293 results for Scholarly text, 1990

  • The Labour Party after 75 years

    Clark, Margaret (1992)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The 75th anniversary of the founding of the New Zealand Labour Party occurred in 1991. Needless to say the party itself was not in a notably celebratory mood, having just suffered a huge electoral defeat and all that that entailed in terms of after-the-event recriminations and soul-searching. However as academics we thought the occasion should be marked and pondered. After all there are not many local organisations which have persisted for half the length of our constitutional history, let alone one that is so full of impassioned, ideals-driven, argumentative people as the Labour Party. The following papers were presented at a day-long seminar held in the Stout Research Centre on 29 October 1991. Contributors contemplated not only the Labour Party's past triumphs and disasters, but also its future political and policy options. Party activists and officials present were as frank as more detached observers in acknowledging the Party's internal difficulties and contradictions, and the need to define a fresh vision for itself. The discussion was lively and good-natured, but alas our efforts to record it for transcription failed. It must remain only a pleasant memory for participants.

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  • Hostile borders on historical landscapes : the placeless place of Andamanese culture

    Pandya, Vishvajit (1999)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This paper is an analysis of meanings attributed to contacts between Jarwas and non-Jarwas in the Andaman Islands. Unlike other Andaman tribal groups, the Jarwas are confined to a government-designated area of 765 square kilometres of forest reserve, which is only a fraction of their former tribal land. Since early colonial occupation, government parties have sought out Jarwas on the west coast of the island they inhabit, bringing them gifts to try to establish friendly relations. On the eastern side of Jarwa territory, on the other hand, the Jarwas raid settlements and occasionally kill settlers and police who venture into their territory. The paper addresses the issue of how the contact event on the eastern side is different in Jarwa eyes from what occurs on the western side. The boundaries are given meanings by the various outsiders and the Jarwas, and these meanings are not fixed. Although contact events are in tended to establish 'friendly' relations with 'hostile' Jarwas, no true relationship of trust and understanding has yet been established. This underlines the fact that meanings are bound by cultural, political and historical contexts.

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  • Contracting for social and welfare services : the changing relationship between government and the voluntary sector in New Zealand

    Smith, Verna May (1996)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Ten years ago, the provision of government funding for the social and welfare services delivered by voluntary sector service providers was a simple process. In evidence presented to the Waitangi Tribunal in support of a claim by a Charitable Trust against the actions of the New Zealand Community Funding Agency heard last year, a witness who was employed by the Department of Social Welfare from early in 1988 describes the process at that time thus: The Department of Social Welfare has operated funding programmes for many years...these programmes were grant funding. That is there was no contracting nor reporting as presently known. Also they were operated on a Head Ofiice Wellington decision on the recommendation of a small team (3 or 4 people based in a Regional OfiBce Auckland).(Crown Law Office, 1994 c, 6) This simple process has, in the last decade, been replaced by a funding relationship between government and the voluntary sector which owes its origins primarily to theory emanating from the study ofthe operation of private markets and the internal organisation of firms within the marketplace. Agency theory and Transaction costs analysis, along with other theoretical perspectives from the world ofthe private business sector, have had a substantial influence upon the restructuring ofthe public sector in New Zealand during the last decade and in particular have provided the theoretical basis for the transformation of the relationship between government and the voluntary sector into one of principal and agents, bound by contractual terms and a regulatory framework for the monitoring of quantity and quality of social and welfare service outputs.

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  • Ecology of the Possum (Trichosurus Vulpecula Kerr) in the Karori Water Supply Reserve, Wellington, Sounds Ecological District

    Stoffregen, Hans (1997)

    Masters thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The abundance and condition of possums in various areas of the Karori Reserve, Wellington - Sounds Ecological District was assessed. Possums were most abundant in the upper part of the reserve in an area dominated by bishop and radiata pines with an undergrowth of native species and in an area dominated by gorse and flax shrublands. In the lower part of the reserve, possums were less abundant and there a number of characteristics were observed: possums had a higher body weight for age, their reproductive output was higher and the population was marked by a higher proportion of females and juveniles. This was interpreted as a "compensatory response" characteristic of possum populations maintained at low densities. Possum stomachs were sampled in spring and their contents analysed in order to investigate the importance of Fuchsia excorticata and other plant species to possum diet. In the lower part of the reserve the leaves of Fuchsia excorticata and the flowers of Cytisus scoparius made up more than 50 percent of the possums' forage. In the upper part of the reserve exotic species such as the flowers of Cytisus scoparius and Ulex europeans as well as the leaves of native species such as Aristotelia serrata, Pseudopanax arboreus and Coprosma robusta made up the bulk of possum forage. Exotic plants accounted for a significant proportion of the spring possum diet in the reserve. Whereas most leaves originated from native plants, the exotic species contributed mainly carbohydrate-rich flowers and pollen. The canopy condition of two possum-susceptible tree species Fuchsia excorticata and Pseudopanax arboreus was assessed early in autumn over the years 1993, 1995 and 1996. Over these years, 47 percent of marked fuchsia trees were completely defoliated and most trees are unlikely to recover even if possums are eradicated from the reserve. All defoliated fuchsia trees were located in the upper part of the reserve. On the other hand, 37 percent of marked fuchsia trees exhibited only a little possum damage. Most of these trees were located in the lower part of the reserve where possum density was lower. Increasing possum densities could therefore be correlated with an increasing level of possum damage to fuchsia canopies. Even though Pseudopanax arboreus leaves and petioles were encountered in 10 percent of possum stomachs, the canopies leaves and petioles were encountered in 10 percent of possum stomachs, the canopies of assessed trees did not seem to be greatly affected. It appeared that due to the high abundance of this plant species in the reserve the effects of possum browse were spread over the whole reserve to levels which could be tolerated by an individual Pseudopanax arboreus tree.

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  • The Impact of the Official Information Act 1982 on the Policy Development Process

    Poot, Edward H. (1997)

    Master of Public Policy thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    The Official Information Act was passed into statute in 1982. Among the purposes of the Act is the enhancement and respect for the law and the promotion of good government. The aim of this paper is to detennine, from a participation perspective, the impact of the Official Information Act 1982 on the core public sector policy process. The paper starts with a background to the Act before reviewing the expected and actual impact of the Act, as outlined in the literature. The policy making process in New Zealand' s core public sector is considered, highlighting opportunities for participation. Participation theory is discussed. The research involves a survey across the core public sector to gain general views of the impact of the Act on the policy development process. The results are used as the basis for three in-depth case studies of core public sector agencies. The conclusions are that while the Act is an important instrument of accountability, the success of the Act in enabling more effective participation is not so clear. While information is more readily obtainable, technocratic officials and Ministers keen to control information impact on the ability of citizens to participate. It is concluded that for the Act to be of maximum benefit education of officials and a loosening on the control of information will be needed.

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  • The Provision of Free and Frank Advice to Government

    Voyce, Evan Williams (1996)

    Master of Public Policy thesis
    Victoria University of Wellington

    This paper examines the extent to which New Zealand public servants feel able to offer free and frank advice to the Government through Ministers of the Crown. It seeks to define the nature of constitutional conventions; the importance of the free and frank convention to the preservation of an apolitical, independent public service and how and where this convention is captured in the "rules" governing the behaviour of both public servants and the Ministers they serve.

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  • Calendar 1991

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1991)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1990

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1990)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1992

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1992)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1999

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1999)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1993

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1993)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1998

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1998)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1996

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1996)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1994

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1994)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1995

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1995)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Calendar 1997

    Victoria University of Wellington (Wellington, N.Z.) (1997)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Parallel imports : time to attack the citadel?

    Allan, Barry Craig, 1961- (1997)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Shrink-wrap licences, mass market software and de facto intellectual property

    Belt, Karen (1998)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • The wisdom of Salomon? : the tort duties of directors of one-person companies

    Barker, Susan D. (1998)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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  • Balancing security and accountability : SIS legislation and recent amendments

    Barrie, Kirstin. (1999)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

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