155 results for Report, 2007

  • New Zealand Agriculture Policy Review

    Gilmour, Brad; Gurung, Rajendra Kumar (Oct-2007)

    Report
    AgEcon Search

    In 1984, New Zealand introduced important policy reforms in order to address major macroeconomic and fiscal imbalances. New Zealand's support to agricultural producers rapidly decreased from 30 percent of the value of production to about 2 percent, and has remained the lowest among OECD economies since that time.

    After a difficult transition, the removal of subsidies resulted in a more diversified and competitive rural economy in New Zealand; total factor productivity growth has been roughly 2.5 percent annually since 1984, compared to roughly 1.5 percent in the prereform period.

    This Policy Review focuses on agricultural policy today and how New Zealand is supporting the agricultural sector now without resorting to subsidies. It describes the policy New Zealand uses to support farmers dealing with adverse events such as climatic disasters. It also describes New Zealand's strategy for promoting competiveness in world markets.

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  • Quantitative Study: Household Uptake of Sustainable Solutions

    Alex Woodley; Beverley Frederikson; Ann Smith; Alison Greenaway (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    A homeowner survey assesses whether householders adopt sustainable technologies for their homes and identifies any barriers. Most changes are low cost and easy to DIY, but there is interest in high cost energy efficiency features. Barriers include a lack of awareness whether homes contain sustainable features or not.

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  • Market Transformation Housing Industry Survey

    Maurice Marquadt; Cerasela Stancu; Sarah Gunn (02-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Survey assessing the knowledge and uptake of sustainable business practices by the housing industry sector. Identifies examples of sustainability best practice and companies willing to develop best practice case studies.

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  • Qualitative Study: Perceptions of 'Sustainability' and Uptake of Sustainable Solutions by Householders

    Rachael Trotman; Beverley Frederikson; Ann Smith; Alison Greenaway (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    In-depth interviews with 43 households investigates what sustainability means to householders, assesses their engagement in adopting sustainable solutions for their home and perceived barriers in doing so. It also identifies some indicators to measure household uptake of sustainable solutions.

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  • Market Transformation Interventions: Creating demand and supply for sustainable housing

    Cerasela Stancu; Graeme Finlay; Sarah Gunn (03-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Identified market transformation best practice through international review. Generated list of potential interventions and analysed a short list of interventions including WOF, value case, rates based on environmental performance and trusted information.

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  • Making Policy and Regulations Rain Tank Friendly

    Maggie Lawton; Damon Birchfield; David Kettle (03-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    This investigation reviewed the legal and policy pathways for mandating to include rain tanks for water conservation in new homes in the Auckland Region. It recommends the steps that would be most effective in making policy and regulation rain tank friendly.

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  • Demand Management Through Water Retrofit Projects

    Damon Birchfield (03-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Reviews water demand management initiatives in New Zealand. Few councils have implemented programmes to significantly reduce annual water consumption per capita at the household level. Identifies the reasons for water conservation in New Zealand and details overseas initiatives, especially Australia. Impressive water savings from the Sydney programme are highlighted. Project undertaken to support Papakowhai Renovation project.

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  • Indoor Environment Quality

    Robyn Phipps (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Backgrounds the issues of healthy and unhealthy home environments and provides evidence that the home environment and health are intrinsically linked. Identifies pollutants that are of concern in new and existing homes. Reviews current knowledge and research base in New Zealand. Found that few comprehensive studies have been conducted in New Zealand and found some large knowledge gaps

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  • Guidelines for LCA Practitioners and Users of Building Related LCA Studies

    Barbara Nebel (05-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool to analyse the environmental impacts of building materials and buildings. The ISO framework provides an appropriate basis for LCA studies. This paper assists LCA practitioners to implement the ISO framework in relation to building related LCAs, and enables users of LCA results to assess the quality and relevance of existing LCA studies.

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  • The Role of LCA in Decision Making in the Context of Sustainable Development

    Barbara Nebel (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    This paper gives examples on how the results from Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies and the process of conducting the study can assist in decision making processes. Emphasis is on explaining and guidance on interpretation of the information delivered by an LCA as an essential part of achieving broader goals such as sustainability rather than the simple comparison of products. Gives examples of companies who have already successfully implemented LCA in their organisations. The paper concludes with recommendations about using LCA more effectively in decision making processes in the built environment in New Zealand.

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  • Retrofit Technologies Database

    Barbara Nebel; Roman Jaques; Michael Jack; Karen Bayne; Per Nielsen; Susan Krumdieck (10-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Developed database of technologies suitable for retrofitting existing homes, ranked by potential.  The original aim was to develop a  THEN Home as an exemplar of retrofit.  However, Beacon's focus moved away from individual technologies to understanding whole of house dynamics, and to a refined set of priorities.  This works was not taken any further.

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  • Scoping Waste in the Residential Built Environment

    Michelle Kazor (02-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Scoping report on level and composition of solid waste in New Zealand, current waste policy and regulation, measures taken to minimise construction and demolition waste and household waste with recommendations for areas which Beacon might want to influence

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  • Sustainable Homes National Value Case: Report

    Adolf Stroombergen,Greg Brown; David Grimmond; Michael Mills; Meenakshi Sankar (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Presents the value case for bringing housing to Beacon's High Standard of Sustainability, evaluating four types of benefits: private economic benefits to households, environmental benefits, private social benefits, and national resource use efficiency.

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  • Sustainability Options for Retrofitting New Zealand Houses: Theoretical cost benefit analysis

    M Phillips (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    A theoretical cost benefit for options to retrofit for water and energy was carried out using ALF. At a national level, these options are worth implementing from a financial perspective: rainwater tanks (for Auckland only); low flow shower heads for high pressure systems; water efficient washing machines; water heating upgrade to SWH, instant gas or heat pump; floor and ceiling insulation.  Research undertaken to support Papakowhai Renovation project

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  • Policy and Regulation: Clarification of Beacon's role

    Melony Clark (09-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Considers how Beacon can best achieve a high standard of sustainability across New Zealand's homes and neighbourhoods in New Zealand's policy and regulatory process. Considers Beacon's role with respect to residential rating tools, and the pros and cons of using a systems approach to focus research on the component parts of the home.

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  • District Plan Barriers and Incentives to Sustainable Residential Building: Case Studies

    Chloe Trenouth; David Mead (05-Jan-2007)

    Report
    Beacon Pathway Ltd

    Reviews three local authorities (Christchurch City Council, Kapiti Coast District Council and Hamilton City Council) identifying potential barriers to implementing sustainable residential development within district plans and codes of practice. Identifies common barriers and provisions that encourage more sustainable development.

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  • Geoarchaeological investigation of Aboriginal landscape occupation in Paroo-Darling National Park, Western NSW, Australia

    Holdaway, Simon J.; Fanning, Patricia C.; Shiner, Justin (2007)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

    This report provides a preliminary statement of the scientific (archaeological) significance of Aboriginal stone artefact scatters and associated heat-retainer hearths at three locations in Paroo-Darling National Park in western NSW, by undertaking reconnaissance geoarchaeological surveys and analyses of artefact assemblages at these locations. It extends previous studies undertaken by WNSWAP (Western New South Wales Archaeological Programme) in the western region of NSW by studying the relationship between geomorphological history and surface archaeological exposure in environments that are unique to Paroo-Darling National Park. Geoarchaeological survey techniques developed elsewhere in western NSW were applied at each of the three locations to provide the information needed to assess the nature, extent and scientific significance of stone artefact scatters and the likely impacts of visitor activity. The three locations preserve dense concentrations of artefacts that, when treated as three separate assemblages, reveal a varied behavioural record. The Peery (Pine) Creek (CW) location contains a high proportion of lightly worked silcrete cores, many retaining cortex, suggesting that the people who occupied this place were not concerned to conserve the raw material they introduced. The assemblage features an unusually high proportion of adzes, many as expended slugs that have been resharpened to exhaustion. Evidently, the people who occupied this place had the time to repair the tools for which these adzes formed the cutting edge. By contrast, at the Peery Lake foreshore (NP), adzes are not frequent but pirri points and backed blades are unusually common. The assemblage from Round Hill is also distinct, being dominated by flakes and cores as would be expected if this location were used primarily as a source for abundant good quality raw material. Radiocarbon age determinations on charcoal extracted from the remains of heat-retainer hearths at CW and NP provide evidence for Aboriginal occupation in the last 2000 years. Like other locations in western NSW, the nine age determinations from CW are clustered into three groups, separated by gaps, rather than evenly or randomly distributed through time. However, the pattern of clusters and gaps at CW appears different to those from other locations we have studied, and will require further verification. There were no hearth remains at the Round Hill location, so no absolute determination of the timing of use by Aboriginal people is possible. However, it may support a much longer record, perhaps tens of thousands of years, as it is a residual surface not subject to the kinds of geomorphic processes that obliterate or obscure the record at valley floor locations. The archaeological material preserved at the three locations in Paroo-Darling National Park contains a regionally specific record of past human behaviour when compared to other similarly studied locations in western NSW, and therefore is of archaeological significance. Efforts should be made to ensure the protection of the archaeological record from damage caused by an increase in visitors from the present levels. If visitor facilities are to be created at these areas, consideration should be given to positioning them so that the artefacts are not further disturbed or damaged, and that they are located to keep visitors at some distance from the artefacts and hearths. Alternative locations for the proposed visitor facilities are suggested for each location.

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  • Oceanic music encounters : the print resource and the human resource : essays in honour of Mervyn McLean

    Moyle, Richard (editor) (2007)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

    Mervyn Evan McLean, teacher, mentor, researcher and archivist, is the worthy recipient of this set of essays. Oceanic Music Encounters - the Print Resource ano" the Human Resource. The authors include colleagues and former students of an academic who was a practising ethnomusicologist only three years after the term was coined. Although most of his university career was spent at the University of Auckland, Mervyn's influence in the fields of Pacific music research and archiving were such that the contributions in this volume arc the result of both distant reputation and personal acquaintance. The volume is the product of the Study Group on Musics of Oceania within the International Council for Traditional Music, of which Mervyn has been a member for many years. The volume title is intended to encompass the span of Mervyn's professional interests, which include the role of archives in Oceanic music research and performance; material culture collections in music research and performance; the role of transcription in music research and performance; the importance of bibliographic research in tracing the connections between the past and the present; the significance of collaboration in research, particularly with scholars in other disciplines, and its significance to performance; and the colonial encounter and its implications for historical and contemporary performance.

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  • A two-phase algorithm for the biobjective integer minimum cost flow problem

    Raith, Andrea; Ehrgott, Matthias (2007)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

    We present an algorithm to compute a complete set of efficient solutions for the biobjective integer minimum cost flow problem. We use the two phase method with a parametric network simplex algorithm in phase 1 to compute all supported non-dominated extreme points. In phase 2, the remaining nondominated points (non-extreme supported and non-supported) are computed using a k best flow algorithm on single-objective weighted sum problems. We implement the algorithm and report run-times on problem instances generated with a modified version of the NETGEN generator and also for some networks with grid structure.

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  • An investigation of pedagogically and technically appropriate virtual learning and collaboration environments

    Paton, Christopher (2007)

    Report
    The University of Auckland Library

    There are many terms that describe the employment of assorted technologies via the internet (or local intranet) in order to assist and better learning, both in terms of performance and knowledge. This integration of ICT with learning theory has been popularly coined 'e-learning or 'web based learning', (WBL). The effective use of these novel technologies should optimise learning and should also justify the considerable investments in time and money that are required to properly establish them. To achieve this it follows that our use of educational technologies must be guided by established educational theory. E-learning has been heralded as a unique tool that can assist in the establishment of modern pedagogical models in particular by enabling individualised learning while promoting an interactive role for the educator. In a web based learning environment the educator can act as a facilitator of learning, as opposed to a mere disseminator of content that is the role sometimes ascribed to instructors in more traditional models. While there is much discussion regarding how best to implement the various new tools that e-learning offers, the increasing number of publications relating to educational technologies highlights the need for evidence relating to when, how and which option to employ. This report will address these issues. We will present the existing research or empirical data available that gives evidence to guide informed decisions and support definitive protocols regarding the use of these technologies in medical education. In addition similar data from outside of a medical environment gives breadth to our understanding of the problem.

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