24,445 results for Journal article

  • The role of therapeutic alliance in treatment for people with mild to moderate alcohol dependence

    Richardson, D.F.; Adamson, S.J.; Deering, D.E.A. (2012)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    In an exploratory study of Therapeutic Alliance (TA) in brief outpatient treatment for alcohol dependence the relationship was investigated between TA and treatment outcome (measured at 6 weeks and 6 months) for 69 alcohol dependent clients participating in a randomised control trial between Motivational Enhancement Therapy and Non Directive Reflective Listening. TA was significantly higher for clients who attended all four sessions. The correlation between TA and change in per cent days abstinent (PDA) between baseline and 6 weeks approached significance. TA was significantly correlated with the Alcohol Problem Questionnaire (APQ) at 6 months and with change in APQ scores between baseline and 6 months. These relationships remained significant when treatment assignment was controlled for. Whilst there was a trend towards a relationship between TA and change in PDA between baseline and 6 months, this trend no longer remained when both treatment assignment and early change in drinking levels were controlled for. Therapeutic alliance may be a useful additional maker to predict outcome, but early treatment response appears to be a better predictor.

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  • A new species of Carpoglyphus (Astigmatina: Carpoglyphidae) from the bark of black beech (Nothofagus) honeydew in New Zealand.

    Clark, J. (2010)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Carpoglyphus wardleorum n. sp. (Astigmatina: Carpoglyphidae) is described from males and females collected from sooty mould fungi on the bark of black beech, Nothofagus solandri, at Ashley Gorge, Canterbury, New Zealand.

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  • Using videos and multimodal discourse analysis to study how students learn a trade

    Chan, S. (2013)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    The use of video to assist with ethnographical-based research is not a new phenomenon. Recent advances in technology have reduced the costs and technical expertise required to use videos for gathering research data. Audio-visual records of learning activities as they take place, allow for many non-vocal and inter-personal communication interchanges to be collected. However, the use of video does add greater complexity to the research process. In this article, the use of video to collect data of trade skill learners and the accompanying multimodal discourse analysis method used to derive meaning from these data are discussed. The adoption of video along with multimodal discourse analysis may facilitate future research into learning in a vocational context.

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  • Giving speaking practice in self-access mode a chance

    Dofs, K.I. (2013)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Finding resources and activities which will interest students and promote speaking in a self-access resource can be challenging. This article describes how the School of English at Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology (CPIT), Christchurch, New Zealand, works to enable speaking practice in their Language Self Access Centre (LSAC). The activities which students are encouraged to do were produced consequent to research and an examination of good practice worldwide within the field of autonomy in language learning. The article will explore some basic design principles and conditions which were followed with the aim of creating maximal “comprehensible outputs” for speaking (Anderson, Maclean & Lynch, 2004), and, at the same time, creating conditions for these speaking tasks which would optimise development of autonomous language use (Thornbury, 2005). This is followed by an analysis of how the resources provided in a designated speaking area in the LSAC fulfil these principles and conditions, and how they may foster autonomous learning.

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  • Women’s birthplace decision-making, the role of confidence: Part of the Evaluating Maternity Units Study, New Zealand

    Grigg, C.; Tracy, S.; Schmied, V.; Daellenbach, R.; Kensington, M. (2015)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Objective: to explore women's birthplace decision-making and identify the factors which enable women to plan to give birth in a freestanding midwifery-led primary level maternity unit rather than in an obstetric-led tertiary level maternity hospital in New Zealand. Design: a mixed methods prospective cohort design. Methods: data from eight focus groups (37 women) and a six week postpartum survey (571 women, 82%) were analysed using thematic analysis and descriptive statistics. The qualitative data from the focus groups and survey were the primary data sources and were integrated at the analysis stage; and the secondary qualitative and quantitative data were integrated at the interpretation stage. Setting: Christchurch, New Zealand, with one tertiary maternity hospital and four primary level maternity units (2010–2012). Participants: well (at ‘low risk’ of developing complications), pregnant women booked to give birth in one of the primary units or the tertiary hospital. All women received midwifery continuity of care, regardless of their intended or actual birthplace. Findings: five core themes were identified: the birth process, women's self-belief in their ability to give birth, midwives, the health system and birth place. ‘Confidence’ was identified as the overarching concept influencing the themes. Women who chose to give birth in a primary maternity unit appeared to differ markedly in their beliefs regarding their optimal birthplace compared to women who chose to give birth in a tertiary maternity hospital. The women who planned a primary maternity unit birth expressed confidence in the birth process, their ability to give birth, their midwife, the maternity system and/or the primary unit itself. The women planning to give birth in a tertiary hospital did not express confidence in the birth process, their ability to give birth, the system for transfers and/or the primary unit as a birthplace, although they did express confidence in their midwife. Key conclusions and implications for practice: birthplace is a profoundly important aspect of women's experience of childbirth. Birthplace decision-making is complex, in common with many other aspects of childbirth. A multiplicity of factors needs converge in order for all those involved to gain the confidence required to plan what, in this context, might be considered a ‘countercultural’ decision to give birth at a midwife-led primary maternity unit. Keywords: Decision-making; Place of birth; Primary maternity unit; Tertiary hospital; New Zealand; Confidence

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  • Development of an Android accessory interface to CPIT AVR training kits

    Li, Y. (2014)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology (CPIT) have a long history of teaching embedded systems and microcontrollers in their engineering programmes. The AVR microcontroller training kit was developed as a platform for teaching and for student projects. This paper presents the development of an Android accessory interface to the training kit. The hardware design was based on the Max3421e USB controller. The software of the accessory was designed using the object-oriented concept and the top-down approach. The general behaviour of the accessory were defined in the base class and the USB protocol support defined in its subclass. These are hardware independent and can easily be extended to a subclass with specific hardware support, such as the Max3421e or any microcontroller’s built-in USB controllers. The Android accessory interface together with the AVR microcontroller training kit will be the platform for students to develop embedded systems which can fully use the powerful features of Android devices.

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  • Stability of plasma adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH): Influence of hemolysis, rapid chilling time, and the addition of maleimide

    Livesey, J. H.; Dolamore, B. (2010)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hemolysis, rapid chilling, time, and the addition of a maleimide on the stability of human plasma ACTH measurements. Design and methods: Partially hemolyzed EDTA blood (n = 10), initially at 37 °C, was centrifuged at 4 °C either immediately or after rapid chilling in ice/water. Plasma ACTH was then measured either immediately, or after 1 h at 22 °C with or without the addition of 2 mM N-phenyl maleimide (NPM). Results: For 0.2% hemolysis compared to no hemolysis, the mean (±SEM) loss with immediate centrifugation and immediate ACTH measurement was 11 ± 1%. This loss was significantly (p < 0.002) reduced to 6 ± 1% by an initial rapid chilling of the samples. For analysis after 1 h at 22 °C, the addition of NPM decreased the loss of ACTH from 15 ± 2% to 2 ± 2% (p < 0.002). Conclusion: Rapid chilling, prompt analysis, and addition of NPM can each reduce the interference of hemolysis in the measurement of plasma ACTH concentrations.

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  • Process and strategy influences on product development performance in New Zealand

    de Waal, A.; Knott, P. (2010)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This study is the first to evaluate the outcomes of alternative new product development (NPD) strategies among New Zealand firms. For each of six distinct NPD strategies, we assess performance by selecting the most applicable of 12 measures. We find that new product strategies produce better results than product improvement strategies, although managers rated profit margins unsatisfactory for all six NPD strategies. Our sample firms seldom reported using formalised NPD process or strategy, but when they did, this correlated positively with improved performance in all 12 measures. Firms generally recognised their NPD process performance as poorer than their product performance.

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  • Identification of an optimal sampling position for stable isotopic analysis of bone collagen of extinct moa (Aves: Emeidae)

    Holdaway, R.; Hawke, D.J.; Bunce, M.; Allentoft, M. E. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Stable isotopic (δ13C; δ15N) analysis of bone collagen and other refractory biological materials is a mainstay of palaeoecological research, but comparability between individuals depends on homogeneity within the sample specimens. Long bones of extinct New Zealand moa display lines of arrested growth that reflect prolonged development over several years, leading to potential systematic inhomogeneity in stable isotopic enrichment within the bone. We tested whether the isotopic content within a Euryapteryx curtus tibiotarsus is homogeneous by measuring δ15N and δ13C values in 6 adjacent 1cm-diameter cortical bone cores arranged along the bone axis from each of the proximal and distal ends. We then measured isotopic ratios in 5 radial slices of a core from the mid-shaft of a Pachyornis elephantopus tibiotarsus to see if there was any depth (ontogenetic) effect at a single sampling point. The δ13C value increased with distance from the proximal bone end, but neither δ13C nor δ15N values in samples from the distal end of the bone were correlated with position. Within mid-shaft cortical bone, the δ13C value decreased with depth but δ15N values were constant. Sampling the entire depth of cortical bone from the caudal surface at the distal end of the tibiotarsus, if feasible, therefore provides a spatially homogenous material, free of maturation effects on stable isotopic composition. If for any reason that position cannot be sampled, the outer (radial) layer at the mid-shaft can be substituted.

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  • What exposure do student nurses have to primary health care and community nursing during the New Zealand undergraduate Bachelor of Nursing programme?

    Betony, K.; Yarwood, J. (2013)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    A research project to examine the theoretical and practical exposure student nurses have to Primary Health Care (PHC) and community nursing in their undergraduate programme was undertaken in New Zealand (NZ). Providing quality clinical placements for health care students is acknowledged as a major challenge for tertiary institutions. In order to reflect the current shift in health care delivery from hospital to community settings, one such challenge is to ensure students receive appropriate theoretical programme content and clinical experience in PHC and community settings. The project consisted of a review of relevant international literature, and a questionnaire sent to all NZ tertiary institutions providing a Bachelor of Nursing (BN). Findings included a variable understanding of the concept of PHC, a lack of appropriate PHC placements across the country, competition for student placements in PHC, and professional organisation requirements for student supervision impacting on placement availability. Innovations identified to increase PHC placements comprised the establishment of Dedicated Education Units (DEUs), curriculum revision, and final year PHC placements offered only to students targeting PHC settings on registration. Study recommendations involve establishing a regional rather than a local approach to managing clinical placements, increasing professional governance support and reviewing clinical placement funding.

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  • Reporting climbing grades and grouping categories for rock climbing

    Draper, N.; Canalejo, J.; Shearman, J. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Rock climbing is an increasingly popular adventure sport with a growing research base. To date the growth of research and reporting styles has been somewhat haphazard and as a consequence comparison between studies can be problematic. The aim of this paper was to make suggestions about a number of changes that could be made to improve the consistency in reporting between studies. Included with this paper are two new tables, one each for male and female climbers. These provide comparative grading scales for use in reporting for future studies. These tables also provide a suggested framework for grouping climbers according to their ability. Using the tables researchers could group the climbers in their study by a category name (lower grade, intermediate, advanced, elite or higher elite climber) or by a number (level 1–5). In addition, the authors make recommendations about climber characteristics that could usefully be reported in future to assist comparison between studies. It would be helpful to readers if the self-reported, highest lead climbs (on-sight and redpoint) could be reported for a climbing group, along with the types of climbing regularly undertaken.

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  • Nurses' role in caring for people with a comorbidity of mental illness and intellectual disability: A literature review

    Taua, C.; Hepworth, J.; Neville, C. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This article examines literature on the role of the nurse caring for people with a dual disability (DD) of intellectual disability and mental illness. A search of the literature between 2000 and 2010 resulted in a total of 21 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Seven key categories of the role of the nurse were identified: (i) advocacy/health promotion (including working with family); (ii) assessment/case management; (iii) behavioural interventions; (iv) communication; (v) leadership and the nurse's role within the multidisciplinary team; (vi) functions regarding medication administration; and (vii) safety/risk management. There is a paucity of research about the role of nurses working with people with DD, although a number of opinion-based articles exist. This article identifies a need for the role of the nurse working in DD to be more clearly articulated and for the development of evidence to guide best practice.

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  • Sport-specific power assessment for rock climbing

    Draper, N.; Dickson, T.; Blackwell, G.; Priestley, S.; Fryer, S.; Marshall, H.; Shearman, J.; Hamlin, M.; Winter, D.; Ellis, G. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    AIM: The popularity of rock climbing has resulted in a growing research base for the sport. However, at present there is a lack of sport-specific measures of performance in the field. The aim of this study was to examine the use of the powerslap test as a sport specific power measure. METHODS: The participants in this study were categorised into four different ability groups (novice, intermediate, advanced and elite) based on self reported lead grade. Two separate experiments were conducted to determine validity and reliability. The powerslap test was conducted on a revolution board with two variations – wide and narrow grip, for both sides of the body. The test started with the climber hanging at full extension from two holds from which a pull up movement was made releasing one hand to slap a scaled score board above. RESULTS:There was a significant relationship between powerslap scores and climbing ability (Left Wide: r=0.7, P<0.0005). Limits of agreement and intra-class correlation indicated that the powerslap test is a reliable performance measure. CONCLUSION:According to the present findings the narrow grip variation of the powerslap test is a useful sport-specific power test that is related to climbing performance.

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  • Disaster preparedness in the tourism industry: A New Zealand case study of constraints and training response

    Garside, R.; Christianson, A.; Johnston, D.; Graham, L. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Key factors that influence disaster preparedness of organisations at risk from natural hazards are presented in this paper to raise awareness of managers and human resource development specialists. Primary business and regulatory reasons that justify preparedness, and issues that constrain it, are considered from a global and local perspective and applied to a commercial ski area on the slopes of the active Ruapehu volcano in New Zealand. In particular, the case study examines the effectiveness of staff training as an important part of a disaster response plan. Lessons learnt from this case identify a number of points that could be generalised to enhance workplace preparedness capacity in both low and high probability disaster events caused by natural or human-induced hazards.

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  • A Māori approach to management: Contrasting traditional and modern Māori management practices in Aotearoa New Zealand

    Mika, J.P.; O'Sullivan, J.G. (2014)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This is a conceptual article located in the discourses of indigeneity, post-colonialism and critical management studies in which we seek to renew interest in Māori management as a distinctive form of management within Aotearoa New Zealand. We discuss defining Māori management and Māori organisations and their relevance for today's organsiations in New Zealand and internationally. We examine differences and similarities between Western and Māori management in terms of the four functions of management adapted from principles first proposed by Fayol in 1949. We propose a theoretical model of Māori management and discuss the implications of Māori management for management research, policy and practice.

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  • Perspectives of new trades tutors: boundary crossing between vocational identities

    Chan, S. (2012)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This article reports on a study of the perspectives of new tutors teaching traditional vocational trades who recently commenced teaching in the Institutes of Technologies and Polytechnics (ITPs) sector in New Zealand. The perspectives are collated from questionnaires and interviews of 13 tutors, from five ITPs, who have been teaching full-time for two years. In this article, a focus is made on the transformation process from expert trade worker to effective trades tutor, along with suggestions to assist the ‘boundary crossing’ process between two diverse vocational identities. Suggestions include aligning trades tutors’ existing workplace training-based conceptualisations of teaching and learning to extend trades tutors’ teaching craft knowledge, skills, and dispositions.

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  • The progress to digital in New Zealand

    Norris, P. (2013)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    New Zealand began the transition to digital television relatively late compared to other developed countries. When the policy framework was established in 2006, it centred on a Freeview model, as a counter to the pay TV platform that had been digital since 1998, achieving considerable penetration in that time. This article will examine the progress of the transition from 2006 to analogue switch-off (ASO) that began in 2012 and is to be completed by the end of 2013. It will note the light-handed nature of regulation and government policy, the impact of a change of government, the ultimate failure of an attempt at a multi-channel strategy and the reduction of public broadcasting.

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  • New mites Terraphagus antipodus gen. n., sp. n. and Neohyadesia minor sp. n. (Acarina: Astigmata: Algophagidae) from islands of the Southern Ocean

    Clark, J.; Andrews, N. (2012)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Mites are a diverse and important component in the soils of the Southern Ocean islands, but for many groups, their taxonomy and biogeography is little studied. This paper reports the Algophagidae, a poorly known family, from the New Zealand region for the first time. The study used soil samples from seabird burrows, brackish algal wrack samples and a museum collection to recover specimens. Terraphagus antipodus gen. n., sp. n. is described from grey petrel Procellaria cinerea burrow soil on the Antipodes Islands, New Zealand. The axillary organ is confined to the dorsum; the epigynal apodeme ends are fused with the ends of coxal apodeme II; seta 2a and ω2 are absent, and the famulus is bilobed. Males have the sternum fused to coxal apodemes II; the tarsal setae of legs I, III and IV of the male are modified for mate guarding. The short stout legs I and II end in huge spines in females as e, d, q, s, wa and hT. From brackish algal wrack, Lake Forsyth/Wairewa, Canterbury, New Zealand, another algophagid Neohyadesia minor sp. n. is described and illustrated. The new species is the smallest known algophagid. A neohyadesid collected in 1961 is newly reported here from Eudyptes sp. penguin rookery mud from North Head, Macquarie Island. These records further extend the known microhabitats of the family to the allochthonous marine seabird nutrient flow into islands in the New Zealand region and make Neohyadesia Hughes and Goodman, 1969 present in all Southern Ocean provinces.

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  • A preliminary investigation into pre-competitive mood states of advanced and novice equestrian dressage riders

    Wolframm, I.; Shearman, J.; Micklewright, D. (2010)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Emotional composure is considered critical in equestrian sports. The aim of the study was to investigate pre-competitive mood states in dressage riders. Thirteen advanced and 13 novice British riders completed the Profile of Mood States Questionnaire (POMS) prior to competing. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed to test for a main effect of mood states on competence levels, with subsequent investigation for significant differences of individual mood states using Bonferroni adjusted alpha levels. Levels of confusion were nearing significance between advanced and novice riders, suggesting greater processing efficacy and task-specific concentration for more advanced riders. Sport psychological interventions for equestrians should focus on lowering levels of confusion and increasing task-orientated focus in novice riders.

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  • Psychodrama at distance: Effective supervision practice using communication technologies

    Farnsworth, J. (2011)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Psychodrama and electronic technologies seem unlikely bedfellows. As this paper demonstrates, they are, in fact, made for each other though surprisingly little has been written about their combined potential. Drawing on vignettes and case examples as illustration, John Farnsworth demonstrates how effective supervision can take place in the absence of a physical psychodrama stage. He describes the way in which he uses all aspects of the psychodrama method via email, phone, digital and online communications, to create warm, functional working relationships. Psychodramatists are invited to reflect on the way that psychodrama can and will be used in the emerging vibrant electronic worlds of the future.

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