58 results for Cunningham, Sally Jo, Conference item

  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information need, the type of music information requested, the intended use for the information, and additional social and contextual elements present in the postings. The results of this analysis suggest that similar studies of 'native' music information requests can be used to inform the design of effective, usable music information retrieval interfaces.

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  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (1999)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket analysis tool to the task of detecting subject classification categories that co-occur in transaction records of book borrowed form a university library. This information can be useful in directing users to additional portions of the collection that may contain documents relevant to their information need, and in determining a library’s physical layout. These results can also provide insight into the degree of “scatter” that the classification scheme induces in a particular collection of documents.

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  • Towards the design of a kid’s music organizer

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hutter, Manuela (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    In this paper, we investigate how young children aged 2 to 5 interact with music and their family's music collections. By going into their homes, interviewing them and their parents and observing the children performing a range of music-related tasks, we explore the way that pre-school children select, interact with, and organize music. Additionally, drawing tasks were included in the visits to engage the children and allow them to demonstrate their thoughts in a concrete manner. Insights into the children's' music behaviours suggest design features for a music organizer / player for very young children.

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  • A user-centered design of a personal digital library for music exploration

    Bainbridge, David; Novak, Brook Jesse; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2010)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We describe the evaluation of a personal digital library environment designed to help musicians capture, enrich and store their ideas using a spatial hypermedia paradigm. The target user group is musicians who primarily use audio and text for composition and arrangement, rather than with formal music notation. Using the principle of user-centered design, the software implementation was guided by a diary study involving nine musicians which suggested five requirements for the software to support: capturing, overdubbing, developing, storing, and organizing. Moreover, the underlying spatial data-model was exploited to give raw audio compositions a hierarchical structure, and - to aid musicians in retrieving previous ideas - a search facility is available to support both query by humming and text-based queries. A user evaluation of the completed design with eleven subjects indicated that musicians, in general, would find the hypermedia environment useful for capturing and managing their moments of musical creativity and exploration. More specifically they would make use of the query by humming facility and the hierarchical track organization, but not the overdubbing facility as implemented.

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  • How to take a book off the shelf: Learning about ebooks from using a physical library

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Timpany, Claire; McKay, Dana (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Little is known about how people select ebooks or books. This paper reports initial results of a study in which we observe patrons of two libraries when selecting books. From the results of the study we aim to gain insights into book selection strategies, which may be used to support ebook selection and purchasing.

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  • Analyzing users’ behaviour to identify their privacy concerns

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2010)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The majority of studies examining privacy concerns of Internet users are based on surveys. Many problems have, however, been identified with using surveys to measure people’s privacy concerns. Based on our experience from our previous studies, in this paper we discuss how ethnographic interviews and observation techniques could be used to analyze users’ behaviour in terms of how they share personal information and multimedia content with others, and utilize this to identify issues related to their privacy concerns more comprehensively than it is otherwise possible with conventional surveys.

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  • An exploration of ebook selection behavior in academic library collections

    McKay, Dana; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Academic libraries have offered ebooks for some time, however little is known about how readers interact with them while making relevance decisions. In this paper we seek to address that gap by analyzing ebook transaction logs for books in a university library.

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  • Book selection behavior in the physical library: implications for ebook collections

    Hinze, Annika; McKay, Dana; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Little is known about how readers select books, whether they be print books or ebooks. In this paper we present a study of how people select physical books from academic library shelves. We use the insights gained into book selection behavior to make suggestions for the design of ebook-based digital libraries in order to better facilitate book selection behavior.

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  • Music interaction research in HCI

    Liikkanen, Lassi; Amos, Christopher; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; McDonald, David (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The ubiquity of music consumption is overarching. Statistics for digital music sales, streaming video videos, computer games, and illegal sharing all speak of a huge interest. At the same, an incredible amount of data about every day interactions (sales and use) with music is accumulating through new cloud services. However, there is an amazing lack of public knowledge about everyday music interaction. This panel discusses the state of music interaction as a part of digital media research. We consider why music interaction research has become so marginal in HCI and discuss how to revive it. Our two discussion themes are: orientation towards design vs. research in music related R&D, and the question if and how private, big data on music interactions could enlighten our understanding of ubiquitous media culture.

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  • Interacting with and through a digital library collection: commenting behavior in Flickr's the commons

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Mahoui, Malika (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    There is growing interest by digital collection providers to engage collection users in interacting with the collection (e.g. by tagging or annotating collection contents) and with the collection organizers and other users (e.g. to form loose "communities" associated with the collection). At present, little has been documented as to the uptake of these mechanisms in specific collections, or the range of behaviors that emerge as users bend existing facilities to their own needs. This paper is one step in that direction: it describes the social information behaviors exhibited in a cultural heritage photography collection in The Commons on Flickr, and suggests implications for digital library design in response to these behaviors.

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  • Judging a book by its cover: interface elements that affect reader selection of ebooks

    McKay, Dana; Buchanan, George; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Digital library research has demonstrated the impact of content presentation on both search and reading behaviours. In this paper, we scrutinise the influence of ebook presentation on user behaviour, focussing on document thumbnails and the first page view. We demonstrate that flaws in presentation increase the volume of short time-span reading, and reduce the likelihood of long-span reading when compared to other documents. This reflects other patterns of information seeking behaviour that demonstrate increased short-term reading when information content is uncertain, and suggests an ineffective use of reader time on less useful content.

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  • Identifying personal photo digital library features

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    At present, little evidence is available about how people want to interact with their photos in a personal photo digital library. Analysis of a set of 22 user needs summaries and critiques of existing photo management systems provides insight into potentially useful features.

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  • Investigating the usability of social networking sites for teenagers with autism

    Bahiss, Khadija; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Smith, Tony C. (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tend to be socially isolated due to the interpersonal challenges of autism, yet they enjoy using computers. This study investigated the hypothesis that social networking sites provide the appropriate communication tools for teenagers with ASD. It concluded that although social networking sites remove extraneous stimuli which results in social anxiety among people with ASD, their design functionality does not provide the motivation required to initiate/conduct communication/social interaction among teenagers with ASD. Rather, people with ASD are motivated to communicate with others if the communication is part of an activity. Therefore, a multiplayer networking game has the potential of motivating teenagers with ASD to interact with others through entertainment.

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  • An analysis of cooking queries: Implications for supporting leisure cooking

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online reference system. The results suggest directions to take in developing an effective organization and improved functionality for a cooking-focused digital library.

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  • The impact of MIREX on scholarly research (2005-2010)

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Downie, J. Stephen (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper explores the impact of the MIREX (Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange) evaluation initiative on scholarly research. Impact is assessed through a bibliometric evaluation of both the MIREX extended abstracts and the papers citing the MIREX results, the trial framework and methodology, or MIREX datasets. Impact is examined through number of publications and citation analysis. We further explore the primary publication venues for MIREX results, the geographic distribution of both MIREX contributors and researchers citing MIREX results, and the spread of MIREX-based research beyond the MIREX contributor teams. This analysis indicates that research in this area is highly collaborative, has achieved an international dissemination, and has grown to have a significant profile in the research literature.

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  • Online legacy preservation for humanities researchers

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    As researchers retire or pass away, the online record of their work and their research careers begins to fragment and fade away. We begin with case studies of four New Zealand Humanities researchers, nearing or at the ends of their active careers. What materials currently exist that they believe are essential to detail the results of their research, and that convey the ‘story’ of their work?

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  • Social music in cars

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Ali, Hasan (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper builds an understanding of how music is currently experienced by a social group travelling together in a car - how songs are chosen for playing, how music both reflects and influences the group’s mood and social interaction, who supplies the music, the hardware/software that supports song selection and presentation. This fine-grained context emerges from a qualitative analysis of a rich set of ethnographic data (participant observations and interviews) focusing primarily on the experience of in-car music on moderate length and long trips. We suggest features and functionality for music software to enhance the social experience when travelling in cars, and prototype and test a user interface based on design suggestions drawn from the data.

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  • Sometimes the Internet reads the question wrong: children’s search strategies & difficulties

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    When children search for information on a given topic, how do they go about searching for and retrieving information? What can their information seeking strategies tell us about the development of search interfaces for children's digital libraries, search engines and information repositories? We interviewed New Zealand (NZ) school children to seek insights into how they are conducting information searches during their education.

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  • Browsing a digital library: A new approach for the New Zealand digital library

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2003)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Browsing is part of the information seeking process, used when information needs are ill-defined or unspecific. Browsing and searching are often interleaved during information seeking to accommodate changing awareness of information needs. Digital Libraries often support full-text search, but are not so helpful in supporting browsing. Described here is a novel browsing system created for the Greenstone software used by the New Zealand Digital Library that supports users in a more natural approach to the information seeking process. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003.

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  • Exploring the user experience through collage

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Thomson, Kirsten (2006-07-06)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We explore the use of collage in requirements elicitation, as a tool to support potential end-users in expressing their impressions, understanding, and emotions regarding a system.

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