57 results for Cunningham, Sally Jo, Conference item

  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information need, the type of music information requested, the intended use for the information, and additional social and contextual elements present in the postings. The results of this analysis suggest that similar studies of 'native' music information requests can be used to inform the design of effective, usable music information retrieval interfaces.

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  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (1999)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket analysis tool to the task of detecting subject classification categories that co-occur in transaction records of book borrowed form a university library. This information can be useful in directing users to additional portions of the collection that may contain documents relevant to their information need, and in determining a library’s physical layout. These results can also provide insight into the degree of “scatter” that the classification scheme induces in a particular collection of documents.

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  • Browsing a digital library: A new approach for the New Zealand digital library

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Browsing is part of the information seeking process, used when information needs are ill-defined or unspecific. Browsing and searching are often interleaved during information seeking to accommodate changing awareness of information needs. Digital Libraries often support full-text search, but are not so helpful in supporting browsing. Described here is a novel browsing system created for the Greenstone software used by the New Zealand Digital Library that supports users in a more natural approach to the information seeking process. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003.

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  • Taking a book off the shelf in a virtual library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Rogers, Bill; Kim, Jane (2017)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We present the results of a small-scale study in which participants interacted with a physical book. Their book selection and book opening gestures provide design insights for the interface to a virtual reality library.

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  • Students and their videos: implications for a video digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bowen, Judy (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Personal information collections have expanded to include video files but users often organize their content with the same tools they use for other simpler media types. We analyze the ‘native’ video management behavior expressed in 35 self-interviews and diary studies produced by New Zealand students, to create a ‘rich picture’ of personal video collection size, formats, organization and intended usage. We consider how conventional digital libraries can better support usage of personal video material.

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  • Supporting gender-neutral digital library creation: a case study using the GenderMag toolkit

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika; Nichols, David M. (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Software is assumed by its creators and maintainers to be gender-neutral: that is, that it is equally well suited for use by any user, regardless of gender. We investigate this assumption in the digital libraries context through analysis of a significant digital library construction and maintenance tool—the Greenstone Digital Librarian Interface (GLI)—using the GenderMag toolkit. GenderMag provides personas whose approaches to software use fall across the spectrum of gender-stereotypic actions and motivations. The personas are used as the basis for cognitive walkthroughs of the system under investigation, to uncover potential gender biases in system functionality and interface design. We uncover significant such biases in GLI.

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  • Personal video collection management behavior

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bowen, Judy (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Video content typically consumes more storage space and bandwidth than other document types although users structure their content with the same organisational tools they use for smaller and simpler items. We analyze the "native" video management behavior as expressed in 35 self-interviews and diary studies produced by New Zealand students, to create a "rich picture" of personal video collections. We see that personal collections can have diffuse boundaries and many different intended users' and that these information management needs are difficult to fulfill with their homegrown video collection management strategies.

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  • How people find videos

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    At present very little is known about how people locate and view videos 'in the wild'. This study draws a rich picture of everyday video seeking strategies and video information needs, based on an ethnographic study of New Zealand university students. These insights into the participants' activities and motivations suggest potentially useful facilities for a video digital library.

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  • Metadatapedia: A proposal for aggregating metadata on data archiving

    Nichols, David M.; Twidale, Michael B.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The open access movement has highlighted the barriers that exist for users to gain access to significant portions of the research literature. The open data approach seeks to extend the principles of open access to the data and code that supports the published scholarly record. Current metadata is inadequate to allow information researchers to evaluate claims made about data archiving practices. Assessing current archiving practice and understanding the impact of archiving policies requires improved metadata. We propose that information researchers create an infrastructure for the collection of metadata about data use in the research literature, and that infrastructure should itself be open. The availability of metadata on data use would enable the calculation of archiving indices, just as citation data enables the calculation of the h-index.

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  • The use of paper in everyday student life

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The information we encounter in modern life, in developed countries, is a hybrid of the physical and the digital. Personal archiving tools allow users to capture and retrieve aspects of their everyday lives in digital form. In this paper we use a diary study of students’ interactions with paper-based information to inform the design of such archiving tools.

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  • Exploring social music behaviour: An investigation of music selection at parties

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2009)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper builds an understanding how music is currently listened to by small (fewer than 10 individuals) to medium-sized (10 to 40 individuals) gatherings of people— how songs are chosen for playing, how the music fits in with other activities of group members, who supplies the music, the hardware/software that supports song selection and presentation. This fine-grained context emerges from a qualitative analysis of a rich set of participant observations and interviews focusing on the selection of songs to play at social gatherings. We suggest features for software to support music playing at parties.

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  • Challenges in cross-cultural/multilingual music information seeking

    Lee, Jin Ha; Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2005-09-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Understanding and meeting the needs of a broad range of music users across different cultures and languages are central in designing a global music digital library. This exploratory study examines cross-cultural/multilingual music information seeking behaviors and reveals some important characteristics of these behaviors by analyzing 107 authentic music information queries from a Korean knowledge search portal Naver (knowledge) iN and 150 queries from Google Answers website. We conclude that new sets of access points must be developed to accommodate music queries that cross cultural or language boundaries.

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  • Low-cost semantic enhancement to digital library metadata and indexing: simple yet effective strategies

    Hinze, Annika; Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Most existing digital libraries use traditional lexically-based retrieval techniques. For established systems, completely replacing, or even making significant changes to the document retrieval mechanism (document analysis, indexing strategy, query processing and query interface) would require major technological effort, and would most likely be disruptive. In this paper, we describe ways to use the results of semantic analysis and disambiguation, while retaining an existing keyword-based search and lexicographic index. We engineer this so the output of semantic analysis (performed off-line) is suitable for import directly into existing digital library metadata and index structures, and thus incorporated without the need for architecture modifications.

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  • Semantic Bookworm: mining literary resources revisited

    Hinze, Annika; Coleman, Michael; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2016)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we describe Semantic Bookworm-a tool that supports scholarly text analysis. In contrast to the text-based Bookworm tool, the Semantic Bookworm identifies semantic concepts.

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  • Judging a book by its cover: interface elements that affect reader selection of ebooks

    McKay, Dana; Buchanan, George; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Digital library research has demonstrated the impact of content presentation on both search and reading behaviours. In this paper, we scrutinise the influence of ebook presentation on user behaviour, focussing on document thumbnails and the first page view. We demonstrate that flaws in presentation increase the volume of short time-span reading, and reduce the likelihood of long-span reading when compared to other documents. This reflects other patterns of information seeking behaviour that demonstrate increased short-term reading when information content is uncertain, and suggests an ineffective use of reader time on less useful content.

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  • Language Preference in a Bi-language Digital Library

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2005)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper examines user choice of interface language in a bi-language digital library(English and Maori, the language of the indigenous people of New Zealand)/ the majority of collection documents are in Maori, and the interface is available in both Maori and English. Log analysis shows three categories of preference for interface language: primarily English, primarily Maori and bilingual(switching back and forth between the two).

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  • An ethnographic study of technical support workers: why we didn't build a tech support digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Knowles, Chris; Reeves, Nina (2001)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper we describe the results of an ethnographic study of the information behaviourss of university technical support workers and their information needs. The study looked at how the group identified, located and used information from a variety of sources to solve problems arising in the course of their work. The results of the investigation are discussed in the context of the feasibility of developing a potential information base that could be used by all members of the group. Whilst a number of their requirements would easily be fulfilled by the use of a digital library, other requirements would not. The paper illustrates the limitations of a digital library with respect to the information behaviourss of this group of subjects and focuses on why a digital library would not appear to be the ideal support tool for their work.

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  • Encouraging better hand drying hygiene

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Will, Andrew (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Electric hand driers have the potential to improve sanitation when using public toilets; if used properly, electric driers can dry hands more thoroughly than towels, and users do not come into physical contact with potentially contaminated objects. But electric driers are frequently used for just a few seconds--and so the potential advantage is lost. This paper describes the prototyping and evaluation of a system intended to encourage longer hand drying times in public toilets. The challenges are: to develop hygienic interfaces for use in toilet areas; to design simple to use software that is engaging enough to be used several times a day; and to conduct usability and system acceptance tests in an environment in which users are highly sensitive about privacy issues.

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  • A workflow for document level interoperability

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article describes a software environment called the Exchange Center that helps digital librarians manage the workflow of sourcing documents and metadata from various repositories. The software is built on Greenstone but does not require its use as the final digital library server. After describing the software architecture we provide two scenarios of its use: a private library of recipes, which ultimately involves collaboration with other cooks; and a digital library that aggregates the collections of various host institutions that use different repository software.

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  • Metadata and organizational structures in personal photograph digital libraries

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We examine the ‘native’ metadata and organizational structures that individuals create for their personal photo digital libraries, by analyzing the behaviour of photo collectors as recorded in 37 autoethnographies and ethnographies. The findings confirm several common assumptions about how people organize their photos that have been the basis for features in earlier photo digital libraries- that photos are commonly organized by time, event, and location, and that collection owners create very little metadata manually. We discuss alternate sources of metadata that arise as a consequence of sharing photos, and consider additional features for photo digital libraries that may be useful in supporting searching and browsing of personal collections.

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