1 results for Adams, D

  • Anatomical variations of the common carotid artery bifurcation.

    Lo, A; Oehley, M; Bartlett, Adam; Adams, D; Blyth, Philip; Al-Ali, Saad (2006-11)

    Journal article
    The University of Auckland Library

    Background: The correlation of the common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation and its surrounding structures is poorly described. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomy of the CCA bifurcation relative to its surrounding structures. Method: We dissected a total of 67 carotid specimens from 36 embalmed cadavers. CCA bifurcation occurred at the superior border of thyroid cartilage in 39% and at the body of hyoid bone in 40% of specimens. Results: The superior thyroid artery arose more commonly from the CCA (52.3%) than the external carotid artery (46.2%). The vagus nerve was posterior to the carotid bifurcation in 40 (60%), posterior???lateral in 24 (36%), posterior???medial in 2 (3%) and anterior???lateral in 1 specimen (1.5%). The hypoglossal nerve was closer to the CCA bifurcation when the CCA bifurcated at the level of the hyoid bone than when it bifurcated at the superior border of the thyroid cartilage (P < 0.05). The correlation of the common facial vein and the carotid artery was highly variable. Conclusion: The presence of a high CCA bifurcation should caution surgeons that the hypoglossal nerve lies in closer proximity and is more vulnerable. Preoperatively documenting the level of the CCA bifurcation may be helpful in identifying those patients at increased risk of iatrogenic injury.

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