1,051 results for 2002

  • Age, growth and feeding ecology of five co-occurring fishes in southern New Zealand

    Jiang, Weimin (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    x, 340 leaves :ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Marine Science

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  • Lungworm infection in farmed red deer

    Johnson, Marion Gay (2002)

    Post-doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    Lungworm is the most important parasite of farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) in New Zealand. Because of the morphological similarity between deer-derived and cattle-derived lungworm, it has been assumed that the lungworm infecting red deer is Dictyocaulus viviparus, the lungworm which causes "husk' in cattle. This programme has used light microscopy, electron microscopy, molecular techniques, cross-infection studies and immunisation to re-examine the issue of species identification of lungworm affecting farmed red deer and to study the pathological and immunological responses of deer to experimental challenge with lungworm derived from deer and cattle. Dictyocaulus larvae were isolated from properties on which the host of interest was the sole species grazed. The larvae were cultured and used to infect multiplier animals. Larvae were then cultured from the multiplier animals for use in trials. Examination of adults using light microscopy revealed differences between deer-derived lungworm and cattle-derived lungworm but these were hard to quantify. Using scanning electron microscopy the two could be clearly differentiated, the mouthparts of cattle origin lungworm were circular, those of deer origin lungworm elongate. Molecular analysis of the ITS-2 region confirmed a difference between the two lungworm isolates. The ITS-2 sequence of the lungworm derived from cattle matched that of Dictyocaulus viviparus. The sequence of the ITS-2 of lungworm derived from red deer matched that of D. eckerti, described from fallow deer (Dama dama). Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP), a high resolution mutation detection method, provided a technically simple method of differentiating lungworm derived from many hosts, including cattle and red deer. In a cross-infection trial D. viviparus infections established in cattle, whereas deer derived lungworm did not. Red deer developed patent infections whether challenged with deer lungworm or D. viviparus. There were significant differences in the course of the infections, the host responses and the associated pathology. Huskvac, an irradiated larval vaccine available for use in cattle in Europe, was trialled in red deer in New Zealand. A group of cattle were used as a control to ensure the efficacy of the vaccine under local conditions. Huskvac protected cattle against a D. viviparus challenge. Red deer were afforded a degree of protection, in that patency was delayed by several days in vaccinated animals, larval output was lower and fewer adults established in the lungs. Although protection was irrespective of species challenge, some aspects of the host response differed according to the challenge species. The lungworm specific to red deer in New Zealand is not D. viviparus. It is probably D. eckerti, according to the current classification. Cross-infection does however occur and D. viviparus causes pathology in red deer, therefore contamination of pastures by grazing cattle is not recommended. As vaccination with Huskvac provided a degree of protection in red deer it is possible that vaccination using irradiated D. eckerti larvae may be more effective.

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  • Threads of inequity: the marginalisation of New Zealand area schools

    Fisk, Robert William (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    xi, 471 leaves :ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Education. "August 27th, 2002."

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  • Impact of changes in cartography and mapping on the selection of cartographic materials in New Zealand map libraries

    Bagnall, Mark James MacLaren (2002)

    Scholarly text
    Victoria University of Wellington

    Changes to cartography and mapping in New Zealand have had impacts on map library identification, evaluation and selection of maps and other tools that convey spatial data. In semi-structured interviews, five map librarians gave their views on how changes to cartography and mapping affects the selection of cartographic materials. Data gathered from managers/technicians of geographic information systems laboratories were also used in the research. The results indicate that New Zealand's specialist map libraries are developing their collections and services to include electronic cartographic resources. This collection development tends not to be the result of forward looking collection policies that outline a vision and strategies for integrating hardcopy and electronic cartographic materials into collections and services. The results also indicate that map librarians are adapting their selection practices to cater for the special requirements of new cartographic information resources and to overcome some of the difficulties related to the reshaping of the mapping industry in New Zealand.

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  • Gumboot feminism: learning opportunities for rural women through the Southland women in agriculture network

    Broad, Alison (2002)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    ix, 159, [143] leaves :ill. (some col.), maps ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 142-156). University of Otago department: Education. "March 2002."

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  • The Southland variety of New Zealand English : postvocalic /r/ and the bath vowel

    Bartlett, Christopher Mark (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    xiii, 177 leaves :ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Anthropology. "13 December 2002" -- T.p.

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  • The free child health care scheme : implications for New Zealand general practice

    Dovey, Susan May (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    xv, 260 leaves :ill. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references.

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  • Customer preferences and service design in the New Zealand-North Asian industrial shipping market

    Dixon, Kirsten Leigh (2002)

    Masters thesis
    University of Otago

    115 leaves ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Marketing. "December 2001".

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  • Molecular and serological studies of Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus in Otago

    Hall, Dugald Cameron Alexander (2002)

    Doctoral thesis
    University of Otago

    xxxv, 494 p. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. "September 2002". University of Otago department: Microbiology.

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  • Gender and health promotion: a feminist perspective

    Yarwood, J. (2002)

    Journal article
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Throughout the twentieth century feminist thinking underwent radical change as the women’s movement gained momentum. The social movement of feminism has embraced many guises, from liberal, to Marxist, to the postmodern. However, critical understanding of the experience of women’s oppression has remained the raison d’être of feminist thinking. The relevance of feminist scholarship within the interrelationship of gender and health care will be analysed and debated in this article, through the dominant discourse of health promotion.Throughout the twentieth century feminist thinking underwent radical change as the women’s movement gained momentum. The social movement of feminism has embraced many guises, from liberal, to Marxist, to the postmodern. However, critical understanding of the experience of women’s oppression has remained the raison d’être of feminist thinking. The relevance of feminist scholarship within the interrelationship of gender and health care will be analysed and debated in this article, through the dominant discourse of health promotion.

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  • E-learning: Current trends, practices and issues for future consideration

    Asgarkhani, M. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    As public interest in the Internet continues to grow, there is an increasing pressure on educators to incorporate Internet resources into traditional classroom programs in new and creative ways. Some institutions have introduced Web-assisted options as a supplement to face-to-face communication between students and educators/trainers, whilst others offer Web-based learning with the Internet as the sole medium for delivery. To date, there has been some debate with regards to the perceived effectiveness of these Web-assisted options (from the point of view of both teaching staff and students). This paper presents the results of a preliminary study of the students’ attitudes towards webassisted learning (within the Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology - CPIT).

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  • Computer modelling and simulation as a learning tool - A preliminary study of network simulation products

    Asgarkhani, M. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Today, computer simulation plays a significant role in the process of decisionmaking and planning. Furthermore, it can act as an effective tool for learning, teaching and training. Educating and training learners in the field of communications and Web enabling technologies can be a costly exercise – as theory often needs to be supported by handson practice in workshops or labs. In this case, computer simulation products can often prove to be an alternative cost-effective solution. This paper introduces a methodology for evaluating such products and discusses the results of a preliminary study of a number of options that are currently available within the marketplace.

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  • Making the transition - Year 13 computer studies at Burnside High School: a case study

    McCarthy, C. (2002)

    Conference paper
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    This paper describes a process that provides a transition programme for senior high school students towards tertiary study in a vocational institution in preparation for a career in information and communications technology. The paper examines the case study of the introduction of this pilot project and follows the experiences of a cohort of students.

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  • Experimenting with web-based course management applications - as a tool for sharing research information and promoting research

    Asgarkhani, M.; Weir, D. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    During the past few years, there has been a major shift in the New Zealand tertiary education marketplace - more specifically, with Polytechnics offering degree programs alongside other qualifications that they have been making readily available. It is now necessary for them to be able to demonstrate that they are capable of conducting research - more specifically, in providing support, making resources and funding available and promoting a research-orientated culture. Polytechnics across New Zealand have applied various tools and techniques in order to promote and encourage research. This paper outlines the results of an experiment with Blackboard (a Web-based course management tool) as a tool for promoting research and scholarly activities.

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  • Student workplace contracts: the tie that binds

    Wieck, M. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    The establishment of a formal contract between student and employer is becoming a requirement for tertiary institutions that feature cooperative education courses. Such courses require students to complete a piece of work that would typically be completed by a recent graduate of the respective course. Employers get an opportunity to see what a potential employee can do, while the institution receives confirmation that, at least, their teachings can be related to productive tasks. In turn, students need protection from exploitation or physical accidents they might suffer while in the workplace. This paper reviews a selection of current and past student-employer contracts used for cooperative education (work placement) courses and by consulting employers, students and representatives of this and other tertiary institutions, explores the implications for their use. It concludes with recommendations for items to incorporate in an effective contract. A more quantitative treatment, including a more extensive survey, is planned for later in the year.

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  • Management for success in eCommerce

    Nesbit, T. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    The purpose of this paper is to further explore the management skills that are needed in eCommerce organisations. Nesbit (2001a, 2001b) began an exploration that was largely based on the work of Davis and Hajnal (1998) who had identified a number of management skills that are perceived as being important. The main aim of this paper is to identify which skills are perceived as being the most important in a wider range of organisations. This was achieved by conducting a survey of eCommerce organisations in New Zealand, with the aim of answering the following research question: “What are the management skills that a sample of eCommerce organisations perceive to the most critical to success?” The results of this research point to the most important skills and competencies being of a strategic nature. The analysis showed that, for the sample of covered by the questionnaire, a group of skills and competencies of a strategic nature are significantly more important than a group of skills and competencies that are of a technical and operational nature.

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  • Computer modelling and simulation as a learning tool: a preliminary study of network simulation products

    Asgarkhani, M. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Today, computer simulation plays a significant role in the process of decisionmaking and planning. Furthermore, it can act as an effective tool for learning, teaching and training. Educating and training learners in the field of communications and Web enabling technologies can be a costly exercise – as theory often needs to be supported by handson practice in workshops or labs. In this case, computer simulation products can often prove to be an alternative cost-effective solution. This paper introduces a methodology for evaluating such products and discusses the results of a preliminary study of a number of options that are currently available within the marketplace.

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  • Virtual machine technologies and their application in the delivery of ICT

    McEwan, W. (2002)

    Conference item
    Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology, Te Wānanga Ōtautahi

    Virtual Machine (VM) technology was first implemented and developed by IBM corporation in the early 1960's as a mechanism for providing multi-user facilities in a secure mainframe computing environment. In recent years the power of personal computers has resulted in renewed interest in the technology. This paper begins by describing the development of VM. It discusses the different approaches by which a VM can be implemented, and it briefly considers the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. VM technology has proven to be extremely useful in facilitating the teaching of multiple operating systems. It offers an alternative to the traditional approaches of using complex combinations of specially prepared and configured OS images installed via the network or installed permanently on multiple partitions or on multiple physical hard drives. VM technology has proven equally useful in the practical teaching of data communications, where complex internets have to be regularly constructed and reconfigured in order to study the underlying communication protocols (e.g. TCP/IP). It is also of immense use as a platform for research into these somewhat related areas - a virtual machine or network of virtual machines can be specially configured, allowing an ordinary user supervisor rights, and it can be tested to destruction without any adverse effect on the underlying host system. This paper hopes to also illustrate how VM configurations can greatly reduce our dependency on special purpose, complex, and expensive laboratory setups. It also suggests the important additional role that VM and VNL is likely to play in offering hands-on practical experience to students in a distance elearning environment.

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  • Te Waka Tangata: Using Waka as a Model for the Structures of Maori Organisation

    Eketone, Anaru (2002)

    Journal article
    University of Otago

    Peer Reviewed

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  • eMuu - an embodied emotional character for the ambient intelligent home

    Bartneck, Christoph (2002)

    Theses / Dissertations
    University of Canterbury Library

    Includes summary of thesis in Dutch.

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