14,469 results for 2000, Journal article, ResearchSpace@Auckland

  • Assessing the dimensionality of computer self-efficacy among pre-service teachers in Singapore: A structural equation modeling approach

    Teo, Timothy; Koh, JHL (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    This study examines the computer self-efficacy among pre-service teachers (N=708) at a teacher training institute in Singapore. Data were collected through self-reported ratings on a 7-point Likert-type scale. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed on an initial sample (N=354) and the result revealed that pre-service teachers' computer self-efficacy was explained by three factors: Basic Computer Skills (BCS), Media-Related Skills (MRS), and Web-Based Skills (WBS). Using a separate sample (N=354), a confirmatory factor analysis was performed and this supported the three-factor structure from the initial EFA. A comparison of alternative models revealed that the correlated three-factor and second-order (three -factor) models had the best fits; and were adequate representations of pre-service teachers' computer self-efficacy. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

    View record details
  • Explaining the intention to use technology among volitional users in education: An evaluation of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) using structural equation modeling

    Teo, Timothy (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    This study investigated a sample (N=157) of pre-service teachers' intention to use technology, using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a research framework. In this study, pre-service teachers were used to represent volitional users of technology. This study contributes to the growing studies on TAM by demonstrating that perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU) and attitude toward computer use (ATCU) to be significant determinants of the intention to use (ITU). Using the structural equation modelling approach, there was a good model fit for both the measurement and structural models. All four hypotheses were supported. Overall, the results of this study offer some evidence that the TAM is an effective model to explain pre-service teachers' intention to use technology.

    View record details
  • Evaluating the intention to use technology among trainee teachers using the Technology Acceptance Model: A structural equation modeling approach

    Teo, Timothy (2009)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    This study examined student teachers' self-reported intentions to use technology. One hundred and fifty-nine participants completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to four constructs derived from the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), a path analysis was conducted to analyze the data. The results of this study showed that the TAM is a valid model in explaining student teachers' intention to use technology. Overall, this study indicated that attitude towards computer use had the largest effect on the intention to use technology, followed by perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

    View record details
  • The influence of user characteristics on technology acceptance by teachers: A literature review

    Teo, Timothy (2006)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Advances in computer technology and the diffusion of personal computers, coupled with the associated hardware, software, and network resources, motivated the development and implementation of new and innovative teaching strategies. Today it is accepted that technology plays an important and integral role in the teaching and learning process to effectively prepare students to face multiple challenges in the 21st century workplace. Within this framework, the role of the teacher is an important one as most of the students' activities in the schools are managed by the teacher. Thus it is essential to understand the factors that influence teachers' acceptance of technology for use in the classroom. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

    View record details
  • Assessing the cross-cultural validity study of the E-learning Acceptance Measure (ElAM): A structural equation modeling approach

    Teo, Timothy (2011)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    This study is a cross-cultural validation of the E-learning Acceptance Measure (ElAM) (Teo, 2010). E-learning acceptance was defined as the extent to which users would use elearning for the purposes it was designed for. A sample of 377 university students from three public universities in Thailand participated in this study. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the results revealed that the original 3-factor ElAM was not supported. However, the data in this study supported a correlated two-factor model (Tutor Quality and Facilitating Conditions) although an acceptable model fit to the data was not found. Despite significant parameter estimates for all 21 items, there were a high number of correlated measurement errors among these items, suggesting the possibility of unexplained shared variances among the items and unmodeled factors. This study concludes with suggestions for further cross-cultural validation studies

    View record details
  • Influence of user characteristics on teachers’ intention to use technology: Some research evidence

    Teo, Timothy (2011)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Advances in computer technology and the diffusion of personal computers, coupled with the associated hardware and software, and network resources, motivated the development and implementation of new and innovative teaching strategies. Today, it is accepted that technology plays an important and integral role in the instructional process in order to effectively prepare students to face multiple challenges in the 21st century workplace. Within this framework, the role of the teacher is an important one as most of the students' activities in the schools are managed by the teacher. These include how and when technology is used by the teacher and students. Given the high stakes, it is essential to understand the factors that drive teachers' intention to use technology for teaching and learning.

    View record details
  • Cannabinoid receptor 2 undergoes Rab5-mediated internalization and recycles via a Rab11-dependent pathway.

    Grimsey, NL; Goodfellow, CE; Dragunow, M; Glass, M (2011)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) is a GPCR highly expressed on the surface of cells of the immune system, supporting its role in immunomodulation. This study has investigated the trafficking properties of this receptor when stably expressed by HEK-293 cells. As previously reported, cell surface CB2 rapidly internalized upon exposure to agonist. Direct evidence of CB2 recycling was observed upon competitive removal of the stimulating agonist by inverse agonist. CB2 also underwent slow constitutive internalization when agonist was absent and was up-regulated in the presence of inverse agonist. Co-expression of CB2 and dominant negative Rab5 resulted in a significantly reduced capacity for receptors to internalize with no effect on recycling of the internalized receptors. Conversely, co-expression with dominant negative Rab11 did not alter the ability of CB2 to internalize but did impair their ability to return to the cell surface. Co-expression of wild-type, dominant negative or constitutively active Rab4 with CB2 did not alter basal surface expression, extent of internalization, or extent of recycling. These results suggest that Rab5 is involved in CB2 endocytosis and that internalized receptors are recycled via a Rab11 associated pathway rather than the rapid Rab4 associated pathway. This report provides the first comprehensive description of CB2 internalization and recycling to date.

    View record details
  • An integrated framework for designing Computer Learning Environments (CLEs)

    Wang, YQ; Teo, Timothy; Woo, HL (2009)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Web-based constructivist learning environments (CLEs) have many merits over the traditional classroom setting. However, few practice guidelines are currently available to guide the design of an effective web-based CLE. This article presents a three-layer integrated framework, which includes foundational tenets of constructivism and information and communication technology (ICT) at the central layer, element design and interaction design at the middle layer, and product specifications at the outermost layer. This framework illustrates clearly how detailed specifications of a CLE are eventually developed based on the basic beliefs of constructivism, by following the design guidelines suggested by element design and interaction design.

    View record details
  • The role of self-questioning: Problem solving in a security organisation

    Ng, KH; Lee, CB; Teo, T (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Self-questioning plays an important role in problem solving. In this study, we examined the effects of self-questioning techniques on problem solving and metacognition for ill-structured workplace problems including counter-terrorism, which is unconventional. The independent variable was the strategy training in self-questioning techniques, structuring around the IDEAL model as a cognitive heuristics adaptation to resolve novel situations. The dependent variable metacognition was made up of two constructs i.e. knowledge about cognition and regulation of cognition. These were measured by using the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) while overall problem solving performance was determined by assessing the participants' reasoning and the resulting consequences of their decision (outcome performance) in the pre- and post-tests. Our results revealed that the intervention had significant positive effects on the novices' reasoning performance, outcome performance and overall problem solving performance. In addition, the level of correlation between reasoning performance and outcome performance was significantly positive.

    View record details
  • Using structural equation modeling (SEM) in educational research: Practices and Issues

    Teo, Timothy (2011)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a method for analyzing multivariate data from both nonexperimental and experimental research. This method combines a measurement model linking observed variables with latent variables and a structural model linking latent variables. The use of SEM in social science and educational research has grown since the early days in 1980s and offers promise as a method that is useful in theory-based research. Using a data set for analysis, this paper presents a step-by-step, non-technical introduction on how the SEM technique is used. Throughout the paper, practical suggestions are given in order that researchers could use the SEM technique quickly. The paper concludes with information on relevant internet resources for further study and research. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

    View record details
  • Invasive meningococcal disease in Northland, New Zealand

    Mills, Clair (2011-12)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Invasive meningococcal disease is a serious illness commonly presenting as a meningitis and/or septicaemia. The case fatality rate in New Zealand over the last decade has varied from 4 to 10%, with higher rates for group C disease.

    View record details
  • I/O Psychology programmes at New Zealand universities: Contributions to the profession and to organizations in Aotearoa/New Zealand

    O'Driscoll, M; Burt, C; Cable, D; Cooper Thomas, Helena; Gardner, D; Lobb, B (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Managing up: How subordinates influence

    Geertshuis, Susan; Cooper Thomas, Helena; Morrison, R (2009-06)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    The article discusses how subordinates can influence management and managers. It outlines the factors that may encourage or discourage employees from attempting to influence their superiors. It discusses the differences in power between managers and subordinates. Information is presented on various tactics that subordinates can utilize to influence managers, including ingratiation, rationality, exchange, coalitions, upward appeal and assertiveness.

    View record details
  • Effective educative mentoring skills: A collaborative effort.

    McDonald, Lynette; Flint, A (2011)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Teacher induction programmes provide critical support for new teachers moving into teaching. The focus of this paper is to examine and identify the specific understandings, attitudes and skills educative mentors require in supporting Provisionally Registered Teachers’ (PRTs) learning. The research for this paper is based on a qualitative approach grounded in the interpretive tradition. Qualitative data were collected from 17 mentor teachers in the form of semi-structured one-toone interviews which were audio-taped, transcribed and analysed using a thematic approach. Based on the findings the specific understandings, attitudes and skills required by mentor teachers in effective educative mentoring with PRTs are: excellent curriculum and pedagogical knowledge, being an effective and reflective practitioner, clear communication skills, and personal skills of supportiveness and understanding. These findings are important for professional development and practice in induction and mentoring programmes in New Zealand. The findings of this study and the implications that have arisen must be considered within the context and size of the study.

    View record details
  • "Eine beispiellose Trennung": Der Hintergrund zu Thomas Manns Briefen an Peter Pringsheim, 1915 bis 1917

    Bade, James (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Die Briefe Thomas Manns an seinen Schwager Peter Pringsheim aus den Jahren 1915 bis 1917 unterscheiden sich wesentlich von anderen Briefen aus diesem Zeitraum. 1 Zum einen fällt einem sofort auf, dass alle drei Briefe in lateinischer Schrift abgefasst sind, was für Thomas Mann damals eine Seltenheit war. Im ersten Brief an Pringsheim vom 18. ...

    View record details
  • 'Eine beispiellose Trennung': Der Hintergrund zu Thomas Manns Briefen an Peter Pringsheim 1915 bis 1917

    Bade, James (2010)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • New Zealand's HIV infected population under active follow-up during 2000

    Mills, G.; Yardley, A.M.; Thomas, M.; Blackmore, T.; Pithie, A.; Schroeder, B.; Dickson, N. (2002)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    An open access copy of this article is available and complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions. Aim. To audit New Zealand's HIV infected population currently under active follow-up. Methods. Multiple sources were used to determine anonymously the demographic and management characteristics of HIV infected individuals being monitored with HIV viral load measurements and/or receiving antiretroviral therapy during 2000. Results. 593 people (480 males and 113 females) were under active follow-up. The most common transmission risk was male homosexual contact (56%) followed by heterosexual contact (28%), injecting drug use (3%) and mother to infant transmission (1%). Ethnicity data showed a disproportionate number of Africans (13%) compared to recent census figures. Anti-retroviral therapy was used in 71% of the cohort of whom 62% had HIV viral load measurements below 400 copies/mL. An upper estimate of diagnosed HIV individuals living in New Zealand at 30/9/2000 was 801. Conclusions. This is the first time that the demographic and clinical state of HIV infected individuals has been assessed throughout New Zealand. The results suggests a slightly lower number of HIV infected individuals currently living in New Zealand than previously estimated. Anti-retroviral therapy is being used effectively within the HIV infected population. The changing demographics, with a higher proportion of people under care from Africa, increasing numbers of females, and an increase in the proportion with heterosexual risk factors are particular challenges.

    View record details
  • Depression in patients in an Auckland general practice

    Goodyear-Smith, F.; Lloyd, T.; Arroll, B. (2002)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    An open access copy of this article is available and complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions. Aim. To measure the rate of detected and undetected depression in patients attending an Auckland generalpractice. Method. At their consultation conclusion, general practitioners (GPs) asked all consecutive patients oversixteen years attending for consultation to participate in ahealth and mood questionnaire. A researcher administeredthe Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to consentingparticipants. The GPs previously recorded whether theyconsidered these patients depressed. Results. Response rate among patients was 81% (253/314). The BDI found a 13.8% (35/253) 95% CI (9.6-18.5)depression prevalence among patients. GPs picked up 51%of cases (sensitivity 0.51 and specificity 0.91). Mäoripatients were no more likely to be depressed than non-Mäori but they were less likely to be receiving or havereceived treatment with antidepressants. Conclusion. The rate of depression in this practice was higher than an earlier study suggesting the true rate may be>10%. GPs see more depressed patients than other healthprofessionals, therefore improvement in detection andmanagement of depression in primary care is important.More work is needed on the difference between Mäori andnon-Mäori in the use of antidepressants

    View record details
  • Ethnic and gender differences in the use of coronary artery revascularisation procedures in New Zealand

    Bindman, A.B.; Tukuitonga, C.F. (2002)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    An open access copy of this article is available and complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions. Aims. To examine ethnic and gender variations in the use of coronary artery revascularisation procedures in New Zealand and to determine whether the introduction of priority scores affected intervention trends. Methods. Analysis of the National Minimum Database for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) intervention rates for New Zealand Pacific, Maori, and other men and women aged 40 years and over during the decade 1990-1999. Results. Coronary artery revascularisation rates were lower in women than in men in all ethnic groups and in Pacific and Maori men compared with other New Zealand men. Compared to all men, the mean age-standardised CABG and PTCA intervention rate ratios in all women were 0.34 and 0.36. Compared to other New Zealand men, the mean age-standardised CABG and PTCA intervention rate ratios were 0.64 and 0.25 in Pacific and 0.40 and 0.29 in Maori men respectively. Compared to other New Zealand women, the rate ratios for CABG and PTCA were 0.73 and 0.21 in Pacific and 0.74 and 0.43 in Maori women respectively. Introducing priority scores was neither associated with reduced cardiac procedures nor significantly reduced variation in procedures across all ethnic groups. Conclusions. Although Pacific and Maori peoples had higher rates of coronary artery disease morbidity and mortality, revascularisation rates were lower in both groups. Strategies beyond the use of priority scores are needed to address ethnic and gender disparities on coronary artery revascularisation procedures in New Zealand.

    View record details
  • Positional upper airways narrowing and an apparent life threatening event

    Vogel, S.; Bennet, L.; Gunn, A.J.; Tonkin, S.L. (2002)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    An open access copy of this article is available and complies with the copyright holder/publisher conditions. The present case confirms that flexion of the infant's head onto it's own chest can produce severe airway narrowing. It is highly likely that this narrowing was responsible for the alarming cyanosis in this infant. The underlying factor allowing such airway narrowing is the immaturity of the tempero-axillary joint in newborns, which allows much more antero-posterior movement than in adults.

    View record details