113 results for University of Waikato, Hinze, Annika

  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: implementation and evaluation

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This report covers the implementation of software that aims to identify document versions and se-mantically related documents. This is important due to the increasing amount of digital information. Key criteria were that the software was fast and required limited disk space. Previous research de-termined that the Simhash algorithm was the most appropriate for this application so this method was implemented. The structure of each component was well defined with the inputs and outputs constant and the result was a software system that can have interchangeable parts if required.

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  • Social interactions using an electronic rabbit

    Zaicu, Alexandru Calin; Hinze, Annika (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    In this project we use an electronic rabbit called Karotz, created by French company Violet. The rabbits have the ability to connect autonomously to a WI-FI network. IN this project we use Karotz to record an audio log that will contain sounds of the environment. We also programmed a way for the rabbit to send audio to its other Karotz friend. We explored if Karotz can be used to help people stay in contact with each other and to feel less homesick.

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  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: similarity measure, architecture and design

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This research looks at the most appropriate similarity measure to use for a document classification problem. The goal is to find a method that is accurate in finding both semantically and version related documents. A necessary requirement is that the method is efficient in its speed and disk usage. Simhash is found to be the measure best suited to the application and it can be combined with other software to increase the accuracy. Pingar have provided an API that will extract the entities from a document and create a taxonomy displaying the relationships and this extra information can be used to accurately classify input documents. Two algorithms are designed incorporating the Pingar API and then finally an efficient comparison algorithm is introduced to cut down the comparisons required.

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  • Text categorization and similarity analysis: similarity measure, literature review

    Fowke, Michael; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Document classification and provenance has become an important area of computer science as the amount of digital information is growing significantly. Organisations are storing documents on computers rather than in paper form. Software is now required that will show the similarities between documents (i.e. document classification) and to point out duplicates and possibly the history of each document (i.e. provenance). Poor organisation is common and leads to situations like above. There exists a number of software solutions in this area designed to make document organisation as simple as possible. I'm doing my project with Pingar who are a company based in Auckland who aim to help organise the growing amount of unstructured digital data. This reports analyses the existing literature in this area with the aim to determine what already exists and how my project will be different from existing solutions.

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  • Catching and displaying memory cues for a mobile augmented memory system

    Bellamy, Jake; Hinze, Annika (2013-12)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This report goes over and details the progress of the 2013 COMP477 project “Augmenting Memory: The Digital Parrot on Mobile Devices” undertaken by Jake Bellamy and supervised by Annika Hinze at the University of Waikato. The report begins with an overview on the problem with remembering events in people’s lives and details the background information on the Digital Parrot system. It also describes the previous project that preceded this one, which began to conceptualize the Digital Parrot on mobile devices. It analyses problems with the current design of the system and addresses them. The report then goes on to conduct an in depth user study with the functioning version of the software. The user study finds design flaws and incorrect functionality in the application that would not have otherwise been apparent. Finally, the report concludes with a proposed user interface concept that addresses all of the issues found in the user study and describes how the system would work. It describes the initial implementation that has begun in building this system.

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  • Keeping Track of the semantic Web: Personalized Event Notification

    Hinze, Annika; Evans, Reuben James Emmanuel (2006)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The semantic web will not be a static collection of formats, data and meta-data but highly dynamic in each aspect. This paper proposes a personalized event notification system for semantic web documents (ENS-SW). The system can intelligently detect and filter changes in semantic web documents by exploiting the semantic structure of those documents. In our prototype, we combine the functionalities of user profiles and distributed authoring systems. Typically, both approaches would lack the ability to handle semantic web documents. This paper introduces the design and implementation of our event notification system for semantic web documents that handles the XML representation of RDF. We analyzed our prototype regarding accuracy and efficiency in change detection. Our system supports sophisticated change detection including partial deletion, awareness for document restructuring, and approximate filter matches.

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  • Efficient filtering of composite events

    Hinze, Annika (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Event Notification Services (ENS) are used in various applications such as remote monitoring and control, stock tickers, traffic control, or facility management. The performance issues of the filtering of primitive events has been widely studied. However, for a growing number of applications, the rapid notification about the occurrence of composite events is an important issue. Currently, the detection of composite events requires a second filtering step after the identification of the primitive components. In this paper, we propose a single-step method for the filtering of composite events. The method has been implemented and tested within our ENS prototype CompAS. Using our method, the filter response time for composite events is significantly reduced. Additionally, the overall performance of the event filtering has been improved.

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  • Browsing and book selection in the physical library shelves

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Heese, Ralf (2013-02)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Library users should be conveniently interact with collections and be able to easily choose books of interest as they explore and browse a physical book collection. While there exists a growing body of naturalistic studies of browsing and book selection in digital collections, the corresponding literature on behaviour in the physical stacks is surprisingly sparse. We add to this literature in this paper, by conducting observations of patrons in a university library as they selected books from the shelves. Our aim is to further our understanding of patterns of behaviour in browsing and selection in physical collections.

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  • Shared browsing and book selection in an academic library

    Timpany, Claire; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vanderschantz, Nicholas (2012)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    While there exist a small but growing body of naturalistic studies of collaborative searching and browsing in digital collections, the corresponding literature on behavior in the physical stacks is surprisingly sparse. Here, we add to this literature by conducting observations of the “retrieval journeys” of pairs of patrons in a university library. We specifically focus on interactions between patrons as they work together to browse and select books in physical collections, to further our understanding of collaborative information behaviour.

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  • Using ontologies to reason about the usability of interactive medical devices in multiple situations of use

    Bowen, Judy; Hinze, Annika (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Formally modelling interactive software systems and devices allows us to prove properties of correctness about such devices, and thus ensure effectiveness of their use. It also enables us to consider interaction properties such as usability and consistency between the interface and system functionality. Interactive modal devices, that have a fixed interface but whose behaviour is dependent on the mode of the device, can be similarly modelled. Such devices always behave in the same way (i.e. have the same functionality and interaction possibilities) irrespective of how, or where, they are used. However, a user’s interaction with such devices may vary according to the physical location or environment in which they are situated (we refer to this as a system’s context and usage situation). In this paper we look at a particular example of a safety-critical system, that of a modal interactive medical syringe pump, which is used in multiple situations. We consider how ontologies can be used to reason about the effects of different situations on the use of such devices.

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  • History navigation in location-based mobile systems

    Müller, Knut; Hinze, Annika (2010-12-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The aim of this paper is to provide an overview and comparison of concepts that have been proposed to guide users through interaction histories (e.g. for web browsers). The goal is to gain insights into history design that may be used for designing an interaction history for the location-based Tourist Information Provider (TIP) system [8]. The TIP system consists of several services that interact on a mobile device.

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  • Compressing GPS data on mobile devices

    Lever, Ryan; Hinze, Annika; Buchanan, George (2006)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In context-aware mobile systems, data on past user behaviour or use of a device can give critical information. The scale of this data may be large, and it must be quickly searched and retrieved. Compression is a powerful tool for both storing and indexing data. For text documents powerful algorithms using structured storage achieve high compression and rapid search and retrieval. Byte-stream techniques provide higher compression, but lack indexation and have slow retrieval. Location is a common form of context frequently used in research prototypes of tourist guide systems, location-aware searching and adaptive hypermedia. In this paper, we present an exploration of record-based compression of Global Positioning System (GPS) data that reveals significant technical limitations on what can be achieved on mobile devices, and a discussion of the benefits of different compression techniques on GPS data.

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  • Augmented Memory for Conference Attendees

    Schweer, Andrea; Hinze, Annika (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Human memory at its best can perform astonishing feats - the tiniest snippet of information can trigger whole chains of associations, ending at an item long-believed forgotten. While modern information systems excel at systematic manipulation of structured or semi-structured information or even vast repositories of unstructured textual information, they are still far from these capabilities.

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  • Patient-based mobile alerting systems- requirements and expectations

    Hinze, Annika; Jung, Doris (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Patients with chronic conditions are not well supported by technical systems in managing their conditions. However, such systems could help patients to self-reliantly comply with their treatment. This help could be rendered in the form of alerting patients about condition-relevant issues, transmitting relevant parameters to healthcare providers and analysing these parameters according to guidelines specified by both patients and healthcare staff. If necessary, this analysis of condition parameters triggers the alerting of patients and healthcare providers about actions to be taken. In this paper, we present the results of a survey we have undertaken to verify and extend requirements we have identified for the design of a Mobile Alerting System for patients with chronic conditions. First of all, the results show that a Mobile Alerting System is desired by patients. Moreover, due to the inter- and intra-user variance of patients and healthcare staff, the system has to work in a context-aware manner and allow for personalised parameters in order to be adaptable to every user’s needs.

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  • Towards a TIP 3.0 service-oriented architecture: Interaction design.

    Hinze, Annika; Malik, Petra; Malik, Robi (2005-01-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    This paper describes our experience when applying formal methods in the design of the tourist information system TIP, which presents context-sensitive information to mobile users with small screen devices. The dynamics of this system are very complex and pose several challenges, firstly because of the sophisticated interaction of several applications on a small screen device and the user, and secondly because of the need for communication with highly asynchronous event-based information systems. UML sequence diagrams have been used to capture the requirements and possible interactions of the system. In a second step, a formal model has been created using discrete event systems, in order to thoroughly understand and analyse the dynamics of the system. By verifying general properties of the formal model, several conceptual difficulties have been revealed in very early stages of the design process, considerably speeding up the development. This work shows the limitations of typical methods for interaction design when applied to mobile systems using small screen devices and proposes an alternative approach using discrete event systems.

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  • Subscription tree pruning: A structure-independent routing optimization for general-purpose publish/subscribe systems.

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2006-01-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    A main challenge in distributed publish/subscribe systems is the efficient and scalable routing of incoming information (event messages). For largescale publish/subscribe services, subscription forwarding has been established as a prevalent routing scheme. It reduces the network traffic for event routing due to selectively forwarding event messages to relevant parts of the network only. To further improve event routing, publish/subscribe systems apply routing optimizations. So far, optimizations for general-purpose publish/subscribe systems are still missing. In this paper, we present the architecture, realization, and evaluation of our prototype of a large-scale publish/subscribe service applying a novel routing optimization, subscription tree pruning. We also show a comparison of five existing routing optimizations in respect to six important characteristic parameters affecting the suitability of these approaches in practice (including space usage, time efficiency (throughput), and network load). This comparative analysis clearly demonstrates the advantages of subscription pruning over other routing optimizations. In our practical experiments, we then investigate the behavior of our prototype regarding all quantitatively measurable parameters from our previously theoretically analyzed ones. Our evaluation of subscription pruning in this paper is more extensive than previous analyses of any routing optimizations for publish/ subscribe systems, which focus on selected parameters only.

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  • Design and analysis of an efficient distributed event notification service

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2004-01-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Event Notification Services (ENS) use the publish/subscribe paradigm to continuously inform subscribers about events they are interested in. Subscribers define their interest in so-called profiles. The event information is provided by event publishers, filtered by the service against the profiles, and then send to the subscribers. In real-time systems such as facility management, an efficiency filter component is one of the most important design goals. In this paper, we present our analysis and evaluation of efficient distributed filtering algorithms. Firstly, we propose a classification and first-cut analysis of distributed filtering algorithms. Secondly, based on the classification we describe our analysis of selected algorithms. Thirdly, we describe our ENS prototype DAS that includes three filtering algorithms. This prototype is tested with respect to efficiency, network traffic and memory consumption. In this paper, we discuss the results of our practical analysis in detail.

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  • Arbitrary boolean advertisements: the final step in supporting the boolean publish/subscribe model

    Bittner, Sven; Hinze, Annika (2006-06-01)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    Publish/subscribe systems allow for an efficient filtering of incoming information. This filtering is based on the specifications of subscriber interests, which are registered with the system as subscriptions. Publishers conversely specify advertisements, describing the messages they will send later on. What is missing so far is the support of arbitrary Boolean advertisements in publish/subscribe systems. Introducing the opportunity to specify these richer Boolean advertisements increases the accuracy of publishers to state their future messages compared to currently supported conjunctive advertisements. Thus, the amount of subscriptions forwarded in the network is reduced. Additionally, the system can more time efficiently decide whether a subscription needs to be forwarded and more space efficiently store and index advertisements. In this paper, we introduce a publish/subscribe system that supports arbitrary Boolean advertisements and, symmetrically, arbitrary Boolean subscriptions. We show the advantages of supporting arbitrary Boolean advertisements and present an algorithm to calculate the practically required overlapping relationship among subscriptions and advertisements. Additionally, we develop the first optimization approach for arbitrary Boolean advertisements, advertisement pruning. Advertisement pruning is tailored to optimize advertisements, which is a strong contrast to current optimizations for conjunctive advertisements. These recent proposals mainly apply subscription-based optimization ideas, which is leading to the same disadvantages. In the second part of this paper, our evaluation of practical experiments, we analyze the efficiency properties of our approach to determine the overlapping relationship. We also compare conjunctive solutions for the overlapping problem to our calculation algorithm to show its benefits. Finally, we present a detailed evaluation of the optimization potential of advertisement pruning. This includes the analysis of the effects of additionally optimizing subscriptions on the advertisement pruning optimization.

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  • Proceedings of the Third Computing Women Congress (CWC 2008): Student papers

    Hinze, Annika; Schweer, Andrea; Hempstalk, Kathryn (2008-02)

    Working or discussion paper
    University of Waikato

    The Third Computing Women Congress was held at the University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand from February 11th to 13th, 2008. The Computing Women Congress (CWC) is a Summer University for women in Computer Science. It is a meeting-place for female students, academics and professionals who study or work in Information Technology. CWC provides a forum to learn about and share the latest ideas of computing related topics in a supportive environment. CWC provides an open, explorative learning and teaching environment. Experimentation with new styles of learning is encouraged, with an emphasis on hands-on experience and engaging participatory techniques.

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  • Capturing Context in Collaborative Profiles

    Jung, Doris; Hinze, Annika (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In various application areas for alerting systems, the context and knowledge of several parties affect profile definition and filtering. For example, in healthcare nurses, doctors and patient influence the treatment process. Thus, profiles for alerting systems have to be generated by the explicit collaboration of several parties who may not know each other directly. We propose the new concept of collaborative profiles to capture these different conditions and contexts. These profiles exploit each single party’s expert-knowledge for defining the context under which (health-related) alerting is required. Challenges include the definition and refinement of profiles as well as conflict detection in context definitions.

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