262 results for 1980, Masters

  • Stress : strain relationships for confined concrete : rectangular sections

    Scott, Bryan D. (1980)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    An experimental investigation into the behaviour of square, confined, reinforced concrete columns was undertaken. Thirty 450 mm square, 1200 mm high units were cast with varying amounts of longitudinal and lateral steel. These were subjected to concentric or eccentric axial loads to failure at slow or dynamic loading rates. Confinement requirements of reinforced concrete columns are discussed and the results and analyses of experimental work presented. Results include an assessment of the significance of loading rate, eccentricity, amount and distribution of longitudinal steel, and the amount of confining steel. A general stress-strain curve for rectangular concrete sections loaded at seismic rates is proposed and compared with existing curves based on previous static loading tests.

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  • No woman's land : marginality, liminality and non-traditional women in New Zealand : decade between early 1970 - early 1980

    Hollebon, Janice Marion (1986)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    x, 91 leaves :ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Anthropology

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  • Telephone counselling service evaluation : an evaluation of the Dunedin Emergency and Citizens' Advice Service Inc. development of a reliable records system, extraction of service-operation statistics, and community survey appraisal of the service.

    Dixon, Brian Gordon (1981)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    ix, 96, [10] leaves :ill., plans ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Psychology. Includes appendices.

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  • Engineering geological roading aggregate investigations of the Wakatipu Basin

    Watts, C. R. (1988)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The Wakatipu Basin lies within the Otago Schist belt, and aggregates derived from the schist do not meet New Zealand basecourse specifications. This study comprises engineering geological investigations of the roading aggregate with the objective of identifying potential aggregate source areas which comply with specifications. Five aggregate sources, two glacial and three post-glacial, have been identified, and their geology related to aggregate quality. A survey of existing aggregate quarries confirmed the sub-specification quality of schist derived roading aggregate, and that the highest quality roading aggregate of the Basin is produced from exotic glacial transported graywacke. A graywacke rich aggregate source area of Kame terraces was investigated. Investigations included mapping at scales of 1:10 000 and 1:1 500, and the excavation of test pits. A geotechnical testing programme concluded that the Kame terrace source area was capable of producing roading aggregate for basecourse, and is comparable with the highest quality roading aggregate of the Wakatipu Basin. Subsequently, the Queenstown - Lakes District Council has developed an aggregate quarry within the Kame terrace source area.

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  • Maori rock drawings : a stylistic analysis of drawings in North Otago and South Canterbury.

    Bain, Pamela J. (1982)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    204 leaves ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Anthropology

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  • Unconscionable bargains : what are the courts doing?

    Chen-Wishart, Mindy (1987)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    152 leaves :fold. map ; 30 cm. Includes bibliography. University of Otago department: Law.

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  • Beneficiation of magnetic minerals with magnetic hydrocyclones.

    Hiew Tain Choi, Michael (1981)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    xii, 163 leaves :ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department : Mineral Technology

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  • Koettlitz group meta-sediments and intercalated orthogneisses from the mid Taylor Valley and Ferrar Glacier regions

    Allibone, Andrew Harold (1988)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    x, 202 p. :ill., maps, ports. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Geology.

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  • The Remarkables Skifield: a case study

    Hayward, Bronwyn M (1988)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    Format: v, 74 leaves ; 30 cm.

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  • The palynology of the Ohai coalfield, Southland

    Warnes, Malcolm D. (1988)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    The Upper Cretaceous Morley Coal Measures in the Ohai Coalfield are one of three non-marine formations constituting the Ohai Group. In the past, seam correlation has generally been carried out using lithological criteria, however due to dramatic thinning and splitting of seams, associated faulting, and abrupt facies changes uncertainties in coal seam correlation have frequently arisen. In order to minimize lithostratigraphic uncertainties Couper (1964) pioneered a palynological zonation which demonstrated the potential of palynology for coal seam correlation. However, Couper's early work has proved unreliable and is in need of further refinement. Recent drillholes incorporating almost fully cored sequences of the Morley Formation have permitted further palynological examination of the coal measures. Nine drillholes were selected and 140 samples taken, at 10 metre intervals, for palynological analyses. The Morley Coal Measures are unconformably overlain by the Beaumont Coal Measures. This important boundary, though difficult to detect lithologically, is readily defined on palynological grounds. Biostratigraphic subdivision of the Morley Coal Measures was investigated by the application of three quantitative techniques. These entailed the construction and analysis of: (1) Standard pollen diagrams based on relative abundances of selected taxa and groups of taxa; (2) Pollen diagrams zoned by the numerical method of cluster analysis; (3) Ratios of selected taxa of recurrent and variably high frequency. Technique (1), involving relative abundance patterns of key taxa and groups of taxa was successful in providing a basis for subdivision of the Morley Coal Measures into three pollen zones, two interzonal units and two unzoned units. The three pollen zones were, in stratigraphically descending order: The Nothofagus kaitangata acme zone, the SPPA assemblage zone, and the Tricolpites reticulatus acme zone. Techniques (2) and (3) were, in all practicality, unproductive, although results suggested that, with refinement, cluster analysis could aid the zonation of pollen diagrams.

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  • The division of farms and related property under the Matrimonial Property Act 1976

    Frawley, Michael William (1985)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    iv, 79, [12] leaves :ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Law.

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  • Jack McCullough : workers' representative on the Arbitration Court

    Nolan, Melanie (1985)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This biography of Jack McCullough is also the chronicle of the Canterbury Trades and Labour Council coterie he helped to organize at the turn of the century. This group of class conscious unionists attempted to persuade the nascent trade union movement to adopt their socialist objectives. This thesis examines the opposition that McCullough's coterie faced. It experienced difficulty, first, in distinguishing itself from an 'advanced' Liberal establishment in Christchurch which assiduously cultivated its working class power base. Organized Labour in Christchurch divided into Lib-Lab and Independent Labour factions. The Independent Labour unionists' attempt to use the arbitration system to rebuild class conscious unions was also vigorously opposed locally by a new managerial elite which attempted to control relations in the workplace and who had their own expectations of the Arbitration Court. McCullough's coterie's objectives were also challenged from the left by the militant Red Feds. Ultimately, however, McCullough's ideal ran aground. It was the victim not so much of the employers or the Red Feds as of a groundswell of more moderate Labour opinion which found its home in the Labour Party formed in July 1916. McCullough's coterie eventually failed in its attempt to create a democratic socialist revolution in its own lifetime based on either the trade union movement or the Labour Party. McCullough himself was thus left with his role as Workers' Representative on the Arbitration Court. Increasingly, he was to find this role impossible to sustain and resigned. His resignation and his entire career as workers' representative before the Court illustrates the difficulties faced by socialist reformers who chose to attempt to bring about reform from within the apparatus of the capitalist state.

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  • The earthquake resistance of reinforced concrete structural walls of limited ductility

    Mestyanek, J. M. (1986)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This thesis presents the results of an experimental study of three 1/3 to 1/2 scale model walls failing in shear under reversed cyclic loading. The main test parameter was the wall aspect ratio (height over length) . The following characteristics of response were considered: strength, displacement ductility, energy dissipation, and damageability. Recommendations are made for the design of future walls of limited ductility and the assessment of the likely seismic performance of existing walls that may respond primarily in a shear rather than flexural mode.

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  • Stratigraphy, structure and geological history of mid-Cretaceous sedimentary rocks across the Torlesse-like/non Torlesse boundary in the Sawtooth Range-Coverham area, Marlborough.

    Ritchie, D. D. (1986)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This thesis describes the geology of an approximately 100km2 area lying between the Clarence River and Kekerengu. The objectives were to determine the relationship of the "Torlesse-like" sawtooth Group to the late Early Cretaceous Coverham Group; to determine the relationship between the coeval Split Rock and Burnt Creek Formations within the Coverham Group; and to investigate the nature of Cretaceous events which led to the traditional differentiation into older Torlesse type "basement" and younger Cretaceous "cover". Geological mapping indicates the presence of three packets (Glencoe, Pikes and Coverham Blocks) of sedimentary rocks separated by the major Ouse and Pikes Faults. These packets comprise probable submarine fan flysch, massivE? sandstone, massive siltstone, acid tuffs and conglomerate of Sawtooth Group (Torlesse-like Urutawan - Motuan) unconformably overlain by probable slope basin flysch, massive siltstone, Inoceramus shellbed, and conglomerate of Coverham Group (non-Torlesse). The unconformity is most commonly angular but in a few places is a more subtle paraconformity. A further minor unconformity occurs at the base of the Ouse Member within the Split Rock Formation of the Coverham Group and is thought to reflect the presence of the growing Ouse Anticline. The Coverham Group rocks have similar Motuan - Teratan ages on each side of the Ouse Fault. The Split Rock Formation, previously used only for rocks in the middle Clarence Valley, has been extended to the Coverham area and used for rocks west of the Ouse Fault. The partly coeval Burnt Creek Formation east of the Ouse Fault was probably deposited some distance from the Split Rock Formation in a different basin separated by a structural high. They were juxtaposed by low angle reverse movement on the Fault in the Late Cretaceous. structural/deformation characteristics cannot be used as criteria for separating the Torlesse-like rocks from non-Torlesse rocks in the study area. It is dangerous to assume that 'Torlesseness' is a certain and particular state of deformation. Both the Torlesse (Sawtooth) and Coverham Group rocks exhibit a whole spectrum of deformation from 'broken formation' to more or less undisturbed beds. The pattern of deposition and deformation suggests an accretionary prism setting for these rocks. Sawtooth Group rocks are likely to represent 'younger' Pahau Terrane rocks which were deformed by a single intra-Motuan event either tectonic or perhaps a huge submarine slide, creating widespread unconformity between them and the Coverham Group slope deposits. Continuing instability is likely to have led to growing folds and further minor unconformities. The termination of the Rangitata Orogeny occurred in a progressive and evolutionary way representing a mid-Late Cretaceous change from a compressional subduction regime to a tensional rifting regime. Andesitic-rhyolitic volcanism was common in the late Early Cretaceous.

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  • An examination of selected novels by Graham Greene : with reference to the Teilhardian concept of the world and salvation

    Clark, Anthony Raymond (1980)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    In this thesis I have applied some of Teilhard de Chardin's concepts about the world, man and salvation to selected works by Graham Greene. Having found strong similarities between the subject matter and attitudes of the two writers, I believe that the comparison helps to demonstrate more clearly a systematic unity of theme and purpose in those novels I have selected, as well as offering some new insights into Greene's doctrine. I have made use of selected writings by Teilhard, in particular Le Milieu Divin and The Phenomenon of Man, as well as critical writings on these and his other works. Besides various critical writings on Greene and his works' I have selected for particular study the following novels: It's a Battlefield, Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory; The Heart of the Matter and The End of the Affair. In Chapter 1, I examine the interest of both writers in Peguy and compare Teilhard's main ideas on the world and salvation with the way these matters are dealt with by Greene in general. The remaining 6 chapters deal with the five novels individually and provide a summary and conclusion. While the question of any positive influence of Teilhard's writings on Greene's own work is at present difficult to establish with certainty, there is such similarity between the concepts of Teilhard on the one hand and their fictional presentation in Greene's work on the other, that a more than coincidental link is suggested.

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  • Hari Hari : a study of land use and a community

    Maturin, Susan E. (1981)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    A multi-disciplinary approach was used to study land use, and the associated community of Hari Hari. Land use decisions concerning forestry and agriculture, were placed in the context of social and economic needs of the human system and ecological requirements of the natural system. Data was collected from interviews with 17% of the Hari Hari community. The needs of the community were identified, from a detailed study of the Hari Hari people. Past and present land uses were studied in detail to determine the suitability of each land use, and its ability to work within the constraints imposed by the natural system. Future land use options and their social, economic and ecological implications were outlined. The most appropriate options were selected, according to their ability to satisfy the needs of the community, and ecological requirements of the natural systems. Appropriate options for agriculture included the following: a. continuing as at present; and, b. increasing farm management efficiency; and, c. diversification into opossum and deer farming. These options met ecological requirements and would contribute to community needs. The most appropriate option for forestry was found to be; immediate cessation of production logging until the natural constraints are identified and a logging system which works within these constraints is identified. This option conflicts with the social need to maintain employment. However the study found that closure of the sawmill would have little impact upon the Hari Hari community, other than a reduction in employment. Possible options for establishing alternative employment activities were suggested. These included a fur industry, an out-door pursuits centre, cottage industries, and ventures which would promote community self-sufficiency. As a whole, this study emphasised the value of a multi-disciplinary approach to land use planning.

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  • The mineralogy, geochemistry and origin of Lower Tertiary smectite-mudstones, East Coast deformed belt, New Zealand.

    Fergusson, Linda Jan (1985)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Marine smectite-mudstones of Lower Tertiary age (Teurian to Runangan) occur throughout the East Coast Deformed Belt of New Zealand. In Marlborough, Marl lithofacies of the Amuri Limestone comprise calcareous, siliceous smectite-mudstone alternating with biomicrite. In Wairarapa, the Kandahar Formation consists of calcareous smectite-mudstone, micritic limestone beds and mass-flow greensand beds. Calcareous smectite-mudstone is also a minor interbedded lithology in the Mungaroa Limestone of Wairarapa. The Wanstead Formation in Hawkes Bay comprises uncemented smectite-mudstone with interbedded mass-flow greensands. Lower Tertiary sequences throughout the East Coast Deformed Belt are typically disrupted by thrust faults and associated shear/mélange zones which have developed in the weak smectite-mudstone lithology. Insoluble clay fractions of the smectite-mudstones are composed of well crystallised smectite + illite ± quartz (chert). Both the smectite and illite clays are discrete phases with no interstratification suggestive of post-sedimentary transformation of smectite to illite. From detailed phase analysis, the smectite clay overall is a montmorillonitic species, but with varying interstratification of other dioctahedral smectite species and varying layer charge. No distinct stratigraphic trends in clay fraction mineralogy or smectite mineralogy are apparent. Sand fractions of the mudstones are dominated by authigenic or non-volcanic detrital minerals. Average smectite + illite structural formulas calculated from chemical analyses are commonly non-ideal, with deficiencies in aluminium particularly apparent. The dominant exchangeable cations are calcium in Marlborough mudstones and sodium in Hawkes Bay mudstones. Trace element geochemistry of the smectite-mudstones is similar to that of typical shale and carbonate rocks. Variations in trace element abundances·reflect the lithological character of the mudstones and do not appear to be a useful tool for regional stratigraphic correlation. Combined sedimentological, mineralogical and geochemical features of the smectite-mudstones indicate a non-volcanic origin. They did not form by in-situ alteration of ash-falls and are unlikely to have formed from transported/reworked ash. Previous use of the term 'bentonite' for the smectite-mudstones implies such a mode of genesis and should be discontinued. Hemipelagic sedimentation and/or mass-flow redeposition of detrital or neoformed clay in an open oceanic, relatively deep water environment is proposed as the origin of the smectite-mudstones.

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  • Inter-personal relationships in the plays of Henrik Ibsen and Arthur Wing Pinero

    Peters, N. E. (1987)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Henrik Ibsen is widely accepted as being one of the most important influences on the Modern Drama, while Arthur Wing Pinero, the most successful English playwright of the l880's, has been almost forgotten. Ibsen criticism has become repetitive, while criticism of Pinero's work is both superficial and sporadic. There is no comparative study of Ibsen with the English dramatists of the 1880's. The study of Inter-personal Relationships in the plays of Ibsen and Pinero not only provides further insight into the work of each, but also a starting point for just such a comparison. Part One involves a close textual analysis. For the purposes of this study, Inter-personal Relationships are divided into four main types: Familial, Inter-sexual, Friendship and Inter-class. Part One concludes that Convergence, the mutual union of individuals, predominates in Pinero, while Divergence is paramount in Ibsen. Part Two considers possible reasons for this dichotomy. Chapter Five focuses upon Human Nature as it is established in the plays. Chapter Six concentrates upon the dramatists' respective attitudes toward the Collective, the union of persons on the basis of common belief or purpose, and the Individual as apparent in the plays. The study of Inter-personal Relationships reveals the Ideals central to the work of each dramatist - Love in Pinero versus Truth and Freedom in Ibsen.

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  • The urban transport planning process in Christchurch : the master transportation plan.

    Fleete, Len (1985)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    This thesis describes and analyses the operation of the urban transport planning process as it applied in the Christchurch Master Transport Plan. Three specific research areas are studied: (1) to describe the process of urban transport planning as it operated in Christchurch; (2) to identify the nature of the relationship between transport and urban development in Christchurch; and (3) to assess how this relationship, and the urban transport planning process has adapted to change during the course of the Master Transport Plan. The study showed that the perception of the decision situation in the Christchurch case was largely subjective but played a major role in the decision-making process. A 'rational' master planning methodology was inapplicable, incremental planning decision seemed more important to the plan product.

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  • Investigation and remedial methods for subsurface erosion control in Banks Peninsula loess

    Yetton, Mark D. (1986)

    Masters thesis
    University of Canterbury Library

    Subsurface erosion in the loessial soils of Banks Peninsula has been studied by numerous researchers and the mechanism and form of the erosion process is now w ell understood. This thesis study is a practical evaluation of potential investigation methods at sites of subsurface erosion, with the additional evaluation of suitable remedial options for erosion stabilisation. Preferred laboratory procedures include the pinhole test, the crumb test and the uniaxial expansion test. While the pinhole test is the most useful single measure of erodibility, the crumb test is the more effective test of dispersion. When the results are combined, these three tests appear to give a reliable guide to soil material erosion potential. Soil mass layering and defects also provide important controls on subsurface erosion, and auger and testpit logging allows soil mass characterisation. Geomorphic mapping provides the first approximation to the location, extent and form of subsurface erosion. Photographic methods, as aids to this mapping, appear to have only limited application. Geophysical methods are not able to define cavity location or extent but are still useful as general site investigation tools. Dyed water and smoke can be used to trace cavity connections and establish tunnel outlets. The interception of surface before it enters the area of principal the cheapest remedial technique. or subsurface water concern is generally If the subsidence or collapse of large cavities creates problems then a number of options are available. Foundations at risk can be supported on piles extending through the erosion cavity to bedrock, but in accessible areas excavation to below cavity level with drainage and chemically stabilised backfilling has proven effective. The slurry filling of subsurface cavities with lime/cement/sandy gravel slurries appears a promising new method and the application of this technique at one site has provided considerable cost savings.

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