2,420 results for Report

  • A Bayesian approach to norm identification

    Cranefield, Stephen; Meneguzzi, Felipe; Oren, Nir; Savarimuthu, Bastin Tony Roy (2015)

    Report
    University of Otago

    When entering a system, an agent should be aware of the obligations and prohibitions (collectively norms) that will affect it. Existing solutions to this norm identification problem make use of observations of either other's norm compliant, or norm violating, behaviour. However, they assume an extreme situation where norms are typically violated, or complied with. In this paper we propose a Bayesian approach to norm identification which operates by learning from both norm compliant and norm violating behaviour. By utilising both types of behaviour, we not only overcome a major limitation of existing approaches, but also obtain improved performance over the state-of-the-art, allowing norms to be learned with a few observations. We evaluate the effectiveness of this approach empirically and discuss theoretical limitations to its accuracy.

    View record details
  • Generation Y Mobilities: Full Report

    Hopkins, Debbie; Stephenson, Janet (2015-04-29)

    Report
    University of Otago

    View record details
  • Generation Y Mobilities: Highlights

    Hopkins, Debbie; Stephenson, Janet (2015-04-29)

    Report
    University of Otago

    View record details
  • Cenozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks of New Zealand: A reference volume of lithology, age and paleoenvironments with maps (PMAPs) and database.

    Kamp, Peter J.J.; Vincent, Kirsty A.; Tayler, Michael J.S. (2015)

    Report
    University of Waikato

    This volume presents descriptive geological data and text about each Cenozoic sedimentary and volcanic geological unit to formation and member level (in some cases) exposed on land in New Zealand, including their lithology, stratigraphic age and inferred environment of deposition or emplacement. These data are illustrated as two types of PMAPS: a present-day paleoenvironment map of New Zealand; and as restored paleoenvironment maps, one for each million years from 65 Ma to the present. These information and data underpin the development of a new Cenozoic paleogeographical model of New Zealand.

    View record details
  • Planning a safe city for women

    Brewster, Karen E. (1994)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    xii, 256 leaves :ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Geography.

    View record details
  • Wairarapa Water Use Project: Preliminary Social Impact Assessment

    Taylor, N.; McClintock, W.; Mackay, Michael D.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    The Wairarapa Water Use Project is an initiative of the Greater Wellington Regional Council to establish a multi-purpose water scheme or schemes based on harvesting, storage and distribution of water in the Ruamahanga Valley. At this early feasibility stage the project is considering five possible water storage options from an initial list of 14. Likely outcomes of the project include an increase in the area of irrigable land, greater security in the supply of irrigation water and subsequent intensification of land uses. The project has the potential to increase irrigation in the Wairarapa by 10-30,000 hectares from 12,000 hectares at present. This social impact assessment is a preliminary assessment as part of the pre-feasibility phase of the Project. It is at a broad level and not specific to a particular scheme or schemes. The analysis considers the current social context (without scheme) and the likely effects of the proposed additional irrigation at a broad level in a desk-based study. The assessment area comprised the three combined districts of South Wairarapa, Carterton and Masterton -the Combined Districts. Separate recreation and economic assessments were conducted.

    View record details
  • The Computation of Key Properties of Markov Chains via Perturbations

    Hunter, J

    Report
    Auckland University of Technology

    Computational procedures for the stationary probability distribution, the group inverse of the Markovian kernel and the mean first passage times of a finite irreducible Markov chain, are developed using perturbations. The derivation of these expressions involves the solution of systems of linear equations and, structurally, inevitably the inverses of matrices. By using a perturbation technique, starting from a simple base where no such derivations are formally required, we update a sequence of matrices, formed by linking the solution procedures via generalized matrix inverses and utilising matrix and vector multiplications. Four different algorithms are given, some modifications are discussed, and numerical comparisons made using a test example. The derivations are based upon the ideas outlined in Hunter, J.J., “The computation of stationary distributions of Markov chains through perturbations”, Journal of Applied Mathematics and Stochastic Analysis, 4, 29-46, (1991).

    View record details
  • Establishing dedicated education units for undergraduate nursing students: Pilot project summation report

    Jamieson, I.; Hale, J.; Sims, D.; Casey, M.; Whittle, R.; Kilkenny, T. (2008)

    Report
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This report presents a summary of a collaborative research project undertaken by the Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology (CPIT) School of Nursing and the Canterbury District Health Board (CDHB) to enhance the experience of pre-registration nursing students in clinical placements during the Bachelor of Nursing programme. The project was undertaken to address issues surrounding the quality and nature of clinical experience in environments where high levels of patient acuity, staffing shortages and changes have become commonplace. As a result a different approach to clinical learning was trialled based on the Dedicated Education Unit (DEU) model developed in Australia. The results of that trial are documented in this report. Over-arching themes of supporting clinical learning and relationship building were identified.

    View record details
  • Representation and legitimacy in collaborative freshwater planning: stakeholder perspectives on a Canterbury Zone Committee

    Sinner, J.; Newton, M. J.; Duncan, R.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    The long-term success of collaborative approaches to freshwater planning depends on their democratic legitimacy. With collaborative planning being promoted by the New Zealand government and trialled by several regional councils, this study is one of the first in New Zealand to gauge the wider community’s views of the legitimacy of this new approach. This report focuses on the issue of representation—how affected interests are involved in collaborative deliberations—and specifically the perceptions of the legitimacy of the collaborative process by those not directly involved in the deliberations themselves. These people were categorised broadly as people who attended workshops to provide input to the process, those who made formal submissions at a later stage in the process, and the general public. We asked the question, how does an individual’s or group’s level of involvement with a collaborative planning process affect their perceptions of the legitimacy of the process?

    View record details
  • Jet boating on Canterbury Rivers - 2015

    Greenaway, R.; Gerard, R.; Hughey, K. F. D.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    All jetboating rivers in Canterbury are described in terms of their values, flow needs and other considerations. Access, flow restrictions, and seasonal limits are identified and the top boating opportunities are highlighted. The rivers are dealt with geographically and reported on by section according to the findings of the River Values Assessment System which was the base research undertaken.

    View record details
  • Hivemind Beehive Monitoring System field trial and management practice change study report

    Yuan, X.; Charters, Stuart; Walsh, C.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    The current Hivemind Beehive Monitoring System aims to provide timely information to beekeepers on the current status (weight and temperature) of their hives through a central hub and wireless scales backed by an online portal. This study through survey and field trial gathered data on beekeepers views of the installation and operation of the system and gathered data on hive performances in the field.

    View record details
  • Children in Care

    Atwool, Nicola (2010)

    Report
    University of Otago

    View record details
  • Energy Cultures Policy Briefs

    Stephenson, J; Barton, B; Carrington, G; Hopkins, D; Lavelle, M.J; Lawson, R; Rees, D; Scott, M; Thorsnes, P; Walton, S; Wooliscroft, B (2016-02)

    Report
    University of Otago

    Launched in 2012, the Energy Cultures Project is led by the Centre for Sustainability at the University of Otago and aims to develop knowledge and tools to achieve a sustainable energy transition across New Zealand. The Energy Cultures 2 Project focuses on efficiency transitions in three domains: households, businesses and transport systems.These policy briefs are an output of the Energy Cultures 2 research programme, funded 2012-2016 by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The purpose of these briefs is to assist with the design of improved policies and practices to promote more efficient energy use in households, businesses and transport in New Zealand.

    View record details
  • Resilient Communities Murupara

    Pomeroy, Ann (2016-06)

    Report
    University of Otago

    Resilience is the ability of individuals, families, whānau1 (extended family), communities and institutions to cope and persevere through adverse conditions (e.g., a natural disaster or economic shock), and their ability to recover (‘bounce back’ or adjust to a changed post-event reality) and resume their lives. The period of adjustment and recovery may be weeks, but more often than not it is years, and in the case of Māori, resistance and perseverance has stretched across decades into centuries. This report reflects on what I have learned from participating in a research project looking at key factors that enable individuals, whānau, communities and institutions to cope, adapt, change and progress after adverse events. The report focuses on just one component of the whole research project: the resilience of the people of Ngāti Manawa and Ngāti Whare, who live in and near Murupara, a rural village in eastern Bay of Plenty, New Zealand.

    View record details
  • Why the Kemeny Time is Constant

    Report
    Auckland University of Technology

    We present a new fundamental intuition for why the Kemeny feature of a Markov chain is a constant. This new perspective has interesting further implications.

    View record details
  • Predator free Banks Peninsula: scoping analysis

    Curnow, M.; Kerr, Geoffrey N.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    There has been considerable public interest in predator control following the release of the government’s goal to make New Zealand predator free by 2050. Prompted and supported by the Rod Donald Banks Peninsula Trust, this report undertakes an initial scoping analysis of the methods, cost and time required to remove five predator species from Banks Peninsula and maintain them at zero density. Because eradication requires permanent removal of the five target species (Norway rats, ship rats, possums, stoats, ferrets) but there are ongoing opportunities for reinvasion it would be necessary to indefinitely monitor and manage these predators after initial removal. Predator removal, using ground control, would rely on a mix of methods and would cost from $88 m. to $134 m. Ongoing costs would be in the order of $1.65 m. per annum, excluding buffer, quarantine and biosecurity measures. Even with a work force of 100 full time employees, eradication would take several years.

    View record details
  • Leading in Collaborative, Complex Education Systems

    Gilbert, J

    Report
    Auckland University of Technology

    No abstract.

    View record details
  • Child Poverty Monitor: Technical Report 2016

    Simpson, Jean; Duncanson, Mavis; Oben, Glenda; Wicken, Andrew; Gallagher, Sarah (2016-12-13)

    Report
    University of Otago

    The Child Poverty Monitor and this Technical Report provide data on a set of indicators that assess aspects of child poverty in New Zealand and their implications for child wellbeing. In it are data on income and non-income measures of poverty, including measures that reflect increasing levels of severity. Other data include indicators related to health, living conditions, education, and a selection of economic measures used to assess how well we are doing as a nation that are relevant to the wellbeing of children and their families. The Child Poverty Monitor is a partnership comprising the Office of the Children’s Commissioner, the University of Otago’s New Zealand Child and Youth Epidemiology Service (NZCYES) and the JR McKenzie Trust. The purpose is to compile and share robust information on child poverty measures that are publicly available and easily accessible. Only by having the essential measures on child poverty in New Zealand compiled, published and disseminated annually can we tell how well we are progressing in effectively reducing child poverty in our nation.

    View record details
  • An analysis of credit scoring for agricultural loans in Thailand

    Limsombunchai, Visit; Gan, Christopher; Lee, M.

    Report
    Lincoln University

    The following is a summary of An Analysis of Credit Scoring for Agricultural Loans in Thailand written by Visit Limsombunchai, Christopher Gan and Minsoo Lee, published by Science Publications in 2005. The purpose of the summarized study is to determine the optimal credit-scoring model for agricultural loans in Thailand. Three credit scoring models are tested to predict a borrower’s creditworthiness and default risk.

    View record details
  • University of Otago Open Access Publishing Survey Results (including Maori ethnicity results)

    White, Richard; Remy, Melanie (2017-05-24)

    Report
    University of Otago

    Abstract: Researchers at the University of Otago are ambivalent about Open Access: in principle they strongly support open access to research literature but their behaviours are driven by the practicalities of cost and publication venue. This document reports the results of a survey carried out in 2015 of University of Otago researchers as to their attitudes towards and behaviours in relation to open access publishing. This version of the report includes a sub-analysis of respondents who selected Maori ethnicity. The original version of the report without this sub-analysis is available via OUR Archive at http://hdl.handle.net/10523/6947 The project page for more information, such as the questions used and the anonymised raw data, is available at https://figshare.com/projects/University_of_Otago_Open_Access_Publishing_Survey_2015-16/17216

    View record details