1,844 results for Book item

  • Position and direction finding for exploration and mapping

    Goodwin, David (2013)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Peer Reviewed

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  • Land Tenure: The Wide View

    Goodwin, David (2013)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Peer Reviewed

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  • Grandparents who Care for Grandchildren

    Henaghan, Mark (2014)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Both in New Zealand and abroad, a social trend is emerging of grandparents taking on the responsibility of parenting their grandchildren. This chapter examines the different ways in which grandparents can come to be legally involved in their grandchildren’s lives and their position under New Zealand’s legislative and common law regimes. By way of contrast, the somewhat different position of grandparents in the United States is analysed with reference to the United States Supreme Court decision of Troxel v Granville. The chapter also discusses the fundamental importance of children’s voices and concludes with an examination of the practical support available to grandparents who find themselves raising their grandchildren.

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  • Neuroscience and the Law in New Zealand

    Henaghan, Mark; Rouch, Kate (2012)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    The New Zealand Court of Appeal has rejected evidence of neuroimaging to help juries assess the capacity of the accused in an insanity plea. This chapter says the Court of Appeal was right to do so because neuroimaging should not replace the role of the jury. The chapter explains; that neuroscience will help us better understand how the brain functions and what relationship there is between that functioning and how we make decisions. The chapter concludes that neuroscience will be helpful for insight into the human condition but cannot replace the moral choices of what we think is right or wrong or whether we should be culpable or should not be.

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  • Occupational science: the study of occupation

    Wright-St Clair, VA; Hocking, C (2011-10-16)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This chapter explores how occupational science is informing occupational therapy practice. Firstly the discussion looks at occupational science as a basic science underpinning occupational therapy knowledge, before recent developments in occupational science are show-cased as a way of illustrating its growth as an applied science. Along the way, real world international examples are offered. Each highlights how the ‘science’ of occupational science is guiding evidence-based occupational therapy practice. Each example, in its own way, illustrates occupational science ‘in play’ within the everyday practice worlds of occupational therapists.

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  • Data provenance and management in Radio Astronomy: a stream computing approach

    Mahmoud, M; Ensor, A; Biem, A; Elmegreen, B; and Gulyaev, S (2011-12-16)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    New approaches for data provenance and data management (DPDM) are required for mega science projects like the Square Kilometer Array, characterized by extremely large data volume and intense data rates, therefore demanding innovative and highly efficient computational paradigms. In this context, we explore a stream-computing approach with the emphasis on the use of accelerators. In particular, we make use of a new generation of high performance stream-based parallelization middleware known as InfoSphere Streams. Its viability for managing and ensuring interoperability and integrity of signal processing data pipelines is demonstrated in radio astronomy. IBM InfoSphere Streams embraces the stream-computing paradigm. It is a shift from conventional data mining techniques (involving analysis of existing data from databases) towards real-time analytic processing. We discuss using InfoSphere Streams for effective DPDM in radio astronomy and propose a way in which InfoSphere Streams can be utilized for large antennae arrays. We present a case-study: the InfoSphere Streams implementation of an autocorrelating spectrometer, and using this example we discuss the advantages of the stream-computing approach and the utilization of hardware accelerators.

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  • ‘Charm sells’: The role of a community action group in preserving a place image in Akaroa, New Zealand

    Fountain, J.

    Book item
    Lincoln University

    This chapter has shown that to focus on explicit ‘tourism policy’ and the economic processes of destination image formation and promotion is flawed. In the case of Akaroa, the preservation and strengthening of the destination’s historic appeal emerged out of a more general concern to preserve the built heritage and streetscape of the township. The insights presented here highlight the cultural and political nature of destination image formation and contestation and reveals that economic hegemony is not the only, or necessarily the most important, source of power in debates over the most appropriate destination image for a tourist destination. In the case of the ANTN, the cultural capital and linguistic ability of the organisation’s key spokepeople played a crucial role in the success of their campaign. It has highlighted also, however, the importance of the use of the rhetoric of tourism by the ANTN to ensure that their goals could be achieved, at a time when the district’s long term wellbeing was increasingly reliant on the visitor industry. While the motivation of the Akaroa National Treasure Network to see the built heritage of Akaroa preserved was not primarily tourist related, their activities and efforts have ensured that Akaroa’s built charm maintains a prominent position in the promotion of Akaroa as a tourist resort into the twentyfirst century.

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  • Organisational narcissim: a case of failed corporate governance?

    Grant, P; McGhee, P (2014-01-29)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This book addresses the question: how can institutions develop and maintain a good purpose? And how can managers contribute to this endeavour? Twelve contributions explore this question, using MacIntyrean inquiry as a basis for exploring four main themes: Can management be considered a practice in the MacIntyrean sense? What is the role of specific virtues in the development of a virtuous institution? What are management vices and what are the conditions in which they flourish? And, can we use MacIntyrean ideas to consider the management of all forms of institutions? The volume is an international and multidisciplinary collection, with contributions from wellknown writers in the field of management ethics, and innovative contributions that use MacIntyrean inquiry as a lens to examine fields such as hospitality, user generated music content and social sustainability. The papers are unified by their concern for the achievement of organizational excellence and integrity through ethical management. Unlike single author texts this edited volume brings together multiple perspectives on the topic of virtue ethics in management. In doing so, it explores the topic both more deeply and more widely than a single author can do. Because of its breadth, this book has the potential to become a turn-to research tool for those interested in virtue theory’s relevance to other academic interests such as organizational behavior (including motivation theory and social psychology), literature, contemporary social issue criticism, and business management.

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  • From Picardy to Picton

    Oosterman, A (2014-01-22)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    When New Zealand bound itself militarily to Great Britain at the outbreak of war with Germany in August 1914, discussion arose over how the news of the conflict was to be conveyed to readers back home. This chapter considers how news of the war on the Western Front was conveyed to New Zealanders back home and the role played by the country's first official war correspondent, Malcolm Ross.

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  • Female entrepreneurship

    Jaeger, S; Kesting, S (2013-06-19)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    No abstract.

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  • A comparison of semi-deterministic and stochastic search techniques

    Connor, AM; Shea, K (2014-04-12)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This paper presents an investigation of two search techniques, tabu search (TS) and simulated annealing (SA), to assess their relative merits when applied to engineering design optimisation. Design optimisation problems are generally characterised as having multi-modal search spaces and discontinuities making global optimisation techniques beneficial. Both techniques claim to be capable of locating globally optimum solutions on a range of problems but this capability is derived from different underlying philosophies. While tabu search uses a semi-deterministic approach to escape local optima, simulated annealing uses a complete stochastic approach. The performance of each technique is investigated using a structural optimisation problem. These performances are then compared to each other as well as a steepest descent (SD) method.

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  • Practice and Performance as Research in the Arts

    (2011)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Peer Reviewed

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  • Building professionals and elevating the profession? The work of university-based teacher educators in Aotearoa New Zealand

    Berg, David. A. G.; Gunn, Alexandra C.; Hill, M. F.; Haigh, M. (2017)

    Book item
    University of Otago

    Pre-Publication PROOF

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  • EEG signal processing for brain-computer interfaces

    Georgieva, P; Silva, F; Milanova, M; Kasabov, N (2014-03-21)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This chapter is focused on recent advances in electroencephalogram (EEG) signal processing for brain computer interface (BCI) design. A general overview of BCI technologies is first presented, and then the protocol for motor imagery noninvasive BCI for mobile robot control is discussed. Our ongoing research on noninvasive BCI design based not on recorded EEG but on the brain sources that originated the EEG signal is also introduced. We propose a solution to EEG-based brain source recovering by combining two techniques, a sequential Monte Carlo method for source localization and spatial filtering by beamforming for the respective source signal estimation. The EEG inverse problem is previously studded assuming that the source localization is known. In this work for the first time the problem of inverse modeling is solved simultaneously with the problem of the respective source space localization.

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  • The evolution of the evolving neuro-fuzzy systems: from expert systems to spiking-, neurogenetic-, and quantum inspired

    Kasabov, N (2014-03-21)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This chapter follows the development of a class of intelligent information systems called evolving neuro-fuzzy systems (ENFS). ENFS combine the adaptive/ evolving learning ability of neural networks and the approximate reasoning and linguistically meaningful explanation features of fuzzy rules. The review includes fuzzy expert systems, fuzzy neuronal networks, evolving connectionist systems, spiking neural networks, neurogenetic systems, and quantum inspired systems, all discussed from the point of few of fuzzy rule interpretation as new knowledge acquired during their adaptive/evolving learning. This review is based on the author’s personal (evolving) research, integrating principles from neural networks, fuzzy systems and nature.

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  • Computational modeling with spiking neural networks

    Schliebs, S; Kasabov, N (2014-03-21)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This chapter reviews recent developments in the area of spiking neural networks (SNN) and summarizes the main contributions to this research field. We give background information about the functioning of biological neurons, discuss the most important mathematical neural models along with neural encoding techniques, learning algorithms, and applications of spiking neurons. As a specific application, the functioning of the evolving spiking neural network (eSNN) classification method is presented in detail and the principles of numerous eSNN based applications are highlighted and discussed.

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  • Brain, gene, and quantum inspired computational intelligence

    Kasabov, N (2014-03-21)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This chapter discusses opportunities and challenges for the creation of methods of computational intelligence (CI) and more specifically – artificial neural networks (ANN), inspired by principles at different levels of information processing in the brain: cognitive, neuronal, genetic, and quantum, and mainly, the issues related to the integration of these principles into more powerful and accurate CI methods. It is demonstrated how some of these methods can be applied to model biological processes and to improve our understanding in the subject area; generic CI methods being applicable to challenging generic AI problems. The chapter first offers a brief presentation of some principles of information processing at different levels of the brain and then presents brain inspired, gene inspired, and quantum inspired CI. The main contribution of the chapter, however, is the introduction of methods inspired by the integration of principles from several levels of information processing, namely: A computational neurogenetic model that in one model combines gene information related to spiking neuronal activities. A general framework of a quantum spiking neural network (SNN) model. A general framework of a quantum computational neurogenetic model (CNGM). Many open questions and challenges are discussed, along with directions for further research.

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  • From the Antipodes: embedded librarians at the Open Polytechnic of New Zealand.

    Fields, A. J.; Clarke, P. S. (2014)

    Book item
    Open Polytechnic

    The authors of the book’s 12 chapters, academic librarians representing a broad range of colleges and universities, explore the evolution of the embedded librarian from physical to virtual, suggest how to develop and implement unique programs in and out of the classroom and explain how to scale programs once they are embedded.

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  • LIS undergraduate education in New Zealand: Development and contemporary issues.

    Cossham, A. F.; Wellstead, P.; Welland, S. (2014)

    Book item
    Open Polytechnic

    This chapter reviews and discusses Library and Information Science (LIS) undergraduate education in New Zealand over the past 30 years, and identifies issues and research needs. It examines contemporary issues facing LIS education in a rapidly changing information environment, affected by a particular historical and social context and changes to the higher education sector nationally and internationally. Issues include professionalization, the tension between education and continuing professional development, the difficulty of keeping programmes up to date and reflective of industry needs in times of fiscal restraint, and the complexities of the particular student body, as well as changes in the LIS sector more generally. It highlights research needs and shows how professional associations and LIS educators are addressing these issues through a range of solutions designed to strengthen the library, records, and archives professions.

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  • Personalised information modelling technologies for personalised medicine

    Hu, Y; Kasabov, N; Liang, W (2014-03-21)

    Book item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Personalised modelling offers a new and effective approach for the study in pattern recognition and knowledge discovery, especially for biomedical applications. The created models are more useful and informative for analysing and evaluating an individual data object for a given problem. Such models are also expected to achieve a higher degree of accuracy of prediction of outcome or classification than conventional systems and methodologies. Motivated by the concept of personalised medicine and utilising transductive reasoning, personalised modelling was recently proposed as a new method for knowledge discovery in biomedical applications. Personalised modelling aims to create a unique computational diagnostic or prognostic model for an individual. Here we introduce an integrated method for personalised modelling that applies global optimisation of variables (features) and an appropriate size of neighbourhood to create an accurate personalised model for an individual. This method creates an integrated computational system that combines different information processing techniques, applied at different stages of data analysis, e.g. feature selection, classification, discovering the interaction of genes, outcome prediction, personalised profiling and visualisation, etc. It allows for adaptation, monitoring and improvement of an individual’s model and leads to improved accuracy and unique personalised profiling that could be used for personalised treatment and personalised drug design.

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