742 results for Conference item, 2014

  • Optimisation of power transmission systems using a discrete Tabu Search method

    Connor, AM; Tilley, DG (2014-04-07)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This paper presents a brief description of the Tabu Search method and shows how it can be applied to two different power transmission systems. Examples are presented from two transmission systems. In the first example a mechanical transmission system is considered. A four bar mechanism is synthesised in order to produce a desired output motion. The second example is a hydrostatic transmission operating under closed loop control in order to maintain a constant operating speed as the loading conditions change.

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  • Exploring the application of agile principles to tertiary computing education

    Proctor, M.; Atkins, C.; Mann, S.; Smith, L.; Smith, H.; Trounson, R.; Sutton, K.; Benson, N.; Dyke, S.; McCarthy, C.; Otto, M.; Nicoll, C. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This paper defines a proposed set of Agile Principles for Tertiary Computing Education as developed through an Agile Education workshop held during the annual Computing South Island Educators’ (CSIE) forum. The purpose of the workshop was to explore innovative and ‘Agile’ approaches that have been used within our South Island institutions to consider whether the principles of Agile development could be usefully applied or adapted to tertiary computing education. Each case study was analysed to determine alignment with Agile principles and emerging themes in the application of these principles to tertiary computing education were identified and discussed. This led to the development of a proposed set of Agile principles for tertiary computing education to support the development of computing courses, course components and programmes. Meaningful learning has emerged as a key factor for further exploration

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  • The game’s the thing: Levelling up from novice status

    McCarthy, D P.; Oliver, R. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Quality computer engineering education is integral to the recruitment, retention, and employment of quality software engineers, as part of enabling a greater uptake of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The introductory programing course DICT440 uses Build Your Own Blocks (BYOB) and the team creation of a game, Theseus and the Minotaur, to teach introductory programing principles and skills. This paper argues that creativity is essential to innovation. Digital Games are being increasingly used in education and training internationally, as well as specifically in computer education. Aotearoa-New Zealand ITPs need to position themselves positively to leverage the creativity and motivation of software engineering students who are experienced gamers by developing games as part of teaching and learning software engineering. Computer game development courses can be developed collaboratively in a multi-disciplinary team, using appropriate learning theory, across ITPs in second and third year degree courses, in conjunction with regional game companies, alongside core business applications.

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  • Computer gaming and the positive effects on mental health

    McCarthy, C. M.; McBrearty, B. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    In 1970 a popular New Zealand student capping show was entitled “1 in 5” based on the then common expression “1 in 5 of us is mad”. In 2011 the New Zealand Mental Health reported exactly the same mental health statistics; 41 years on nothing had changed. However, other changes had taken place during that time – the advent of and continued development of the computer game. This poster paper explores the direct correlation between computer gaming and mental health and, in particular, the positive effects of computer gaming on mental health.

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  • Techniques for aligning IT education with industry demand

    Asgarkhani, M.; Clear, A. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Organizations rely increasingly on Information Technology (IT) solutions for day to day operations and as such IT solutions play a significant role in efficiency, effectiveness and innovation of processes in design, development and delivery of products and services. IT is a business enabler and has revolutionized the ways in which various sectors of the industry operate. Various reports and published research suggest that worldwide, IT skills are in short supply and high demand. Universities and other tertiary institutions play a key role in developing skilled IT workforce to meet these skills shortages. The use of most IT solution platforms is global. If language and cultural issues (that can potentially impact nature of design) we put aside, skills related to solution development processes and technology deployment are mostly common worldwide. IT is now a global industry. Therefore it is critical to align skills development strategies adopted within educational programs (offered by educational institutions) with realistic and relevant needs for the global market. Tertiary educational institutions make use of a variety of techniques and frameworks for aligning their programs with IT skills needs. Based on review of cases and previous research, this paper presents an overview of techniques deployed by tertiary educational institutions to ensure relevance and currency of their programs for developing skilled IT workforce.

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  • Fostering online student interaction using the OB3 web application for online study

    Daellenbach, R.; Davies, L.; Kensington, M.; Tamblyn, R. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    The School of Midwifery at CPIT in Christchurch is undertaking an action research study on midwifery students and blended learning that commenced in 2010. This paper focusses on one aspect of this research which is the student’s experience of social isolation whilst working through the online component of the blended delivery. In response the teaching team initiated an intervention as a result, and replaced the existing content authoring software tool with a system that enables students to engage and interact with each other more effectively. We subsequently adopted the OB3 web application which has ameliorated this problem to a large extent. This paper sets out to explain why the OB3 web application was chosen and what effect this has had in terms of the student’s learning and the educators’ teaching experiences. Keywords: Asynchronous discussions, blended learning, cooperative learning, online learning

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  • Improving existing resources for interactive learning activities using tablets and touch screens

    Robson, D.; Kennedy, D. (2014)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    As creating resources for interactive technology-based learning activities can be a huge task, we investigated how existing resources can be used and modified. Data were collected from students, observer, and teacher for several problems in a mathematics course on a computing degree that were part of interactive learning activities using touch screen technologies. It was found that existing problems could become effective resources in these activities simply by modifying them with suitable formatting, and that locating related elements together helped students start a problem. However, it is also important that pedagogical principles are followed.

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  • Collaboration and the Poutasi Project : it takes a village to create a documentary film

    Fuluifaga, Aanoalii; Harris, Miriam (2014-12)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    The South Pacific has a long history of colonisers and outsiders imposing their own projections and viewpoints upon the different island nations, rather than seeking a perspective that is authentically engaged with the culture, philosophies, and experiences of the inhabitants. Whether it be Paul Gauguin’s projection of desire upon the Tahitian landscape and its women, painting an erotic imaginary for the French bourgeoisie and its Parisian salons, or an Australian tourist snapping a photo of the staff at the hotel where she’s been staying and loudly requesting “a real Samoan smile”, representations run the risk of being misinformed outsider perceptions, rather than a valid internal voice. This was one of the quandaries facing a team of lecturers from Unitec New Zealand - a polytechnic in Auckland - in creating a short documentary that chronicles the rebuilding efforts of Poutasi village, Samoa, in the wake of the 2009 tsunami and the 2013 cyclone. A range of people, both Samoan and Palagi (European), have contributed to the rebuild, and it was important that their contributions be acknowledged, while at the same time incorporating a filmmaking procedure that is respectful of Samoan ethics and philosophies. Such a respect would hopefully express a dynamic and experience that emanates from within the village and its residents, rather than just communicate observations from an objective distance.

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  • Detecting the spread of a known rainbow skink (Lampropholis delicata) population over an island.

    Killick, Sarah A.; Galbraith, Mel; Fraser, Diane; Waipara, Nick; Cook, Jeff; Wairepo, Jacqui (2014)

    Conference item
    Unitec

    L. delicata characteristics Tryphena, Great Barrier Island Results

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  • Before and beyond the great financial crisis: men and education, labour market and well-being trends and issues in New Zealand

    Rasmussen, E; Hannam, B (2014-01-30)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This paper provides an overview of a research area which has generated limited research or impact on public policy: men and their educational, labour market and well-being issues and trends in New Zealand. Males have had lower levels of educational achievements than women across primary, intermediate and secondary schools and this has become a long-term embedded pattern. This has subsequently influenced tertiary education where the current dearth of domestic male students has become noticeable in several fields (including some concerning ethnicity patterns). The labour market trends have recorded two rather contradictory patterns: on one hand, some traditional occupational and industry gender patterns have been remarkable slow to change while other gender patterns – particular in service and professional occupations - have recorded a dramatic transformation in recent decades. Finally, male well-being and particular well-being amongst younger males need to become a public policy concern with their high rates of suicide, incarceration and work-related deaths and sickness.

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  • Corporate governance, financing patterns, and the cost of capital

    Tourani Rad, A; Koerniadi, H (2014-02-03)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    In this paper, we examine the effects of corporate governance mechanisms on financing policies in a research setting where agency problems and external financing constraints are expected to be high and restrictive. Using a unique self-constructed corporate governance index and employing the Fama and French (1999) financing model of firms, we find that firms with weak corporate governance mechanisms have more leverage than do firms with strong governance mechanisms. After controlling for the effects among corporate governance components, we observe that firms with different levels of corporate governance quality use different corporate governance mechanisms in relation to their financing policies. Our results suggest that firms can dynamically adjust their leverage as a governance mechanism through compensation policy and shareholder rights.

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  • Journey into the user experience: creating a library website that's not for librarians

    Murdoch, C; Hearne, S (2014-02-10)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Auckland University of Technology Library started work on a major redevelopment of its website in 2012. The problem was that the website content, as is the case for many library websites, had been written by librarians with almost no user input. The challenge was to redesign the website, rethinking our entire focus and placing the user at the centre of the process. This is the story of a journey of transformational change based on our user-centric approach. We believe we have achieved what we set out to do and created a website that’s built not for librarians but for users.

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  • Minor parties and employment relations policy change: the New Zealand experience

    Skilling, PD; Molineaux, J (2014-02-11)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Employment relations is shaping up as an important point of differentiation between the two major parties (National and Labour) at New Zealand’s 2014 general election. Since the country adopted a proportional electoral system in 1996, however, no major party has had a majority in Parliament. Consequently, in order to effect its preferred policy programme, the dominant party has had to rely on the votes of other, smaller parties. Both Labour-led (1999-2008) and National-led governments (2008-current) have, with the aid of minor parties, changed the employment relations landscape when in power. In this paper we consider the important role of minor parties in determining likely changes to ER policy settings after the election. We argue that merely identifying the minor parties’ policies is not sufficient to predict policy change or influence. It is necessary also to understand both (a) how minor parties are situated within a broader institutional setting and (b) how their policies fit within a broader political (and electoral) environment. Muller and Strom (1999) draw a distinction between three distinct motivations of minor political parties: their desire for official office; for policy wins, and for electoral votes. For minor parties, entering into a relationship with a larger party offers their best chance of achieving political voice. This does not guarantee, however, the advancement of its policy agenda, and it may come at the cost of its long-term electoral popularity. In this paper we draw on recent New Zealand experience to develop a model for understanding the likely influence of minor parties on ER policy change in New Zealand after the 2014 election. To be viable, such a model must take into account - at a minimum - relative party size, the centrality of ER policy to the parties’ identities, the degree of similarity between the parties involved, and the personalities of party leaders.

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  • Implementation of an advanced and secure system using wireless medical devices in healthcare settings

    Baig, M; Gholamhosseini, H (2014-01-22)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Computer-based and wireless patient monitoring systems are emerging as a low cost, reliable and accurate way of healthcare delivery. Advanced and secure solutions such as electronic records, mobile systems and cloud computing have been developed for healthcare. Most tele-health solutions send data or video remotely to healthcare providers but very few systems are in place for both vital signs and video connectivity in real-time. We proposed an advanced and efficient telehealth solution focusing on video conferencing (consultation) between patients and medical professionals in addition to wireless vital signs transmission. The selected vital signs include; blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, body temperature, spirometry (lung volumes) and blood glucose level.

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  • Crossing the Tasman: determinants of price discovery for Australia-New Zealand cross-listed shares

    Gilbert, A; Frijns, B; Tourani, A (2014-01-17)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Price discovery is the process by which markets incorporate new information. In this study, we investigate the price discovery for 19 stocks cross-listed on the NZX and the ASX between 1998 and 2012. We observe strong downward trends in the contribution to price discovery of the NZX, both for New Zealand firms cross-listing on the ASX, and Australian firms cross-listing on the NZX. This suggests that the competitiveness of the NZX relative to the ASX is decreasing. Towards the end of the sample period, 50% of the price discovery for New Zealand firms takes place on the ASX, and the NZX acts as a satellite market for Australian firms. We further examine the driving factors behind this decline, such as spreads, and trading and quoting activity.

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  • Mobilizing journalism education

    Mulrennan, DL; Cochrane, T; Sissons, H; Pamatatau, R; Barnes, L (2014-01-23)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    This paper evaluates several examples of integrating mobile social media within new pedagogical frameworks applied to journalism education, representing the reified activity of a journalism lecturer community of practice. We propose a mobile social media framework as a catalyst for new pedagogies that support student participation within a professional community. The framework leverages Skype and Twitter for facilitating authentic collaborative student-directed projects, establishing student eportfolios using a collage of social media, curating and critiquing mobile social media source material around news events using Storify, and the use of new and emerging collaborative mobile video applications such as Vyclone and Vine.

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  • Machinations in Fleet Street: Roy Thomson, Cecil King, and the creation of a magazine monopoly

    Mowatt, S; Cox, H (2014-01-28)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Britain’s newspaper and magazine publishing business did not fare particularly well during the 1950s. With leading newspaper proprietors placing their desire for political influence above that of financial performance, and with working practices in Fleet Street becoming virtually ungovernable, it was little surprise to find many leading periodical publishers on the verge of bankruptcy by the decade’s end. A singular exception to this general picture of financial mismanagement was provided by the chain of enterprises controlled by Roy Thomson. Having first established a base in Scotland in 1953 through the acquisition of the Scotsman newspaper publishing group, the Canadian entrepreneur brought a new commercial attitude and business strategy to bear on Britain’s publishing industry. Using profits generated by a string of successful media activities, in 1959 Thomson bought a place in Fleet Street through the acquisition of Lord Kemsey’s chain of newspapers, which included the prestigious Sunday Times. Early in 1961 Thomson came to an agreement with Christopher Chancellor, the recently appointed Chief Executive of Odhams Press, to merge their two publishing groups and thereby create a major new force in the British newspaper and magazine publishing industry. The deal was never consummated however. Within days of publicly announcing the merger, Odhams found its shareholders being seduced by an improved offer from Cecil King, Chairman of Daily Mirror Newspapers, Ltd., which they duly accepted. The Mirror’s acquisition of Odhams was deeply controversial, mainly because it brought under common ownership the two left-leaning British popular newspapers, the Mirror and the Herald. The current paper utilises archive sources from the Cabinet Office to explore the political dialogue that enabled the controversial takeover to proceed unopposed by the regulatory authority of the Monopolies Commission. In business terms, it analyses the implication of the successful prosecution of the deal for magazine publishing in Britain: the creation of a virtual monopoly through the formation of the Mirror-controlled IPC Magazines, and Thomson’s hostile response to this new enterprise spearheaded through his ownership of the Sunday Times.

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  • i-SITEs and the implementation of authentic sustainable strategies: 100% pure rhetoric?

    Mowatt, S; Morrow, J (2014-01-28)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    For sustainable business strategies to be effective, they need to be authentic, and successfully implemented with active participation from management and staff throughout the organisation. This process has been under researched in the environmental and strategic management literature. The tourism industry provides an ideal context to examine this process when it is based on a ‘green’ image, as it relies on the ‘authentic’ imagery of and engagement with the natural environment to differentiate destinations and to create competitive advantage. As the outcomes of these strategies are dependent on the active participation and engagement of front-line staff, and are observable by consumers, poorly implemented strategies will not be authentic and can open organisations to allegations of ‘greenwash.’ This paper investigates the translation of the 100% Pure New Zealand branding campaign into authentic sustainability strategies, and the implementation process to embed these strategies. The study was undertaken using the qualitative research based on of multiple case studies, where information was gathered using semi structured interviews with the manager and front-line employees of four i-SITEs, as well an observation of the i-SITE buildings, where tourists interact with the 100% Pure brand. The results were examined using thematic analysis, where a number of themes emerged, including: sustainability, the definition, policies, practices and procedures, as well as an identification of barriers to implementation; the perceptions and relevance of third party accreditation, in particular the Qualmark Enviro Awards; an exploration of authenticity in a tourism industry context; the communication of sustainability top-down from council and ground-up, including with tourists; and an exploration to identify an understanding of imagery and concepts of 100% Pure campaign. Four concepts were identified for further discussion. First, the constraints and barriers to sustainability strategies: with reference to the council, the building, and a discourse between the participant’s home sustainability actions and work implementation. Second, how Tourism New Zealand translates the 100% Pure campaign into a strategic vision. Third, an exploration of the understanding and meaning of authenticity. Fourth, a discussion on implementing and embedding authentic sustainability strategies. The study makes contributions to theory, policy and practice. For the implementation of authentic strategies the study suggests that a whole organisation approach, that combines top-down and bottom-up approaches, is necessary to implement and embed successful sustainability strategies. These theoretical insights are elaborated from two perspectives: top-down and from bottom-up, resulting in two levels of policy implications. The top-down perspective focuses on how Tourism New Zealand and local councils can better communicate the strategic vision created using the 100% Pure brand, as well as suggestions for more effective dissemination of information and knowledge about sustainability, and related policy. The bottom-up perspective focuses on employee empowerment, to engage in the creation, implementation and review of sustainability strategy to enable authentic implementation and embeddedness. Specific recommendations are offered for management practice that there must be an involvement and commitment of time and resources, not just financial resources, by the management and staff at the i-SITEs, the local councils, as well as central government through Tourism New Zealand to more effectively embed authentic strategies throughout the organisations involved.

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  • Development of SCM competencies in construction: lessons learned from New Zealand

    Ying, FJ; Tookey, J; Roberti, H (2014-01-28)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    The construction industry, which contributes around 5 percent to gross domestic product, is a vitally important industry in New Zealand. With over 50,000 businesses, the construction industry is the third largest industry by business count in New Zealand’s economy (Statistics New Zealand 2009). Although it is widely accepted that productivity can be improved by adoption effective supply chain management (SCM), no studies have investigated this in the New Zealand context. The purpose of this paper is to understand the nature and extent of current practice of Construction Supply Chain Management (CSCM) in NZ construction. Consequently to examine whether current SCM practice exemplified in NZ could be considered to be international ‘Best Practice’. A case study approach is used for probing SCM practice on a NZ$75m commercial project located in Auckland Central Business District (CBD. The supply chain network of the principal ground works and superstructure construction stages was studied. The key findings of the case study suggest that the flow of materials remains the main focus of CSCM practice. It was found that essential skills training for CSCM was extremely limited and largely ill-defined in terms of its nature and content. Finally it was identified that as the NZ construction industry moves towards a significantly more collaborative framework, the efficacy of CSCM operations is expected to substantially improve. However this last point did not negate the requirement to expand and improve skills training in CSCM. This indicates that there is room for improving CSCM to reduce construction project costs and increase productivity.

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  • The untold story of how the British printing unions adapted to technological and organisational change: perspectives from magazine publishing

    Mowatt, S (2014-01-28)

    Conference item
    Auckland University of Technology

    Whilst the story of technological change and de-unionisation in the newspaper industry in the UK is generally well known, the parallel changes in the magazine industry have not been subject to such academic interest. The magazine industry underwent a profound transformation from the 1980s, driven both by organisational and technological change. Subject to different drivers of technological change to that of the newspaper industry, union responses were more fragmented and emergent. These responses were markedly different from those of unions in the more regulated newspaper industry, as magazine publishing companies were quite heterogeneous, often smaller, implying closer and more pragmatic relationships between firms and labour. The paper first outlines the development of the British print unions serving both the newspaper and magazines sectors. In particular the paper uses a review of hereto unexamined documents relating to the print firms, such as Odhams (Watford) Ltd, within the IPC magazine publishing conglomerate, and examines how technological change in the magazine sector was driven not by changes in printing technology, but by ultimately by developments in the micro-computing industry and the desire to enforce the “right of managers to manage.” In contrast to this many of the smaller entrants into the industry developed a different relationship with labour unions. The advent of desk-top publishing (DTP) systems undermined both basis of demarcation in the labour force, and of the organisation of production. The main unions involved, the NUJ, NGA and SOGAT, found that the boundaries between their responsibilities were eroded. The unions involved underwent a period of restructuring, where several of the unions merged (or failed to merge) and consolidation in response to technological change, which had many implications to how the unions positioned themselves and approached issues such as collective agreements and training. Within smaller firms however the unions had put working arrangements in place to overcome the technologically-driven erosion of demarcation. In conclusion the differences between changes in the newspaper print business, print relationships at IPC and within the sector more generally are contrasted. What emerges is a different story of change in the print sector to that which is generally given for the 1980s period, adding to a more subtle and contextualised story of how labour unions have adapted to technological and organisation change. This may serve to reposition debates on print union change from more politically-driven narratives of government-union conflict based in industrial relations approaches, towards a more productive domain of debate located in employment relations models as outlined by Belnave and Mortimer (2005.) This approach negates the excessive managerialist approach of HRM focused on worker flexibility, but acknowledges the positive outcomes of widening industry participation beyond unionised workers. With digitisation currently fuelling debate on the changing the nature of employment relations in the industry this story outlines how many of these issues were addressed by the actors involved in the 1980s and 1990s, and reveals that for print relations, the past could be the future.

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