3 results for Bishop, Joanne, Thesis

  • Antarctica – A Strategic Asset?

    Weinstein, Phil; Boniface, Nick; Bishop, Joanne; Noble, Nicola; Bichard, Valerie (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    It's 1999 and as we rapidly head towuds the new millennium the management of global issues require the pro-active participation of all members of the intemational community. Growing strains on the quality of water, soil and air, loss of biodiversity, depletion of fish stocks, current patterns of production consumption and global climate change, all raise questions about the continued capacity of the Earth's natural resource base to feed and sustain a growing and increasingly urbanised population. It's now clear also clear that not only environmental, but also social, cultural and political sustainability of development efforts are essential for security and well-being of people functioning in this complex, interdependent global system now emerging. Globalisation is marked clearly by the integration of trade; finance and information that is creating a single global market and culture. The rapid advancements in science and technology has also contributed enormously to the realisation of the global village. This process of globalisation is currently challenging the Antarctic Treaty System. With this, many questions are being raised as to whether the ATS is capable of weathering these changes to emerge as a significant contributor to a unified global identity. The vision for the future is a sustainable earth. The race is against time and Antarctica holds the key for the doorway into the next millennium. In this presentation you have an opportunity to reflect on the complex perception of value as we explore four assets that may contribute to the strategic value of Antarctica in the 21" century and beyond. These assets include: It's 1999 and as we rapidly head towuds the new millennium the management of global issues require the pro-active participation of all members of the intemational community. Growing strains on the quality of water, soil and air, loss of biodiversity, depletion of fish stocks, current patterns of production consumption and global climate change, all raise questions about the continued capacity of the Earth's natural resource base to feed and sustain a growing and increasingly urbanised population. It's now clear also clear that not only environmental, but also social, cultural and political sustainability of development efforts are essential for security and well-being of people functioning in this complex, interdependent global system now emerging. Globalisation is marked clearly by the integration of trade; finance and information that is creating a single global market and culture. The rapid advancements in science and technology has also contributed enormously to the realisation of the global village. This process of globalisation is currently challenging the Antarctic Treaty System. With this, many questions are being raised as to whether the ATS is capable of weathering these changes to emerge as a significant contributor to a unified global identity. The vision for the future is a sustainable earth. The race is against time and Antarctica holds the key for the doorway into the next millennium. In this presentation you have an opportunity to reflect on the complex perception of value as we explore four assets that may contribute to the strategic value of Antarctica in the 21" century and beyond. These assets include:

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  • Antarctica - an indicator of global environment change

    Bishop, Joanne (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This literature review covers an aspect of the syndicate group topic. The syndicate topic involved looking at Antarctica as a strategic asset, a large topic that was subsequently addressed in smaller parts by members. This review is not comprehensive but provides a range of associated literature regarding the importance of Antarctica as an indicator of global environmental change. This review will focus on the examples of ozone depletion and global warming as well as the importance of Antarctica to the rest of the world. The main themes that will be addressed in this report include the following; The interconnectedness of the global oceanic, atmospheric, and terestrial ecosystems + Indicators of global change in the Antarctic environment and their sensitivity + Changes in global attitude + The differing opinions regarding global climate change, the depletion of the ozone layer and the relevance of current scientific research in Antarctica. "Antarctica plays a critical role in maintaining the equilibrium of the planets climate" (Puri, 1997, p 35). "Antarctica is vital to life on earth" (Puri, 1997, p 28). Statements such as these are among many used to describe the importance of Antarctica. The body of this report Will cover the four themes and finish with a brief conclusion. This literature review covers an aspect of the syndicate group topic. The syndicate topic involved looking at Antarctica as a strategic asset, a large topic that was subsequently addressed in smaller parts by members. This review is not comprehensive but provides a range of associated literature regarding the importance of Antarctica as an indicator of global environmental change. This review will focus on the examples of ozone depletion and global warming as well as the importance of Antarctica to the rest of the world. The main themes that will be addressed in this report include the following; The interconnectedness of the global oceanic, atmospheric, and terestrial ecosystems + Indicators of global change in the Antarctic environment and their sensitivity + Changes in global attitude + The differing opinions regarding global climate change, the depletion of the ozone layer and the relevance of current scientific research in Antarctica. "Antarctica plays a critical role in maintaining the equilibrium of the planets climate" (Puri, 1997, p 35). "Antarctica is vital to life on earth" (Puri, 1997, p 28). Statements such as these are among many used to describe the importance of Antarctica. The body of this report Will cover the four themes and finish with a brief conclusion.

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  • Environmental Audit – Event K396, 1999

    Bishop, Joanne (1999)

    Postgraduate Certificate thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This report outlines the activities and associated environmental impacts of Event K396 in 1999. A Preliminary Environmental Evaluation made predictions of any impacts prior to arriving in Antarctica. This audit states the observed impacts according to each activity completed by Event K396, and options for impact mitigation and alternative activities. The Certificate in Antarctic Studies is a Graduate level course aimed at people who wish to further their study or work in an Antarctic related field. The value Of this unique education opportunity is high. On completion of both the theory and practical field components, participants have expertise in a variety of issues regarding Antarctica. The following points summarise the major findings of this audit: Event K396 performed a variety Of activities as part of the field studies for the course. Each activity is discussed separately, and an itinerary outlines the location, number of people and logistics involved, Alternatives to the existing activities include- alterations to the location and nature of current activities, cancelling the field component, or no change to the existing activities. Environmental impacts that arose from the field activities are listed according to the activity. It is interesting to compare the predicted impacts in the PEE, to the actual impacts in this report Cumulative impact assessment was addressed and the impacts were not found to be less than nunor or transitory. Options for mitigating or minimising environmental impacts are available and listed for each activity. With little knowledge about the resilience of Antarctic ecosystems to disturbance, impacts should be minimised. The outlook for the course, as referred to in this report, is 5 years, hence the importance Of regular monitoring. • Overall, the education value of Event K396 justifies the field studies, but adverse impacts were detected as a result of activities. An Initial Environmental Evaluation (IEE) is recommended for the Certificate in Antarctic Studies, for the year 2000 and beyond. Cumulative impacts should be included in the IEE and a proactive approach adopted that strives to protect the environment for the future. This report outlines the activities and associated environmental impacts of Event K396 in 1999. A Preliminary Environmental Evaluation made predictions of any impacts prior to arriving in Antarctica. This audit states the observed impacts according to each activity completed by Event K396, and options for impact mitigation and alternative activities. The Certificate in Antarctic Studies is a Graduate level course aimed at people who wish to further their study or work in an Antarctic related field. The value Of this unique education opportunity is high. On completion of both the theory and practical field components, participants have expertise in a variety of issues regarding Antarctica. The following points summarise the major findings of this audit: Event K396 performed a variety Of activities as part of the field studies for the course. Each activity is discussed separately, and an itinerary outlines the location, number of people and logistics involved, Alternatives to the existing activities include- alterations to the location and nature of current activities, cancelling the field component, or no change to the existing activities. Environmental impacts that arose from the field activities are listed according to the activity. It is interesting to compare the predicted impacts in the PEE, to the actual impacts in this report Cumulative impact assessment was addressed and the impacts were not found to be less than nunor or transitory. Options for mitigating or minimising environmental impacts are available and listed for each activity. With little knowledge about the resilience of Antarctic ecosystems to disturbance, impacts should be minimised. The outlook for the course, as referred to in this report, is 5 years, hence the importance Of regular monitoring. • Overall, the education value of Event K396 justifies the field studies, but adverse impacts were detected as a result of activities. An Initial Environmental Evaluation (IEE) is recommended for the Certificate in Antarctic Studies, for the year 2000 and beyond. Cumulative impacts should be included in the IEE and a proactive approach adopted that strives to protect the environment for the future.

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