit quality and increased stem blackening and bleeding in the locule, especially when clove oil was added. Blackening was related to polyphenol oxidase activity and was aggravated by clove oil or by injury (e.g. disruption of cellular membranes) due to lower O2, higher CO2 and higher ethylene concentrations. Thus, for the two films tested, MAP with or without the addition of clove oil offered no advantages over conventional air storage.

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  • The epidemiology of mastitis in Australian dairy cattle : a dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Veterinary Studies (Epidemiology)

    Shephard, Richard William

    Thesis
    Massey University

    This study represents an aggregation of knowledge on mastitis within the Australian dairy industry. Aspects of the epidemiology and economics of mastitis have been collated and areas of missing knowledge identified. A clinical treatment trial was conducted on subclinical mastitis to identify the role of therapy upon subclinical infection. The effect of individual variables on mastitis risk was studied and aggregated in order to facilitate the development of a computer simulation model of mastitis within Australian dairy herds. A literature review of mastitis within the Australian dairy industry was conducted. The economic impact of mastitis was examined and the pathway of economic loss to the dairy industry is discussed. The epidemiology of mastitis was studied with special emphasis on quantification of the effect of individual risk factors on the occurrence of disease. Performance parameters for the current diagnostic tests applied within the dairy industry are presented and their suitability for use in a commercial environment discussed. The impact of self-cure and the efficacy of therapeutic intervention in the disease are examined. The role of culling is presented. The chapter concludes with an estimation of die total economic losses experienced on a commercial dairy farm in Victoria in 1998 for three different mastitis levels. The economic benefit to be gained from a reduction in mastitis is also presented. A clinical treatment trial of subclinically infected cows (high somatic cell count) was conducted in order to determine if therapeutic intervention was an effective management tool. Cows with somatic cell counts in excess of 500,000 cells per ml and more than 14 days calved were selected and randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. A pooled quarter milk sample was taken prior to treatment and repeated at around six weeks after treatment. Treated cows received a course of intramammary and parenteral antibiotics and control cows were untreated. Cows were followed for the rest of the lactation of treatment and into the subsequent lactation and somatic cell counts were recorded. The major pathogens identified were S anreus and S uberis. Treatment did not have a significant or commercially useful effect upon bacteriological cure rates, survival of cows to the next lactation or somatic cell count for the remainder of the lactation. Treatment of high somatic cell count cows during lactation is not recommended and is discussed. A requirement exists for the development of a stochastic simulation model of mastitis within Australian dairy herds. The structure of such a model was developed and is presented. Underlying production and somatic cell count responses in Australian cattle were derived. Infection status variables were included and stochasticity was introduced through the use of control variates. State transition probabilities were collected from the literature. Deficiencies in knowledge were identified and methods for modeling these deficient areas discussed. The aggregated information is presented. It is expected that a working stochastic simulation model of mastitis within Australian dairy herds will be developed from infomation collected in this dissertation.

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  • Diet and coexistence of Rattus rattus rattus (Linnaeus), Rattus exulans (Peale) and Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout) on Stewart Island, New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Zoology

    Sturmer, Andrew Trevor

    Thesis
    Massey University

    Coexistence and diet of Rattus rattus rattus, Rattus exulans and, Rattus norvegicus on Stewart Island was investigated by snap-trapping and stomach analysis. The trapping period was from June 1982 to December 1986. Four habitats were trapped for three nights every three months. Morphometric and reproductive information was collected throughout the programme. Studies of food availability, involving two forms of invertebrate sampling and plant phenology recordings, were undertaken in the final year of trapping. Overall rat abundance was 4.0 rats/100 trap-nights which is comparable with other findings in mainland forests and on large offshore islands in New Zealand. R. norvegicus abundance was significantly lower than that of R. rattus and R. exulans. Species composition varied considerably between transects and a high degree of disassociation between R. exulans and R. norvegius was recorded. R. norvegics was restricted to areas very close to water. Seasonal variation in rat abundance was marked and was most affected by changes in R. ratrus and R. exulans numbers. Highest rat abundance was in winter of each year. Male R. exulans were heavier (x = 65.61) than females ( = 60.77) and the same was true for R. norvegicus (male  = 201.40, female  = 165.50). All rat species were smaller than those trapped previously from New Zealand. Few pregnant rats were trapped but seasonal breeding of R. rattus and R. exulans was suggested by annual increases in the proportions of juveniles in winter and spring. Invertebrates and vegetation were the main foods eaten. In terms of frequency of occurrence and mean percentage volume, invertebrates were most important for R. exulans and R. norvegicus. For R. rattus invertebrates were also the most commonly eaten food but vegetation provided greatest volume of diet. Of the three species, R. rattus had a more varied diet and R. exulans was most reliant on invertebrates. Orthoptera, Opiliones, Chilopoda and Coleoptera were the invertebrates most frequently eaten by R. rattus, whereas Orthoptera, Araneida, Chilopoda and Terricolae were the most common in the diet of R. exulans. Decapoda (freshwater crayfish) were the most frequent diet item of R. norvegicus, and Opiliones, Othoptera, and Araneida were also common. Fruits, especially Prumnopitys ferruginea, and unidentified seeds and rhizomes were the more common plant foods eaten. A greater importance of leaf material than has been previously recorded is suggested in the diet of R. rattus. Birds were rarely eaten by R. rattus and R. norvegicus and not at all by R. exulans. Two instances of R. norvegicus having eaten lizards were recorded. Diet overlap was considerable but significant species differences were found. Diet varied with season for each species and for R.rattus and R. norvegicus there was variation between transects. Coexistence in the various habitats is discussed.

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  • Feminist Christians : a conflict resolved? : a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Women's Studies at Massey University

    Duncan, Anne Frances

    Thesis
    Massey University

    This thesis is a textual study of feminist Christian and sociological perspectives and is complemented by a small oral history project, which has been carried out using a feminist methodological framework. The research focuses on some strategies worked out by a selected number of Christian feminists in three different denominational groups as they individually negotiate traditional Church structures of beliefs and practices I identify several specific ways in which these women deal with the dissonance and conflict they acknowledge and encounter as a result of their retaining their Christian beliefs and practices alongside feminist perspectives. Their theoretical approach to the Christian tradition is situated within the scholarly frameworks developed by Christian feminists thinkers explored in this thesis. In particular Ruether and Fiorenza, who have written substantially about the experience of feminists remaining within the church and attempting to remedy the patriarchal practices and belief systems that have disempowered women for two millennia are used to understand the choices of the interviewees. I name this approach 'reformist' and contrast it briefly with a second broad strategy, sometimes called the post-Christian or 'revolutionary' approach. Mary Daly exemplifies this position and argues that there is no place for women within the androcentrism of Christianity and its misogynist practices. Principally a study of feminist approaches to gendered religious experience, this research explores how and why some selected feminist Christians in New Zealand live with (or decline to live with) the conflict their feminism presents to their Christianity. The fieldwork is situated within an examination of sociological perspectives on the social roles and functions of religion. Specifically, I discuss a range of differing views about the extent to which religion both benefits and disadvantages groups marked by gender. The gender analysis central to this thesis is established through a discussion of how differing feminist approaches to gender relations influence both feminist sociology and feminist Christian thinking.

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  • The financial management systems used on three important farm types in New Zealand : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Agricultural Science in Farm Management at Massey University

    Lockhart, James C

    Thesis
    Massey University

    Effective financial management is central to long-term profitability on New Zealand's farms, especially in the selling of a market-led economy. While this view is widely accepted and advocated, detailed knowledge of the financial management systems used by farmers is not available. This lack of knowledge limits the opportunities to specify improvements to this increasingly important dimension of farm management. This study reports the findings of surveys made in 1988 to investigate the financial management systems used by farmers on three important farm types in New Zealand. Surveys were made of South Taranaki dairy farmers, Taihape sheep and beef farmers and orchardists on the Heretaunga Plains. Over seventy individual interviews with farmers were completed. These were complemented with mail surveys of a further ninety farmers. The financial management systems in the three study areas are compared and contrasted using the survey data. These systems are also appraised relative to models of financial management which are developed from basic principles. Important differences are discerned between the financial management systems used by farmers in the dairy, sheep and beef and pipfruit industries. Although half of the surveyed dairy farmers complete a financial plan, only a small proportion of these attempt to reconcile the outcome of farming events with their plans. The situation in the sheep and beef industries is similar. However, a greater proportion of farmers in these industries completes the planning function than in the dairy industry. This is likely to reflect farmers' responses to the removal of publicly funded support for their enterprises and the limited extent of co-operative activity of producers in both the meat and wool industries relative to the dairy industry. The majority of orchardists surveyed use formal financial planning methods and effect a greater degree of control over their operations than do farmers in the other industries surveyed. Orchardists achieve this by updating their budgets both more frequently and regularly than do dairy and sheep and beef farmers. Detailed cross-tabulations of key aspects of the financial management systems on the surveyed farms are reported. Cluster analysis techniques are used to classify the financial management systems of the farmers on each of the three farm types surveyed. The attributes of farmers in the three clusters derived in the analysis are described. It is concluded that significant opportunities exist to improve the financial management systems used by New Zealand's farmers, at least in the three industries surveyed. Practicable means of achieving these improvements are recommended.

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