1,846 results for Book item

  • Cooperative education: Integrating classroom and workplace learning

    Eames, Chris W.; Coll, Richard K. (2010)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Cooperative education (co-op) is a strategy of education that combines academic learning in the classroom with real-world practice in a relevant workplace. To provide this mix of learning opportunities, co-op involves collaboration among students, educational institutions, and employers. Real-world experience for students in the form of work-based placements or internships can serve to provide entry for learners into a particular community of practice. Theorising and research into student learning through cooperative education has focussed on the experiential nature of the learning opportunity, and more latterly through sociocultural views of learning. These latter views help us to understand that cooperative education exposes students to worlds of learning that are different but complementary. These complementary worlds have different sociocultural dimensions that afford different learning opportunities to students. Clearly defined integrative pathways are required that allow students to make sense of the learning that they are afforded. The real strength of cooperative education as a strategy of practice-based learning is not that students gain opportunities to learn in the classroom and in the workplace, but that these opportunities are integrated to create learning that is more than the sum of the two parts.

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  • 'Seeing' the toddler: Voices or voiceless?

    White, Elizabeth Jayne (2011)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Is ‘seeing’ believing? What comprises the focus of seeing, how is it seen and who decides what is to be privileged in doing so? Such is the dilemma facing all observational investigations since what can be ‘seen’ is always impaired or enhanced by what each person brings to their gaze—be it frameworks or ideologies that limit or create potential. How much more challenging is such seeing when the subject of our gaze is an infant or toddler who speaks a distinct corporeal language that has long been forgotten by the adult, and who draws from a sociocultural domain that is only partially glimpsed by the early childhood teacher or researcher? In this chapter I expand on the idea of ‘seeing’ as a dialogic endeavour—thus calling for an exploration of voice that goes beyond singular monologic parameters, into the polyphonic terrain of speculation, uncertainty and reflexivity. Taking this approach, I argue that there is potential to re-vision the very young child as a competent yet vulnerable communicator of and with many voices, one who is capable of conveying complex meaning through genres that strategically orient them towards or away from intersubjective harmony.

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  • Dissecting action sports studies: Past, present, and beyond

    Thorpe, Holly Aysha; Wheaton, Belinda (2013)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    The term “action sports” broadly refers to a wide range of mostly individualized activities such as BMX, kite-surfing, skateboarding, surfing, and snowboarding that differed – at least in their early phases of development – from traditional rule-bound, competitive, regulated Western “achievement” sport cultures ( Booth and Thorpe, 2007 ; Kusz, 2007a ; Wheaton 2004, 2010 ). Various categorizations have been used to describe these activities, including extreme, lifestyle, and alternative sports. In this chapter, however, the term action sports is used as it is currently the preferred term among committed participants and industry members in North America and Australasia (many of whom reject the overly commercialized “extreme” moniker imposed upon them by transnational media and mainstream sponsors during the mid- and late 1990s). Many action sports gained popularity during the new leisure trends of the 1960s and 1970s and increasingly attracted alternative youth, who appropriated these activities and infused them with a set of hedonistic and carefree philosophies and subcultural styles ( Booth and Thorpe, 2007 ; Thorpe and Wheaton, 2011a ; Wheaton, 2010 ).

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  • Tales of a cross-cultural research journey: Navigating potholes, roadblocks and dead-ends

    Cobb, Donella J. (2014)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Undertaking doctoral studies in a different cultural context presents a plethora of challenges for doctoral students. This chapter documents the experiences of one researcher navigating the early stages of her doctoral journey in a cultural context significantly different from her own. While the development of the initial research framework has taken careful development, it has been the ethical considerations throughout this initial stage that have presented ongoing challenges, particularly when considering research from a critical perspective. This chapter highlights some important reflections for doctoral students undertaking research in developing countries, particularly in relation to communication, in-country ethics procedures, time delays and financial considerations. The difficulties encountered on the doctoral journey have highlighted the need to take a critical and reflexive stance throughout the development of the initial research proposal and to be flexible to change the direction of the research if and where needed. Because of a recent change in political circumstances, this nation will remain nameless throughout this chapter in order to protect those who may be implicated with the original work.

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  • FLAX: Flexible and open corpus-based language collections development

    Fitzgerald, Alannah; Wu, Shaoqun; Marín, María José (2015)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    In this case study we present innovative work in building open corpus-based language collections by focusing on a description of the opensource multilingual Flexible Language Acquisition (FLAX) language project, which is an ongoing example of open materials development practices for language teaching and learning. We present language-learning contexts from across formal and informal language learning in English for Academic Purposes (EAP). Our experience relates to Open Educational Resource (OER) options and Practices (OEP) which are available for developing and distributing online subject-specific language materials for uses in academic and professional settings. We are particularly concerned with closing the gap in language teacher training where competencies in materials development are still dominated by print-based proprietary course book publications. We are also concerned with the growing gap in language teaching practitioner competencies for understanding important issues of copyright and licencing that are changing rapidly in the context of digital and web literacy developments. These key issues are being largely ignored in the informal language teaching practitioner discussions and in the formal research into teaching and materials development practices.

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  • Work integrated learning

    Ferns, Sonia; Campbell, Matthew; Zegwaard, Karsten E. (2014)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    In the coming decades, environmental, cultural, economic and social changes will have a profound global impact (Hajkowicz, Cook & Littleboy, 2012). The higher education sector is under pressure to transform the way it operates in response to these forces (Ernst & Young, 2012). The emerging knowledge economy, progressing technological capabilities, increasing global mobility, and growing demands for economic productivity, require a proficient, innovative and competitive work force. Education is perceived as a key mechanism for preparing the population to meet the global demands of the 21st century. Work integrated learning (WIL) is internationally recognized and nationally endorsed as a strategy for ensuring students are exposed to authentic learning experiences with the opportunity to apply theoretical concepts to practice-based tasks, ultimately enhancing graduate employability (Knight & Yorke, 2004; Peach & Matthews, 2011).

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  • 'Mong'st the furies finde just recompence': Suicide and the supernatural in William Sampson's The Vow Breaker (1636)

    Martin, Fiona (2015)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    The prevailing view on suicide in early modern England was that it was absolutely 'contrary to the Lawes and ordinances of God: 1 and contemporary theologians including John Sym, William Willymat, Robert Hill and Richard Greenham expounded in sermons and treatises on the prohibitions against self-murder and the dire consequences attendant upon the soul of the deceased.2 To take one's own life indirectly challenged the authority of the Church, and suicide, in its violation of community values, also awakened fears of the supernatural and of what the condemned soul might be capable. On the popular stage, of course, dramatizations of suicide could provide shocking but arresting scenes of conflict, both on the personal level and within the affected community.

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  • Semantics in Greenstone

    Hinze, Annika; Buchanan, George; Bainbridge, David; Witten, Ian H. (2008)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    This chapter illustrates the impact on a well known digital library system - Greenstone - when it is moved from fixed modules and simple metadatabased structures, to open semantic digital library modules. This change has profound effects on the tools available to end-users to retrieve relevant content from the library, and an equally significant impact on the digital library (DL) architecture. Most current DL systems contain protocols for internal communication that define information exchange solely in terms of searching, browsing, and document retrieval. These communications reflect traditional user interactions in the library. However, this regimented approach results in inflexible systems that are difficult to extend to support other retrieval techniques. Furthermore, simple field-based metadata limits the ability of the DL to connect or disambiguate key items of information, impeding the precision of retrieval.

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  • Development of a real-time full-field range imaging system

    Jongenelen, Adrian P.P.; Payne, Andrew D.; Carnegie, Dale A.; Dorrington, Adrian A.; Cree, Michael J. (2009)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    This article describes the development of a full-field range imaging system employing a high frequency amplitude modulated light source and image sensor. Depth images are produced at video frame rates in which each pixel in the image represents distance from the sensor to objects in the scene. The various hardware subsystems are described as are the details about the firmware and software implementation for processing the images in real-time. The system is flexible in that precision can be traded off for decreased acquisition time. Results are reported to illustrate this versatility for both high-speed (reduced precision) and high-precision operating modes.

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  • Good lattice rules with a composite number of points based on the product weighted star discrepancy

    Joe, Stephen; Sinescu, Vasile (2008)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Rank-1 lattice rules based on a weighted star discrepancy with weights of a product form have been previously constructed under the assumption that the number of points is prime. Here, we extend these results to the non-prime case. We show that if the weights are summable, there exist lattice rules whose weighted star discrepancy is O(n−1+δ), for any δ > 0, with the implied constant independent of the dimension and the number of lattice points, but dependent on δ and the weights. Then we show that the generating vector of such a rule can be constructed using a component-by-component (CBC) technique. The cost of the CBC construction is analysed in the final part of the paper.

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  • Modelling single cell electroporation with bipolar pulse: Simulating dependance of electroporated fractional pore area on the bipolar field frequency

    Talele, Sadhana; Gaynor, Paul; van Ekeran, Jethro; Cree, Michael J. (2010)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Electroporation EP, in which external electric field pulses create transient pores in a cell membrane, is an important technique for delivery of DNA and drugs into the cell. To enable entry of DNA into cells, the pores should have sufficiently large radii, remain open long enough for the DNA chain to enter the cell, and should not cause membrane rupture. A numerical model for a single spherical cell electroporated by application of direct and/or alternating external electric field pulses has been developed. The model is used to calculate the transmembrane potential, the number of pores and the the fraction of area occupied by the pores (fractional pore area FPA) in response to the various electric field pulses. Presented here are simulation results used to compare the extent of electroporation (fractional pore area FPA) in response to eletric field pulses of different frequencies in a range of extracellular conductivity for two cell raii. It is also observed that a 1 MHz bipolar sinusoidal applied electric field pulse reduces the relative difference in fractional pore area between the two cell sizes compared to a 100 kHz pulse.

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  • Designing photovolaic/thermal solar collectors for building integration

    Anderson, Timothy Nicholas; Duke, Mike; Carson, James K. (2008)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    With concern growing over the environment and resource use, there has been greater emphasis placed on sustainability, particularly in the built environment. One of the key points of sustainable urban environments is the need for an increase in the densification of the population. A by-product of increased densification however, is a reduction in the area per person that can be used for on-site renewable energy generation from the solar resource. Where previously it would have been possible to have a photovoltaic array and solar water heater side-by-side for a free-standing household, this may not be achievable in a high-density living situation. As a counterpoint to this issue, the design of a novel combined photovoltaic/thermal for building integration (BIPVT) solar collector is analysed and discussed. The panel has a higher efficiency per unit area, than an array of photovoltaic panels in combination with solar thermal panels. In addition, by integrating electricity generation, water heating and facade elements it is possible to reduce the complexity associated with traditional solar installations while also achieving an architecturally sensitive appearance. As such the BIPVT is ideally suited to environments where facade space with suitable solar access is limited, or where large numbers of people share a single building. In this study, the influence of key design parameters on the performance of a BIPVT collector are presented and discussed. Finally, a transient systems analysis is used to illustrate the performance benefits of BIPVT style collectors over traditional technologies.

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  • A search engine log analysis of music-related web searching

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2010)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    We explore music search behavior by identifying music-related queries in a large (over 20 million queries) search engine log, gathered over three months in 2006. Music searching is a significant information behavior: approximately 15% of users conduct at least one music search in the time period studied, and approximately 1.35% of search activities are connected to music. We describe the structural characteristics of music searches—query length and frequency for result selection—and also summarize the most frequently occurring search terms and destinations. The findings are compared to earlier studies of general search engine behavior and to qualitative studies of natural language music information needs statements. The results suggest the need for specialized music search facilities and provide implications for the design of a music information retrieval system.

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  • Bagging ensemble selection

    Sun, Quan; Pfahringer, Bernhard (2011)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    Ensemble selection has recently appeared as a popular ensemble learning method, not only because its implementation is fairly straightforward, but also due to its excellent predictive performance on practical problems. The method has been highlighted in winning solutions of many data mining competitions, such as the Netix competition, the KDD Cup 2009 and 2010, the UCSD FICO contest 2010, and a number of data mining competitions on the Kaggle platform. In this paper we present a novel variant: bagging ensemble selection. Three variations of the proposed algorithm are compared to the original ensemble selection algorithm and other ensemble algorithms. Experiments with ten real world problems from diverse domains demonstrate the benefit of the bagging ensemble selection algorithm.

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  • Robust landmark identification for generating subject specific models for biomechanics

    Malcolm, DTK; Baluwala, HY; Nielsen, PMF; Nash, Martyn (2016)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    We propose a robust and accurate method for automatic landmark identification for torso MR images. The method combines cross-correlation and statistical models into a single framework. Principal component analysis is used to generate statistical models of the relative landmark positions, and the template images. Partial least-squares regression is used predict the initial landmark positions, and template images for the landmarks from the characteristics of the unseen MR images. The landmark template images are then cross-correlated with the search regions and the statistical model is used to constrain the search for the maximum combined correlation. The method was trained and tested using MR images from 51 female subjects. The method was able to identify the position of the tracheal bifurcation and jugular notch landmarks with a mean??SD error of 6.1??5.2 mm, with 9.1 % of the errors greater than 10 mm. This result was three times better than the standard template matching method, which gave a mean??SD error of 18.9??21.7 mm, with 33 % of the errors greater than 10 mm.

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  • Good intermediate-rank lattice rules based on the weighted star discrepancy

    Sinescu, Vasile; Joe, Stephen (2006)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    We study the problem of constructing good intermediate-rank lattice rules in the sense of having a low weighted star discrepancy. The intermediate-rank rules considered here are obtained by “copying” rank-1 lattice rules. We show that such rules can be constructed using a component-by-component technique and prove that the bound for the weighted star discrepancy achieves the optimal convergence rate.

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  • Kaitiakitanga - Active guardianship, responsibilities and relationships with the world: Towards a bio-cultural future In early childhood education

    Paul-Burke, Kura; Rameka, Lesley Kay (2015)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    The world is a vast family, and humans are children of the earth and sky, and cousins to all living things. Such unity means that nature is the ultimate teacher about life (Royal 2010, p. 9). For Māori (indigenous peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand) the term kaitiakitanga (pronounced, kye-tee-ah-key-tar-ngah) is often used to refer to the active guardianship and management of natural organisms and their environments. Mātauranga Māori or Māori knowledge positions humans within nature and focuses on ways in which cultural understandings and intergenerational connections between people and their biophysical contexts assist in the retention and protection of biodiversity and ecologically sustainable ecosystems. This entry critically reflects notions of kaitiakitanga and bio-cultural connectivity as important and meaningful contributors for young children and their relationships with and for the world.

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  • "The manliest and noblest of all pursuits and professions": Two preacher novelists

    Moffat, Kirstine (2016)

    Book item
    University of Waikato

    The secular character of New Zealand has become an accepted `facts of our time. Nevertheless, Christian organizations and discourses have played an important role in framing New Zealand's life and identity.

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  • Flows of knowledge in teaching teams: A collaborative approach to research in early childhood education

    Tesar, Marek; Gibbons, A; Farquhar, Sandra (2017)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

    The aim of this chapter is to theorise and propose ways to consolidate and build knowledge about the nature and impact of teacher education on teaching team relationships in Early Childhood Education (ECE). ECE teacher education provides a critical opportunity to study and practice being in a teaching team. In this chapter, we explore the nature of early childhood (EC) teaching teams with a focus on ???knowledge???. The aim of this chapter is to theorise and propose ways to consolidate and build knowledge about the nature and impact of teacher education on teaching team relationships in Early Childhood Education (ECE). ECE teacher education provides a critical opportunity to study and practice being in a teaching team. In this chapter, we explore the nature of early childhood (EC) teaching teams with a focus on ???knowledge???. The ???knowledge relationships??? within teaching teams are complex elements of the EC curriculum that have received little sustained, critical attention in educational research. Two aspects of team relationships are of particular value here because of their capacity to enrich the experiences of teachers and children in ECE: (1) the ways in which new and/or beginning teachers are welcomed into the knowledge community of an EC centre; and (2) the ways in which the sharing and construction of knowledge in a teaching team impacts on teaching and learning in the EC curriculum. These two elements are of significance to teacher education in terms of both how the student experiences the study of teaching as an experience in preparation for being a teaching team member, and how that experience translates into being in a teaching team. The chapter contributes to two essential and ongoing wider research needs identified in Aotearoa New Zealand: the nature and promotion of twenty-first century teaching and learning environments???environments characterised in relation to open, dynamic, and collective knowledge environments; and the experiences of beginning and new teachers as they enter their teaching teams (???new teachers??? refers to teachers who are new to the centres, and ???beginning teachers??? to those who are at the start of their teaching career). In addition, the chapter proposes further research into the development of a collaborative teaching, learning and researching model in teacher education, based on sharing knowledge/professional practices between new and beginning, and experienced teachers. It draws upon current scholarship on pedagogy, professionalism and leadership in ECE which advocates for effective models of development to emanate from within the profession, grounded in the local contexts and aspirations of Aotearoa New Zealand teachers, and critically attuned to the complexities of communities (Dalli et al. 2012). Building on existing scholarship, the chapter further develops knowledge of the effectiveness of teaching teams in supporting beginning and new teachers, through responsive communities of support as outlined in the Education Council website, the governing and regulatory body of New Zealand teachers. This knowledge is strategically important for centre staff, management and the profession, in terms of promoting the best ways to embrace the new knowledge and practices that beginning and new teachers bring to the teaching and learning community, and for teacher education alike. Data from a recent study of the experiences of newly qualified early childhood teachers, and their relationship with ???knowledge???, is woven through the chapter. The teachers??? experiences are explored in relation to the concept of ???flows of knowledge???. This concept is developed out of the literature on ???future-focused??? education (Bolstad et al. 2012). We argue that the study of flows of knowledge is a vital contribution to the study of education in teacher education programmes.

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  • Transformative aspirations and realities in Physical Education teacher education

    Ovens, Alan (2017)

    Book item
    The University of Auckland Library

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