1,904 results for Book item

  • Crises and Opportunities: The Analysis of an Autobiographical Account of Bereavement and Growth

    Bray, Peter (2013)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    From the moment they occur, crisis events involving personal loss can disrupt people’s lives and irrevocably change how they engage with the world. Living with the crisis of irreplaceable loss in a world that has suddenly become unfamiliar and unpredictable is both existentially and psychologically challenging. In the aftermath of crisis, how does the survivor go about relearning his existence and incorporating the inconceivable into a newly emerging view of the world? In Western society it is quite common for individuals and groups to report that their experiences of powerfully disturbing crisis events have created a set of conditions that forced them to make significant personal changes which resulted in beneficial growth. Thus, in such crises, the survivor may oscillate between emotional distress and a fuller knowledge of reality, the questioning of old core beliefs and goals and the establishment of new ones, holding on to their past self-narrative and the creation and integration of a new one, whilst attempting to maintain psychic and physical balance. This oscillation gently accommodates the pre-crisis elements of the survivor’s whole experience and enables the possibility of movement toward continuing future growth and the recognition and use of opportunities. In the last decade or so, mirroring the trend to positively reframe these disrupting states, crisis and bereavement work has become increasingly interested in those outcomes that suggest: enhanced psychological well-being and health; personal and spiritual development and increased coping skills; and, improved relationships and enhanced personal resources. In this brief paper, an autobiographical account of loss is given to demonstrate how exposure to crisis can provide opportunity for significant personal transformation. The analysis uses the integrated conceptual frameworks of Lawrence Calhoun and Richard Tedeschi’s post-traumatic growth model and Stanislav and Christina Grof’s psycho-spiritual paradigm, blended with some current ideas about crisis, grief, and bereavement.

    View record details
  • Hamlet Is Sick: Patient Care in the Total Institution

    Bray, Peter (2014)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet is conceived as an exploration of one patient’s experiences of the power of a total institution. In the unethical and unsuccessful processes of healing his step-son’s melancholia, Claudius the chief executive and senior consultant of Denmark’s Elsinore Castle transforms Hamlet’s condition from princely protégé to patient. As a noncompliant inmate Hamlet goes about creatively finding ways to both resist his helpers and assemble evidence that will prove the institution’s power base is corrupted by its new leader. His increasing reluctance to see the world as the state sanctions it gives the institution reason to treat his personal challenges as attacks on its integrity. Thus, Shakespeare’s play exposes the sickness of total systems that vest power in a single individual. It also shows how a diagnosis of complicated mourning, experienced as a difficult personal process of intra-psychic transformation, might be reframed by its onlookers as ‘madness.’ By showing the tragic consequences of withholding or intentionally ignoring the true source of a patient’s disease, Hamlet’s case demonstrates the difficulties of making correct diagnoses and giving appropriate treatment. At best there is a fragile symbiosis between a doctor and patient. In Hamlet the institution misdiagnoses, threatens, renders incompetent, and denies Hamlet the patient a say in his own healing processes. However, in his institutionally inconvenient condition he is provided with opportunities for the kind of unsupervised self-analysis and experimentation that ultimately risks his life and those of the community. After his assault on the body politic, steps are taken to fully remove him from the public gaze. Hamlet’s case serves to illustrate how a unitary approach to patient care that disenfranchises and disempowers, tragically disables the service relationship and totally restricts its staff in their work.

    View record details
  • Accentuating the Positive: Self-Actualising Post-Traumatic Growth Processes

    Bray, Peter (2014)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    It is not altogether uncommon, in the aftermath of traumatic life events, for individuals and groups to report that they have had experiences and faced processes that have led to significant personal changes and positive psychological growth. In the last half century psychology has begun to broadly recognise and understand the potential psychological benefits to individuals who have successfully managed the balance between the painful challenges of trauma on the one hand and the emerging effects of flourishing and personal growth on the other. Counter-intuitively, these life-enhancing outcomes can include: improved psychological well-being and health; personal and spiritual development; increased coping skills and deepening relationships; enhanced personal resources; and, changes in religious and spiritual assumptions and beliefs. As a consequence, mainstream psychology has broadened its position on trauma, moving beyond its concern with impairment and pathology, to a curiosity about the incidence, meaning, and positive potential that these growth outcomes may have post-trauma. Similarly, as these outcomes are increasingly able to be measured, this chapter suggests that psychology’s ordinarily Cartesian caution toward trauma as a singularly quantifiable experience is being gently shifted by the post-modern perspectives being applied to this phenomenon. Thus, as psychology repositions itself in the new millennium, this chapter offers a number of contributions to trauma theory, and specifically post-traumatic growth, that informs our fuller consideration of the role of psycho-spiritual transformation in the processes, outcomes, and management of trauma beginning with: Abraham Maslow’s theory of peak experience and self-actualisation and Carl Rogers’ organismic valuing process; Stanislav Grof’s holotropic paradigm and formulation of psycho-spiritual transformation; the research conducted by Lawrence Calhoun and Richard Tedeschi’s on post-traumatic growth; and, Martin Seligman and Stephen Joseph’s conceptualisations of positive psychology. Together, these interdisciplinary strands capture something of a prevailing optimism and shared understanding that the struggle of post-traumatic experience may, for some at least, offer the potential for personal growth.

    View record details
  • The Prince Is the Patient: A Shakespearean Tragi-Fantasy of Total Institutional Care

    Bray, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    In this chapter William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet is reconceived as an allegory of one patient’s countervailing experiences of the total institution. Purposely confined in the secure environment of Denmark’s Elsinore Castle his step-father and institutional senior consultant Claudius unethically, and yet largely successfully, transforms the public perception of Hamlet’s mourning and melancholia over his father into psychoneurosis and violent insanity - his identity from princely protégé to mortified patient. However, Hamlet, whilst appearing to fulfil his diagnosis, actively engages in creative ways to find evidence that will prove that Claudius is his father’s murderer. Nevertheless, the patient’s increasing reluctance to see the world as the state institution sanctions it, gives the powers-that-be even more cause to treat his challenges as a threat to its integrity. Shakespeare’s play exposes the sickness of systems that vest power in a single individual and Hamlet’s case illustrates how unitary approaches to patient care disenfranchise the client whilst tragically disabling the expert service relational. The latter also illustrates how complicated mourning can be experienced as a difficult personal process of intra-psychic transformation. In addition, by playing out the tragic consequences of withholding or intentionally ignoring the real source of a patient’s disease, Hamlet’s case exemplifies the outcomes of labelling, casual diagnoses and inappropriate treatment. Threatened, rendered incompetent, and denied a say in his own healing process, Hamlet’s institutionally inconvenient condition provides him with opportunities for the kind of unsupervised self-analysis and experimentation that ultimately risks his life and those of the community. Hamlet reminds us that when distinctions between the roles of the patient and doctor become blurred and the institution becomes either overly self-protective of itself or focused upon its own projects rather those it serves, its judgement and capacity to ensure that its work is undertaken ethically and sympathetically becomes sadly diminished. Key Words: Doctor-patient relationship, Elizabethan, Erving Goffman, madness, psychoanalysis, Shakespeare’s Hamlet, total institution, tragedy, transpersonal, treatment.

    View record details
  • Post-Crises Opportunities: A Personal Account of Bereavement and Growth

    Bray, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    From the moment that they occur crisis events involving personal loss can disrupt people’s lives and irrevocably change how they engage with the world. Living with the crisis of loss in a world that has suddenly become unfamiliar and unpredictable is both existentially and psychologically challenging. In the aftermath of crisis how do survivors go about relearning existence and incorporating the inconceivable into a newly emerging view of the world? In Western society it is quite common for individuals and groups to report that their experiences of powerfully disturbing crisis events have created a set of conditions that forced them to make significant personal changes and resulted in beneficial growth. Thus, in situations perceived of as crises survivors, oscillating between emotional distress and fuller knowledge of reality, might question their core beliefs and goals and establish new ones, whilst simultaneously re-writing and integrating their life narratives in order to maintain psychic and physical balance. This oscillation gently accommodates the pre-crisis elements of survivor’s whole experience and enables the possibility of movement toward continuing future growth and the recognition and use of opportunities. In the last decade or so, mirroring the trend to positively reframe these disrupting states, crisis and bereavement work have become increasingly interested in outcomes that suggest: enhanced psychological well-being and health; personal and spiritual development and increased coping skills; and, improved relationships and enhanced personal resources. This chapter provides an autobiographical account of loss to demonstrate how exposure to crisis can provide opportunities for significant personal transformation. The analysis integrates the conceptual frameworks of Lawrence Calhoun and Richard Tedeschi’s post-traumatic growth model and Stanislav and Christina Grof’s psycho-spiritual, or ‘holotropic’, paradigm, blended with some current ideas about crisis, grief, and bereavement.

    View record details
  • The Fountain of Fish: Ontological Collisions at Sea

    Salmond, Mary (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Preparing the Future Professoriate in Second Language Acquisition

    Thompson, AS; Li, Shaofeng; White, B; Loewen, S; Gass, S (2012)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Korean Studies in New Zealand: current status and future prospects

    Song, Changzoo (2007)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Is Architecture Art?

    Davies, Stephen (1994)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Why Listen to Sad Music if It Makes One Feel Sad?

    Davies, Stephen (1995)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Music, definitions of

    Davies, Stephen (2014)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • The Experience of Music

    Davies, Stephen (2003)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • twentieth-century Anglo-American aesthetics

    Davies, Stephen; Stecker, R (2009)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Dal Monte Ventoso a Point Lenana: la sfida di Wu Ming al postmoderno

    Manai, Franco (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Commercial decisions in the Supreme Court of New Zealand: The prominence of agency law in the first ten years

    Watts, Peter (2015)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Live Farm Animal Exports

    Dare, Tim (2016-07-25)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • A dynamic metacognitive systems perspective on language learner autonomy

    Zhang, Lawrence (2016-02-08)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    Afterword.

    View record details
  • Black Fella Land: White Fella Tax - Changing the CGT Implications of Aboriginal/Native

    Cassidy, Julie (2011)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Context and complexity on the arid margins of Australia: Assessing human reponses to an unpredictable environment

    Holdaway, Simon; Shiner, J; Fanning, Patricia; Douglass, MJ (2016)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    View record details
  • Airway Management Skills and Equipment for Aquatic First Responders

    Hood, N; Webber, Jonathon (2014-10-26)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The mainstay of treatment in drowning patients is removal from the aquatic environment and reinstitution of breathing with air or oxygen. Rescue and resuscitation by aquatic first responders who can institute immediate basic and intermediate life support offers the best chance of survival.

    View record details