60 results for Bainbridge, David, Conference item

  • Practical digital library interoperability standards

    Bainbridge, David; Witten, Ian H. (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    As the field of digital libraries matures and new systems and standards develop, the ability to interoperate between systems becomes paramount. This tutorial gives a practical introduction to many recent standards and de facto standards for interoperability, and illustrates them using open source digital library software-including online demonstrations of interoperation issues and solutions. Core standards that are discussed include Dublin Core, OAI-PMH, METS, and MODS. We use interoperation between Greenstone and DSpace as a motivating case study. For those demonstrations that involve Greenstone, attendees who wish to may bring their laptops, install Greenstone from a CD-ROM that we will provide, along with various sample files, and follow along with the demonstrations on their own machine.

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  • A new framework for building digital library collections

    Buchanan, George; Bainbridge, David; Don, Katherine J.; Witten, Ian H. (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper introduces a new framework for building digital library collections and contrasts it with existing systems. It describes a significant new step in the development of a widely-used open-source digital library system, Greenstone, which has evolved over many years. It is supported by a fresh implementation, which forced us to rethink the entire design rather than making incremental improvements. The redesign capitalizes on the best ideas from the existing system, which have been refined and developed to open new avenues through which digital librarians can tailor their collections. We demonstrate its flexibility by showing how digital library collections can be extended and altered to satisfy new requirements.

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  • Building digital library collections with greenstone

    Witten, Ian H.; Bainbridge, David (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This tutorial will demonstrate how to build a variety of different kinds of digital library collections with the Greenstone digital library software, a comprehensive, open-source system for constructing, presenting, and maintaining information collections. Collections will be built from HTML documents; Word, PDF and PostScript documents; images in various formats; MP3 and MIDI audio; MARC records; and more. For each collection, various different full-text search indexes and metadata-based browsers will be created. Attendees who wish to are encouraged to bring their laptops, install Greenstone from a CD-ROM that we will provide, along with various sample files, and follow along with the demonstrations on their own machine.

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  • Extending Greenstone for Institutional Repositories

    Bainbridge, David; Osborn, Wendy; Witten, Ian H.; Nichols, David M. (2006)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We examine the problem of designing a generalized system for building institutional repositories. Widely used schemes such as DSpace are tailored to a particular set of requirements: fixed metadata set; standard view when searching and browsing; pre-determined sequence for depositing items; built-in workflow for vetting new items. In contrast, Fedora builds in flexibility: institutional repositories are just one possible instantiation—however generality incurs a high overhead and uptake has been sluggish. This paper shows how existing components of the Greenstone software can be repurposed to provide a generalized institutional repository that falls between these extremes.

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  • Greenstone as a music digital library toolkit

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used as a framework for research in other fields such has human computer interaction, text-mining, and ethnography. This article provides a summary of Greenstone's uses to date with music documents. First we discuss incorporating musical formats into the Greenstone system; then we describe provision for searching and browsing in a music collection.

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  • "The pain, the pain": Modelling music information behavior and the songs we hate

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; Bainbridge, David (2005-09-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The paper presents a grounded theory analysis of 395 user responses to the survey question, "What is the worst song ever?" Important factors uncovered include: lyric quality, the "earworm" effect, voice quality, the influence of associated music videos, over-exposure, perceptions of pretentiousness, and associations with unpleasant personal experiences.

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  • "More of an art than a science": Supporting the creation of playlists and mixes

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Falconer, Annette (2006-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper presents an analysis of how people construct playlists and mixes. Interviews with practitioners and postings made to a web site are analyzed using a grounded theory approach to extract themes and categorizations. The information sought is often encapsulated as music information retrieval tasks, albeit not as the traditional "known item search" paradigm. The collated data is analyzed and trends identified and discussed in relation to music information retrieval algorithms that could help support such activity.

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  • Managing change in a digital library system with many interface languages

    Bainbridge, David; Edgar, Katrina D.; Witten, Ian H.; McPherson, John R. (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Managing the organizational and software complexity of a comprehensive open source digital library system presents a significant challenge. The challenge becomes even more imposing when the interface is available in different languages, for enhancements to the software and changes to the interface must be faithfully reflected in each language version. This paper describes the solution adopted by Greenstone, a multilingual digital library system distributed by UNESCO in a trilingual European version (English, French, Spanish), complete with all documentation, and whose interface is available in many further languages. Greenstone incorporates a language translation facility which allows authorized people to update the interface in specified languages. A standard version control system is used to manage software change, and from this the system automatically determines which language fragments need updating and presents them to the human translator.

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  • Importing documents and metadata into digital libraries: requirements analysis and an extensible architecture

    Witten, Ian H.; Bainbridge, David; Paynter, Gordon W.; Boddie, Stefan J. (2002)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Flexible digital library systems need to be able to accept, or “import,” documents and metadata in a variety of forms, and associate metadata with the appropriate documents. This paper analyzes the requirements of the import process for general digital libraries. The requirements include (a) format conversion for source documents, (b) the ability to incorporate existing conversion utilities, (c) provision for metadata to be specified in the document files themselves and/or in separate metadata files, (d) format conversion for metadata files, (e) provision for metadata to be computed from the document content, and (f) flexible ways of associating metadata with documents or sets of documents. We argue that these requirements are so open-ended that they are best met by an extensible architecture that facilitates the addition of new document formats and metadata facilities to existing digital library systems. An implementation of this architecture is briefly described.

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  • Assembling and enriching digital library collections

    Bainbridge, David; Thompson, John; Witten, Ian H. (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    People who create digital libraries need to gather together the raw material, add metadata as necessary, and design and build new collections. This paper sets out the requirements for these tasks and describes a new tool that supports them interactively, making it easy for users to create their own collections from electronic files of all types. The process involves selecting documents for inclusion, coming up with a suitable metadata set, assigning metadata to each document or group of documents, designing the form of the collection in terms of document formats, searchable indexes, and browsing facilities, building the necessary indexes and data structures, and putting the collection in place for others to use. Moreover, different situations require different workflows, and the system must be flexible enough to cope with these demands. Although the tool is specific to the Greenstone digital library software, the underlying ideas should prove useful in more general contexts.

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  • How to turn the page

    Chu, Yi-Chun; Witten, Ian H.; Lobb, Richard; Bainbridge, David (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Can digital libraries provide a reading experience that more closely resembles a real book than a scrolled or paginated electronic display? This paper describes a prototype page-turning system that realistically animates full three-dimensional page-turns. The dynamic behavior is generated by a mass-spring model defined on a rectangular grid of particles. The prototype takes a PDF or E-book file, renders it into a sequence of PNG images representing individual pages, and animates the pageturns under user control. The simulation behaves fairly naturally, although more computer graphics work is required to perfect it.

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  • A fedora librarian interface

    Bainbridge, David; Witten, Ian H. (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The Fedora content management system embodies a powerful and flexible digital object model. This paper describes a new open-source software front-end that enables end-user librarians to transfer documents and metadata in a variety of formats into a Fedora repository. The main graphical facility that Fedora itself provides for this task operates on one document at a time and is not librarian-friendly. A batch driven alternative is possible, but requires documents to be converted beforehand into the XML format used by the repository, necessitating a need for programming skills. In contrast, our new scheme allows arbitrary collections of documents residing on the user's computer (or the web at large) to be ingested into a Fedora repository in one operation, without a need for programming expertise. Provision is also made for editing existing documents and metadata, and adding new ones. The documents can be in a wide variety of different formats, and the user interface is suitable for practicing librarians. The design capitalizes on our experience in building the Greenstone librarian interface and participating in dozens of workshops with librarians worldwide.

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  • Portable digital libraries on an iPod

    Bainbridge, David; Jones, Steve; McIntosh, Samuel John; Jones, Matt; Witten, Ian H. (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper describes the facilities we built to run a self-contained digital library on an iPod. The digital library software used was the open source package Greenstone, and the paper highlights the technical problems that were encountered and solved. It attempts to convey a feeling for the kind of issues that must be faced when adapting standard DL software for non-standard, leading-edge devices.

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  • Constructing digital library interfaces

    Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Twidale, Michael B. (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The software technologies used to create web interfaces for digital libraries are discussed using examples from Greenstone 3.

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  • A lightweight metadata quality tool

    Nichols, David M.; Chan, Chu-Hsiang; Bainbridge, David; McKay, Dana; Twidale, Michael B. (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We describe a Web-based metadata quality tool that provides statistical descriptions and visualisations of Dublin Core metadata harvested via the OAI protocol. The lightweight nature of development allows it to be used to gather contextualized requirements and some initial user feedback is discussed.

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  • Running greenstone on an iPod

    Bainbridge, David; Jones, Steve; McIntosh, Samuel John; Jones, Matt; Witten, Ian H. (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The open source digital library software Greenstone is demonstrated running on an iPod. The standalone configuration supports browsing, searching and displaying documents in a range of media formats. Plugged in to a host computer (Mac, Linux, or Windows), the exact same facilities are made available to the world through a built-in web server.

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  • Perambulating libraries: Demonstrating how a Victorian idea can help OLPC users share books

    Witten, Ian H.; Bainbridge, David (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this extended abstract we detail how the open source digital library toolkit Greenstone [5] can help users of the XOlaptop— produced by the One Laptop Per Child Foundation— manage and share electronic documents. The idea draws upon mobile libraries (bookmobiles) for its inspiration, which first appeared in Victorian times. The implemented technique works by building on the Mesh network that is instrumental to the XO-laptop approach. To use the technique, on each portable XO-laptop a version of Greenstone is installed, allowing the owner to develop and manage their own set of books. The version of Greenstone has been adapted to support a form of interoperability we have called Digital Library Talkback. On the Mesh, when two XO-laptops “see” each other, the two users can search and browse the other user’s digital library; when they see a book they like, they can have it transferred to their library with a single click using the Digital Library Talkback mechanism.

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  • Stress-testing general purpose digital library software

    Bainbridge, David; Witten, Ian H.; Boddie, Stefan J.; Thompson, John (2009)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    DSpace, Fedora, and Greenstone are three widely used open source digital library systems. In this paper we report on scalability tests performed on these tools by ourselves and others. These range from repositories populated with synthetically produced data to real world deployment with content measured in millions of items. A case study is presented that details how one of the systems performed when used to produce fully-searchable newspaper collections containing in excess of 20 GB of raw text (2 billion words, with 60 million unique terms), 50 GB of metadata, and 570 GB of images.

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  • Semantic Bookworm: mining literary resources revisited

    Hinze, Annika; Coleman, Michael; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we describe Semantic Bookworm-a tool that supports scholarly text analysis. In contrast to the text-based Bookworm tool, the Semantic Bookworm identifies semantic concepts.

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  • The TIP/Greenstone Bridge: A Service for Mobile Location-Based Access to Digital Libraries

    Hinze, Annika; Gao, Xin; Bainbridge, David (2006)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper introduces the first combination of a mobile tourist guide with a digital library. Location-based search allows for access to a rich set of materials with cross references between different digital library collections and the tourist information system. The paper introduces the system’s design and implementation; it also gives details about the user interface and interactions, and derives a general set of requirements through a discussion of related work.

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