5 results for Alley, Steven R.

  • Ferrocenyl hydroxymethylphosphines (η⁵-C₅H₅)Fe[η⁵⁻C₅H₄P(CH₂OH)₂] and 1,1′-[Fe{η⁵-C₅H₄P(CH₂OH)₂}₂] and their chalcogenide derivatives

    Henderson, William; Alley, Steven R. (2002)

    Journal article
    University of Waikato

    The ferrocenyl hydroxymethylphosphines FcP(CH₂OH)₂ [Fc=(η⁵-C₅H₅)Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)] and 1,1′-Fc′[P(CH₂OH)₂]₂ [Fc′=Fe(η⁵⁻C₅H₄)₂] were prepared by reactions of the corresponding primary phosphines FcPH₂ and 1,1′-Fc′(PH₂)₂ with excess aqueous formaldehyde. The crystal structure of FcP(CH₂OH)₂ was determined and compared with the known ferrocenyl hydroxymethylphosphine FcCH₂P(CH₂OH)₂. The chalcogenide derivatives FcP(E)(CH₂OH)₂ and 1,1′-Fc′[P(E)(CH₂OH)₂]₂ (E=O, S, Se) were prepared and fully characterised. Crystal structure determinations on FcP(O)(CH₂OH)₂ and FcP(S)(CH₂OH)₂ were performed, and the hydrogen-bonding patterns are compared with related compounds. The sulfide shows no hydrogen-bonding involving the phosphine sulfide group, in contrast to other reported ferrocenyl hydroxymethylphosphine sulfides. The platinum complex cis-[PtCl₂{FcP(CH₂OH)₂}₂] was prepared by reaction of 2 mol equivalents of FcP(CH₂OH)₂ with [PtCl₂(1,5-cyclo-octadiene)], and was characterised by 31P-NMR spectroscopy and negative ion electrospray mass spectrometry, which gave a strong [M+Cl]⁻ ion.

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  • ‘User-friendly’ primary phosphines and an arsine: synthesis and characterization of new air-stable ligands incorporating the ferrocenyl group

    Henderson, William; Alley, Steven R. (2002)

    Journal article
    University of Waikato

    Reaction of FcCH₂CH₂P(O)(OH)₂ or FcCH₂P(O)(OH)(OEt) [Fc=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)(η⁵-C₅H₅)] with excess CH₂N₂ followed by reduction with Me₃SiCl–LiAlH₄ gives the air-stable primary phosphines FcCH₂CH₂PH₂ and the previously reported analogue FcCH₂PH₂ in high yields. Reduction of 1,1′-Fc′[CH₂P(O)(OEt)₂] [Fc′=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)₂] and 1,2-Fc″[CH₂P(O)(OEt)₂] [Fc″=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₅)(η⁵-C₅H₃)] similarly gives the new primary phosphines 1,1′-Fc′(CH₂PH₂)₂ and 1,2-Fc″(CH₂PH₂)₂, respectively. The arsine FcCH₂CH₂AsH₂, which is also air-stable, has been prepared by reduction of the arsonic acid FcCH₂CH₂As(O)(OH)₂ using Zn/HCl. An X-ray structure has been carried out on the arsine, which is only the second structure determination of a free primary arsine. The molybdenum carbonyl complex [1,2-Fc″(CH₂PH₂)₂Mo(CO)₄] was prepared by reaction of the phosphine with [Mo(CO)₄(pip)₂] (pip=piperidine), and characterized by a preliminary X-ray structure determination. However, the same reaction of 1,1′-Fc′(CH₂PH₂)₂with [Mo(CO)₄(pip)₂] gave [1,1′-Fc′(CH₂PH₂)₂Mo(CO)₄] and the dimer [1,1′-Fc′(CH₂PH₂)₂Mo(CO)₄]₂, characterized by electrospray mass spectrometry. 1,1′-Fc′[CH₂PH₂Mo(CO)₅]₂ and 1,2-Fc″[CH₂PH₂Mo(CO)₅]₂ were likewise prepared from the phosphines and excess [Mo(CO)₅(THF)].

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  • Platinum(II) complexes containing ferrocene-derived phosphonate ligands; synthesis, structural characterisation and antitumour activity

    Henderson, William; Alley, Steven R. (2001)

    Journal article
    University of Waikato

    Platinum ferrocenyl–phosphonate complexes, containing four-membered Pt---O---P(O)---O rings, have been synthesised by the reactions of cis-[PtCl₂(PPh₃)₂] with the ferrocene-derived phosphonic acids Fc(CH₂)nP(O)(OH)₂(n=0–2) [Fc=(η⁵-C₅H₄)Fe(η⁵-C₅H₅)] and 1,1′-Fc′[P(O)(OH)₂]₂ [Fc′=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)₂] in the presence of Ag₂O. The complexes have been characterised by NMR spectroscopy, together with crystal structure determinations on [Fc(CH₂)nPO₃Pt(PPh₃)₂] (n=1, 2) and [1,1′-Fc′{PO₃Pt(PPh₃)₂}₂]. The complexes [Fc(CH₂)nPO₃Pt(PPh₃)₂] (n=1, 2) show moderate activity against P388 leukaemia cells, whereas the parent phosphonic acids are inactive.

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  • Synthesis and characterisation of ferrocenyl-phosphonic and -arsonic

    Alley, Steven R.; Henderson, William (2001)

    Journal article
    University of Waikato

    The ferrocene-derived acids FcCH₂CH₂E(O)(OH)₂ [4, E=P; 10, E=As; Fc=Fe(η₅-C₅H₅)(η⁵-C₅H₄)] have been synthesized by the reaction of FcCH₂CH₂Br with either P(OEt)₃ followed by hydrolysis, or with sodium arsenite followed by acidification. Reaction of FcCH₂OH with (EtO)₂P(O)Na gave FcP(O)(OEt)(OH), which was converted to FcCH₂P(O)(OH)₂ (3) by silyl ester hydrolysis using Me₃SiBr–Et₃N followed by aqueous work-up. Similarly, the known phosphonic acid FcP(O)(OH)₂and the new derivatives 1,1′-Fc′[P(O)(OH)₂]₂ [Fc′=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)₂] and 1,1′-Fc′[CH₂P(O)(OH)₂]₂(7) have been synthesized via their corresponding esters. X-ray crystal structure determinations have been carried out on 3 and 7, and the hydrogen-bonding networks discussed. Electrospray mass spectrometry has been employed in the characterization of the various acids. Phosphonic acids give the expected [M–H]− ions and their fragmentation at elevated cone voltages has been found to be dependent on the acid. FcP(O)(OH)₂ fragments to [C₅H₄PO₂H]−, but in contrast Fc(CH₂)nP(O)(OH)₂ (n=1, 2) give Fe{η⁵-C₅H₄(CH₂)nP(O)O₂]− ions, which are proposed to have an intramolecular interaction between the Fe atom and the phosphonate group. In contrast, arsonic acid (10), together with PhAs(O)(OH)₂for comparison, undergo facile alkylation (in methanol or ethanol solvent), and at elevated cone voltages (e.g. >60 V) undergo carbon–arsenic bond cleavage giving [CpFeAs(O)(OR)O]− (R=H, Me, Et) and ultimately [AsO₂]− ions.

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  • New ferrocene-derived hydroxymethylphosphines: FcP(CH₂OH)₂ [Fc=(η⁵-C₅H₅)Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)] and the dppf analogue 1,1′-Fc′[P(CH₂OH)₂]₂ [Fc′=Fe(η⁵-C₅H₄)₂]

    Alley, Steven R.; Henderson, William (2001)

    Journal article
    University of Waikato

    Reactions of the ferrocene-phosphines FcPH₂ and 1,1′-Fc′(PH₂)₂ with excess formaldehyde gives the new hydroxymethylphosphines FcP(CH₂OH)₂ 1 and 1,1′-Fc′[P(CH₂OH)₂]₂ 2, respectively. Phosphine 1 is an air-stable crystalline solid, whereas 2 is isolated as an oil. Reaction of 1 with H₂O₂, S₈ or Se gives the chalcogenide derivatives FcP(E)(CH₂OH)₂ (E=O, S or Se), whilst reaction of 2 with S8 gives 1,1′-Fc′[P(S)(CH₂OH)₂]₂, which were fully characterised. Phosphine 1 was also characterised by an X-ray crystal structure determination.

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