58 results for Cunningham, Sally Jo, Conference item

  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information need, the type of music information requested, the intended use for the information, and additional social and contextual elements present in the postings. The results of this analysis suggest that similar studies of 'native' music information requests can be used to inform the design of effective, usable music information retrieval interfaces.

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  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (1999)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket analysis tool to the task of detecting subject classification categories that co-occur in transaction records of book borrowed form a university library. This information can be useful in directing users to additional portions of the collection that may contain documents relevant to their information need, and in determining a library’s physical layout. These results can also provide insight into the degree of “scatter” that the classification scheme induces in a particular collection of documents.

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  • Ten years of MIREX: reflections, challenges and opportunities

    Downie, J. Stephen; Hu, Xiao; Lee, Jin Ha; Choi, Kahyun; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hao, Yun (2014)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    The Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX) has been run annually since 2005, with the October 2014 plenary marking its tenth iteration. By 2013, MIREX has evaluated approximately 2000 individual music information retrieval (MIR) algorithms for a wide range of tasks over 37 different test collections. MIREX has involved researchers from over 29 different contrives with a median of 109 individual participants per year. This pater summarizes the history of MIREX form its earliest planning meeting in 2001 to the present. It reflects upon the administrative, financial, and technological challenges MIREX has faced and describes how those challenges have been surmounted. We propose new funding models, a distributed evaluation framework, and more holistic user experience evaluation tasks-some evolutionary, some revolutionary-for the continued success of MIREX. We hope that this paper will inspire MIR community members to contribute their ideas so MIREX can have many more successful years to come.

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  • A mixed digital / physical snapshot of early internet / web usage in New Zealand

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bydder, Jillene (2009)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We are in the early stages of developing a unique physical and digital record of New Zealand's early experience of the Internet.

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  • Finding new music: a diary study of everyday encounter with novel songs

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; McKay, Dana (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This paper explores how we, as individuals, purposefully or serendipitously encounter 'new music' (that is, music that we haven’t heard before) and relates these behaviours to music information retrieval activities such as music searching and music discovery via use of recommender systems. 41 participants participated in a three-day diary study, in which they recorded all incidents that brought them into contact with new music. The diaries were analyzed using a Grounded Theory approach. The results of this analysis are discussed with respect to location, time, and whether the music encounter was actively sought or occurred passively. Based on these results, we outline design implications for music information retrieval software, and suggest an extension of 'laid back' searching.

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  • Digital news resources: An autoethnographic study of news encounters

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Hinze, Annika; Bowen, Judy (2015)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We analyze a set of 35 autoethnographies of news encounters, created by students in New Zealand. These comprise rich descriptions of the news sources, modalities, topics of interest, and news ‘routines’ by which the students keep in touch with friends and maintain awareness of personal, local, national, and international events. We explore the implications for these insights into news behavior for further research to support digital news systems.

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  • Greenstone as a music digital library toolkit

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used as a framework for research in other fields such has human computer interaction, text-mining, and ethnography. This article provides a summary of Greenstone's uses to date with music documents. First we discuss incorporating musical formats into the Greenstone system; then we describe provision for searching and browsing in a music collection.

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  • Judging a book by its cover: interface elements that affect reader selection of ebooks

    McKay, Dana; Buchanan, George; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Digital library research has demonstrated the impact of content presentation on both search and reading behaviours. In this paper, we scrutinise the influence of ebook presentation on user behaviour, focussing on document thumbnails and the first page view. We demonstrate that flaws in presentation increase the volume of short time-span reading, and reduce the likelihood of long-span reading when compared to other documents. This reflects other patterns of information seeking behaviour that demonstrate increased short-term reading when information content is uncertain, and suggests an ineffective use of reader time on less useful content.

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  • An analysis of cooking queries: Implications for supporting leisure cooking

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online reference system. The results suggest directions to take in developing an effective organization and improved functionality for a cooking-focused digital library.

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  • How to take a book off the shelf: Learning about ebooks from using a physical library

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Timpany, Claire; McKay, Dana (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Little is known about how people select ebooks or books. This paper reports initial results of a study in which we observe patrons of two libraries when selecting books. From the results of the study we aim to gain insights into book selection strategies, which may be used to support ebook selection and purchasing.

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  • An exploration of ebook selection behavior in academic library collections

    McKay, Dana; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2012)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Academic libraries have offered ebooks for some time, however little is known about how readers interact with them while making relevance decisions. In this paper we seek to address that gap by analyzing ebook transaction logs for books in a university library.

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  • A scientometric analysis of 15 years of CHINZ conferences

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2015)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    CHINZ is the annual conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the Special Interest Group for Computer-Human Interaction (SIGCHI) of the ACM. In this paper we analyse the history of CHINZ through citations, authorship and online presence. CHINZ appears to compare well with the larger APCHI conference on citation-based measures. 42% of CHINZ papers were found as open access versions on the web.

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  • A workflow for document level interoperability

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article describes a software environment called the Exchange Center that helps digital librarians manage the workflow of sourcing documents and metadata from various repositories. The software is built on Greenstone but does not require its use as the final digital library server. After describing the software architecture we provide two scenarios of its use: a private library of recipes, which ultimately involves collaboration with other cooks; and a digital library that aggregates the collections of various host institutions that use different repository software.

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  • Metadata and organizational structures in personal photograph digital libraries

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    We examine the ‘native’ metadata and organizational structures that individuals create for their personal photo digital libraries, by analyzing the behaviour of photo collectors as recorded in 37 autoethnographies and ethnographies. The findings confirm several common assumptions about how people organize their photos that have been the basis for features in earlier photo digital libraries- that photos are commonly organized by time, event, and location, and that collection owners create very little metadata manually. We discuss alternate sources of metadata that arise as a consequence of sharing photos, and consider additional features for photo digital libraries that may be useful in supporting searching and browsing of personal collections.

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  • Understanding collection understanding with collage

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2008)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    A streaming collage visualization of images extracted from the collection’s documents has been proposed as an effective tool for gaining a comprehensive overview of a digital library collection (“collection understanding”). A qualitative study provides insight into what users actually understand about a collection from viewing such a streaming collage.

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  • How children find books for leisure reading: implications for the digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ineffective) that children employ in bookstores and libraries.

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  • Organizing digital music for use: an examination of personal music collections

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Jones, Matt; Jones, Steve (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    Current research on music information retrieval and music digital libraries focuses on providing access to huge, public music collections. In this paper we consider a different, but related, problem: supporting an individual in maintaining and using a personal music collection. We analyze organization and access techniques used to manage personal music collections (primarily CDs and MP3 files), and from these behaviors, to suggest user behaviors that should be supported in a personal music digital library (that is, a digital library of an individual's personal music collection).

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  • Visual collaging of music in a digital library

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    This article explores the role visual browsing can play within a digital music library. The context to the work is provided through a review of related techniques drawn from the fields of digital libraries and human computer interaction. Implemented within the open source digital library toolkit Greenstone, a prototype system is described that combines images located through textual metadata with a visualisation technique known as collaging to provide a leisurely, undirected interaction with a music collection. Emphasis in the article is given to the augmentations of the basic technique to work in the musical domain.

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  • Interacting with and through a digital library collection: commenting behavior in Flickr's the commons

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Mahoui, Malika (2013)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    There is growing interest by digital collection providers to engage collection users in interacting with the collection (e.g. by tagging or annotating collection contents) and with the collection organizers and other users (e.g. to form loose "communities" associated with the collection). At present, little has been documented as to the uptake of these mechanisms in specific collections, or the range of behaviors that emerge as users bend existing facilities to their own needs. This paper is one step in that direction: it describes the social information behaviors exhibited in a cultural heritage photography collection in The Commons on Flickr, and suggests implications for digital library design in response to these behaviors.

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  • Identifying personal photo digital library features

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007)

    Conference item
    University of Waikato

    At present, little evidence is available about how people want to interact with their photos in a personal photo digital library. Analysis of a set of 22 user needs summaries and critiques of existing photo management systems provides insight into potentially useful features.

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