126 results for Book item, 2015

  • Bear Images: Human Performativity and Animal Touch in Grizzly Man

    Novero, Cecilia (2015-12)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Animal Life and the Moving Image is the first collection of essays to offer a sustained focus on the relations between screen cultures and non-human animals. The volume brings together some of the most important and influential writers working on the non-human animal's significance for cultures and theories of the moving image. It offers innovative analyses of the representation of animals across a wide range of documentary, fiction, mainstream and avant-garde practices, from early cinema to contemporary user-generated media. Individual chapters consider King Kong, The Birds, The Misfits, The Cove, Grizzly Man and Microcosmos, the work of Sergei Eisenstein, Robert Bresson, Malcolm Le Grice, Peter Greenaway, Carolee Schneemann and Isabella Rossellini, and YouTube stars Christian the lion and Maru the cat.

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  • The potential of queer theorising in early childhood education: Disrupting heteronormativity and practising for inclusion

    Gunn, Alexandra C. (2015)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Peer Reviewed

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  • Silences of the discourse: maternal bodies in out-of-the-way places

    Underhill-Sem, Yvonne (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Mirror Neurons, Theory of

    Corballis, Michael (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Mirror neurons, first identified in the monkey brain, respond both when an animal makes a hand movement and when it observes another individual making the same movement. A corresponding but more elaborate system in the human brain has emerged to incorporate such social functions as language, empathy, theory of mind, and cultural learning. The roles of mirror neurons suggest that the mind functions as an embodied system, grounded in real-world simulations, rather than a system based on the manipulation of abstract symbols.

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  • The Impact of Therapeutic Jurisprudence on the New Zealand Coronial Jurisdiction

    Moore, Jennifer (2015)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Coroners in New Zealand can make recommendations that may reduce the chances of occurrence of similar deaths in the future. Coronial recommendations can have pro-therapeutic outcomes. The recommendations hold therapeutic promise for bereaved families by refocusing families towards prevention of similar deaths. However, when coroners' recommendations are not implemented, this has counter-therapeutic outcomes for the community who deserve remedial action, and for families who hoped for change. This chapter uses evidence from New Zealand's first empirical study of coroners' recommendations. An empirical approach is taken because therapeutic jurisprudence is concerned with assessing the law's impact on people, and the study of impacts often requires data about people's experiences of legal processes.

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  • The Digital Challenges to Curriculum Thinking

    Matthewman, Sasha; Bowes, Margot; Burchill, Denis; Heap, Irene; Tickner, Susan (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Walking on your maunga

    Mullen, Morrigan; Te Puna Kohungahunga (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Marketing ethics in context: the promotion of unhealthy foods and beverages to children

    Jackson, M; Harrison, P; Swinburn, Boyd; Lawrence, M (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Marketing ethics has been described as an inherently relative concept whereby ethical problems and consequences result from interactions between individuals, but are also shaped by the context in which they occur (Chonko and Hunt 1985; Singhapakdi et al. 1996). In making ethical decisions, marketers are influenced by a complex interplay of factors in the broader cultural, economic and organizational environments (Singhapakdi et al. 1996). Within this field, issues arise from organizations’ marketing activities and their consequences (Chonko and Hunt 1985), and the way marketing decisions are shaped by moral standards (Murphy et al. 2005). During the past two decades the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages, that is, energy-dense, nutrient-poor products such as confectionery and sugar-sweetened beverages, to children and adolescents has been a source of debate among marketers (‘Marketers regroup on junk food marketing’ 2006; Witkowski 2007; Chandon and Wansink 2010), the food and beverage industry (Australian Food and Grocery Council 2010; Cooper 2010; Jolly 2011) and public health professionals (Lobstein and Dibb 2005; Hastings et al. 2006; McGinnis et al. 2006; Palmer and Carpenter 2006; Matthews 2008; Harris et al. 2009c; Mehta et al. 2010). As public health professionals have argued, it is not only the promotional method that is in question but the products being marketed, of which only minimal consumption is recommended (Harris et al. 2009b). Other factors, such as to whom they are being marketed, by whom and for what purpose, add further complexity to this issue.

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  • The Prince Is the Patient: A Shakespearean Tragi-Fantasy of Total Institutional Care

    Bray, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    In this chapter William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet is reconceived as an allegory of one patient’s countervailing experiences of the total institution. Purposely confined in the secure environment of Denmark’s Elsinore Castle his step-father and institutional senior consultant Claudius unethically, and yet largely successfully, transforms the public perception of Hamlet’s mourning and melancholia over his father into psychoneurosis and violent insanity - his identity from princely protégé to mortified patient. However, Hamlet, whilst appearing to fulfil his diagnosis, actively engages in creative ways to find evidence that will prove that Claudius is his father’s murderer. Nevertheless, the patient’s increasing reluctance to see the world as the state institution sanctions it, gives the powers-that-be even more cause to treat his challenges as a threat to its integrity. Shakespeare’s play exposes the sickness of systems that vest power in a single individual and Hamlet’s case illustrates how unitary approaches to patient care disenfranchise the client whilst tragically disabling the expert service relational. The latter also illustrates how complicated mourning can be experienced as a difficult personal process of intra-psychic transformation. In addition, by playing out the tragic consequences of withholding or intentionally ignoring the real source of a patient’s disease, Hamlet’s case exemplifies the outcomes of labelling, casual diagnoses and inappropriate treatment. Threatened, rendered incompetent, and denied a say in his own healing process, Hamlet’s institutionally inconvenient condition provides him with opportunities for the kind of unsupervised self-analysis and experimentation that ultimately risks his life and those of the community. Hamlet reminds us that when distinctions between the roles of the patient and doctor become blurred and the institution becomes either overly self-protective of itself or focused upon its own projects rather those it serves, its judgement and capacity to ensure that its work is undertaken ethically and sympathetically becomes sadly diminished. Key Words: Doctor-patient relationship, Elizabethan, Erving Goffman, madness, psychoanalysis, Shakespeare’s Hamlet, total institution, tragedy, transpersonal, treatment.

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  • Post-Crises Opportunities: A Personal Account of Bereavement and Growth

    Bray, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    From the moment that they occur crisis events involving personal loss can disrupt people’s lives and irrevocably change how they engage with the world. Living with the crisis of loss in a world that has suddenly become unfamiliar and unpredictable is both existentially and psychologically challenging. In the aftermath of crisis how do survivors go about relearning existence and incorporating the inconceivable into a newly emerging view of the world? In Western society it is quite common for individuals and groups to report that their experiences of powerfully disturbing crisis events have created a set of conditions that forced them to make significant personal changes and resulted in beneficial growth. Thus, in situations perceived of as crises survivors, oscillating between emotional distress and fuller knowledge of reality, might question their core beliefs and goals and establish new ones, whilst simultaneously re-writing and integrating their life narratives in order to maintain psychic and physical balance. This oscillation gently accommodates the pre-crisis elements of survivor’s whole experience and enables the possibility of movement toward continuing future growth and the recognition and use of opportunities. In the last decade or so, mirroring the trend to positively reframe these disrupting states, crisis and bereavement work have become increasingly interested in outcomes that suggest: enhanced psychological well-being and health; personal and spiritual development and increased coping skills; and, improved relationships and enhanced personal resources. This chapter provides an autobiographical account of loss to demonstrate how exposure to crisis can provide opportunities for significant personal transformation. The analysis integrates the conceptual frameworks of Lawrence Calhoun and Richard Tedeschi’s post-traumatic growth model and Stanislav and Christina Grof’s psycho-spiritual, or ‘holotropic’, paradigm, blended with some current ideas about crisis, grief, and bereavement.

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  • Environmental and Human Rights in Ethical Context

    Bosselmann, Klaus (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    There is increasing legal recognition that environmental degradation can result in deprivation of existing human rights, but also that mere recognition of such deprivations is not enough to promote and secure a healthy environment; hence the call for a human right to a decent (or healthy) environment. However, all human activities, including those associated with human rights, occur within ecological settings. This raises the issue of whether environmental ‘rights’ need to be complemented by ‘responsibilities’, either in the form of ecological limitations to human and environmental rights or by recognizing genuine ecological rights (‘rights of nature’). The ecological approach to environmental and human rights remains a crucially important, yet largely unresolved issue of contemporary jurisprudence and constitutionalism. The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate how the influence of ecological thought in environmental ethics is shifting our traditional thinking about human rights and how it is promoting a restructured framework of human rights in an ecological context.

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  • The Fountain of Fish: Ontological Collisions at Sea

    Salmond, Mary (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Dal Monte Ventoso a Point Lenana: la sfida di Wu Ming al postmoderno

    Manai, Franco (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Commercial decisions in the Supreme Court of New Zealand: The prominence of agency law in the first ten years

    Watts, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • How does Water Sensitive Design compare with old approaches

    van Roon, Marjorie (2015-04-01)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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  • Controlled Nanomorphology: Conversion of Bulk Polymers into Nano-sized Materials

    Das, Rajarshi; Burbery, Nathaniel; Bhattacharyya, D; Fakirov, S (2015-04)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    A high degree of morphological control is necessary to fully exploit the versatility, exceptional mechanical properties, and unique functional properties of polymer nanomaterials that are largely influenced by the very high specific surface area observed in nanoscale structures. However, the utilization of polymeric nanomaterials has been severely limited due to lack of well-understood, consistent manufacturing techniques capable of forming truly nanosized structures. Developments in nanomaterials with controlled nanomorphology have been primarily related to the progression of techniques used for manufacturing and processing nanoparticles and by using new polymers and/or additives. A brief discussion is provided to indicate the key considerations, limitations, and underlying mechanisms of nanoparticle formation, which enable better control of the manufacturing processes. Polymer blends are particularly versatile and could be used to produce controlled porosity, layered or encapsulated geometries, a variety of new surface topologies, and unique mechanical or chemical properties. Nanoweaves and nanofibril-reinforced polymer composites could provide highly tailored geometry, light weight, and good mechanical properties. The commercial future of nanoparticles appears to be promising, with extensive applications in the biomedical, textile, and high-performance materials sectors. This entry will discuss the key polymer nanoparticle manufacturing techniques and research strategies which produce the most significant/current innovations in regard to controlled morphology nanomaterials. This entry will provide current trends in the polymer nanomaterials manufacturing sector, with an aim to enhance the progression of nanomorphological control.

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  • Wireless sensor network attacks: an overview and critical analysis with detailed investigation on jamming attack effects

    Tayebi, Arash; Berber, Stevan; Swain, Akshya (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are gaining a lot of attention from researchers due to their massive applications. Network security is one of the important requirements of those applications. This chapter analyses possible network attacks that are essential for researchers to understand while developing robust security countermeasure. In this study, a systematic overview of different kinds of attacks for WSNs has been carried out and a critical analysis of the existing research results is presented. In this chapter, we also observe jamming attack consequence on WNSs in depth by investigating the effect of jamming attack on performance of WSN’s communication using binary spreading sequences. The binary sequences in this chapter are generated according to the IEEE 802.15.4a standard. Mathematical expressions of probability of bit error in a communication channel are derived considering the effects of noise and channel fading. Further, we investigate the effects of using interleaver and deinterleaver on bit error rate (BER) in the case of jamming. Matlab simulation results are presented to confirm the validity of the derived theoretical expressions.

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  • Promoting health equity

    Reid, Mary-Jane (2015-08-01)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    To many of us who work in health, health promotion and health equity are natural travelling companions. What could be more closely aligned than the community development and advocacy intentions of health promotion, and the social justice focus of health equity? In our work, however, we are surrounded by numerous examples where, despite our best intentions, health promotion interventions have widened health inequities. In this chapter we look closely at the relationship between health promotion and health equity. Many people reading this book will be more familiar with health promotion than health equity, and so relatively more of this chapter is spent defining, understanding and contextualising health equity. Following this introduction, we examine the challenge of undertaking health promotion while keeping health equity firmly in mind, using examples from important health promotion challenges that have been the focus of our attention during the last decades. We review how health promotion can impact health equity unintentionally and negatively, and formulate a plan for assessing health promotion activities against health equity standards. Finally, we note the changing political landscape for both health equity and health promotion, and reflect on what this means for the way we practise health promotion into the future.

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  • Riqualificazione certificata

    Boarin, Paola (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The effectiveness of retrofit processes on the existing social housing is nowadays related to the possibility of a qualification and certification of construction phases, operations and operators, through transparent and independent procedures, which can give reliability for new investments. The paper gives an overview on benefits of the certified retrofit, throughout the third-party certification of its process.

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  • Teachers absent: Impacts upon the transition of students with significant special needs

    Hart, Sarah; Hill, Mary; Gaffney, Janet (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    An ethnographic study was conducted on the transition out of segregated special school into the early stages of community life. Informants with high influence on transition decisions were observed and interviewed in conjunction with gaining the perspectives of three students with significant disability experiencing transition in Aotearoa New Zealand. Thematic analysis theoretically framed by the capability approach (Nussbaum, 2006) generated an unexpected outcome; teachers were excluded from the transition planning of their students. Teachers’ absence from collaborative transition planning inhibited the voice of vulnerable students to establish their future citizenship through dignified life plans. Unpacking background conditions for teachers’ absence provides understandings of contemporary issues, such as impacts upon transition policies undergoing pilot testing.

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