1,490 results for The University of Auckland Library, Book item

  • Student self-assessment

    Brown, Gavin; Harris, LR (2013)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • 'Bills of Exchange'

    Hare, Christopher (2000)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Morphological processes, planning and market realities: reshaping the urban waterfront in Auckland and Wellington

    Gu, Kai (2014)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Indigenous Visions For Sustainable Development Law? Continuing the Conversation

    Watene, Krushil (2013-08-01)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Language, Religion, and Nationalism: The Case of the Former Serbo-Croatian

    Greenberg, Robert (2013)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Nabokov's Blues and His Drab-Shoelace Brown, and His Weathered-Wood Black. Foreword

    Boyd, Brian (2005)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • "Even Homais Nods": Nabokov's Fallibility; or, How to Revise Lolita

    Boyd, Brian (2003)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Storm over the Starship: A geosemiotic analysis of brand co-ownership

    Conroy, DM; Brookes, R (2011)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Maori Education and Achievement

    McKinley, E.; Hoskins, Te Kawehau (2011)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Interrupting Perpetual Flight

    Bywater, Jonathan (2009)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Philosophical perspectives on music's expressiveness

    Davies, Stephen (2001)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Face Value. Perception and Knowledge of Others’ Happiness

    Zamuner, Edoardo (2009)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Child Nutrition Guidelines and Gender

    Jonas, Monique (2014)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Auckland's Centrepiece: Unsettled Identities, Unstable Monuments

    Bell, Leonard (2006)

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    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Some key issues in post-admission language assessment

    Read, John (2016)

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    The University of Auckland Library

    This chapter introduces the volume by briefly outlining trends in English-medium higher education internationally, but with particular reference to post-entry language assessment (PELA) in Australian universities. The key features of a PELA are described, in contrast to a placement test and an international proficiency test. There is an overview of each of the other chapters in the book, providing appropriate background information on the societies and education systems represented: Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, the USA, New Zealand, Oman and South Africa. This is followed by a discussion of three themes running through several chapters. The first is how to validate post-admission language assessments; the second is the desirability of obtaining feedback from the test-takers; and the third is the extent to which a PELA is diagnostic in nature.

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  • Reflecting on the contribution of post-admission assessments

    Read, John (2016)

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    The University of Auckland Library

    This chapter examines a number of issues arising from the earlier contributions to this volume. It considers the decision by a university about whether to introduce a post-admission language assessment in terms of the positive and negative messages such a decision may convey, as well as the costs versus the benefits. There is some discussion of the need to develop professional communication skills as attributes to enhance the employability of graduates and how such skills can be fostered, along with the development of academic literacy in the disciplines, through various forms of collaboration between English language specialists and academic teaching staff. Finally, it explores ideas related to the concept of English as a lingua franca and what implications they may have for the assessment of university students from different language backgrounds.

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  • Networking Learners Using Online Asynchronous Discussions

    Datt, Ashwini (2017)

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    The University of Auckland Library

    Online asynchronous discussions (OADs) are a prospective tool for creating learning networks that can minimize transactional distance and humanize distance learning. Using it to support effective communication and interaction among learners in video-based distance courses requires special skills and consideration. This research evaluates the use of OADs in a second and third year sociology undergraduate video-broadcast course (VBC). Patterns of participation and interaction were examined using the network and content analysis tools to determine the effectiveness of OADs as a pedagogical strategy. The role of the teacher in establishing a learning network between on-campus and distance students was also investigated.

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  • Deviance Information Criterion (DIC)

    Meyer, Renate (2016)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The deviance information criterion (DIC) was introduced in 2002 by Spiegelhalter et al. [1] to compare the relative t of a set of hierarchical Bayesian models. It is similar to Akaike's information criterion (AIC) in combining a measure of goodness-of- t and measure of complexity, both based on the deviance. While AIC uses the maximum likelhood estimate, DIC's plug-in estimate is based on the posterior mean. Since the number of independent parameters in a Bayesian hierarchical model is not clearly de ned, DIC estimates the e ective number of parameters by the di erence of the posterior mean of the deviance and the deviance at the posterior mean. This coincides with the number of independent parameters in xed e ect models with at priors, thus the DIC is a generalization of AIC. It can be justi ed as an estimate of the posterior predictive model performance within a decision-theoretic framework and it is asymptotically equivalent to leave-one-out cross- validation. The DIC has been used extensively for practical model comparison in many disciplines, works well for exponential family models but due to its dependence on the parametrization and focus of a model, its application to mixture models is problematic.

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  • Evaluation of the linkage disequilibrium method for estimating effective population size

    Russell, James; Fewster, Rachel (2009)

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    The University of Auckland Library

    Data on linkage disequilibrium at unlinked loci provide an estimate of the inbreeding effective population size of the parental generation of the sampled cohort. The inbreeding effective population size, Ne, is the reciprocal of the probability that two gametes, selected at random without replacement from those that produced the sampled cohort, derive from the same parent. Effective population size is an important parameter for measuring the rate of inbreeding in a population. We detail the construction of the linkage disequilibrium estimator of Ne, and evaluate its performance by simulation. We simulate populations which are dioecious and non-selfing. We use the simulations to examine the effects of several types of deviation from ideal population conditions, and of sample size, genotyping errors, number of loci typed, and polymorphic loci. We find substantial bias in the Ne estimator when there have been recent fluctuations in census population size, when the index of breeding variability is greater than one, and when the ratio of sample size to effective population size differs substantially from one. Due to high variability, estimators that have low bias for the reciprocal of Ne can present substantial bias when used as estimators of Ne itself. We consider a recent small sample size bias correction proposed for the method, and find that it improves bias in the reciprocal, but at the expense of increased bias for Ne. The improvements in the bias of the reciprocal are usually small, but are substantial when sample size is much less than Ne, while the increase in bias for Ne is often substantial. We test the method on two exhaustively sampled rat populations, and find it performs as expected from simulation. For practitioners, we recommend that resources are spent first in ensuring that the sample size is likely to be greater than the effective population size, and only then that the number of loci is increased to improve the precision of the estimate.

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  • The eradication of mammals from New Zealand islands

    Clout, Michael; Russell, James (2006)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Data on eradication operations against alien mammals on New Zealand islands show that there was a substantial increase in the number of successful eradications in the 1980s and 1990s. The most significant change has been in the ability to eradicate rodents from increasingly large islands (to over 11,000ha), using aerial poisoning techniques. Based on the New Zealand experience, there are good prospects for further eradications of alien mammals from islands around the world, facilitating ecological restoration and the recovery of threatened species. However, instances of reinvasion of rats (Rattus spp.) and stoats (Mustela erminea) onto previously cleared islands illustrate the importance of prevention, effective monitoring and a fuller understanding of invasion risks.

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